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tv   [untitled]    October 6, 2021 8:00pm-8:31pm AST

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a duke warehouse, but a bit to button in the stories we don't often hear told by the people who lived on mothers of ring to be this is europe on al jazeera, revealing eco friendly solutions to combat threats to our planet on al jazeera. ah, today is that day on historic day, a boost for the fight against malaria, the w h. o recommends the 1st vaccine to protect children from the disease. ah li, watching al jazeera alive from doha with me fully back table, also coming up austria as chancellor sebastian curse under investigation on
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suspicion of bribery and corruption, natural gas prices in the u and the u. k. jump to a record high. russia says europe is to blame for the crisis and the nobel prize for chemistry. honors agree, no way to build molecules and a technique, a judge says easy genius. ah, it is being called a breakthrough for child health. the world health organization has endorsed a 1st ever vaccine to prevent malaria. it's been tested in 3 african countries in 2019 as being and is being recommended for children. larry, as the main cause of childhood illness and death in sub saharan africa, more than 260000 african children under the age of 5 die every year from the disease. and some of you may know i started my career as
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a my little researcher and i longed for the day that we would have on effective vaccine against this ancient and terrible diseases. and today is that day on historic day to day doubly changed, recommending the broad use of the world's 1st my later vaccine. i speak to julie fisher about this. she's an associate research professor in the department of microbiology and immunology at georgetown university. she joined us from virginia in the us. thank you very much for being with us. as dr. tedra said there, this is an ancient and terrible disease. a search for malaria vaccine has been going on for over a 100 years. first of all, your reaction, just how big of a breakthrough is this announcement today. it's great to have another tool in the kit to prevent malaria, illness and deaf switch again. disproportionately affect subsaharan africa and disproportionately affected children. so while the vaccine may not be the,
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are the dynamo at that one would want to see it is a tool we have not had before. and, and yet another way to protect children of from, from this terrible illness and, and from families from tragedy. and this, this vaccine r t s s, it's called out was proven effective 6 years ago. why did it take so long for w h o to approve it? i mean, the world was able to develop a covert 19 vaccine in a record time. why did it say take so long with malaria? there's 2 challenges. first. malaria is an incredibly complex parasite. it has multiple life stages that make it just technically very challenging to develop an effective vaccine. and the 2nd question was practical. this vaccine requires for doses over a period of many months to protect children fully, and there were questions about whether that would be acceptable and practical in the countries that are hardest hit by malaria. so there were several,
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several years of trials to make sure 1st that the vaccine is safe and effective. and then 2nd, that it could be practically used by the population at highest risk. as he said, malaria is a very complex disease. there more than a 100 types of malaria parasite will this artist as vaccine be able to target all of them? i read that the effectiveness of the vaccine is what? 40 percent, which is still not a lot it's, it's estimated at preventing about 30 percent of severe illnesses which is, which is lower than what we expect from other childhood vaccines. but again, without other existing tools beyond bed nets and preventive medications, we have limited options. so that is, it's truly going to be right, life saving in terms of what the vaccine will prevent against it, primarily protects against plasmodium foster param, which is the kind of malaria parasite that is most commonly found in sub saharan africa and associate with very severe disease. so the vaccine is not going to replace either measures that, like you say. so people are still gonna have to use that net fen and anti malaria
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medicine like matter on and, and things like that. yes, it's going to be one tool in a, in a complicated, a full set, a full tool kit that can be used a combination, particularly to protect the children under 5 who are greatest risk of severe disease and death during malaria outbreaks. thank you so much. julie for talking to us about this. julie fisher from my georgetown university joining us there from alexander virginia. thank you so much. in other world news, prosecutors in austria are investigating chancellor sebastian garrison, suspicion of corruption and bribery. his offices were rated as part of the investigation. the accusations involve a $1500000.00 deal that prosecutors believe was made to gain. the chancellor positive media coverage in a tabloid dummy cane has more from believe the central suspicion that investigators
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in vienna are working towards is that chancellor courts over the course of the last 4 to 5 years. going back before he became chancellor, was involved in a scheme whereby federal funding walls funneled to a particular newspaper in return for it, putting preferential coverage of mister courts and his people's party in it's newspaper. specifically, that opinion polls appeared in the newspaper which shed preferential light on mister colts and his party. now the point here is that investigators who said they are also looking into how it was that certain individuals from the tabloid newspaper in question may have been procured positions on the editor, the executive board, rather of a particular austrian company. during the same time frame. mister courts has denied completely the allegation, the suspicion that is attached to him in association with this investigation. but
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it clearly represents a political problem for mr. courts. the question now is, how far will this investigation go? clearly, investigators say they are looking very deeply into what they have found and may well be bringing further investigation to light in the course of the next few weeks . gas prices in the european union and the u. k. have risen sharply housing fears of soaring bales and inflation. as winter approaches, limited supplies have combined with rising demand as economies recover from the pandemic that's led to prices hitting high is not seen in more than a decade. several british energy surprise, have collapsed during the gas price crisis, e u. member states accounting for new regulations. the curb ran away energy prices and relief consumers and businesses. the european commission says brussels will explore setting up common storage facilities for gas and focus on a shift to renewables to end dependence on imports. al jazeera is economics editor,
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added. ali explains what's behind the spike in prices. this is a failure by the europeans to make sure that they got enough energy for this winter . now at this time of the time of year, they should have filled the storage tanks up enough to cover for the winter supply . we're currently at 72 percent fall that's, that's well below where they should they, they should be, that's a 10 year low for the 1st time that's happened. and the trouble, the trouble is that there's other parts of the world which actually need the energy as well. so we're all going to be paying a lot more to keep warm this winter in the northern hemisphere because of europe's failure to fill this storage tank. now russia has said, look, we're ready to pump more oil, but pump pump more gas through the power lines if it's needed. because we don't want to see a gas shortage. they've already being blamed partly for the crisis,
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for not sending enough gas through the pipeline through the ukraine. now, it russia argues that, that, you know, conquered contractually it's actually is sending all the gas that is required to wear at the same time. they want to see the north stream 2 pipeline, which connects to germany to come on line so that they can pay. so the can avoid sending more gas through ukraine for geopolitical reasons. and sending us directly to, to germany, the german se, well is that is going to take another 4 months for them to certify the recently completed pipeline. your opinion leaders have failed to set out a timeline for 6 balkan states, taking membership in the block. but reassured them that they could join the e if they meet certain standards. some members are concerned if integration is delayed, the 6 may turn to other international plays. natasha battle reports from slovenia. arriving for the summit and produce lavinia, the head of the commission sought to reassure western balkan leaders about their
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possible future membership of the block. we want to send a very clear message and that message is that the western balkan belong to the european union. we want them in the european union. we are one european family by the leaders of albania, balls near montenegro, north macedonia, serbia, and kosovo are increasingly frustrated with the u promises. they say they want more progress on membership talks that have stalled in recent years. we are hopeful that the summit will make you stay faithful to its essence and that is enlargement. during the meeting, you leaders acknowledge that western balkan countries had made some reforms, but they said there was still work to be done on the rule of law corruption and major freedom. ongoing rivalries in the region are also impeding progress. historic tensions between cost over in serbia recently flared up again with
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a border dispute. the issue of enlargement may have slipped down. they use list of priorities and recent times. but some a you leader said that if the western balkans become disillusioned with a process, they may turn away from the block. russia and china's influence is already being felt in the region. join is building its 1st european cove. it vaccine plot in serbia. if we want to make europe stronger and also extend our geopolitical influence, this is our backyard so to speak. the western balkans is a very clear case. but either yours extends the hand and holds these countries towards us. or someone else will extend the hand and pull the countries in a different direction. the meeting ended with more pledges of enlargement and an announcement of a $35000000000.00 investment plan for the region. and we hope they took those investments real soon. bought control also in other talk to me to the european
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presence they use presence more visible, more tangible for the people. the money's a sign of the blocks commitment to the region, but could also be seen as a way of trying to keep the western balkans on side at a time when they use particularly concerned about safeguarding at strategic interests and strengthening it's international standing. natasha butler, al jazeera, brideau. sabina is still a head on al jazeera, as stand off in sudan if he is the countries. the country may run out of essential goods as protested. continue to shut down a major port. we'll look at how the current of iris pandemic has led to an economic and social crisis in brazil as laughs millions, desperate, and hungry. ah
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20 in the way of sunshine across the middle east. hello everyone. let me show you what i'm talking about. sub shirts, 37 degrees in riyadh dough are full on sunshine at 36. thank you. weights, you're actually above average for this time of the year with a high of 41 degrees on thursday. take it to pakistan right now. thinks of fresh and up. we flushed out that humidity as we start to see that southwest monsoon retreat it is a few weeks behind schedule, but here's what we're looking at. 33 in karachi, la hor, 35 degrees was bright blue sky for turkey just as scattering of some showers across the black sea coast. otherwise things are dry. butts. look around the med, it's rainy and we've got some big storms plough in their way through grease on thursday. athens 24 degrees. take you to central africa right now, and we do have our storms coming and going, but particularly heavy for our equitorial countries. so at gabon and cameroon, on thursday, seen those bursts of heavy rain. it's just a few scattered showers for southern portions of mozambique in and around durban.
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and a bit of a brit swain were seen for the eastern cape on sock temperatures right now. so put the colors on the dark or the color, the higher the temperature and themes are running a few degrees above average for southern angola on thursday. sees him with the frank assessments. what's the point of the un if multilateralism isn't part of it's dna, we need somewhere we're sovereign states can exchange views informed opinions. you focus likely to change biking behavioral. it's not going to change their behavior. they're going to continue to do what they do when it's going to be more in trade and less in terms of trying to match this more games mentality. in depth analysis of the days global headlines inside story on al jazeera. ah
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ah, welcome back. a reminder of our top stories on al jazeera, the world health organization has recommended the use of a malaria vaccine for children, w h o has been testing it in 3 african countries in 2019. the larry is a primary cause of childhood illness and death in sub saharan africa. austrian chancellor sebastian curse a mine, others are being investigated on suspicion of corruption and bribery. prosecutors are trying to figure out if he bought advertising for favorable coverage in a newspaper and gas prices in the you and you k have risen shop the raising fuse of soaring bills and inflation. as winter approaches emitted gas supplies have combined with wising demand. as economies recover from the pandemic. my protest
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is blocking sedans, main poor se they won't give up until their demands are met. members of the betia tribe have been protesting against what they say is a lack of political power in the region and for economic conditions. why mit our dual reports. they should be lumbering up and down sedans, roads, shifting supplies across the country. but dozens of heavy goods vehicles on hold up here at a parking lot in port should done. some of them are laden with goods, but with the port and roads leading to it firmly closed by the protesters. none of them would be going anywhere, a one and a half an hour lame of the road in lot are only god knows how badly we've been affected by the port closure. we've been here more than 20 days. we've spent, the little we had and the government seems unable to resolve. the crisis brought us this from the beecher and had, than daughters fights of is this should done have been blocking robes and exits to the port, forcing it to close these in, protest that what they say is that he jumps,
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lack of political power and poor economic conditions the protest as also under the deal. the transitional government signed with sedans, of rebel groups in october last to the crisis of the blockaded port is now slowly turning into a national crisis. the sudanese government says the country is about to run out of essential medicine. fuel and witt at the main market in put should done trade us se, businesses. but if i let it was, and i'll let her send her, some businessmen have chosen to close down, get me a few customers. and we have all been forced to re negotiate our financial commitments. but verify other than love of the love. the other woman i've never seen puts you down in this situation. and the closure of the porton roads has really turned our lives upside down. ports to don is also experiencing full shortages where they still does a low patrol. it is, is it's a sport, government official say the blockade on ports had done this was sending an economic crisis that begun under the former regime. this port is not just the lifeline for
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sudan, but also for its landlocked me by south sudan, which ships 160000 bottles of oil. through here, every day, a government delegation managed to convince the protesters law suite to allow south sudan to resume its exports of oil. costume was one of the protest as it won't allow the closure of the pope to continue any longer. the tribesmen say they won't leave till their grievances are dressed. for now the stumble continues. mohammed i da welders. eda puts a done in the us and investigation, is underway into when authorities and a pipeline company in california and learned about a major oil spell it say merge. it took 3 hours for the pipeline to be shut down once the damage was discovered. alexia bryan, reports of huntington beach in california. an ecological emergency is unfolding. look at it, look at this is everywhere. oil puddles on the once pristine sand and work isn't,
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has met, suits cone, the shore on a clean up mission. any discharge boil into our sensitive coastal waters is damaging to the environment and it is disruptive to the economy at a minimum. this is a significant incident, and i want you to know, ah, how seriously those of us that live in work in california take it to here. but as the days past, more questions are being raised about how quickly authorities and the pipeline company responded to the incident. the coast guard was 1st notified of dirty water on friday night. at that time, in the approaches nightfall, sheen's can be very difficult to see on the water. the information from the reporting source that coast guard investigator spoke with was inconclusive. so it was saturday morning before it went out to investigate the reports that same morning about who i am and alarm had sounded and amplify energies control room warning that pressure had dropped in the pipeline. early finding show,
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the company waited more than 3 hours to shut it off. the pipeline had been split open and apparently dragged more than 50 meters along the ocean floor, possibly by a ship's anchor. it st. hundreds of thousands of liters of oil spilling into the water and on 2 beaches and protected marshland. california's governor says the spill is more proof aging oil platforms need to be phased out. so it's time once and for all to disabuse ourselves that this has to be part of our future. this is part of our past, and we can moralize and talk about the good old days. we can talk about how important these rigs have been to the prosperity of this country in the middle class. but at the end of the day, this is about the stellar of normalcy versus the fresh air progress. safety advocates have pushed the years for tougher rules on detecting spills and things like automatic valves to shut down the flow of oil. but the industries resisted
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such measures because of the costs involved along this coastline. beaches could remain closed for weeks in the pipeline. companies being investigated for possible negligence. experts say it's too early to know the full cost to the local economy and environment. alexia bryan al jazeera, with russia has recorded more than 900 deaths for the 1st time since a sort of the corona virus pandemic is reported the highest number of deaths in europe, nearly 213000 in total, and also has the 5th largest number of covey 19 infections in the world. majority of russian still say they do not intend to get the job. a dutch court has rejected a request to get rid of the corona pass. hedge said the government can require people to be vaccinated or provide a negative test if they want to go to less rants. bars who are the public faces.
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the government introduced a pass in september, despite opposition in parliament. in libya, migrants have begun receiving their coffee, 19 vaccine. libby and officials with their support of u. n. a immigration, the u. n. immigration agency launched a vaccination drive in detention centers. they want to carry the infections in the centers where migrants live in for conditions. in brazil, growing numbers of people are struggling to afford food because of the economic fall out from the pandemic has been outrage after photos were shared of people scavenging through a heap of animal carcasses to find something to eat. theresa boy has a story eating every day has become a challenge for people like eddie dunn, a former prisoner who lives on the streets of rio. there's a needle surviving here. the past year. he says, has been a challenge, live with got his brothers up on the rear issue since the beginning of the pandemic . the streets are very crowded and everything has become very difficult. now,
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no one stops here to help us. there are a lot of people dying because they couldn't get emergency aid. the impact of coven 19 has devastated brazil. almost 600000 people have lost their lives, and millions have been forced into poverty. i mean, rising food prices and unemployment. researchers say at least 19000000 brazilians are struggling for food. and recent images of people's caving animal carcasses for scraps of food have shocked the country. as the difficulties people are facing each day sink in low rector gave her grandmother. i've taken meat from the truck many times. we take the meat and are happy. but now there's a lot of demand because every one has caught onto it. they either taking it from the truck or straight from the supermarket. at the beginning of the pandemic for sales press it enjoyable. tornado campaigned against locked down. so saying hunger was worse than coven 19. that's why last year, the government distributed emergency cash handouts to help families and businesses . but this year,
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government aid has been dramatically scaled back. tomorrow's problem is that on the one hand, he has a very new liberal ah, minister of economics that does not want to spend, does not want to provide direct help for, for the population. also, not always campaign against the program. so he would say that both of amelia was an immediate how bad lula and the politicians for the workers party from better use to buy people's votes to buy bose. ah good will. right. so as a substantial is a program that was g, people from working there is an ideal ideological barrier at the soup kitchen and real hundreds of people are showing every day to receive a meal. they're in desperate need of help. if i were to buy learn at of anybody that can really pretty ago i was working, i had a job,
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i rented an apartment and i was able to pay the rent. i worked and on the salary every month than the panoramic game, i lost my job. i couldn't pay my rent anymore. volunteers in the soup kitchen, say, most of those coming here face a similar situation. we have lost their jobs and cannot afford to pay a rent anymore. 20 years ago, brazil became a success story when government programs pushed millions of people out of poverty. now it's an example of the government's inability to deal with the consequences of coven 19. but he said, well, i'll just cedar ty activists have been commemorating 45 years since a brutal massacre at a student protest for democracy. 46 students were shot, beaten to death or hanged from trees by paramilitary police and royalist mobs. they were accused of being communist sympathizers because they protested against the return of an authoritarian military viola. the events were never officially investigated and remain
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a contentious point for anti government protesters who returned to the streets in thailand last here. the british prime minister has dismiss, talk of a cost of living chi sit in the u. k. and ended his parties annual conference with a speech of optimism, an opportunity. but his speech comes on the same day that millions of low earn as they're having their social benefits cut all ran and reports from manchester. the prime minister speech was a typically a feat phenolic to the parties 1st in person conference since election victory in 2019 all week here in manchester, forest johnson has relentlessly talked up of britain transitioning. he says to a high wage, high skilled, high productivity economy made possible by an end to uncontrolled immigration. and we're going to deal with the biggest underlying issues of our economy and society. the problems that no government has had the guts to tackle before. and i mean, the long term structural weaknesses in the u. k. economy, leveling up of opportunity and investment is central to the government strategy.
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talent says johnson is evenly distributed across britain, but opportunity is not in a country that is proud to be a trail blazer to judge people, not by where they come from, but by that spirit, and by what is inside them. that is the spirit that is the same across this country in every town and village and city that can be found in the hearts and minds of kids growing up everywhere. and that is the spirit we are going to unleash. prime minister speech was of course enthusiast likely received by the loyal delegates inside especially built auditorium. but there are simmering concerns here at conference with forest. johnson is pushing this traditionally low tax pro business party in a high tax, high cost direction, and out in the wider country outside of this hall. there are grave concerns about a looming cost of living crisis coming in to the winter. johnson speech came on the
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same day as what's being described as the biggest overnight benefit cut in history, affecting nearly 6 and people receiving a social benefit called universal credit. neil daily is one of them. now, one gland of a stroke lane. and although shop in, i'm goodness, i'm going to still now it's coming to winter. now, that's going to double double my electric and gas. i'm not going to be active for that now. so i'm going to go out without 8 in this families out there in ela, and on our way there isn't a cult, especially they all will faithfully know. he said, i don't understand why they say, take money off the fall. well, the time, you know, we should take you off the evil that can afford it. recent weeks have seen a 500 percent increase in wholesale gas prices pushing up domestic fuel bills. there are shortages of labor in the farming and transport sectors. that's led to cues of petrol stations and empty shells in supermarkets. for us, johnson has an instinctive talent for booster ism and hyperbole. his supporters seem to love him. the risk with his prime minister is that voters start to see
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a disconnect between his rhetoric and their economic reality. whole brennan al jazeera manchester. the nobel prize in chemistry has been jointly awarded to, to scientists for their development of a precise tool for building molecules. e voyle's swedish academy of sciences says the work of benjamin left, and david mcmillan has had a great impact on pharmaceutical research, and his already greatly benefiting human kind. always has more from the royal swedish academy. as hines says, hymns tackled a big one in the science world, benjamin list of germany and david mcmillan of the usa for they work on development of asymmetric or got i catello says this essentially relates to a chemist ability to construct molecules. and this is needed in everything from energy in but trees are creating durable materials to even inhibiting the precisely
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progress of diseases. and before the work of these 2 scientists, it was thought there were only 2 catalysts. and those are things that can accelerate chemical reactions without becoming part of them. i was thought they were already metal and enzymes, but the work of benjamin waste and david mcmillan has shown that there are a now these organic catalysts. and the idea is that this now makes the processes in all sorts of industries a lot more efficient, a lot greener, which can also tie in. so those are the prize in physics affecting, affecting us all with climate change. as we now look forward to the rest of the know by week, the literature price smarter than going to also for the pace prize, bach her in stock on for economics next week. ah, claire again, i'm fully battle with the headlines on al jazeera,
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the world health organization has approved the use of a malaria vaccine for children. w h o has been testing it in 3 african countries in 2019 a lot.


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