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tv   [untitled]    October 11, 2021 7:30am-8:01am AST

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sat in cattle, wade and daily as vividly lighting up a legal but to be i'm lo, depending that we are completely dependent on this river for drinking water and other needs for the past one and a half years. but the terror of crocodiles has seed among the villagers. i believe that we are a free to come near the river america. but we have to got that because we are dependent on it from the nearly 200000 people who depend on this delta life. now involves a constant fear of what's lurking underneath the muddy waters. leah harding al jazeera. ah, i've a quick check of the headlines here on al jazeera turn out was low in some days. parliamentary election in iraq. electoral commission is promising furnace and transparency as balance accounted. the boat was supposed to be held next year, but was brought forward in response to mass anti government protests early result.
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she'll start coming out later on monday. oh, are from the yeoman from crush ever to let you know, we have been ok all that out the public and counting the boats manually in line with the law and we been transparent and all aspects of the electoral process. all the measures have been taken. there is evidence for any fair mind person that about the management of the electoral process to declare the final results of the declaration of results will take place within the next few hours. the next 24 hours, the representatives of the taliban say they finished what they are calling positive talks with the u. s. in cat r. they've issued a statement saying that while the u. s. still refuses to recognize the taliban government. it's agreed to provide humanitarian aid to help afghanistan avoid a looming crisis. the u. s. s. and the talks were candid and professional. tens of thousands of people have rallied across poland. they're angry over a court ruling which said the parts of the law are incompatible with the polish constitutional supporters of the european union are worried that their government is pushing poland towards an exit from the block. from some of the millions of
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people in australia's largest city, sidney are celebrating. after a months long cobit 19 lockdown was lifted. tough restrictions had been in place more than a 100 days to cut the spread of the delta variant cafes, gyms and hair dresses have reopened. for the fully vaccinated dozens of refugees and migrants, including 17 children, had been rescued in the mediterranean sea. a pregnant woman was among the 59 people, helped by an italian enjo ship operated by the rescue charity. they were sailing on a wooden boat that left from libya 24 hours earlier. a volcano on the canary islands is continuing to spew lava following a series of tremors, measuring up 2 magnitude, 3.8. it's been erupting on the island of la palmer for almost 3 weeks. magma streaming down the sides of the volcano as destroyed more than 1100 buildings. about 6000 people had been moved from their homes. those were the headlines that is,
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continues here. now da, 0 after the listing post state you intend to watching bye for now. on air or online, be part of the debate or pacific people. the ocean is our identity and the source of well being. we are the ocean when no topic is off the table. it's as children side atmosphere, people are demoralized. they're exhausted and many health care workers are experiencing p t s d like symptoms jump into this dream and jew, he now global community here on line on each and right now you can be part of those conversations. mouth, this 3. 0, now to sierra facebook c e o mark soccer is strongly defending. the company has apologized up to 3 of his social media platforms, including my last count of the number of times. he's been proud of message from whistleblower branches, hunger, it makes well meant to declare morals, bankruptcy hello. i'm richard gilbert in europe. the listening post where we dig into the coverage and look at how news is reported. here are the media stories
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we're examining this week. a whistleblower, a system crash and the u. s. congress is on its case. facebook is under the microscope, and the me makers are having a field day collaborative journalism strikes again in the form of the pandora papers and expose a on how the rich and powerful hide their wealth and being a social media influence or in egypt. especially if you're a woman, can be a dangerous business. facebook and it c o mark sucker berg. i've never had a week quite like it last sunday, 60 minutes and american news institution broadcast an interview with a facebook whistleblower data scientist francis how him. we've heard the allegations before that the company puts profits before people. it's corporate well being before the greater good. how going put a face on that story and she had the documents to back it up. the very next day
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facebook's system crashed. ever had a problem updating your software. facebook, instagram and whatsapp were all blacked out for almost 6 hours, affecting more than $3000000000.00 users worldwide. the day after that, francis hogan was back in front of the news cameras telling lawmakers in washington the time has come to act against the company that has become a societal menace through algorithms that can fuel disinformation conspiracy theories and put people at risk. facebook has grown accustomed to defending itself . this kind of scrutiny, however, is on another level. our starting point this week is the moment facebook and its other platforms went down. mm. it's $840.00 a. m in silicon valley, california. 11 40 am in new york, late afternoon in london, nightfall in new delhi, users of facebook and other apps owned by the company. what's act and instagram,
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are seeing error messages instead of home pages. what was supposed to be a routine update of the routers that make up facebook's backbone. the ones that coordinate traffic between its data centers goes wrong. we'll outage, taking down facebook around the world well, and truly has when the internet and all of those platforms crash. and for the next 5 hours, the planets dependence on one big tech company is laid bare blue . i became aware trying to communicate with my family group shots on whatsapp, friends and family were based in iran. i thought that there's something going on with the internet in the run. and when i realized it wasn't, i went on to at twitter, which is when i realized that this will actually
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a global infrastructure. all issue happening with facebook. b as in difference of this particular outage is because it's not just 3 apps. it's one company which on the schools, how huge this company is probably over a quote i probably near a certain population on the planet have a facebook or set and or instagram account. so does. this is underscoring throwing in to start really the market dominance of this one company. many people run their businesses off of facebook and instagram. they receive orders for shipments through facebook and answer any depend on advertising to facebook and instagram, to keep their businesses going. i'm just a professor, so i wasn't affected personally in any way, but i was deeply aware of all of the people who are now deeply dependent on facebook and instagram for their livelihood. with facebook, c, e o. mark zuckerberg has been dealing with a succession of damaging new stories. his company is leaking like
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a sieve to some big name news organizations. and i an explosive report on the wall street journal. the wall street journal revealed facebook was planning to launch an instagram kids zap, despite the company's own researchers concluding the platform already has an adverse effect on the mental health of teenage girls. the new york times then reported that facebook was planning to clutter its own news feed with positive stories about facebook to counter the growing criticism out there. but critics are a dime, a dozen, ex facebook data scientists turned whistleblowers are not ever conflicts of interest between well is good for the public. i was gay for facebook and facebook this past week, frances helgrin, the unnamed source behind the wall street journal story shed her anonymity. facebook on research says it is not just the instagram is dangerous for teenagers,
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they harm's teenagers. is that is distinctly worse and other forms of social media . in her interview on c, b. s. news is 60 minutes. how can said the social media giant should declare moral bankruptcy for putting astronomical prophets before people facebook has realized bad. if they change the algorithm to be safer, people will spend less time on the site. they'll click on less ads, they'll make less money. they owe them. this is something that people have known for a while. what is significant is this whistleblower came out with actual research and you know, the documentation and words of facebook themselves, outlining these very harmful impacts from their software and from their algorithms. she was on one of the probably most impactful news shows in the united states is which is 60 minutes. and so for the 1st time,
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many things that many internet researchers, digital rights activists have been saying for many years or reaching the ears of, you know, millions of ordinary americans and global citizens. every whistleblower is doing a public service to so francis house has gone public because she has a good reason to do so, says that she got on 60 minutes is indicative of how serious mainstream is. organizations are taking us after all. and i had to compete with these digital services. and now our grants, it's time to settle a few accounts. facebook refused an interview request from 60 minutes issuing a statement, instead of diminishing how guns roll in the organisation, her credibility as a source. the company claimed that algorithmic changes facebook has made, improve people's experience by prioritizing posts that inspire interactions,
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which research shows is better for people's well being. but how can wasn't done? on tuesday, the day after the blackout, she testified before a senate subcommittee on consumer protection. congressional action is needed. a won't solve this crisis without your help as one of the senators put it. she came armed with thousands of documents, how going had copied before quitting her job. looming over her testimony was the outage the day before its impact. facebook's dominance and the question of what the u. s. government should do about american lawmakers have an ideological aversion to new forms of regulation and breaking up monopolies is hard to do. i suspect ms. hogan will be remembered as one of the most important whistleblowers in american corporate history right up with those who released devastating documents on how tobacco causes cancer. this might be in that league
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ultimately, because we can no longer accept the denials and dismissals of facebook leaders. it's all too clear that they've been misleading us, and this is just as important. the significance really lies in the amounts and troves of documents that francis was able to bring out when we're seeing it today. in the hearings in the united states, we're going to be seeing it in the european parliament. the digital service says, act is, you know, being formulated as we speak and they're inviting francis to bring her documentation to help and form these regulations going forward. because the question of how it's she really at b c math like facebook has been one of the like questions boggling, digital rights and government. it isn't just regulating facebook is regulating big tech, a giant tech companies. it's the idea of relationship between our governments. ah, our rights and freedoms and the opportunities that being able to connect online
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using video platforms like when we're using to record this interview, what they offer us as well. but it doesn't mean it just because something is technically possible. that is actually right. well that it's appropriate either by law or ethically and those are really lash debates and we need to start having an american company. facebook is a much bigger player in other countries than it is at home. india, with its 340000000 users, is facebook's biggest market. and among the most dependent in brazil, almost 150000000 people are on whatsapp. it doubles as a political platform there and help to bring president bull sonata into office. there's me and mar wherefore, tens of millions, facebook, these, the internet. it's where they live and conduct their business online. so the approach that us lawmakers take, whether they decide to call in the regulators,
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will have even greater implications overseas than it will domestically. what we're talking about here is dependence, a very short period of time. a significant portion of the world has been invited to be fully dependent on one company, one american company that can't seem to run itself well. that's dangerous. it's not just dangerous that it went down, it's not just dangerous that people are dependent on it. it's that combination. we should have resilience and diversity in our communication and media systems. so that the whole world is not depended on one or 2 companies to get through our day. and sadly, that's what we've created. turning to another media story now that's reverberating through the world of the rich and powerful, the largest ever leak of offshore data. flo phillips has been on the case flow,
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who led this investigation, one of the forth, which are the pandora papers, are a collection of leaked files revealed by an organization that we've come to know. rather while the international consortium of investigative journalists, based in washington, d. c. it was responsible for wendy sing both the panama and the paradise papers in 20162017 respect the i c i. j has been working on this investigation for nearly 2 years throughout the pandemic. going through almost 12000000 financial records. and they didn't do the load and that's where the consumption bit comes in. they've been sharing the files with more than 600 journalists in 117 outlets across the globe. some big names like the guardian in the u. k. 2 smaller outlets like taller in algeria, but they took, contained information about off shore companies, the kind that can hold assets, properties, boats, stocks and shares without the owners, all those assets having to pay tax in their own countries. basically places where
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the rich can hide the holdings with so many national leaders named in these documents, $35.00 plus the billionaires, the celebrities, and must be difficult to pick a stand out story from all of this. while we could go with the king of jordan, who's been using some of these actual companies to buy no fewer than 15 properties across the u. s. and the u. k. worth more than $100000000.00. his lawyer said that the king quote has not at any point misused public monies, and they added that he has deeply for jordan and it's people, which is an interesting addition given that many jordanians wouldn't have known much about revelations. jordan appeared to block the i. c, j website, just hours before the pandora papers were released and coverage of the story was no to be absent from news outlets in that country. what tangible change is, what reforms are likely to come of all of this any. so the problem on the paradise papers, publications did lead to a variety of arrests and some financial reforms. since these papers were published
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leaders in countries including mexico, india, spain, germany have all bowed to help strengthen international financial regulations. however, those leaders who wasn't named in the papers for hiding their own assets off shall ok, thanks. it's been more than 10 years now since the arab spring protests swept across egypt and president cc's government has been progressively tightening its grip on cyberspace. several independent new sites and opposition websites have been censored, or blocked, and citizens have been targeted through some sophisticated spyware. this past year has seen the emergence of another disturbing trend. women, some of them university students getting arrested over their social media posts, mostly on tick tock and instagram. the charges tend to be vague, such as violating public morals and undermining family values. neither of which the state has actually defined. and those charges seem to be gender specific. they have
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not been applied to mail social media influences. the women convicted have been hit with some heavy fines, even jail sentences at what the government's critics are calling the intersection of the surveillance and patriarchal state. listening posts monopoly robbie now on the young women who have come to be known as the tick tock girls. ah, and it was a shock for a lot of us and scared me not to want to post anything online. that was a voice move from an egyptian woman out of more than 10 people that we contacted, asking to speak about what it's like to be an egyptian woman active on social media . today, she was the only one who would be to speak with us, not on camera, but to these recorded voice messages. ah,
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i left assuming and you are scared to talk about these issues. our society seems as into fear. shims us into silence. what happened was ellison, what happened was the sentencing of to women hunting awesome and mobile, the adam in june this year they were sent to prison for 10 and 6 years respectively . the videos they posted on social media platforms like big dock and instagram had brought them to the attention of the authorities. so honey hassan and melissa are 2 girls who are 20 and 22 years old. there are college students who were very popular on the platforms of tick tock and instagram. we're each had either one or $3000000.00 followers. there were posting videos of themselves lipsynching songs, and so they weren't doing anything out of the norm hunting. hassan was contracted
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by like he, the social media company, and she was an encouraged to establish her own agency and to recruits, ah, other influencers. so she went on instagram and she sent out an invitation specifically to young women. and in this video, she says, in order to apply, you need to have a strong internet connection, you need to, you know, have a good personality. and if you're successful, you might be able to make a decent monthly income. and then over at the thomaston is week of des moines and logan dash out on a loop to that, you know, good to them. and he lived empty, looked a little bit. oh, good obama. when the hacker was going to hell of the. and the 1st signs that something had gone awry with where that was, that there was thousands of comments from social media users that this was an invitation by honey who sound to encourage from sex work online or the comments of the videos? eluted egyptian authorities awesome. and
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a lot of wood listed and convicted of quote, violating egyptian family values and human trafficking. dares are the most high profile cases out of at least 10 instances of women being listed for their online activity over the past year. collectively, they are now known as egypt to ok, good. since 2018 to laws have been used to control the egyptian online sphere. the media regulation law, which treats social media counts and blogs with more than $5000.00 followers as media accounts and the law the women were tried under the cyber crime law. one specific clause of that law article $25.00, also called the morality clause, prohibits the use of technology to quote, infringe on any egyptian family principles or values. that clause has been used in nearly every one of the cases against the women on picked up. we are not against issuing a a cyber crime law. however,
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nobody ever thought that this would be used against women specifically and the article 25 that criminalized late the family morales. we have seen the increasing use of this article, not just by the prosecution, but even when people report crimes on social media. oh, this act, this dancing the, this women hurt the family morales but with no definition of what is the family morales while for a very long time, it was about journalists and activists and protesters to they. it's about young women who actually have large followings. because what is more threatening to the state than a young person who has millions of people that wake up and every morning and see what they posted. that is deeper reach than the state will ever have. and if they're to, they dancing and whip sinking to morrow, they may be talking about, there's potholes. there's open sewage,
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there's poverty. i don't think i have prospects for a job. once the language moves into that category, then the state has no control over the dissemination of voices of dissent. me, it is lou stretched to say that the egyptian state sees young people with online followings in the millions as potential threats. just a decade ago, online active is improved crucial in mobilizing masses of egyptians to protest the rule of president ha, steamer bottom to eventually bring him down. and more recently, in september 2019 activists used social media again to organize demonstrations demanding the removal of current president of the thought of c. c. even with that history though, the campaign against egyptian women active on social media seems particularly aggressive. we don't have any cases of using cyber crime law in its
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article of violating family morales used against any man men, dance men use on appropriate language and they're not prosecuted for it. but also i would add that it's not just the cyber crime law that is used against these women. the law on prostitution is only used against women in egypt. so there is a white context of using several laws against women. this was part of what we think about in terms of the gender nature of authoritarianism. but really about state patriarchy, the only way for an authoritarian state, which egypt is to day post military coups of 2013, to continue to socially control every one is to actually become the patriarch of society. now the current president, president cc saying, i'm going to lay on you a level of patriarchy, and in still in the family, a fear of the unknown, a fear of cyberspace. a fear of that your children will be taken into this
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space where you can no longer control it, because you don't understand it as very much in the nature of gender, patriarchy, or gender authoritarianism in a country like egypt. and i think another important point to bring into this as well as class is that these women, the tech talk women, they're not from the upper classes of egyptian society. they weren't educated and foreign institutions are educated abroad. they come from a lower socio economic backgrounds. and have exploded on to the see and who have avenues for financial and dependence, and those sorts of values and the kinds of dances and songs that these tick tock women were performing. we're just not what is expected for women from there are socio economic background. mm. we contacted the office of egypt, public prosecutor about the cyber crime law,
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and the sue of cases against young women. we received no response. however, in a statement posted on his facebook account on the 2nd of may, 2020. the public prosecutor justified the rest of the women seeing forces of evil would abusing the new virtual electronic speech to destroy our society, demolish its values and principles and steel its innocence. for many egyptians on social media especially women, the cases have had a chilling effect. her son is a young girl and for her to receive any or send them sequence with all of her youth, he stood away from her. the impact that is intended is that if you are women age, it don't have our platform where you can influence don't, especially for a from so say, cannot make a big loan or from a middle class. these cases are represent part of a like a broader regime of information control. be it the censorship websites online via
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the mass surveillance of civil society. the arrests on mass of civil society and human rights activists. the crackdown has gone beyond solely political expression and they are particularly targeting women in this case. and i think that use cases will only become more numerous and this sort of broader regime of information controls this is not going anywhere anytime soon. oh. and finally, live by the me die by the me. it's been that kind of week for facebook. imagine having to use a blow torch to get into your server rooms to fix a high tech problem that's locked you out. that actually happened at facebook, a workaround straight out of the industrial revolution van while desperately trying to get your platforms back up and operating in the back of your mind. you just know that means are being manufactured at your expense and they're making their rounds
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on your rival platforms like twitter, which was always going to rub your noses. will leave you now with some of those names. and we'll see you next time here at the list. ah, did, ah ah, a with
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plan it is approaching a tipping point in the lead up to the cop 26 climate summit, al jazeera showcase is program dedicated to one veiling the reality of the climate emergency. witnesses green films documenting the human experience on the front line planet at the way reports from greenland on how the rapid rate of melting ice is having a profound effect on the population, people and power off why politicians have been so unaffected in fighting climate change phone lines investigates how rising temperatures of fueling a water war in the us out there, a world shows how
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a community in senegal is dependent on the preservation of their natural resources . the screen takes the fight for climate justice to our digital community and up front. it's hard, demanding environmental accountability, the climate emergency a season of special coverage on al jazeera. ah, as polls closed in iraq, signs that turn out in the parliamentary election could be one of the lowest. ah, hello, i'm darn jordan. this is al jazeera ally from dough are also coming up. ah, i caught in poland challenges the.

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