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tv   [untitled]    October 10, 2021 1:30am-2:01am AST

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i life a safe passage to woods on their lands. their eldest c, protecting the wildlife keeps them a sense of pride and are also seeing the benefits of it. so abra boy yard, wolfol conversation began. we were not benefiting from the way life. would we make some money about the keyboard for our children? are young people are also being employed? as community game rangers, the focus is now shifting from protecting. kang is wildlife from a poachers bullet or poisoned arrow to climate change. it has been described as a bigger, more dangerous threat, but needs to be dealt with quickly. if animals like the elephant or to be kept alive, katherine saw al jazeera either arbitrarily national park. ah, and now the top stories on al jazeera, afghanistan's taliban says it wants to turn a new page in its relationship with washington. during the 1st face to face talks
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with u. s. officials in doha since the group took power. security was a key issue on the agenda, but aid the evacuation flights and the rights of women were also discussed significantly the taliban ruled out cooperating with the us in the fight against iceland. afghanistan, natasha. go name as more now on what taliban officials are asking for. in these talks, e, acting foreign minister says that it is looking to the international community to help solve its financial woes. you are looking at a country that is heavily dependent on international aid, with an evolving humanitarian crisis on the ground. it is asking that the united states lifts economic sanctions freeze unfreeze its assets and reduce restrictions or lift restrictions at the, at the afghan national bank. it says it needs to be able to pay its employees as
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well as provide services to the afghan people is yogi, and forces of launched to air and ground strikes against t dry rebels. saturdays attacks took place in the m r a region t grey people's liberation front have been fighting pro government forces in the north. for the last 11 months. are you in refugee office in libya has been forced to close after being overwhelmed by hundreds of people seeking resettlement. the you and hcr is urging the government to resume humanitarian flights that have been suspended from most of this year on friday. guards shot and killed 6 people at a detention center and tripoli and around 2000 migrants managed to escape. in austria, sebastian kurtz has announced his resignation as chancellor, but says he will stay on his leader of his party. curtis is currently under investigation over allegations of corruption. those are the top stories. earth rise
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is next to more news and half an hour. i'll see you tomorrow. bye bye. on causing the cost is the world to dependence on poland. dollar invest is about to get a bailout. venezuela launches the digital volleyball and attempt to revive its currency. and back to the seventy's of this declaration, making an unwelcome with counting the calls on al jazeera ah b in conflict. one of the silent and forgotten casualties is often the environment from the chemical contamination of soil and the collapse of water and food supplies to the habitat damage caused by displacements or has devastating consequences.
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not only man made infrastructure, but also natural ecosystems, a destroyed and animal lives are lost, as well as human. but even amidst the most vicious struggles through people fighting to protect the world, we live in and recover what was lost. i'm tanya rashid and bangladesh and the world's largest refugee camps, where people are working to coexist with the elephant for which this region is home . and i'm happy baton lebanon. were a group of sciences, rebuilding a seed bank that was displaced by the war in syria. i o. in august 2017. a brutal campaign of ethnic cleansing began in me in march. oh, the military and buddhist radicals claimed the lives of more than $6000.00 bro, hanging in a single month. during death,
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thousands more fled the country for the forest. the bung, oh, the scale of the exodus was enormous. to day they are still unable to return home with their of a 1200000 ro hang the refugees living inside of the filing cabinet. the bank with this is now the biggest, not amount of refugees in the world. many of them have access to clean water, sanitation, or even electricity. good after the arrived, the survivors face to new threats. while i was rampaging through a meeting on one bedroom, witness the initial episode 1st hand it came from there with the elephant, came through on the past from the jungle. read that way, went directly to her home and started beating her with. this was no one on
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elephant struck repeatedly throughout the camp. killing 13 people in the space of 5 months. can you tell me a little bit about what happened about mother by the who did so i thought about it with oh oh, i'm not in school and i did it a to you. and what happened after that that i said that i did that i will a that i use with hall hall one another that the, that the huh. i said the whole are going to deal with a lot of you. i got a partial month, quite a full mama morgan, how to do a voice. ah.
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the attack sparked an investigation into what was going on. grecki, i mean from the international union for conservation of nature believes the rapid expansion of the settlement had a profound impact on the natural environment. this is the edge of the camp through a cave, right? yeah, and this is where the forest began. yes. what's been going on, what's the cause behind all of these that you see on the all cams, they used to be forest. they the seems to be an elephant habitat. the camp expanded at an astonishing rate of $1500.00 heck. tears of forest were cleared to accommodate the influx of hundreds of thousands of ro hinge refugees. but nobody realised the devastating impact this would have. the growing camp severed a vital lifeline for some a bun lavetia last remaining wild elephants. blocking a herd of 40 from their only path to essential grazing browns in the east. just
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over there, there is a space we call elephant, quoted all. now the st. the cam is completely blocking that coated all elephant cannot pass through. this cam is in search of his shelter in search of his food in central. his migration pop elephants was trying to come inside the cam. elephant came so many times and thus 13 innocent life was lost. an elephant is not necessarily a violent mammal. it's very intelligent, understands it has, is his emotions. and it's just that it's lost, his habitat is desperate. do this, analog migration is in the dna elephant as a genetic memories have been, know exactly where they have been going. when they have been roaming generation after generation that they the same pot, the elephants of bangladesh are critically endangered. there are just $268.00 left
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and they're increasingly under threats. $15000.00 hectares of land are already deforested in the country every year. and this cap only adds to the problem to help me understand what the elephants are up against. i've hired a local guy. so a man in front of me is shawna mia. his name is golden boy, and he is our tracker for the day. i think we're in good hands with it's not long before we find clues that were on the right path. honda had said, hey, a hunted up that is it. when i say, hey bob, good of mine going to sketches edkey and your fell bond leblanc. if it's, if the color de net out, we thought i got a busy guy, but that okay, yeah. the bicycle of us. we find evidence of hungry elephant everywhere. way a key to think how i said that it's the skies like the elephant whisper. ready shawna, mia tells me that by the end of the summer,
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much of the elephant's food here will be gone. then they face a nightmare scenario, attempt to migrate through the camp to me and mar, in search of fresh vegetation or risk running out of food. i cannot split his face with the unami guess if they blunder. dickinson very were following the actual footsteps of the elephants. elephants have walked along this path every season for thousands of years. i'm fairly, really excited. i wonder if we're actually going to encounter some elephants. we're being told that just a few steps away that they're there. then against the on a moment i can't believe. ah, a majestic elephant. standing proud on the horizon. perry, i can have her seen an elephant like my own. my 1st time. ah,
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it looked so peaceful in its natural habitat. it's just really crazy to think that before the caps were put in place, that this is what it was. a large forest with animals roaming about. and now there is a human mate crisis at play with sprawling refugee camps and is just a very sad situation. ah, but a select band of refugees is working to solve the problem with the support of the international union for conservation of nature. they have formed a group dedicated to safely shepherding the elephants from the cap. they call themselves the task force centrals through their strategy are $94.00 watch towers, which they built around the cap perimeter. mm. they are mad by a team of over 500 brave refugees ready to intervene and protect both the people
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and the elephants. i'm heading up for a birds eye view. oh, okay. so what's going on there? the assimilating? what actually happens when an elephant commerce an easy, the yellow shows? yeah. and the, and the veteran hospitals, members. so they are using the megaphone the how to respond. and they want to form in human sales and slowly move towards allison sugar elephant lumber. stems was deangela head down on the ground, it's clear how committed the test more sar aphne initial training caught on. mm hm . um, how do i get on my, the hockey? i finished my job. i grew up with my loud and scary. i think that was certainly shoe in elephant off. mm hm. since the test 1st started,
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there has been no loss of life here. despite $45.00 incursions by elephants, it's an effective temporary solution until a longer term plan is made for managing the animal's migration. ah, the task force has motivated the community with over 500 people signing up to join . and it has the porters throughout the camp. what are you doing over here? what is this bag i live at the the at the la tampa at the to get that happen. kept that the lives of a do the law, the viet love idea. i didn't saw these different patterns, different colors seems like it's a lot of work to do. why go through all this trouble to do it? it out of the home. how can i by that i had to be as yamashita, busy the one on my bed. only been hung with the machine that they ab would have would add the depth of my yard or for a ready machine. did you learn to read, examine anybody? do you feel that there is more danger?
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a living on the edge of the forest versus people who live in the interior of the camp. and i'm lucky to allah with the equity. lucky back that i bought some good money. i sort of philip is not go to them as at the did of had i did. i demand ocoee. somebody will love melendez. it wouldn't be on his own when you a lady. i'd been the luggage and not only do people feel more secure, they are also more sensitive to the elephant situation. saving the animals is now even part of the school's curriculum. i mean, the objective is now to build on this momentum rec, eve is already taking steps to find a permanent solution to the problem. beginning with an in depth scientific study of the elephants migratory happen. we are planning to put radio paula on the elephant kiss when he was a valuable data, valuable science to have
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a better management of the whole situation. once the exact migration route is known, the goal is to clear a path for the elephants so that they can migrate unhindered. once again. of course, we want to open the portal as soon as possible that are so few issues that we need to consider before doing this. it will take about a 100000 people, going get people to move somewhere else. that would be an immense logistical challenge. but as human refugees continue to resettle around the world, bold moves are needed to reduce the impact on local animal populations. what i've seen here gives me hope that animals do not always need to be victims of conflict. and that a peaceful coexistence is possible. ah, there were over 40 armed conflicts happening in the world's day. each of them will leave a dangerous environmental legacy. we can see that's protection. the environment is
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a norm as something which we do there are standards in place. we had joined conflict is almost hit and a fingers can cause whatever damage he line can. there's no accountability, there's no address. we see very severe found damage to many countries in many different ways. damage to infrastructure such as sewage with so water facilities over extraction of resources. attacks on industrial sites, causing bust massive pollution. so you can have these impacts, there's going to expire on last for decades after the conflict times when iraq in 2016, 2017 islamic states at 5013 wells. somebody's been for 9 months covering hundreds of square kilometers in fall out some pollution dealing with help termination caused by these fires is going to take years. so for the last 10 or 15 years, we've seen increasing interest from governments around protect the environment in relation to conflicts. it's got to me favor, it's got to me fast ex,
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know the conflicts of merriment. van bomb spend damage in many ways and that has consequences. so unless we focus on the environment, you're in conflict that it's soaring up. a lot of problems in the future will need to live in a turbulent world where conflicts and climate change are threatening our environments . scary part is that the crops rewind for food are increasingly finding it hard to survive. and in some cases they're going extinct. crop diversity is essential for food security and has declined by 3 quarters since the 1900. but there is an insurance policy, a global network of seed banks. these are backed up repositories of seeds which safeguard their biodiversity. and can be turned to in times of crisis.
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when war broke out in syria in 2011, one of these vital stores came under threat on the outskirts of aleppo. the team of scientists charged with maintaining the seed bank were forced to abandon their work and flee the country. ah, but they never gave up hope. when some of them re settled just over the border and lebanon's because valley they began rebuilding their collection. i'm traveling to the i cart a seed bank to meet one of these scientists, dr. alisha harvey. i. allie, good to see that to hear what happened to the seed bank in aleppo, syria, it became on possible to access to the gym bank. all 3 gather premises in october 2015 because we banned to exist through the center by the armed group controlling the area they stole the vehicles, they stole the lot of equipments. nothing lift in the headquarter except the
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buildings and the gene by the war forced 5000000 refugees out of syria right now. it's not safe for a doctor so hard to continue his work at home. how hard was it to leave that seed bank behind? i spent more than 27 years of my life working to the gym bank. so it's a like is someone who left behind the babies or as long, long history. we dealt with them day by day. we knew everything about the behavior, all of those plants in the field, in the plastic houses, even in the gym, bangs, time effort made by everybody. both syria and lebanon lie in the fertile crescent, which is where farming began. it makes this part of the world an ideal place to work on safeguarding future food supplies. this is the center of origins, or we can probably the center of domestication because it contains all the forms of
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our crocks. like wiley wheat, lentil chick bees. all these crops originated from this area lou, i want to get a closer look at the operation. dr. marianna. yes, big leads a team of 20 scientists, including 3 who have relocated from syria. their task is to painstakingly rebuild the syrian seed collection. the seed vault here has a capacity to store 130000 seed varieties for over 100 years. the seeds are preserved by freezing them at temperatures of minus 20 degrees. oh, here we go. with gold. see, you can see here, samples of the french crops that are being conserved, we're looking here at do to meet this is the heart,
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the hard we that is used for past making. so we have a big collection of this affair, pasa, safe years. if you're gonna get euro types of all the cups are here, you have here, barley, a very important crops when you talk about dry areas. and you talk about the 3 main crops, which are we to talk about rice and you talk about corn. so these are 3 main, stay for food that most of the humanities are using the report in place. this is a treasure. these are important samples that we have to make sure they are surviving that are monitored. they are available to the international community. there are $1750.00 strategically placed seed banks around the world. each gives a backup copy of their collection at the jewel. in the crown of seed, banks, norway's fall barred global vaults of the doomsday vault. it is built into the side of an arctic mountain so that the seeds can be frozen without the need for power.
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over 1000000 sea variety are stored here. so in the syrian seed bank was abandoned due to the war, dr. yasmina team were able to recall their back ups, so that decision was made to reconstruct our connection. we retrieved it from small bar, we brought part of it here to lebanon, and who could build our collection here, we could make it available again for researchers. all the seeds that come here are tested in the lab for viability. some are then cross bred to increase their resilience and improve productivity. you have to make sure of 2 things 1st that they are free of diseases. second, that they can actually germinate. they can produce plaque they're alive and working live. c and working see the each one of those samples should have at least 85 feed out of 100. that crowd and give healthy class. that's the threshold that's,
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that's fresh the seeds are thriving. but back in syria, the war has decimated the countries ability to grow food. one of the goals here in lebanon is to create a healthy seed collections to help ensure the future of agriculture and syria. when the conflict ends up here from the roof, i can see that there are fields, there are green houses, there's even some cattle. and it's not just about saving the seas, but also testing them, trying to find out the best variations that can withstand climate change and secure our food supplies in the future. in this region has been struggling with worsening drought for decades. the dry soil in lebanon is similar to serious by testing seeds in the harsh conditions here, dr. hardley and his team can be confident that the crops will be resilient enough to survive the arid syrian farmland. what are these plants right here?
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this plant is wise we, this is opposed to domesticated wheat. they are very unique and very valuable for our genetic useless because they have adapted already to the harsh environment and has very, very useful geez, to overcome climate change effect diseases, drought, frost. he with climate conditions changing. the biodiversity found here is vital not only for local, but also global food security. already one of the wheat strains, bread here, has proven resistant to a disease known as yellow rust and has been sent to the u. s. were crops were failing to fight it, but with global warming, seed banks themselves can be vulnerable. what's worrying is that melting permafrost
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is even threatening this vol bar doomsday. vault. research shows that the arctic town in which it's based is warming faster than any other which makes the work being done in lebanon, even more critical. 25 syrians in the same number of locals, 10 the farm land here. so it looks like they're doing some really important work over here. can i give them a hand? yes, of course they are doing hand leading. ah. seems that modern science has in quite figured out an alternative to getting down your hands and knees and just getting your hands dirty. so we're just looking for the weeds. ah, we don't want weaves interfere with these experiments. i want to make sure that his crops grow right and we have to be careful not to hurt the crops of the weeds kind of grow in between here. he really got of it. have a good i o l. o ma'am? nick, need it. i was gone, i should but a sudden my son a but then then it. and i had the soon lesson horn im can let. is she
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a mr. friedman, nova america, my son i was at apollo. doctor ali has invited me for lunch, meals are of course the final products of the crops grown here. it's a chance for him to tell me more about the life and syria he was forced to leave behind. this is after the nice memory everybody had the wrong for leaving because we had the field infested by oral wonky. the units had decided to go all together, the breeders, the international staff, the scientists that technicians assistant daily labors, even the t lay the contribution to that field day. happy days. it was a happy days, one of the most beautiful days. and you're sure you'll go back. yes, i'm very confident that i wrote back because i shouldn't go back. nothing like home . ah, it would have been easy to write off the card
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a seed bank as just our casualty of the searing conflict. but the hard work and dedication of ali and his team have ensured that their work transcends the conflicts and is able to continue to play a vital role in protecting global food supplies. ah, for the environmental fall out of who can lincoln for decades. but what is being done to heal the damage? the charity haine of trust to create nearly a kush of a 1000000 minds from cambodia. helping to make over 6000 heck tis of land safe farming. in cam a ring o my 50000 tree safin, we planted on degraded land around men, a wow camp which shelters refugees escaping bought in in nigeria. and after 50 years, the conflict ago was able to protect colombia to be could say rain forest. a former
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gorilla stronghold declaring this rich spite of us area to be a world heritage site. in the midst of wool, the consequential damage to the environment can easily be overlooked. but if we don't act to protect our natural world, though, be nothing left to fight for aah! france once had a vast empire spending several continents. but by the 1940s, the french were forced to confront reality and demands for independence. in the 1st part of a documentary series al jazeera looks at how the colonial unrest grew. conflict to no jury and full scale war and indo china blood and tears. french di colonization on al jazeera,
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with more than 200000000 cases of code 19 worldwide governments. a batting to fight fresh weights of the virus. a new barrier. there has been a search and the number of people working vaccination appointments from human cost to, to political and economic full out. i'll just era brings you the latest on the pandemic vessels had vaccinated more than 1100 people here all of the migrant farm workers. people on co testing because they think that there is a risk to democracy, special coverage on al jazeera, incarcerated, the over half his life convicted by a non unanimous jury for a crime in which no one was hut obliged mail making icons. i went to wipe parsi, could cause him to lose his wife, and in this particular situation, it cause him to lose his freedom. why did the law deemed unconstitutional by the supreme court? still keep people behind bath in the state of louisiana, being incarcerated is just another form of slavery. the gym co convictions on al jazeera, teach, you know,
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you could watch out as they were english streaming live on like youtube channel. last thousands of all programs award winning documentaries and dead news reports. subscribed to you choose dot com forward slash al jazeera english ah. united nations refugee agency slams libya of a migrant to tensions and human rights abuses. ah, i money inside the selves there lie from doha also coming up the taliban. whole laugh us face to face talks with us officials and.

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