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tv   [untitled]    October 7, 2021 2:30am-3:01am AST

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corner says she doesn't want to go to europe and came from liberia to find work can provide for a child and family back home. she says she's been in this detention center for more than 6 weeks. for others, it's been years. honestly, i thought the vast in, before i took it out and medina hospital do come in to the government hospital. i took the vaccine. did it schedule me to go back on the 20 of august for the supple one and filled ours in for luke osgood? the i don't have just the robot non mythical my formulated on low down yet in prison. many migrant say they appreciate being protected from the corolla virus, but without knowing when go be released, it's difficult to express any gratitude malik, trina, ultra 0 tripoli. ah, hello, you're watching out here. and these are the top stories. the world health organization
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has endorsed the 1st ever vaccine to prevent malaria. it's been tested in 3 african countries in 2019, and has been recommended for children. malaria is the main cause of childhood illness and death in sub saharan africa. more than $260000.00 african children under the age of 5 die from the disease every year. i. some of you may know i started my career as a my little researcher. and i longed for the day that we would have an effective vaccine against this ancient and terrible diseases. and today is that day, an historic day to day w chose recommending the broad use of the world's 1st my letter vaccine. the ladies of the us in china will hold talks before the end of the year, top advisors to joe biden, and she jin ping, a grade to the virtual meeting after they met for 6 hours in switzerland. the un
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secretary general antonia good tear is, is calling for ethiopians government to allow the world bonnie, to deliver humanitarian aid to millions in the countries north he says at least 7000000 people into gr. i am hara and to find needs help gas prices in the a u and the u. k. of hit a record high up by 25 percent. it's rising fees of soaring bills and inflation. as winter approaches. limited gas supplies have combined with rising demand, as economies recover from the pandemic. and they're growing coles to ban offshore oil exploration of southern california. after a major spill from a pipeline lake, more than half a 1000000 late as of oil has spilled into the ocean. it's in saturday, it's believed a ship's anchor may have hit the pipeline. those are the headlines,
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stay true now for counting the cost. i'll just see a real world speech said she dizzy and family, facing agonising choices and an uncertain future. the family type had enough of it and i want to move out of other country. disillusioned with the life been struggling economy. and my dream was to become a lawyer or a judge. i really wanted back what the circumstances a tendency and family high hopes, desperate lives on out to 0. i . hi there, i'm kimber. now this is counting the cost on al jazeera. you look at the, well, the business and economics this week, angle americans, legacy germany's economy is the envy of the wealth. but its economic position is on
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the thresh, unprepared for the digital age. can the next leader of germany take on its challenges, lies and fabrications a war of words as game make an epic as kicked off the apple app store? it all legal disputes have been settled. is apple abusing its monopoly power and a slow motion economic collapse. international buyers are shunning afghan businesses. firms is struggling to stay afloat, forcing them to lay off employees. ah, german voters have had their se, the social democrats won the most votes, and now start the process of forming a government, ending 16 years of conservative lead rule on the anglo market. whatever the makeup of the new government, it has a huge task ahead leading the world's fort biggest economy. merkel oversaw a huge transformation of the economy once the sick man of europe, the country, whether the north atlantic financial crisis and the great reset can better than its
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neighbors. for many germany is the envy of the world. an export juggernaut with its world beating motor industry and the lowest debt burden of any g 7 nation. and therein lies many of its problems. the auto industry for a long time dismissed tesla as a niche and stubbornly pushed diesel. that was until the car makers admitted to cheating environmental tests. now tesla is worth $766000000000.00. that's more than twice as much as b. m. w. daimler and volkswagen combined. as they spent billions of dollars rolling out electric cars, $215000.00 jobs could be lost because there's no need for complicated combustion engines. that's almost a quarter of the number of people employed directly by the auto industry. now that belated investment has been reflected in other areas of the economy, while it's research and development spending banks highly had spending on digitization artificial intelligence and broadband has a lot to be desired. in
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a ranking of the world's most innovative countries seen hair, germany pops up the top 10 countries. but the auto industry has also enabled the country to record trade surfaces with other countries. and that hasn't gone unnoticed by trading partners. because that worse and bear economic problems, but it's joanie's exports to china, which are causing the most concerned, leaving the country, dependent on the communist country and unwilling to confront beijing's human rights abuses of all of this trade means the country doesn't need to turn to the financial markets to borrowed money to run the country. since the financial crisis, the country has implemented a law called the black 0 or a commitment to run a balanced budget. that's helped to keep its debt and check and has enabled berlin to respond to the pandemic with ease compared to its neighbors. all germans a richer than their european neighbors, the country spending on infrastructure and green transformation is lagging behind
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many g 7 nations. let's discuss the challenges for the new chancellor. joining me is stephanie curts, research director at the kill institute for the world economy. i'd like to start by reading your quote, mr. coon's goldman sachs, as germany has fallen behind in the modernization of its economy. the deutsche bank says germany is falling behind as a research and innovation powerhouse. what are your thoughts on that? i will say this is only half true on if we look at or in d expenditure in the private sector in the corporate sector. there germany still holds a very strong position. also the professional education system is clearly earn an important pillar of the economy, which is still working very well. but, and here the 2 quotes are correct. there are some weaknesses in particular,
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when we talk about the coverage of high speed internet and access in particular and the mo bile sector. there are still a room for maneuver, but we also have to, i have to say that the situation there is improving gradually early, but it is improving. what impact has the black 0 ro had? d. thank always keeping one eye on the budget deficit. the balanced budget sir, is not hindering germany. foreign or investing we have seen are almost record high levels of government investment being in line with the so called lex 0. it's a question of setting the right priorities. what is, are actually expanding massively in germany is our items are,
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are in the budget. the rich have a lot to do was ers ending for social on support of programs. we an aging population. therefore the pension system absorbs more and more funds. and this is a problem backed her debt break, or the blacks 0 is not preventing the german government from investing more aggressively. if they wants to, has germany ground to dependent on its trade with china. and could it be hands strong, looking ahead as the u. s. looks to counter china, how do you think that's going to play out? the situation becomes more and more difficult, or in particular, if we see something like a 2nd cold war between the united states and china. so it would be a huge problem for german exporters, but not only for exporters, but for corporates in general, because china today is already very important production up of,
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for germany based or companies. and therefore, it would be extremely difficult. and if for german companies would face a situation where they have to decide between making business with the u. s. are making business with china and therefore they will try to find a way to reconcile the one with the other. but the situation is becoming more difficult than it has been in the past. this is for sure. how do you say angela merkel? the legacy? how do you think she'll be reminded? it's a difficult question. no chance in a couple of seconds early. so to put it in nutshell, i would say that as a crisis managers, she did do quite a good job of bringing all parties around one table. but if you look at
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the fundamental decisions that have been taken, are there a lot of question marks remain in particular with her set up of the european monetary union, or which is still in very difficult conditions or so the energy transformation of the economy was not successful and we are still waiting for a pension reform this urgently needed and it was clear that it is needed for many years. so very few important reforms were pushed truth during her government period of 16 years. so i would say the overall assessment is very, very mixed. ok, let's talk about the heroes on. ultimately it was marianna, are he who despite opposition from belinda spunk calmed fears, and some would say alternately saved the euro. do you think that angela merkel
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tacit support for brundis banks opposition to bailing out greece might have led to the break up of the union had loud a voice is not prevailed. i would say that germany didn't play a very helpful role here because they try to keep them european monetary union to gather at any cost and her by so doing they gave up important principles. and in particular, the principle that there should not be a debt union with in the monetary union. but this is crucial for fiscal discipline are on the level of the the member states. and what we are currently old stirring is there are the fiscal rules that had been adopted more or less neglected by every one. the smaller member countries are still sticking to it,
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but the large ones, in particular, france, italy, and others. and they are more or less ignoring these rules and turn it will be very, very difficult to come back to a situate or to, to come back to a set up of her euro area where we are playing according to rules that everyone can agree to. i would say this is the fundamental problem of the euro zone is that there is no consensus in monetary policy making. and actually angular miracle did not really say clearly what she wanted. she wanted to kind of manage the crisis somewhat. but what she did is she kicked the can down the road without really solving their underlying problems. all. 1 right, hey, thank you very much re analysis. they're still on coast research director at the
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kill institute for the world economy. my pleasure. ah, afghanistan's business is a fighting for their survival, international clients staying way, and that's forcing firms to acts jobs, chance rakfish in cobble find out why no of the ozzy sold land had a home in order to start off his pixar company 40 years ago. he says he has since invested half a $1000000.00 in the factory flows. afghan and foreign companies use to buy the clothes and scarves it makes but business has virtually ground to a halt. in recent weeks, when the taliban took control of afghanistan in august, the u. s froze nearly $10000000000.00 of afghan assets held abroad. taliban leaders were forced to restrict cash withdrawals from local banks. but as okay, picard, the other taliban,
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the taliban government has to re open the financial institutes mileage so people can withdraw enough money to buy materials for their businesses. hello. and the international community needs to soften their attitude. this tail may badly affects every day. i've got people a lot more of the carter is one of the factories, few employees who still comes to work on paid. he for the soviet army. when it invaded afghanistan in the 1980s. he never dreamed he would still be struggling to support his family. 40 years later, he says that he saw a tallow clara, the country is in a terrible state. the security situation is improved, but there are no jobs. there's no happiness in life, no joy. the country is a mess. the factory employees around 30 women who work in a separate room from the men. some employees fled the country on evacuation flights . when the taliban took control. no ab shows me a video of men he used to pay to collect whoo for him. in the northern city of
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missouri sharif and so ricardo for them right now, around 80, people are employed at this factory. but as you can see, it's just down to day to a skeleton staff. and one of the big problems the companies facing is that one of his main overseas clients is refusing to buy the products at this company makes because the taxes that this company will pay on the profits that it makes. now go to the new taliban government. foreign companies are nervous about dealing with the afghan business partners. that's because foreign governments won't recognize the taliban government, as some of its members are on terrorism and un sanctioned lists. 29 year old entrepreneur up the walley spent a $1000000.00 on what he says is the largest wolf spinning machine in afghanistan. he fi, we got it up and running 3 months ago, but was forced to suspend operations earlier this month. because foreign local
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clients canceled orders and some investors flipped the country with their cash or in therefore reserve. i had big plans to buy more machinery, but i am dedicated to my community, but the current situation is hopeless. all my employees are forced to sit at home because i cannot pay them. no ob says he wants to help his workers, families, and build a new of canister for the time being. he and many afghan business owners like him, have no choice but to put their dreams on hold. epic, the developer of the popular fortnight game has been blacklisted by apple bat after epic took apple to court, accusing it of abusing its app store monopoly. epic says apples charges for in app purchases are unfair, and judge largely cited with apple, but also in a partial wind for epic, allow developers to use their own app payment systems. apple charges 30 percent
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commission from developers like ebay to use its app store. in 2020, it made $55000000000.00. it stands to lose $3500000000.00 from the loss of in app payment services. which sounds like a lot, but is only 1.2 percent of apples, total revenue. but for many smaller app developers, it's a matter of survival. after being kicked off apple's app store, tim sweeney, the ceo of the epic games tweeted, this is another extraordinary anti competitive moved by apple. even after the court ruled against these allegations, sweeney has argued the reason for challenging apple was existential. because they wanted to create a met reverse in simple terms as a platform for developers and uses to earn more money for themselves. and with apple taking 30 percent that wasn't possible that met averse in some games allows people in some of the most impoverished parts of the world to make a living. let's get some analysis on this now with peers hunting roles research,
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director of games at pear analysis. he twins me via skype from london. thank you very much for joining us here on counting the cost. so apple's decision to kick epic from it's ecosystem. is that an overreaction? hello, thanks very much for having me. i don't think so. i think come apples when it's writes, obviously to stop at pick publishing fortnight onto its platform while the court case is going on. that's what it's position it's, it's laid out, oversee in the context of the consume, i'd love to see fortnight back on ios. and actually i think i'm not sure we'll be waiting a huge amount of time before we see that going back on the platform. okay, is tim sweeney ethic ceo right though. are in calling apple saying apple has a monopoly? no, i don't think search. so it's really all related to market definition. so
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the judge laid out a market definition. and the market, the digs examined in the court case was really looking at mobile games transactions as the market definition. and within that context, apple does not have a monopoly house by apple's own data market around 55 percent a share of the opportunity in that context. so it can't be described as a monopoly in that, in that way. epic was trying to convince the judge that the market definition was actually more narrow than that. but it didn't convince the judge in that argument. okay, what then do you make of the court decision and kind of gave a wind to both sides that more in favor of apple overall things pretty resounding defeat for pick really the judge, i don't think was that impressed by the arguments they put forward. certainly around the idea of apple having
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a monopoly. the one area of the apple was identified as being anti competitive autumn was in terms of its anti steering activity. so within its app app store rules, it doesn't allow developers to actually tell the users about where they can purchase outside of the app store ecosystem or about cheaper opportunities to do that. and the judge laid out a ruling that means that it wants apple to allow developers to do that. do you think other developers will challenge apple or develop their own app payment system? well, the ruling so stipulates, apple must allow developers to be able to make use as aware potentially within the app about alternative payment mechanisms if they want to implement that.
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so i think some of the larger developers who already have a payment solutions outside of the app store. for example, we'll be able to roll out fairly easily. solar developers oversee, you know, we'll have to go through the process of building up the capability to do that. i think the benefits are popular probably slightly exaggerated in terms of that, of, from the developers side because, you know, there's lots of things to think about. those additional costs are running your own payment mechanism outside of the app store. and also things like actually pushing users to use those other forms of payment mechanism. and that, you know, the idea that developers will do that by potentially reducing their prices. and that obviously has a knock on impact on the revenue streams in that. next. obviously,
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developers are following this news very closely, but do you think apple uses are following this legal title the apple uses care? well, i think that's a good question because at pick really was trying to present this as not just a sort of industry focus case, but was also saying this is good for the consumer. and obviously had this whole kind of marketing effort to paint apple as the bad guy in the context of this court case. but i don't think the average consumer really cares about what's going on in this sort of legal ranking. i think actually when it comes down to abuse each of alternative payment mechanisms, if they are implemented, a lot of people will take the easy route and take this, you know, the, the safe route is what they're used to. so using apple's own in a purchase mechanism, so i don't, i don't think actually consumers that are interested in this or that, you know,
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your average mainstream consumers are interested in this or impacted by what's going on in the court case. okay, let's turn and talk about the met at earth. this sort of overarching term you see, describe the future of the online world, i guess where it's not just socializing online, but playing games online assets online earning real money online. do you think that this decision by apple will impact that at all? i mean, tim sweeney seems to think that it will very much impact the future of play to earn games. yes i, i think there's, there's 2 elements to what i was trying to, to get to which was one was alternative payment mechanism. but the other one which is perhaps more important in the context of met verse and play to learn games for example, is the ability to introduce other stores into the app store environment and all the
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ios environment and that this case failed on that front. and i think the sort of key tenant, really of play to earn experience is, is really the secondary markets market place for uses. the earn things within the game can go to those market places and convert that into real money, real money in a way or other assets within the game. and i don't think this, this resolve is cool case changes aren't in any way at the moment. so i don't think that there is a significant change in the landscape for those types of experiences on ios at the moment. all right, thank you very much for that. pears, harding roles at an pair analysis. thank you. ban cogs, famous night life is part of the reason the city has been a top tourist destination in asia for years. but it's thailand's government works on bringing international tourists back after the pandemic. curfews is still in place, and bonds are closed. it's got hardly has more from the tie capital. this network
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of allies in pat pong, usually the vibrant center of bangkok, unique style of night. life now sits idle and dark. the shutters were pulled down on bars and entertainment. venues. in the weeks after the 1st cases of coven 19 in thailand and have stayed down for most of the 18 months that followed. thanks to shut downs and curfews. this part of chinatown is home to a community of trendy small specialty bars. not only do bar owners view the governments handling of their industry during the pandemic as a near death blow, but alcohol control laws predating the shut downs have also been working against them. i'm at his house on title. i am embarrassed by the situation. thailand is renowned for his great night life. many bars he received awards. why does in the government support the industry? i think these strange laws are supported by big business to maintain them. monopoly of voice is not loud,
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like there's bar owners call the laws draconian in which alco sales are limited to set hours during the day. heavy taxes on imports and unequal laws only allowing large companies to brew beer at the still alcohol. a ban on alcohol, advertising and internet sales are so strictly enforced. bars refined for posting videos of cocktail making and menus for drinks delivery. yet large bruise avoid the ban by advertising, mineral, water, and soda, the bare the same logos as their alcohol products. here's an example of thailand's alcohol control laws. if i were to take a selfie hearing this far and shared on social media, i could be fined up to $1500.00 for indirectly advertising the brands of alcohol behind me. if i own the bar, i could be fine up to $15000.00 and possibly face a year in jail. alcohol controllers have been a contentious subject in thailand, historically, politically connected, conservative and religious groups have worked to keep them strict. an opposition
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member of parliament, a former bar owner himself, is working to change the laws and save smaller bars and trouble when really often again and the toys come again there would file highlight is hobby. up here to leave the friends. we obviously, if not find any more, not yet some who support the alcohol laws, say it's also about safety for visitors, new comp. i think to a safety should be up her eyes. he, i think alcohol control is necessary. if he let the alcohol sell his run free and do what it, what they want, things will get messy. once thailand emerges from its locked down, curfews are lifted in the night. life is allowed to reopen. it's unclear if will return as it once was, or a watered down version. and that is our show for this week to get in touch with us by tweeting me at kim vanelle teams the hash tag. see to see when you do call, you can drop us an email telling the golf at al serra dot net is our address. that is more for you online at al serra dot com slash ctc. that'll take you straight to
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our page, which has in time episodes for you to catch up on an answer to this edition of counting the cost. i'm kim vanelle. mounting. thanks for joining us. the news on out there is next. ah, ah, still, what was the iraqis if they could hold in a long overdue general election math products and political unrest around the country led through an earlier them mandate a new election laws being put in place. again, the government now deliver on a promise, they had an open process. second covering on a da 0, frank assessment is august likely to change biking behavioral. it's not going to
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change their behavior. they are going to continue to do what they do and in depth analysis of the days global headlights. inside story on al jazeera ah award winning documentary from around the world on al jazeera. ah. ready today is that day on historic day, i boost for the fight against malaria, w h o recommends the 1st vaccine to protect children from the disease. ah, hello, i'm emily anglin. this is al jazeera live from doha. also coming up the u. s. and national security advisor holds told to china's top diplomat and made rising
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strategic rivalry over the issues ranging from tried to tie one.

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