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tv   [untitled]    October 7, 2021 2:00am-2:31am AST

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or but there were many of chronister awe thanks to the brave individuals who risk their lives to protect it from destruction. an extraordinary film, archives spawning for decades, reviews the forgotten truths of the country's modern history. the forbidden real part for the ear of darkness on i'm just 0. ah, today is that day on historic day, i burst for the fight against malaria, the w h. o recommends the 1st vaccine to protect children from the disease. ah, hello, i'm emily anglin. this is al jazeera live from dough house, or coming up. the u. s. national security advisor holds talks with china's top
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diplomat and made rising strategic rivalry, are the issues ranging from trained to taiwan natural gas prices in the e u. m, the u. k. jump to a record high rush, it says europe is to blame for the crisis. and to covered 19 vaccination, dr. begins from migrants held in overcrowded detention centers in libya. ah, in a major step forward in the battle against one of the leading causes of childhood deaths, the world health organization has endorsed the 1st ever malaria vaccine. the w h o has recommended the job be rolled out to millions of children across africa, victoria gate and b report. it's being described as a game changer for child health, a vaccine that could help save the lives of hundreds of thousands of children each
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year in sub saharan africa. monica has been with us for millennial, and the dream of my letter boxing has been a long held but unattainable dream. to day, the oddity as s mallet vaccine, more than 30 years in the making, changes the course of public health history. the vaccine smith klein vaccine has been given to infants and gone at kenya. i'm allowing since 2019 as part of a pilot program, it was found to be about 30 percent effective at preventing severe cases of the disease which is transmitted through mosquitoes. but that figure raised to around 70 percent, when the vaccine was combined with all the treatments, i think eradication is still a quite some time of it. but i think the combination of benefits chemo relaxes and dyslexia, and you mentioned another way,
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see maybe other like seats in the future would bring a malaria burden of disease down substantially and africa. malaria causes fever, vomiting, and fatigue, and kills more than full $100000.00 people each year. mostly children on to 5 as well as pregnant women. the r t s. s. vaccine, also known as most scare ricks has been welcomed by researches as an historic breakthrough. but many on the continent worry about funding and whether a mass roll out will be possible in the wake of coven, 19, and other competing priorities. we graham and i are being a disease boss, especially i by and large and dizzy as far as some south african children. ah, and given the digital jesus that our company is offering our which will that be international. we're g r e is going to r a, stand up and make dyslexia available at to with children needed. the
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world health organization recommends giving the vaccine to babies in 3 phases, followed by a boost to shoot, but that may take time. the next step is for the global vaccine alliance known as gabby, to look at whether the vaccine is a worthwhile investment. if it's approved, gabby will buy it for countries that request it process that it's expected to take at least a year. victoria gates and be al jazeera for more in the store. let's bring in dr. christner you day, a qu my he's the director of the global health innovations into ed cheek university . he joins us from north carolina. hello there, doctor. there are already existing tools to prevent malaria, but how significant is it when you add a vaccine to this equation? today is really a day to celebrate because what we're seeing is the 1st vaccine, not just for malaria, but for any parasitic and faction took be recommended for widespread use. so while we do have bed nets and treatments, we know that malaria still kills many more children. than it should and adults as
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well. this is really a breakthrough in the sense that it gives us one more really important tool in which to fight this deadly disease. doctor, what you say is some of the challenges in the roll out of this vaccine in terms of distribution and finance and of course, complicating the matters is that the pandemic that's right. this vaccine has already been more than 30 years in the making. and while we have at data today, both about safety as well as effectiveness, we know that to roll this out at scale is going to be many, many years down the road. first, we have to make sure there's financing. there are going to have to be billions of dollars of additional spending required to make this vaccine available. secondly, countries are going to have to make decisions about whether to actually implement this and whether to do it in a focused way or widespread away. 3rd, this has to then be integrated into the delivery of routine childhood vaccinations
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and it's 4 doses over about 18 months. so it's not a single job and done so there are operational complexities involved as well. and with the pen demik, we know that it's been that much harder to make sure that essential health services essential immunizations. continue as they should, that, so that's going to add just one more period of, of pressure until we get the pandemic under control. why is it taken so long to get a vaccine recommended by the tab? you ain't shy. yeah, we've had clinical trial data for some time. but the 1st, this is really, really complicated. in some sense, we got really lucky with cove at 19, in terms of the ability to develop vaccine. so quickly, the parasite we're talking about here is incredibly complex and it's taking decades to get to the point where we can have a safe and effective vaccine that's able to save lives. secondly,
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we've also seen the amount of money that's been poured into vaccine development in the last 2 years in the pandemic. that just hasn't been the case for malaria, which is why we need more investment against the types of diseases that are killing people, especially in lower than middle income countries. so it's been a combination of factors that's really caused such a long delay. and unfortunately, it's not unusual to see these types of delays, especially when we're talking about diseases that predominantly affect people in low and middle income countries. well, hopefully this has certainly helps things there. dr. christian, are you day a come up from the global health innovations center at g university. thank you for your time. thank you. the ladies are the us in china will hold talks before the end of the year. it comes as a strategic rivalry deepens on multiple french ranging from trade to taiwan top advisors to both joe biden and she didn't ping
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a great to made virtually. after 6 hours of discussions in switzerland is unclear when exactly the talks will take place, but they will be aimed at improving communication and relations between the 2 global powers. mike hannah is live for us in washington days, say hello there, mike. how significant is this agreement for a virtual meeting, given how fraught the relationship is between the 2 powers? well, it's very significant and leaders have agreed in their phone call that they're held last month that it's essential for them to maintain open lines of communication. because of the nature of this fraud relationship, they've made very clear that it's necessary for them to talk to each other, to try and lower what has been an immense amount of tension between china and the u . s. at the u. s. phases at, in terms of competition. this is a word that china says it does not like it is seeking, it says,
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a good relationship with the u. s. as it stands at the moment. president biden has now made clear that he will continue the policies instituted by his predecessor, in particular that agreement that was reached. and generally last year, the so called phase one agreement, in terms of which china made certain commitments which president biden says he is now going to insist that china meets also staying in place. so other stray tear of st. president. trump, then president trump imposed no sign that the u. s. administration is going to change that there despite repeated calls from a number of businesses who are believe i'd be suffering from that particular trade tariff, a policy that was instituted by the trump administration. so very important though, from both leaders to keep the lines of communication open to avoid any of misunderstandings as it is put that might occur. mike, it was a 6 hour meeting between the 2 top advisors to we know anything more about what
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else was discussed during that lengthy meeting. well, reports appeared to indicate that had carried her covered a wide range of issues. all those issues that are seminal to the problems impacting the us china relationship at the moment. it was discussed, for example, the issue of human rights and the u. s. alleging i try and the carrying out human rights abuses in particular with regard to the treatment of the ethnic minority wiggers and also discuss the issue of a china's relationship with ty, one, it's increasingly aggressive attitude towards tie one as the u. s. puts it at the national security advisor, pointing out at his said during the meeting that china flew some 50 war claims over taiwan on monday alone. so all of these issues were discussed. but the main point of that meeting between the 2 senior advisors, national security advisor and china's chief senior foreign policy advisor was to
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pave the way for that discussion between the 2 presidents. this is now a key issue significantly in that meeting as well as in the course of that meeting at china, made very clear that point that it does not see itself as a competitor. but also made clear that meeting would appear is the u. s. as insistence is where it differs from the trump administration in terms of forging a policy that includes it's european partners, for example, seeking to create a multi lateral rather than unilateral policy with regard to china. but certainly that virtual meeting, that all side se will take place before the end of the year at really crucial to keeping these us china relations on some form of even keel. appreciate the update. thank you very much. my candidate refrain, live in washington, d st. meanwhile, a delegation of french sentences has arrived in taiwan is relations between the
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self, rhode island, and by jean worse and as we heard from our correspondent, the group led by senator elaine rashad, will made president sighing when before the trip, china's ambassador to france wrote to rashad wanting him to cancel the 5 day visit by ging opposes international engagement with taiwan. china and taiwan slit during the civil war in 1949. but by jenkins it is a break away province. the un secretary general antonia good tear as has urged ethiopian government to allow the world body to deliver humanitarian aid to millions in the countries north. gutierrez, called on ethiopia as late as to allow unrestricted movement, a desperately needed humanitarian supplies into to cry. i am horror and afar. wednesday's security council meeting is the 2nd regarding ethiopia, his race and expulsion of 7 say new and 8 officials at diplomatic edison. james
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bays has more from the united nations. we had an interesting moment at the end of the meeting when the ethiopian ambassador addressed the security council. and at this meeting, he made brand new allegations explaining. he said the expulsions. he said that the, you and these officials and he said it was these officials responsible. most of the u. m. were doing good work in ethiopia. he said they had inflated humanitarian figures. he said they had falsified humanitarian data. he even said they've made up the deaths of ethiopians as a result of starving that were not true. that didn't exist. very strong allegations . that then meant the un secretary general decided to speak again. i've never heard or seen you and secretary general use his right to reply in the security council. certainly never saw banking moon do it, and i've never seen antonia terrace. do it until now, but he used his right to reply and this is what he said. we believe that it your
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peers, not the right to expel this 8 members of the when we believe it. europe is violating international law in doing so. and we are ready to cooperate with the government of ethiopia, in relation to any situation in which the government of utopia feels that any member of the win is not behaving in total impartiality in total independence, as a humanitarian law prescribes. the 2nd general speaking there, and he also added that it's easier and bassett a had proof. if he had a documentary proof he had documents he could share with the you and then the secretary general would investigate them. but the secretary general made it quite clear that he'd had recent conversations to recent conversations with ethiopian prime minister, abbe ahmed. and he'd made none of the allegations that had been made in the security council in the last hour to the 2nd general in those 2 phone calls. still
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a head on out his era, more questions than answers days into the oil spill off the coast in southern california. we'll have the light it from one of the affected areas. and a look at how the corona virus pandemic is led to an economic and social crisis in brazil that led to millions, desperate and hungry. ah, it's still raining, why it's sundering in the southeast corner of the u. s. huge, sway the cloud here. another one's coming in from the pacific. this begin colder weather. even some snow for some parts in between. his envelope pretty warbler has stretching from the gulf coast right up to the middle of canada. bismark in north dakota shows this 28 degrees. you're well above the average of 14, and it stays like that even when the wind tosses into
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a knowles lay later on friday. so a very slow progress of this, temporarily. wintery weather on the high grounded british columbus. you'd say it all falls apart. but if you look at the mountain states in the mid west or more bit west in the west, i mean that a more showers to convert the anyway that goes for the south as well. the real wet weather. i think he's going to continue to be in the eastern states, so she had great lakes. there's been flooding recently, for example, in detroit, there's been fighting down in the southeast corner. they will be more as a result of the showers. there's also been flooding in the yucatan in this city in the west met either. it's been well meet a deep quite easily. i think for the next 2 days or so. this easter green beans, the rain is light yet is heaviest. bit feathery or bit for the south in, for example, guatemala, or in costa rica. ah, france once had
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a vast empire spending several continents. but by the 1940s, the french were forced to confront reality and demand independence. in the 1st part of a documentary series out there and looks at how the colonial unrest conflict to no jury a full scale war in india, china blood, and tears french. the colonization on al jazeera lou. ah ah, hello, you're watching out a 0. i'm emily anglin, reminder of our top stories, his, our, the world health organization has endorsed the 1st ever vaccine to prevent malaria
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. it's recommended the job be rolled out to millions of children across africa. the late is all the us and china will hold talks before the end of the year, top advisors to joy bottom and she didn't ping grades to the virtual meeting after they met the 6 hours in switzerland and the un secretary general. antonia gutierrez is calling for ethiopia government to allow the world body to deliver humanitarian aid to millions in the countries north. he says at least 7000000 people in to bry, i'm hara and a far need help gas prices in the european union and the u. k. have region risen sharply causing phase of soaring bills as winter approaches. natasha dunham reports as economies across europe. rebound from the pandemic demand for gas is rising fast along with prices. they hit levels on
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wednesday, not seen in more than 10 years. that's leading to concerns of soaring bills and inflation as people heat their homes this winter. it is a serious issue. i think we have to be very clear that the gas prices are skyrocketing and her, but then the renewables, the prices have decreased over the last years. and a stable so far says very clear that with energy in the long term. and it is important to invest in renewables that gives us stable prices and more independence . several energy companies and britain have collapsed due to the shortages. norway and russia are boosting supplies to the european union, which is heavily dependent on imports. russia says it could make record sales of gas to the e u this year. it's rejecting criticism that it's partially to blame for the supply problems. leacock leadership,
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that is absolutely not ashen at all in what is happening in the gas market. and there cannot be russia, yes, fulfilled, reform is fulfilling. and we'll continue to fulfill in the most village and manner all of its obligations. on the existing contract. russia has long supplied europe with natural gas via ukraine. but amid ongoing tensions, analysts say russia wants to ensure ukraine doesn't benefit from gas revenues. russia now has the nord stream to pipeline running under the baltic sea directly to the continent. it was completed over the summer, but germany has yet to approve the project. you won't be on union was laying politics with the north to stream to gas pipelines. it was completed almost one month ago. if they issued an immediate ovation at
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a license and i fell, would have been supplying around $50000000000.00 if you'd like to meet those of gas to be and you were to would have alleviated because the european union is exploring ways. remember states to create shared storage facilities for gas, pivoting, more to renewable energy, and ending its reliance on imports. but in the short term, it appears there are no quick fixes. natasha named al jazeera. they were growing coals to ban offshore oil exploration on southern california. after and major oils fil, from a pipeline lake, rob reynolds has more from huntington beach. every wave that breaks on the shore here brings with it more oil to be cleaned up. and while the exact cause of this spill has not yet been determined, suspicion is increasingly revolving around the possibility that an ocean going vessel dragged its anchor across the pipeline, distorting it, and causing
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a what eventually turned out to be a 33 centimeter hole in the pipeline of the pipeline has been shut down. there's no more oil leaking out, but half a 1000000 the leaders and more of oil already has spilled. a huge, clean up operation is underway. this all is part of a global story, the global supply chain disruption. there are dozens and dozens of ships waiting off shore here trying to get into the port of los angeles in long beach. they can't because the port is at capacity. and why? because during the coven era, during the lockdown, people in the united states ordered so many goods that were made in factories in east asia, that the, the, the port is simply overwhelmed. there's too many ships, they can handle it. and one of those ships may have been in the wrong place. and now this is also creating some political backlash calls at the grassroots level to
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ban offshore oil. drilling a. here is what the governor of california gavin newsome had to say about that. fossil fuel jobs literally are out numbered 5 to one versus clean energy jobs in the state of california. outnumbered 5 to one to day. this does not have to be part of our future. what you're seeing happening in this industry is a lot of the mature, larger companies are selling out to smaller companies. as i said, crews are working non stop to mop up the oil that has gotten into some, some, some very sensitive ecological areas like wetlands. but it is a huge task. and authorities estimate that the clean up will take months. the prime minister of peru has resigned just 2 months into his administration. now raisin was given for greater belated departure, but the left as politician, has become a contentious figure of both congress and peruvian citizens. protests against the
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government have grown in recent weeks later, had talked openly about nationalizing peruse nash natural gas resources, and was struggling to negotiate agreements with indigenous communities, prompting colts for his resignation. in a tweet after the announcement, aledo implied, he would fight back and posted a picture from the movie gladiator. a hint at challenges ahead for president castillo. growing numbers of people in brazil are struggling to afford food because of the economic fall out from coven 19. there's been an outrage after fighters were shared of people scavenging through a heap of animal carcasses to find something to 8, to raise a bow reports eating every day has become a challenge for people like eddie dunn, a former prisoner who lives on the streets of religion eto surviving here the past year. he says, has been a challenge there. whether this problem this up on the issue since the beginning of
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the pandemic, the streets are very crowded and everything is become very difficult. now, no one stops here to help us. there are a lot of people dying because they couldn't get emergency aid. the impact of coven 19 has devastated brazil. almost 600000 people have lost their lives, and millions have been forced into poverty. i mean, rising food prices and unemployment. researchers say at least 19000000 brazilians are struggling for food. and recent images of people's caving animal carcasses for scraps of food have shocked the country as the difficulties people are facing each day sink in. those actually begun with, i've taken meat from the truck many times. we take the meat and are happy. but now there's a lot of demand because everyone has caught onto it. they either taking it from the truck or straight from the supermarket. at the beginning of the pandemic, for sales press it enjoyable. tornado campaigned against lockdown, saying hunger was worse than coven 19. that's why last year the government
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distributed emergency cash handouts to help families and businesses. but this year, government aid has been dramatically scaled back. was another problem is that on the one hand, he has a very new liberal minister of economics that does not want to spend does not want to provide direct help for, for the population. also not always campaign against the program. so he would say that both of amelia was an immediate how bad lula and the politicians for the workers party from better use to buy people's votes, to buy the bose. ah, good will. right. so as a, a substantial is a program that was did people from working there is an ideal ideological barrier at the soup kitchen in real, hundreds of people are showing every day to receive
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a meal. they're in desperate need of help. they thought that i learned of him, but her dad can really pretty ohio. i was working, i had a job, i rented an apartment and i was able to pay the rent. i walked and on the salary, every month than the panoramic game, i lost my job. i couldn't pay my rent anymore. volunteers in the soup kitchen say, most of those coming here face a similar situation. they have lost their jobs and cannot afford to pay a rent anymore. 20 years ago, brazil became a success story when government programs pushed millions of people out of poverty. now it's an example of the government's inability to deal with the consequences of coven 19. that is, i will, i'll just cedar migrants being held in detention centers in libya. i receiving vaccines against coven, 19 live in officials. with the support of you ends. migration agency launched the drive this week. might china reports from tripling lead plea as sick girl detention
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center. more than 10000 migrants and refugees are held in centers like this across libya. it's one of 4 in the capital tripoli. and it's where a campaign is being launched to vaccinate detainees against coven, 19 the oma and the hamlet the day. we started our campaign against covey. 19 varez will be given. the vaccines at 823 immigrants who are being held here. the vaccination drive comes less than a week after security services carried out in operation and the town of good garish . a few kilometers was it's known as a hub for migrants. and it's where authorities recently detained thousands of people and what's been described was the largest crack down on migrants and refugees and libya in years. we are extremely concerned about ha, ha, ha, indiscriminate attention of more than 5000 people over the last few days. ah, we are extremely concerned about their excessive force that was years. ah,
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one migrant was killed. ah, several others are an intensive care unit. and ah, now they're all in detention in not terribly overcrowded conditions. libya has long been a transit hub for african migrants trying to reach european shores. more than 44000 migrants arrived in europe from north africa in 2021 alone. but more than 25000 have been returned from the mediterranean sea by the libyan coast guard. and are put in centers like this. most of the migrants being held here in this detention center. i've left their countries of origin due to poverty or war. while some of them have been returned to libya from the sea, others tell us, they have no ambition to travel to europe. they tell us they are interested in getting the vaccine for our less concerned about cov 19 than when they will be
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released. corner says she doesn't want to go to europe and came from liberia to find work and provide for a child of family back home. she says she's been in this detention center for more than 6 weeks. for others, it's been years. all that's on the vast and before i took it out there and met denalis victor, vehicle minute that they got my husband. i took the vaccine. did that to did schedule me to go back on the 20 of august for the supple one and says thou up in for the cost of the i don't have just to go back. no mythical my formula, don't know them yet. and crazy. many migrants say they appreciate being protected from the corona virus, but without knowing when don't be released, it's difficult to express any gratitude. malik traina al jazeera chipley ah hello, you're watching out his ear and these are the top stories. the world health organization
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has endorsed the 1st ever vaccine to prevent malaria. it's been tested in tre african countries in 2090.

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