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tv   [untitled]    October 6, 2021 10:00pm-10:31pm AST

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during the wave, the news discovered soliciting calls on a jazeera investigating the use and abuse of power across the globe follow jazeera ah the world health organization recommends the 1st vaccine to protect against malaria, a disease which claims thousands of young lives each year. ah, ann taylor, this is out as they are alive from london, also coming up, surging demand, puts pressure on gas supplies. what could i add up to a very expensive winter in europe? austrian police raid the offices of chancellor sebastian courts as part of an investigation into claims of corruption and bribery and our report from brazil,
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where millions of people have been forced into a hand to mouth existence. because of the pandemic. ah, and a really major step forward in the battle against one of the leading causes of childhood death. the world health organization has endorsed the 1st ever malaria vaccine, and it is recommended it be rolled out to millions of children across africa attack . so smith, klein vaccine has been given to infants in garner, kenya, and mallory since 2019 as part of a pilot program. it was found to be about 30 percent effective at preventing severe cases of the disease which is transmitted through mosquitoes. malaria causes fever, vomiting, and fatigue, and kills more than $400000.00 people each year. mostly children under 5. as some of you may know, i started my career as a malaria researcher and i longed for the day that we would have an effective
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vaccine against this ancient and terrible diseases. and today is that day an historic day to day, doubly chose recommending the broad use of the world's 1st malaria vaccine. nick has hacked, joins us live from that decker in senegal. and nicholas has never conditions, breakthrough white, what it takes a long for vaccine to be endorsed. well, it's just worth remembering that this parasite, this miller, of harris at has been around 30000000 years and, and has affected other countries in the 900 thirty's. it was in italy, it was in england, it was an even in washington dc. what had this particular disease, millerio or this infectious disease kills millions of people every year and as a far greater killer than coven 19 or other infectious disease in the is
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particularly here in africa, in sub saharan africa, touching specifically children. so this is a significant breakthrough in, in the words of w h show, it is a, it is a vaccine found by africans for africans. and so this has a significant impact. it was research and child in ghana, nigeria, in malawi, 2190000 doses were distributed to children. now these are 4 doses over the course of 18 month since 2019. when following that trial, the world health organization has given it's go ahead for the pharmaceutical count company gluck, so welcome smith, to now distribute those vaccine to those that need it the most. the challenge next is of is he to reach those that need it most, which is in mercy in poor african countries in places where there's a fragile health system. lauren, and they're saying that 30 percent effective against severe disease is that enough?
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well, you know, the difficulty in trying to find a vaccine against malaria. is it in comparison to coven, for instance, that has only a 5 genes. 12 gene, sorry, covian. there's 5000 genes and miller. and that's why it took so long to try to actually find a vaccine. there's also the, the, he efficacy is obvious. he a key problem here. a 30 percent efficacy is not enough, but it's better than nothing, especially in the areas where people are being infected by, by the virus. now if you combine this vaccine with anti malarial drugs, that bumps up to 70 percent efficacy and that's what the w and show the world health organization is recommending that that people take this hand in hand with anti malarial in order to make it more effective. especially in young children in this vaccine. specifically, targets fell see, poor am malaria,
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there are 5 pathogens. this is the deadliest when this, when that transforms into cerebral malaria. and so this is a major breakthrough to try to end the death. it won't mean it's the end of the malaria parasite and people getting infected with malaria with it, with or getting bitten by mosquitoes, a carry malaria. but it certainly means that there are greater far greater chances for young children to survive malaria. if they have this vaccine, it's also worth remembering that the ws show took a long time to, to, to, to actually give it's approval to this vaccine. because in comparison to other existing vaccines such as measles or chicken pox, there's a 90 percent efficacy. so this one has a particularly low one, but i think the effect of coven 19 and it's vaccine that has, in some cases, a lower rate of efficacy has changed the steps in which w h show accepts vaccines. and that has allowed this particular malaria vaccine to
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be a, to be accepted by w h a. but it's worth remembering that it is, have been researching this for number of years 30 to 40 years to try to find a solution in the end to this. and, and some of the researchers that we spoke to in germany say that one of the reasons why there wasn't a more of a speedy way forward for pharmaceutical companies to roll out of vaccine is that it simply isn't cost effective for them. because people who are being affected by malaria are live in poor areas, poor community. so there are still a number of hurdles to get, get to get through, such as the cost of this, of this vaccine. how much will it cost? and there's also vaccine reticence, just like there was in cove. it will people be willing to take those vaccines, especially in places in remote areas where health facilities are far to reach. and it will be the added challenge for this for, for w h o n, for health workers to try to get those vaccines to those that needed the most.
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lauren nicholas hack, thank you very much indeed. ah, in europe winter is cami and his temperature is full of demand for heat is increasing and that's forced gas prices up. in the past year, the price of natural gas has shot up a 125 percent. it in the highest level since 2008 in the u. k. alone, wholesale prices of sword, 250 percent. it's been caused by 2 things. demand has gone up as economy is power up after the pandemic. and there's also less gas, as graph shows how this weeks european storage levels are currently down. on the same time in recent years. you and you k pricing policies have also had an impact. and some of them in key supply, russia, their allegations that it has squeezed supply to ensure a lucrative new pipeline to germany gets support. all of this is causing concern, even in nations like italy,
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germany and the u. k. they're more reliant on renewables, but pumping plenty of gas to top up supply in the winter. and i have a name report. as economies across europe rebound from the pandemic demand for gas is rising fast along with prices. they hit levels on wednesday, not seen in more than 10 years. that's leading to concerns of soaring bills and inflation as people heat their homes this winter. it is a serious issue. i think we have to be very clear that the gas prices are skyrocketing and her, but then the renewables of the prices have decreased over the last years and are stable so far says very clear that with energy in the long term. and it is important to invest in renewables that gives us stable prices and more independence . several energy companies in britain have collapsed due to the shortages,
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norway and russia are boosting supplies to the european union, which is heavily dependent on imports. russia says it could make record sales of gas to the e. u. this year is rejecting criticism that it's partially to blame for the supply problems. leacock leadership, that is absolutely not ashen at all in what is happening in the gas market. and there cannot be russia yes, fulfilled is fulfilling, and we'll continue to fulfill in the most diligent manner, all of its obligations on the existing contract. russia has long supplied europe with natural gas via ukraine, but amid ongoing tensions, analysts say russia wants to ensure ukraine doesn't benefit from gas revenues. russia now has the nord stream to pipeline running under the baltic sea directly to the continent. it was completed over the summer, but germany has yet to approve the project. european union was laying on intakes
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with the norm to stream to gas pipeline. it was completed almost one month ago. if they issued an immediate ovation, a license and i thought it would have been supplying around 50000000000 cubic meters of gas to be, i knew you were to would have alleviated the price, is the european union is exploring ways. remember states to create shared storage facilities for gas, pivoting, more to renewable energy, and ending its reliance on imports. but in the short term, it appears there are no quick fixes. natasha game al jazeera european union leaders have promised 6 of their po, can neighbors funding and membership of the blog, but weren't say when a summit intervening ended with
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a pledge that integration will happen. but as natasha butler reports from bordeaux, there are concerns that a delay could push countries to other international plays. arriving for the summit and produce levina, the head of the commission sought to reassure west and bo can lead us about their possible future membership of the block. we want to send a very clear message, and that message is that the western vulcan belong to the european union. we want them in the european union. we are one european family, but the leaders of albania, bulls, near montenegro, north macedonia, serbia, and course they are increasingly frustrated with the you thomas's. they say they want more progress on membership talks that have stalled in recent years. we are hopeful that the summit will make you stay faithful to its essence and that is enlargement. during the meeting, you leaders acknowledge that western balkan countries had made some reforms,
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but they said there was still work to be done on the rule of law, corruption and major freedom. ongoing rivalries in the region are also impeding progress. historic tensions between cost of own serbia recently flared up again overboard the dispute, the issue of enlargement may have slipped down. they use list of priorities in recent times. but some a you lead a said that if the western balkans become disillusioned with the process, they may turn away from the block. russia and china's influence is already being felt in the region. china's building it's 1st european cove. it vaccine plot in serbia. if we want to make europe stronger and also extend our geopolitical influence, this is our backyard so to speak. the western balkans is a very clear case that either europe extends the hand and holds these countries towards us. or someone else will extend the hand and pull the countries in a different direction. the meeting ended with more pledges of enlargement and an
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announcement of a $35000000000.00 investment plan for the region. and we hope they took those are investments, will turn in full control. also, in order to, to move to the european presence that they use presence more visible, more tangible for the people. the money's a sign of the blogs commitment to the region, but could also be seen as a way of trying to keep the western balkans on side at a time when they use particularly concerned about safeguarding it's strategic interests and strengthening. it's an international standing. natasha butler, al jazeera brideau, sabina prosecutors in austria and investigating chancellor sebastian courts on suspicion of corruption and bribery caught his offices were rated as part of the investigation, including the conservative party headquarters in vienna. it's alleged a $1500000.00 payment was made to secure positive media coverage at the chancellor in a tabloid, publication court says people's party has denied the allegations. prominent cain is
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foreign developments from the german capital belin. the central suspicion that investigators in vienna are working towards is that chancellor courts over the course of the last 4 to 5 years, going back before he became chancellor, was involved in a scheme whereby federal funding was funneled to a particular newspaper in return for it. putting preferential coverage of mister courts and his people's party in it's newspapers. specifically that opinion polls appeared in the newspaper which shared preferential light on mister colts in his party. now the point here is that investigators who said they are also looking into how it was that certain individuals from the tabloid newspaper in question may have been procured positions on the editor, the executive board, rather of
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a particular austrian company. during the same time frame. mister courts has denied completely the allegation, the suspicion that is attached to him in association with this investigation. but it clearly represents a political problem for mister courts. the question now is, how far will this investigation go? clearly, investigators say they are looking very deeply into what they have found and may well be bringing further investigation. so light in the course of the next few weeks, still to come on out here in trumbull, in the skies, taiwan warns china could be ready to attack the island in a matter of years. and could this have been stopped sooner? questions in california, if you knew about an oil spill and with
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well after reco breaking flooding in northwest israel monday, institute of sicily yesterday heavy rain once again, that was result in a timely coast in the southeast. it's still raining there, but the rain is generally speaking, moving east, which is this massive cloud here. so over the balkans being caught up by yet know systems, this is a big area of weakness, low pressure which is where rainy's likely those usually just ahead of it. so what is the story then? well, the rest of thursday is going to be an unwinding depression. so it's rained down to greece, up to the balkans and still through to the but not the northwest. still possibly in sicily, quite a strong wind. the bora damaging winds coming out of croatia, all part of the system here. the rest of europe looking quite quiet. the northwest is just hanging on to what was briefly some pretty autumnal, stormy weather. it's just been backed off a little bit that we go further into this for friday and saturday. the circulation continues over italy, greece spreads towards the boss for sleeping things,
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rather dryer in italy, switzerland, and from the system expanding more so on saturday. what autumnal, whether there is, is rain for ireland, scotland, and for norway. but between here and what's happening for this, i have much of northern europe is quite warm. ah. when afghan filmmaker has san facility catches the taliban detention? a bounty on his head, most is him to flee with his family, desperately seeking sanctuary. they journey across continents chronicling their multi year saga on their phones. midnight traveller, an odyssey of hope, resilience and ultimately one family's love for each other. witness on al jazeera. ah
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ah, one of the top stories you'll notice 0. world health organization is endorsed to 1st ever malaria vaccine recommending the glaxo smith klein product be rolled out to millions of children across africa, and area kills more $400000.00 people each year. most the children gas prices in the european union and the u. k. have risen sharply causing fears of sore and bills as winter approaches. prices have risen to the highest level in more than a decade caused by an increase in demand and supply issues. prosecutors in austria are investigating chunks with sebastian coats on suspicion of corruption and bribery courts. his offices were rated as part of the investigation,
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including the conservative party headquarters in vienna. taiwan defense minister says rations with neighboring china or the worst they've been in 40 years. comments follow 4 days of repeated incursions by chinese warplanes into the islands ad defense zone. taiwan is one of the issues in a deepening strategic rivalry between beijing and washington. robert bride as more from hong kong. the approach of nearly 150 war plains in waves sent over several days, has clearly alarm taiwan speaking at a session of tie one's parliament defense minister to choir chang, warned that in 4 years china would be capable of invading the island, which was a little, you know, china does not currently possess such capabilities, but we must consider the consequences. in our judgment by 2025, they will have more comprehensive capabilities. taiwan regularly holds drills to
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prepare for such an invasion. thanks in part to sophisticated military equipment from its ally the united states. it's so far been confident of deterring any aggression. but china's rapid military build up has been closing that cap and making it, but enormous pressure psychologically. and operation on taiwan wood in taiwan society as well. i one armed forces. it also appears to be looking to undermine ty, when's president saying when, who has been coal to the idea of closer relations and is seen by china as an obstacle to its ultimate goal of unification. with these latest incursions it seems bay jane wants to send a message about the changing dynamics across the taiwan strait. not only to taiwan, but to the international community, including the united states. at a time of increasing tensions with washington. in an apparent attempt to deescalate
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the situation, you as president joe biden weighed in on the ongoing tensions by didn't seem to confirm the united states continued commitment to giving china diplomatic recognition in return for bay ging not threatening taiwan militarily. we agree. bye bye. i want agreement that we are new, we made it clear that he should be doing anything other than by this latest spent comes at a significant moment for the 2 neighbors with china having just marked the october 1st anniversary of its founding. and ty weren't about to celebrate its national day and both with very differing ideas of what their future relationship should look like. rub mcbride al jazeera hong kong. millions of people in brazil are struggling to afford food because of economic fall out of code. 19 recent images of people
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scavenging for food has highlighted the reality for many after the government scaled back. it's pandemic support packages. there is a bill, reports eating every day has become a challenge for people like eddie on a former prisoner who lives on the streets of rio. there's unable surviving year. the past year he says, has been a challenge. neuberger, this problem doesn't bother me, or issues is the beginning of the pandemic. the streets are very crowded and everything is become very difficult. now, no one stops here to help us there. a lot of people dying because they couldn't get emergency aid. the impact of gov at 19 has devastated brazil almost 600000 people have lost their lives and millions have been forced into poverty. i mean, rising food prices and unemployment. researchers say at least $19000000.00 brazilians are struggling for food and recent images of people scavenging animal carcasses for scraps of food have shocked the country as the difficulties people are facing each day sink in. those actually big i'm with
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a kind of take it meat from the truck many times that we take out and are happy. but now there's a lot of demand because every one has caught onto it. they either taking it from the truck or straight from the supermarket, and you buy at the beginning of the pandemic for sales press it enjoyable. tornado campaign against locked down. thing hunger was worse than coven 19. that's why last year the government distributed emergency cash handouts to help families and businesses. but this year, government aid has been dramatically scaled back. the summer is problem is that on the one hand, he has a very new liberal ah, minister of economics that does not want to spend, does not want to provide direct for, for the population. so sonata always campaign against the program. so he would say that both of amelia was an immediate how bad lula and the politicians from the
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workers party from better use to buy people's votes to buy bose ah good will. right. so as a sustain shalicia program, that was g. people from working there is an idea ideological barrier at the soup kitchen in real hundreds of people are showing every day to receive a meal. here in desperate need of help that are with rabbi learned of people that can really pretty ogle. i was working, i had a job with my rental an apartment and i was able to pay the rent, i work, and on the salary every month, then the panoramic gain. i lost my job. i couldn't pay my rent anymore, funding. volunteers in the soup kitchen say, most of those coming here face a similar situation. we have lost their jobs and cannot afford to pay a rent anymore. 20 years ago, brazil became a success story when government programs pushed millions of people out of poverty. now it's an example of the government's inability to deal with
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a consequences of coven. 19 it is i will, i'll just cedar. so she's in california facing questions a, the how much damage could have been prevented after a major oil leak in the sea? it is want to know how and when the pipeline company lent about and we can spell. reynolds joins us live from huntington beach in california. well, what we learned about the possible causes of the lives feel. well, the exact cause has not yet been determined. lauren, but there is this suspicions are increasingly are gravitating around the possibility that a ship's anchor struck the pipeline and dragged it for a certain amount of certain length of distance. the company that owns the pipeline sent down divers. they discovered that a, uh, uh, 1200 meter section of the pipeline had been dragged out all into displaced into a kind of you shape. now, these are, this is robust of infrastructure of substance,
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thick steel pipe covered in cloud read. so something very forceful must have a displaced it. and again that's leading to subject speculation that it was a ship's anchor that dragged it in. this leads very interestingly, lauren into a global supply chain issue. you know, we've, we've heard about a shortage is in, in britain and in other places here in the united states, off shore from here, where i'm standing, there are dozens and dozens of large container ships that are just waiting to enter the port of long beach and long los angeles, the port is an over capacity. the reason for a lot of this is covered and during the locked downs, a lot of americans ordered a lot of items from factories eventually a originating in east asia. and all of this, all of these goods are now flooding into the west coast of the u. s. so there are
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many, many ships, many, many ships at anchor our offshore here. and it's possible that one of them may have gotten into the wrong position and, and caused what has proved to be a very catastrophic oil spill. and hasn't been any political for not so far from the huge phil yes, there heather, increase in coals by a grassroots activists that environmental organizations to phase out oil drilling altogether and oil extraction off the coast of california. there are no new rigs being built, but a congressman who represents this area has introduced a bill that would ban further oil of platforms being erected in federally controlled offshore waters. that's part of the big infrastructure bill that is currently hung up in washington. but the governor of california as well,
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is it under pressure to do whatever he can to ensure that on the states side of that they, they limit the amount of oil extraction underway. he said, governor gavin newsome said this is not part of our future. it's part of our past rebrand. thank you very much. need a new belt prize in chemistry has been awarded to, to scientists for that development of a precise tool for building molecules and min list. and david mcmillan were announced as to when is it an event in stockholm? there will swedish academy of sciences says that work has had a significant impact on pharmaceutical research and is already greatly benefiting humankind poorest reports from the rule of swedish academy of sciences instagram. a big one in the science world and benjamin list of germany and david mcmillan of the usa for they work on development of asymmetric or gonna catalyst this. this
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essentially relates to a chemist ability to construct molecules and this is needed in everything from energy in bat. trees to creating durable materials. so even inhibiting the precisely progress of diseases. and before the work of these 2 scientists, it was thought there were only 2 capitalists. and those are things that can accelerate chemical reactions without becoming parts of them. i was thought there were already metal and enzymes, but the work of benjamin list and david mcmillan has shown that they're all at now . these organic catalysts. and the idea is that this now makes the process is in all sorts of industries a lot more efficient. and a lot greener, which can also tie in. so those are the prize in physics affecting affecting us all with climate change. and as we now look forward to the rest of the know by week, the literature prize smarter than going to also for the pace prize back here in
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stock on for economics. next week under monday can catch up any time, little as toys recovering on our website. the address for that is our desire to come, and you can also watch a slide by clicking on the orange 9 icon out here. don't come. ah, and one of the top stories and al jazeera, the world health organization has endorsed the 1st ever malaria vaccine. w h o has recommended it be rolled out to millions of children across africa. black. so smith, klein vaccine was found to be about 30 percent effective at preventing severe cases of malaria, which is transmitted by mosquitoes. malaria kills more than $400000.00 people each year. mostly children under 5 are some of you may know i started my career as a my little researcher.


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