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tv   [untitled]    October 6, 2021 11:30am-12:01pm AST

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a substantial is our program that was g. people from working there is an idea ideological barrier at the soup kitchen in real hundreds of people actually every day to receive a meal there in desperate need of help. if i were to buy learned of improv accumulating pretty ago, i was working, i had a job, i rented an apartment and i was able to pay the rent. i worked and on the salary every month, then the panoramic game. i lost my job. i couldn't pay my rent anymore, volunteers and they sold kitchen, say, most of those coming here face a similar situation. we have lost their jobs and cannot afford to pay a rent anymore. 20 years ago, brazil became a success story when government programs pushed millions of people out of poverty. now it's an example of the government's inability to deal with the consequences of coven 19. but he said, well, i'll just cedar. ah,
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this is our desert. these are the top stories and tie wants defense minister says tensioned with beijing or worst and 40 years. and after a record number of chinese aircraft entered the island air defense. so he said china could launch an invasion within 4 years. robert bryan has more now from hong kong. the defense minister went on to say that the fact the relations now the tensions with child are, are the worst they have been. he says, for a 40 years, i think taiwan has been genuinely rattled by the scale of this incursion. china, as we know for many months now, has been ascending air craft towards the island into the air defense identification . so that's the air space running up to the island of taiwan. but it is the scale, the number of aircraft in the last 4 days that says worried taiwan, turkish and as a by johnny forces have begun joint military drills near the border with iran. the 2 countries expanded their defense tides after losses bore gates on media in the
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years after the assassination of burkina, faso, iconic liter, thomas, son, gunner. those charged with his killing are going on trial among them, his success place, gunpowder is the country's long search for justice. finally, coming to an end, the sancho toy special coverage from october 11th on all to 0. did with hi anthony. okay. today on the string were gonna be exploring racism that is being built into the jury system of 2 specific states in the united states. his william c snowdon with a one on one on how julies work. in the united states, a jury is determined to search phase. the 1st page is the samsung process that an individual overseas, the son in the mail, letting them know that they've been called for jury serves. the 2nd phase is called
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one dear, nice jury selection. this is the conversation to take place between the lawyers and the technical jurors to figure out who might be a good for that particular case. now we still use during criminal trials in the united states, primarily as part of our checks and balances system. we are able to assemble 12 or 6 people on a jury, and they will sit and decide whether or not the cases brought by the government against an accused person is worthy of a conviction, worthy of unequal. so what is typically how jury's walk, but until 2020, in the state of oregon and louisiana, it was possible for just tender. it's not 12 to decide that somebody was guilty of that person. then did you prison time say to day on the screen we are exploring the race his past and present of non unanimous julie verdicts. i cannot do this by myself. that is why i have to mila and jason, and make right here with us to minute please. introduce yourself to the steam body
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. it's good to see the for you. my name is jemila johnson. i am the managing attorney at the promise of justice initiative. and my job quite literally is to help the state of louisiana. figure out how to heal the injury is after more than a 120 years of jim crow la infecting a series of them like a daddy. hello, jason. please introduce yourself to have you as watching around the welt. i am jessie williams. i'm a native new or lenny and i was recently elected this past january as this attorney of orleans parish to up in a system that has been racist and sexist by design. i'm not going to handle hail in the spring. please introduce yourself to athey willis. i'm a criminal justice recorder in new orleans for the lens are non profit investigative newsroom. and i recently produced a documentary along with our sierra fall lines onion in mystery convictions. or
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we're gonna got into that in just a moment. but 1st, let me tell you if you, as your watch like that, if you're watching on youtube, use the comment section. that will be many things that you want to ask questions about you can do so right here at be part of today's show. let us just start with jim crow joyce, and jim and i can pack that phrase. what does that mean even? and so after the civil war, more than half of the state of louisiana with black but white louisiana and were afraid of a shifting power. and so they put in a lot of met a lot of mechanism to try to insure the primacy of, of the white race. and in 1898. the state of louisiana had a constitutional convention. they brought the whole group of white legislators together and they found a number of different ways that they could explicitly put in place ways to injure black, louisiana,
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and to get power to white louisiana. and one way they did that was the jim crow jerry, where historically you would need 12 jersey, a unanimous jury to convict someone they wanted to find the voice of the black church and convict more black people. so they made a rule that, that is 10 people said you were guilty and to think you were innocent. you were still going to go to prison cases. i describe this as racism being built into the jewelry system in louisiana and in oregon. was i over stating that case? no, no, absolutely not. for far too long. our city and our state have been ground 0 for the unfairness of the criminal legal system for black and brown people. this is not an accident. this was not negligent. this was a choice in the 1800s to silence certain voices on yours. and i wanted this office to send a very clear message that it is no longer
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a jim crow air office. on my laptop. i've got of the current 4 lines episode that he's running on now to say we're right now that jim crow convictions. nick, i want you to tell us the story of brandon jackson because this is not a theoretical legal situation that we're talking about. real nice being impacted. what do we know about me to know about branding? so yeah, brandon jackson was convicted of armed robbery in 1997 and his trial at his trial he was, he was convicted by anonymous jury. so 1010 people voted to convict him, and 2 people voted not to convict. so in any other state except for oregon, this would have resulted in a mis trial and he would have had the right to under trial and in louisiana that he was convicted. he was sentenced initially to life in prison, although no one was, was injured during this armed robbery. ah. and that sentences was later reduced to
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40 years, but he remains in prison now, you know, 25 years later on. so that, that's sort of the, the short the short version of brandon story. yeah. i, i bring and bridal jackson hall because in the fort lines documentary that you worked without a 0 on at brandon is interviewed while he is incarcerated. and this is how he tells his own story. have a listen, have a look at only with they. there is a word that i can describe will have been of a joint for a year. no one did. i bid a course wait for something that i didn't do. i mean they were level weren't in a dictionary and i've been waking up like dead since 1996. i think about it all day every day. oh boy no. i'll be 50. ready december to learn so you have spent all of your young adult life into now in prison. you
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can you basically say i grew up in prison is now just looking at my laptop at a headline supreme court rules. julie verdict must be unanimous. why is this not the end of the story, jason? well, you know, it doesn't address retro activity and they're talking about what happens with cases that come from that ruling on. but they don't go back and look at and try to reckon with or begin repairing the 120 plus years of injustice. and that retro activity is truly what must happen. i mean, brett, kevin, i'll describe this this as a brutal pillar of jim crow. and when you look at just the, the, the bodies and lives that were ruined when there were at least one or 2 jurors who thought the person was innocent of the crime that was committed in one instance.
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when your main auction. we exonerated him because of the a ledger victim. in his case came florida, after he heard about us starting this work and he said the crime never even was committed. he lied to his father, then call the police in this man. where did you know for an armed robbery that never even occurred? i mean, people like to remain, we represented mr. hudson and we represent mr. jackson and our office brought the case to the left supreme court that found 9 unanimous jury verdicts to be unconstitutional. and i think all of our clients, if you'd ask any one of them or rashad green, who your office also brought home. if you ask them when the us supreme court health you a lot unconstitutional and tell you that it's a jim crow law that was based on racism. they expect that they would get some sort of remedy and went to district attorney and william was talking about here in that a mentor activity in the i think we don't always make sure that that happens. and
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we're hoping that at some point in time, you know, for the legislature or through our court system, these folks will get a remedy. yeah. so, yes, brenda jackson is one of about 1500 of people who are still in prison on these, not in mystery convictions. and, and, and in it, because because the united states supreme court did not mandate retro activity for the state, ah, but he is not entitled to a new new trial. ah, now there are other ways to go about ensuring that he gets a new trial in the state legislature. they could pass a law which um jamila is, is actively working towards but this last legislative session they declined to do it. and then another way is if the district attorney in a specific parish decides that that they are independently going to go back and
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grant new trials to it for these people. and that's something that da williams has begun to do. um and is, is a sort of in the process of reviewing those cases, we can get him to the details of that. i'm sure, but in both the repairs were branded, jackson was convicted, the da is not doing that and has said that he is his opposed to a new trial. burt brandon? wow, i've actually got a lot of it. i shall room. just a moment. let the latch at it and sent it to 44 eyes. but he said, charlie down. it is impossible to speculate with any degree of certainty whether mister jackson's verdict would have been any different. had the julie been charged with united unanimity, my office will not vacate a retry conviction solely because of a non unanimous verdict. nick in this reporting that happened on the jim crow convictions in fort lyons. we have from a black, georgia, generally you're about to say something i've been, i'm going to have in the black joint because it's the pressure of i'm here is my
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voice here in my doubts. but because you don't have to have all 12 come to the same decision jamila go ahead pick up. no, i mean in this exact situation, we do have a juror who said he did not believe that brandon jackson is guilty. and so to have a response like that from a district attorney that they, we don't know what could have been in the minds of the church. these dirt voted not guilty. we know what they voted for. and, but it's saying that you're not going to look at these convictions because you can't speculate as to why someone voted not guilty. they noted not guilty because they didn't feel the state met it. burden approved, and let's hear that voice tamika. this is the, the jura, one of 2 who wasn't convinced that brandon jackson was guilty. no one say it that they know what it was brand that they recognized sam. i think it mannerisms. no one was able to say enough to convince me that they were sure that it was remitted to
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robbery. you. did you express your point of view to the jurors? i'm sure i at least may 1 day with it. and when they dismissed your concerns, how did that make you feel? i feel like okay, i voice my opinion, howard hoping that maybe what i say it has, i guess i'll someone is made a think about it. is that change your mind? even if they did a lot of the guardian farmers and broom, but from the verdict that did not happen. so jason, anew chief drift says, this is common as you've been talking. jim crow never really went to way. what's your pushback, your thoughts about that and how are you trying to make sure that the past these not being repeated in the present well, is absolutely right. racism and sexism for that matter really found very fertile land here in this soil. you know,
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the rest of the country outside of oregon realize that and we're talking about unanimous jury today. but that is just one example of how racism is baked into the system. there are a number of other situations and circumstances in which people have rad promise is broken in terms of play deals, folks known as 10, sixers or, or the forgotten men. there is the over use. are there, mitchell been to law and predominately black territories. so he is absolutely right on the racism. and sexism is in the system by design. and it is designed that there is protection and service to one demographic and controlling over policing and over prosecuting for another demographic. this is, it is very american, but it is up to us to begin to address it,
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reckon with it and dismantle it, make it fair. i want to bring in the voice of frank culverson to those conversation because this is not a hopeless conversation. that is what that he's been gone right now. so glen davis is an exxon lee. and he told us this story just a few hours ago. have a look. have allison normally arrested in august of 19 and it won't charge, removed. and automatically a year later when will config sammy mirth. bananas jury was on the backs down into black women on june with. ready me and i will attend to beauty for at a possibility of roll the she mentioned the thing we were exonerated at the end of this project was,
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is our case really using a law to defeat the law that what else? what tools do you have now? i mean, i think what's been happening in louisiana in the last year is pretty unheard of. so we put together a group of lawyers in our office from justice initiative, but also $780.00 volunteer lawyers from law firms from seattle to singapore. and we said we were going to find each of these people with a non unanimous jury verdict, and we were going to file for them. and they may not have had lawyers for years and years and years before. but we were going to find a way to get them a lawyer and get them filed. and i'm the 1500 men and women who we believe have non unanimous jury vertically. jim crow, jerry vertex and louisiana. we were able to represent 1049 of them, and that is a huge undertaking and a way to create that voice and to create that change. but ultimately what we're
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seeing now is there has to be more, there has to be more people involved in this. and that's where legislative change really makes the difference. and then having a district attorney like district attorney williams, who was willing to not only campaign on this, but then turn around and start actually bringing home our clients and the people who are sitting in prison and had to watch the events unfold over the summer of 2020 and the protests of our race. and then wonder where their protest was. nik i'm thinking about what's happening. he was as an attempt to fix the wrongs of the past. how does your reporting? how does this? the jim crow convictions, 49 film. how, where does that play? what difference will that make? well, i mean, i think it, you know, jemila is talking about the, the work that organization is doing in the, and the, you know, tremendous, you know, do a just volume of cases that they're dealing with. ah,
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but you know, the reality of that is it's going to be a really uphill battle for, for ah, demos, organization. and for these, these are men and women in still in prison on split jury verdicts. you know, the, the legislature, i think it is, is reluctant to, to go back and force a prosecutors to look at these cases. ah, i that there is an association of district attorneys that is, has, has quite a bit of power. and as opposed to that, ah ha, louisiana state, supreme court could also step in and do something, but it seems, ah, as far as i can tell, i think somewhat unlikely that that's gonna happen. and so our da williams is, is really the only prosecutor in this, in the state to, to take this on there, there is another, a prosecutor who's, who's, who's um, you know,
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looking at some cases it seems slightly more selectively. ah. so, so how exactly these individuals don't prison on this log in to get a new, you know, get a new trial or, or get some, some remedies? i think i, you know, i think it's gonna be hard and, and they, you know, i, i think even if you live streaming and hiring. hm. i know i, i'm grow it. it's, it's, it, yes indeed. um, but i just, i just think that the challenges are, are definitely great and, and i will the point point being is that brandon jackson's case i think is, is a representative of that. you know, there, there are certainly people coming home but, but, but brandon remained in prison and, and as it remains to be seen, whether not he'll, he'll get in, which i a wrongful soon that's valid for, for all 4 o 4 friends to lose. i'm for somebody who's been in conflating for so long. all right, so i, they point to question jason,
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i'm putting the very point to question teeth of one of athey is watching light now . has the new orleans da. jason addressed? oh, jim crow convictions. if not, what's to hold out that we have not we, we've, we've developed the civil rights division with our office to go through all of them . we and we're still working through that process because it, it would be a, a compound at tragedy. for example, if we had pushed mister germain hudson into a plea deal to just get him out of jail for a crime, and he did not commit even worse for a crime that never even occurred. so we are reviewing all of these cases, but we're reviewing them for wrongful conviction. and not just assuming that a person was guilty, i went to piggyback on what nick was saying. i am absolutely convinced me a glass, half full glass, half empty. and i am very happy to have a glass and be very happy to be able to build off of the work that promise started
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. i'm convinced that this work will be catalytic. i think that once the human mind is stretched, it doesn't revert back to its original form or its own way of thinking. and i think we not, not just we in this office, but there the big we, p j i in other strong organizations that help change the law. and bring this to a vote and journalist like nick, who care about telling, complete a historically accurate new stories. this is what's very, quite literally changing the dynamics of a debate about what it means to reckon with the past and right and confront the sins of the past. it's a larger effort, been jest, criminal, legal, the criminal legal system. it's a larger ever than just me or promise, but gotta change the culture and the thinking of the public. and i think it's starting to happen. nick, mention idea, stuart in cat
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o parish. it's beginning to review some of these cases, whether he looks at 2 or 3 to start off. i am convinced that i've been jamilla. what would agree with this once he looks and sees what is happening when you pick into that, i'm going to want to make him look even more. and those are the only 2 days in the state of louisiana who are looking at these cases. we have conversations about once every, every 2 weeks. now with the new d, a where we walk through the cases in their jurisdiction and try to create a mechanism that either parallel what, what or lean parents is doing by looking at all of the cases or really has the conversation about what is what specifically can be done in their jurisdiction. so we're seeing that we're seeing growth across the state, but not fast enough and that not enough of the recognition that these folks were convicted unconstitutionally. and to really the remedy for that should be a new try. i might believe i just need to tell me if i'm being naive, but what we're told about 1500 cases that could be cleaned in
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a year. could they could i jamila said something for nicholas dog and she said it's hard. every art in this work, that's true. you need man and woman power. you need resources. yeah, p i needs more resources. these are the smaller da's offices need resources. that's why we need legislators to thought this work. why we need to change your law doesn't every decent it can be the parole board. so some of the problem is logistics. as i do we have enough person power? do we have enough money to get this done? do we have enough resources to do re trials? so some of it is logistics. and meanwhile people are stuck in prison because logistics of writing the wrongs the past are complicated or hard to stream. and i said to me, i need your, your legal brain for a moment here in a sentence ramos versus louisiana. yeah, rama growth and louisiana found jim crow jerry's to be unconstitutional. the
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unanimous theory burdick. all right, so that is a beautiful set up sanctity mila for professor kaplan, who was talking about revisiting these cases, re a revisited them to see if you can actually just write the rocks he, she is here in oregon, the only other state besides louisiana that had non unanimous juries until 2020, when the united states supreme court ruled them unconstitutional, has hundreds of people behind bars based on non unanimous jury convictions. our supreme court will be addressing the issue in 2022, but in the meantime, the best way to get help and relief and justice for the people behind bars is to pass a law here in oregon and our state legislature that would provide retro activity under ramos versus louisiana. so guess i just want to show you some of the thoughts
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from our view is her watching on youtube right now. this is so sad and disgusting. america, still unjust, in convictions against black people. and then another one here. this is heartbreaking. thank you so much for showing your work. jason, nick and jim miller. you want to find out more about the jim crow convictions. i can highly recommend the current episode of fort lyons called the jim crow convictions is on lie right now. just gonna move this up a little bit so you can see more about this film and what check i've on line on al jazeera. thank you so much for being part of today. show really appreciate it. j. miller. jason and nick, i we following your work very closely on you chief. thank you so much for being part of today's program. the incisive questions and comments. i will see you next time. take everybody. ah.
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a bounty on his head forces him to flee with his family, desperately seeking sanctuary. they journey across continent chronicling their multi year soccer on their phones. the midnight traveler, an odyssey of hope, resilience and ultimately one family's love for each other. the witness on al jazeera. mm. me each and every one of us had about a responsibility to change our personal space for the better a we could do this experiment and if by diversity could increase just a little bit, that wouldn't be worth doing. anybody had any idea that it would become a magnet who is incredibly rare species for women to get 50 percent representation in the constituent assembly. here in getting these people begun to
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of southern california. ah, remembering lives last.


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