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tv   [untitled]    October 11, 2021 10:30am-11:01am AST

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lee and travel the world. you may see it al jazeera godsa, a volcano on the canary islands is continuing to spew love, or after a series of tremors has been, are opting on the palm of nearly 3 weeks. magma has been dreaming down the sides of the volcano, as you can save from these life pictures, destroying more than 1100 buildings. thousands of people have left their homes. ah, hello, you're watching out his ear. and these are the top stories this hour. the taliban is expected to meet representatives from the european union in cutters. capital after holding talks with the us delegation, while the us still refuses to recognize the taliban government, it's agreed to provide humanitarian aid directly to the afghan people. the us and u. k. a warning their citizens of a security threat in afghanistan's capital, they have been asked to stay away from hotels in cobble. it follows erase it wise
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in iso attacks. stephanie deca has more from cobble. we had this to our security alerts overnight from the state department and the british foreign office, something that we've been aware of here over the last 48 hours or so of specific threat to tax against high profile targets, particularly one where foreigners are present. there's been a beefing up by the taliban with their special forces across certain areas across the capital, and they are on high alert. a large fire has broken out and an oil facility in southern lebanon. local media reporting a fuel storage tank caught fire at the facility near the city of side on these alive pitches and the fire is close to one of lebanon's main palace sanctions which stopped functioning 2 days ago due to a fuel shortage. iraq selection commission says initial turn out in sundays, parliamentary vote was about 41 percent. that's the lowest in the 5 elections in
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saddam hussein was deposed in 2003 if you show results are expected. later on monday, tens of thousands of people have rallied across poland in support of the european union. the angry about a court ruling which said parts of a new law are incompatible with the polish constitution. security forces have detained at least 700 people in a crackdown in indian administered cash. mean, it follows a series of targeted killings and millions of people in australia's largest city, sidney. ah, celebrating after a strict coven 19 lockdown was lifted. restrictions had been in place for more than 100 days to curved the spread of the delta variant. busy cafes, gyms and hair dresses have reopened for the fully vaccinated. those are the headlines i'm emily ang, when the news continues here on al jazeera, after inside story, bye for now. inequality corruption, repression and rain. oh, politically,
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it just decided to cut the piece of cake and shooting a new documentary, lose the desperate state of democracy in lebanon. oh, i really, i that those who are losing home every day. oh, teams are becoming blue democracy, maybe democracy for sale on al jazeera. this year's nobel peace prize has been awarded to 2 journalists, a clear message that press freedom is crucial for peace and democracy. but with journalists increasingly being targeted around the world, how do we protect press freedom? this is inside story. ah, hello, welcome to the program. i'm adrian said again. many governments have been cracking down on journalists and blocking the flow of information. hundreds of journalists
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around the world have either been jailed or killed because of their work. but the norwegian nobel committee has just sent a strong message to those fighting for the freedom of expression. it's awarded this year's nobel peace prize to journalists, maria reserve, the philippines, and dmitri bought it off of russia. russia is the co founder of the rapport, news outlet, and was recognized the her coverage of president rodrigo, to today's controversial campaign against drugs. molotov is the editor in chief of the russian newspaper, the boy gazette up at a critic of the kremlin. both journalists have been threatened by their governments in order to silence their publications. it's never been as hard to be a journalist as if it's a. this is my 30 year, and the journalists imagining in the philippine government hire can arrest warrants against me in less than 2 years. i've never lived you anything like that. i and i guess that well, if it is just,
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it is an enter. the die is here. the premier ah, you put of course this awarded for anna pork of sky, eureka cook, immortal eager domco as does the above rover star markle off natasha as to moreover, our foreign colleagues who gave their lives to the profession thought i am not the right beneficiary of this prizing, but you might, if, of course, go, you know, since the nobel peace prize is not awarded post mortem, i believe the invest away for anna to receive this award through other hands. it is my assumption or of orders without borders, says the situation for press freedom is very serious in 73 percent of the 180 countries that surveyed the group says there's been a dramatic deterioration in access to information. while the pandemic has been used as an excuse to block journalists reporting in the field, norway ranks 1st on the world wide press freedom index while china took manisha on north korea and eritrea are at the bottom. and the number of jailed media workers hit a new high last year with at least 270 for journalists in prison around the world.
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ah. so let's bring it our panel. our 1st guest is this year's nobel peace prize recipient journalist, maria dresser, the seo and executive editor of wrap law. she joins us from manila. from paris were joined by christoph, the law secretary general of reporters without borders and from amman dowd coo tub, a journalist and board member at the international press institute. a warm welcome to you all, maria. we've got to start with you. of course. congratulations. again. you have been and continue to be an inspiration to so many people around the world and to us, your colleagues in the world of journalism. now you've had some time to reflect now that the news is, i hope, beginning to sink in. how do you feel? are you going to be able to travel to accept your reward? now, i think i yes, that look like i am so thankful that the no bells may be really
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a spot lady. what journalists around the world are going to, chris staff knows more than anyone. i mean, we've gone through many things together and bowed. also with 80. i also said and that way with them, it's just been an extremely difficult time and, and i, i hope that that this will give us all some less. i certainly hope to feel it in the philippines by 1st being allowed to travel as low that sat that way. i'll cooney your lawyer said that she sacrificed her own freedom for the rights of journalists all over the world. and i am grateful to the nobel committee for shining a light on her incredible courage. i hope the philippine authorities will now stop persecuting her and other journalists and that this prize helps to protect the press around the world. is this work, or are you going to make your work any easier? are you good feel safer or or not? you think that that by shining a spotlight even more upon your work it, it's actually made your life more dangerous. you know,
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i've gone through this already. adrian. i mean, in 2018 in december when time magazine named me as one of the persons of the year looked jamarcus shoji had just happened. right. shocked. all journalists around the world. this could happen. and at that one time didn't tell me that i was one of the persons of the year when i saw it on announce i had a like, i felt like i got punched in my stomach because i thought that my life was going to get worse. that i would become targeted even more. and yet what it showed me is that these kinds of instances when there is a brilliant spotlight, but they are actually, they form a shield and it allows you to do much more. it allows you to speak much more and what i learned in all of this is that when you have a little bit of that spotlight, just like you know, with amal, for example, i feel like we unwrapped or have a little flashlight, a mile has league lights, the no bell has like, you know,
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like a global light. so i hope that, you know, not only will it make it easier for me personally and for wrap low to do our jobs even better than we've done before, but also to help other journalists in similar situations. certainly, that's also, i hope, what happens to the end in russia, i wanted to ask you about about the philippines in particular will, will this award impact upon the lives of your colleagues? they will it, will it change? and if you anything for them make that make their professional lives easier. it certainly coming at the right time. it is the tail end of a 6 year term of president to character were walking into elections. our last statistical survey have shown that filipinos feel less afraid to speak. this has been our biggest problem, is that we live in an environment of violence and fear. while that fear is lifting
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and we're walking into elections. hopefully, a time when we will see philip more filipinos exercising their rights, and their voices have been a time anytime recently where you felt that this, this just isn't worth it. it's not worth the risk to, to my own personal safety. no, it isn't that crazy. i mean, part of it is because this is my 35th year. as a journalist, you heard me say it right. and i, i guess at the beginning when the philippine government attacked me and rattler, i was like, this is ridiculous. and you just took the step forward and every time it i felt like alice in wonderland falling into the rabbit hole i was i was in disbelief when i was arrested in, in, in february of 2019, i was shocked. like these cases should never even have made it to court. but what i wound up doing is i realized we live in a different world and that the law can be bent to the point that it's broke. and so
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i just, i just held the line. so no, i think the time when you, when you do your job best this, when you are stressed when you are stretched, and then you find out, will you leon? and holding the line? there it is. again, that's what it's all about. christoph autocratic leaders aren't going to change their behavior simply because 2 of their antagonists have been recognized. so publicly about, apart from maria, was talking about shining a light on the issue of press freedom. the dangers facing journalists around the world. is this really going to make any difference to those who are facing harassment, intimidation, threats, and violence in the course of the every day at work. and it will not make everything easy, but it should make things easier for sure. but i, i want to thank you, but you need to really congratulate and thank a maria for not only for the nobel prize,
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which is really well deserved. and she's a very good choice, but also for all the work she's done for years. as she mentioned 35 years, but as a journalist, as a press freedom fighter, as a press for the activists and or so as somebody who describes perfectly what happens with these information cows. the social networks is a destruction of all right. and on potentially democracies on the fact that we have to address is i get back to your question let's have a look. even the kremlin published a positive press release about independent journalist would consider that it could happen. so it's really obvious that such a price as such a symbolic but we're that it can help to, to, to promote the cause of independent john that is important to journalism in front
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of despotic regimes or so in front of all those who we can, john, that is the man and democracy, including maybe digital platforms and social networks across here i am a journalist interviewing 3 other journalists to is there any, is there anything you'd like to ask maria about her? when right now, i wasn't not in the spirit of it even now. yeah, that's actually what i can express, but i hope that we've been working together as, as you mentioned on a many shoes, especially regarding the information cows. maria is a key actor of the initiative and information democracy. we try to get there are to impose democratic safeguards in the digital space and i d p o that will continue to work with maya because what she, she has such an impact on i think that what she's done and you know what?
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she's already incredible. is just the beginning of something bigger. and so, and i know now, well, i think though, and i know that she will use the surprise that it will not be on your recognition. but something that we, she will use to have a leverage effect of a better information ecosystem. a bit of freedom for genetic a bit to safety for john, that is, it's a to righteous rock, add a d n a better, right? to re label information for everybody because this is a right for all citizens on human beings. that would, why is this a water important? what message was the nobel committee sending with this a warrant? and does it matter when the message is sending is that there is a clear relationship between peace and good journalism and professional journalism . you know, our colleagues who are both colleagues with us at the international breast institute are people who are seeking truth to power. and when you speak truth to
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power, you're basically exposing the lives of dictators and journalism. one is done right and is done professionally as we've seen in our college. it can be very strong to 4 piece. so this is a piece price, but it shows that the teachers are, you know, the opposite of the, and the journalism and truth in journalism. professional journalism is what is the antidote for the lots of leaders who are using the power. there are at present or dictators, megalomania leaders who are telling lies to their people. so a speaking truth to power and i think they're well deserved, and it's a very strong message for peace. what about journalists who find themselves currently imprisoned because of their work, particularly in the arab world? what message does this war send to regimes who routinely imprison journalist?
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it's a powerful message. you know, we had the vendor and documents the other day and we had a hard time publishing it in our own country because of the repression of government. and this kind of friday gives a lot of strength and courage to people who are willing to take risks and go out and tell the truth. so it's a fabulous day price for the. busy it was, is there, but it's also a message to all journalist and all leaders and government officials that they are going to be in big trouble if they continue to repress the media. now, one price is not going to change things, but i think it's a strong message. maria, where does journalism stand in the link between peace and truth and on freedom of expression, given the disinformation threatens piece, what's our role as, as journalists with regards to, to this information? so the crazy part is, this is something i've been saying for 5 years, right?
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in 2016, i demanded rattler demanded accountability from an end to impunity from president to chair drug war and mark sucker burge facebook. and this is the biggest problem. i think you talked about this link right. the distribution platforms for news today is no longer in the hands of journalists. we lost our di keeping pouch technology technology platforms. now distribute the news and the biggest problem is, platform like facebook, the world's largest distributor for news globally, actually prioritizes the spread of lies, least with anger and hate. it spreads it faster and further than facts. so you can say that the platforms that distribute the social media platforms, or distribute news are biased against facts and they're biased against journals. what happens to a world without facts? you don't have a shared reality. it's like a company, right?
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and that's exactly what we have right now. when facts and lies are, are identical when algorithms distribute the lies further and faster. here's the last part. there met narratives. how were a geopolitical power or seeding met narratives in our information ecosystem. and those meta narratives gain change the way people think, what they think and how they behave. so for example, up in january 6 in the united states, right? this is findings by a, by a group of academics and the u. s. what they found is that the better narrative for stop the steel that led to the capitol hill violence was seated a year earlier on russia today, an r t, and then picked up by steve bowden and you tube, spread in in closed groups, then picked up by socks, tucker carlson, and then finally she went on and then it came top down from president trump. it's
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the same thing that is happened in the philippines in terms of the matter narrative journalistic was criminal. this is the world we live in today. our shan reality is torn apart and we're off in a matrix type world. what the journalists do in best. we have the keep doing our jobs even as we demand accountability from these platforms. christopher, do shit. i mean, obviously if you share that, that concern about as not just also it's not just authoritarian regimes. here we're talking about non state actors as well, who muddy the waters and spread disinformation and, and propaganda. i mean that, that is a serious threat, isn't it? to, to peace and freedom of expression. yes, because and genetic jimmy is about facts. i mean john, easy mercy of the name a. and when you are facts you made these agree and of course,
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or fax will never abolish disagreements. but at least you can agree on the disagreements you can talk when you lose the notion of facts when just the digital space, the way it is organized, amplifies. just pure a patient, just a amplifies lies amplifies just an earth flow suits an 8 speech, destroys a concord. remorse can need to worse we need. we know from these treat that some media. i not genetic media media in the past the could just lead to worse in case a. there's a are just spread propaganda or, or, or, or lies or, or a speech and we heart and it's such a period where really we have to find ways to secure
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a digital space where we can have a peaceful, public debate. and jeanette, even as a very important contribution to walk through this diet. ok, i'll come to you just a 2nd, but 1st let me just throw that back to maria. how. how do we, how do we do that though? how do we ensure this, this free exchange of ideas, this, this freedom of expression. but sticking to the facts, i'm not spreading. this information is embodied and into law around the world. yeah, i think the 1st is that the old power government states at le, let me, let me say it said this way. the biggest crisis were facing was actually stated by a biologist. an american biologist eel wilson said that we're facing paleolithic emotions, medieval institutions, and godlike technology. the technology has been allowed to run rampant. the institutions are just catching up. you're seeing what the facebook whistleblower
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francis hogan had told to the u. s. senate committee, a lot on chip last week. and then the last part is this godlike technology. so i think the 1st step is regulations. right? and they, the platforms do say they want regulations. the state have got to go that at which state are you going to want to have regulation? this is where i think christoph and the forum and information and democracy is moving ahead to look for multi lateral solutions. we have to look at this time period, a very similar to what happened post hiroshima after world war 2. when the world looked, looked in shock at what humanity had done to itself. they all came together. and, and what happened? you had bretton woods you had made. oh, you had the universal declaration of human rights and you had the un. this is another one of those moments. and i think, you know, the, the nobel committee actually showed you how important information is our
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information ecosystem has had an atom bomb explode, and it is insidiously contained, insidiously manipulate us. this isn't gonna take one nation or one company, part of our problems in the philippines. these legal cases were enabled by the information operations on social media that those algorithms empowered. right? so we can't have integrity of elections in our me 2022 presidential elections unless the platforms voluntarily allow facts to surface. or gar grills or put around tech told, are we at a pivotal moment? where do you see the, the threats not just a mock proceed to democracy to day but, but to, to peace and freedom of expression. when we are at a very important point because their social media is gone crazy and. ready everybody else has access to information and i think we can differentiate between
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lied and true friendship between fake news and real knows. and if we can show that journalism does make a difference, that i think we will all be lost and will not be a few. but all of us will be lost because that out for those who are on have the money held, the guns and who controls and many errors will determine our future. and i hope it is a journey point towards good journalism, good, honest journalism and the truth because the truth is, the antidote of a lot of the teachers around the world. maria a few days ago on, on its i saw a we were talking about the facebook whistleblower who gave testimony or last week in a washington post opinion piece. neither younger which says that while the award your award is a victory for free expression and a reminder of the critical role of the 4th state and the role that it plays in upholding democracy. it's also a huge blow to facebook, which you've described as tainting the entire public sphere by allowing lies to get
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on the the same playing field. as fact is, is your reward of blows or facebook. i would say to lore the social media platforms to these american companies that have failed to guard the public sphere loc. it's, it's ok, you can take away the gatekeeping powers from journalists. you can take the money. that's the other part. we haven't talked to our advertising for news organization said collapse on the very and have gone to the very same platforms that are used to attack us. but you cannot abdicate responsibility for the public sphere. we're frenemy facebook and i because i do think they're part of the future and they should stop dragging their heels. they should embrace that. they must differentiate between fact and fiction and change those algorithms. crystal, you agree with up? sure. and we,
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and i think democratic institutions, democratic decision makers, i have to take the responsibility is we cannot accept any longer that digital platforms just pass, lose a, do the norms of the digital space without any democratic control. the question is now how which type of responsibility is until exactly what we were a working group as a form, an information democracy, co chaired by mafia on maggie at the shack. it issue 250 very concrete recommendations. now we have to implement it. ok, i'm afraid we're out of time. many. thanks indeed to all of you, maria. congratulations once again, chris off to law and doubt. katsu. but thank you for being with us. as always. thank you for watching the program. don't forget, you can see it again at any time, but just by going to the website of al jazeera dot com for further discussion.
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jonas, with our facebook page, you'll find that at facebook dot com forward slash ha inside story. and you can join that conversation on twitter handle at ha, inside story from me, adrian finnegan and the whole team here in doha. thanks for being with us. we'll see you again, like ah, talking to al jazeera, we ask what gives you hope that it is going to be peace because the situation on the ground seems to be pointing otherwise we listen. we were never on the. 3 whatever road to off migration we meet with global news makers and talk about the stories that matter on al jazeera question, the narrative. you don't have ways to check whether this information is real or not . you don't have any way to verify. identify who is telling the story that those
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device and these are multi national corporations that are interested in profit, anticipate the consequences. the media was complicit in perpetuating this myth. i'm going to tell you that i think that many people die because of the listening pace deconstruct the media. on al jazeera planetary is approaching a tipping point in the lead up to the cop 26 climate summit. al jazeera showcase is program dedicated to one veiling the realities of the climate emergency witnesses green films documenting the human experience on the front line planet at the west report from green and on how the rapid rate of melting ice is having a profound effect on the population people empower us why politicians have been affected in fighting climate change. folk lines investigate how rising temperatures are fueling a water war in the u. s. l just they were world shows how
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a community in senegal is dependent on the preservation of their natural resources . the screen takes the fight for climate justice to our digital community and up front. it's hard, demanding environmental accountability. the climate emergency. a season of special coverage on al jazeera, stripped of their citizenship, thousands of haitian dominicans, a penalized for the heritage, a state sanctioned racism, forces them into legal linda, a young, a tiny mouse, a grass roots political campaign, advocating for social justice. but can she shine a light on the racial hatred and institutionalized depression that lakes the dominican republic state list, a witness documentary on al jazeera, the latest news, as it breaks, free them, brooks and the creams i'm talking to each other, trying to iron out the differences because together, they form a large block in parliament with detailed coverage me. how does the world's largest
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producer of low to feed, but children being used to beat the rising demand from around the world, the island has increased in land map. it's as if rivera with this corruption is pulling the island of paloma out of the ocean. ah, a wanting from the u. s. m. u k, to their citizens in afghanistan, telling them to stay away from hotels in cobb. ah, hello, i'm emily ango. this is al jazeera, alive from doug hauser. coming up, the law was devoted turn out since the fall of saddam hussein. we get the latest from the iraqi capital ahead of results from sunday's parliamentary election. oh.

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