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tv   [untitled]    September 19, 2021 3:30am-4:00am AST

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a french dare devil has wild crowds in paris as he walked 600 meters on a tightrope. between the eiffel tower and a theatre in trocadero square. nathan, paula relied on a narrow strip of loop just 2 and a half centimeters white. as he walked 17 nieces above the ground and over the river thin others that much more of the day's use on our website. the address of course, also sera dot com. ah, this is alex as ever these of the headlines, france was accused of stealing a breach of trust after scraps a submarine contract in favor, open agreements with the united states. cancellation of contract means france loses a multi 1000000000 dollar deal to sell it submarines just really you
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muscle there have been lies. there has been duplicity. there has been a major rupture of trust. there has been contempt. so it's not going well between us. not at all yet. that means that there is a crisis. and at that point, there's 1st a symbolic aspect, meaning we, recalling our ambassadors to try to understand, but also to show, to our former partner countries that we have very strong discontent. really a serious crisis between us and if they come, it's also a way to reevaluate our position to defend our interests both in australia and in the united states. process had been held in june as for and against president case said, it's the 1st major demonstration since he seized her and dismiss parliaments in july. chris executes him over to at least 3 people have been killed after a vehicle belonging to taliban forces it a roadside minor may ask and city of july 11th, an ice will stronghold. meanwhile,
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several people have suffered minor injuries after a bomb went off in the capital couple u. s. bonds to step up its expulsion of migrants who set up a makeshift camp in the texas border time. del rio estimated that more than 13000 people, most of them from haiti. currently living under a bridge has been a heavy police presence in washington, d. c. for a rally for trump, supporters arrested for stormy capital in january. please send their intelligence, sent reported some threats of violence and the 1st all civilians space flight flashed off the floor of the 2 to 3 days in orbit capsule. which for the any human who former planet, 1970. see this up to date, stay with us here on al jazeera inside story is coming up. next news,
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news, news, news ah, ah, and the conflict or face and you sanction us surge is all sides. and he, he great region to negotiate peace, but will the threats be enough to stop many a year of fighting? that is if i start a walk into the program, i'm m ron con us present. joe biden is adding pressure on all sides to end the fighting needs of his northern region. he signed an executive order threatening new sanctions against the if you open an era try and government leaders of if you p m
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our region and the t great people's liberation front. biden says ethiopia is delaying aid to people displaced by the conflict. while she grain rebels, welcome the announcement in europe is prime minister accuse the u. s. i'm the west of chastising his government. i b m. it says the international community is not doing enough to hold c grain rebels. accountable will bring in august in just a moment, but 1st this report from she hubbard, tennessee, in washington. this is not the imposition of sanctions, but another threats of sanctions. president biden's executive order empowers the state department of treasury to be able to sanction those seen in the future to be standing in the way of a negotiated piece in the future on all sides. but no deadline has been announced. if the government of ethiopia in the to great people's liberation front, take meaningful steps to enter into talks with out pre conditions and allow unhindered humanitarian assistance. the united states is prepared to mobilize
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assistance for the opiate to recover and revitalize its, its economy and build a future for his people. straight up with officials say they fear prime minister i'll be on it will want to declare a victory over the to crow and peoples with the ration from when he sworn into office on october. the 4th. they also fed the piano will do all it can to prevent that. the u. s. does have a great deal of leverage over the fuel government that so far it hasn't used much success in the past has been in terms of trade. it's industrial parts occupied by mary cannot multinational benefit from this tax benefit those that introduced to decades ago. and there was a fear that would be withdrawn. but that did not happen. and there's a relief in the stuff of just why the presence in the administration of those 9 to be open to us interventions that are samantha power, u. s. id. it hasn't imposed punishing sanctions on the if you can government and the say there are multiple reasons for washington's caution. ethiopia is the u. s.
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s main ally, and the strategically important horn of africa and key to its projection of power across the region. ethiopia is also important of the us as war on terra and important components against osha, bob in somalia and now that us troops officially withdrawn permanence abbey, i'm. it is also deregulating and privatizing ethiopian economy. after decades of central planning, which is beneficial for us multi nationals and perhaps most importantly, even as if you're pure receives hundreds of, of dollars from the u. s. it's a key trading partner and investment destination for china. and as the biden administration is clearly demonstrated, this is not a white house that will take a further integration of out of about and bay ging. well, she ever times the al jazeera washington. let's take a closer look at the conflict n t gray, which is now and it's 11th month. but t great people's liberation front had dominated ethiopia, politics, but any 30 years until prime minister abbey, on that came to power in 2018. last november. we ordered
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a military operation against the group, which had retreated to t. great accusing it of attacking a federal military base and killing soldiers. since then, the conflicts has killed thousands of people and left nearly a 1000000 in famine like conditions. the un says more than 2000000 people have been displaced. now in june, the african union launched an independent inquiry into the reports of human rights violations retrained forces who was sent to t. great when the conflict 1st began. i've also been accused of rights abuses. ah, let's bring in our guest. joining us from erissa intends in is allow them lucas. and if you open international lawyers in robi william davidson, if you're a senior analyst at the international crisis group and in washington dc, david, she's a former us ambassador to if you get a warm welcome to all of you. let's begin in washington dc. first with david chen, david, is this the threat of sanctions in order to pay like the u. s. is doing something
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or is an actual real threat? i think this is an actual real trap. it is important to underscore that these are not sanctions or say, this is the laying of the legal ground work to permit sanctions at some point in the future against all parties, or either out holding up a negotiated settlement on the one hand or, or somehow interfering with the resolution of the managerial crisis in northern ethiopia. but it's for real, this is, this is not a publish them, but was driving a david that why now? well, it's really a continuation of ongoing activity by the united states under the bio and ministration. they haven't quite active and trying to just some kind of ended point sheesh fire if you well and to open up the humanitarian
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partners or the different aid roach. this is going on ever since almost the and now your ration of, of joe biden. so i would suggest that this is new at all on the mortgage in russia. how much of this leave the open government actually going to pay attention to? if you use a key trading partner, it's a key ally. they say this is just a simple threaten, won't take it that seriously perhaps was i think it's important to not do it didn't come. i did indeed everyone was waiting for it, including the government for quite some time. it didn't get it that we know contacting difficult. jeff yesterday for many europeans, including the government, the executive order is another indication or,
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and let me know they didn't of the us guided party. he wanted to kill him many europeans and including the government. they believe that the executive order is grounded not in fact is but importantly by lobby and to be able to get into networks for the government. this executive order is going to it doesn't take into account effects when did wrong, and if they don't get function been for the cubans, it's like, it's like treating kind of like the cleaning. so i don't think the government isn't . if you think if you're, if the, i don't need the government really please event from doing what, what do you believe it? correct? so i think i might not bring it up and
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see if we can executive order. it came back to where the government, mobilizing hundreds of dollars they learned put your full and. busy david guest in russia that has said the policies misguided, what do you make up? our friend and russia is simply pointing out why many in the government of are saying and what many in dash are are saying. i have no idea whether he personally believes that or not but if, if he personally believes. ready that i think that there is a misunderstanding in terms of what the united states is doing. i think united states does have access to independent information on what is happening here. and it's making its determination based on what it sees as facts on the ground and
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interpret those. ready different lay and different ways depending upon are you shipping where you stand? but i don't think it's, i don't think the u. s. position is based upon bad information from misguided individuals. i think it's based on some actual facts. william davidson in nairobi. sanctions like the threat of sanctions when it comes to a key allies of the us, like if yoke here. what is the purpose here of sanctions? is it simply a slap on the rest or is it something like davidson says much more serious. and i think the purpose of the sanctions is, or the potential sanctions is pretty clearly articulated in the executive order. and they are because of, and let's just say various human rights concerns about the conflict and that's
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directed it at all. the main part, is there a trend, government, the government will so i'm hard governments and then the main opponents that keep your last, or, you know, to grace forma, government and the ambition from the united states. and the concern is that all parties are still doing a military solution, new united states, along with other international actors and voices, including including my organization international crisis group. we believe that the main priority here should be a cessation of hostilities. and then for all parties to focus on the humanitarian crisis, which is afflicted to gray, and has been affecting the grade for many months. but it's also now afflicting neighboring regions to gray. and i'm hora after the great forces went on an offensive in july. in addition to a cease fire,
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people want to see if your peers political parties and who are at war at a civil war. they want them to try and go back to peaceful politics, to return to the negotiating table, to try and come to some sort of resolution on the political issues, the electoral constitutional disagreement that led to this war and also the broader political problems. now the is, is the us going to be successful? was the threat of sanctions, or the actual application of sanctions on individual was connected to this civil war, to convince them to change their stances. and whilst that international crisis group, we are very hopeful that a sensation of hostilities is pursued both by the 2 great leadership, also by the federal leadership. at the moment it does tragically look like continuing warfare is the option. i think the intentions are clear here of the, of the us and the reasons for that action. a clear what is not
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a tool clear is whether they are going to be successful in getting the part of the part of the conflict. let them in a russo, if you pieces foreign nation. why should the us be involved? well, i think they should be involved in the process because it's a long time. like, okay, he'll give us our commission and no idea when you're putting it. if you have been so you can, you know, i think there is no question about the need for us if you want them. and the question is, how should they like, how should they maintain impact the company? the company didn't know, did not get to touch on part of november, but for many europeans they went taking the company.
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it started on up no, but i think it didn't happen in the context menu. and they said that it was in power for 27 years. and in that country dictatorship and everybody knows that it's a very well known devil. it's not just unknown devil. so what they're saying is that then you went to the tech to make this company. there's a lot of the context, is this thousands of people have been killed yet a 1000000 been left in nearly famine like conditions. and the un says that more than 2000000 have been displaced. that's a bit more than just a form of government. this is a crisis and it needs action now was napping. yeah, but i think we should understand that the content includes not only that you might
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have here in crisis, but also the warner and the background of the war. what do you think that you went to the are part of the understanding the background information? what need to the war? why you know, what day you went there was something we could understand. we should a question. why did they, what was the reason why? if you're, i'd be more and more policy, what if you don't get i think that is that they usually that people in the department should consider and on it. but of course in the medicaid, but documented humanity is there is up of the war and the one that is constantly. so there is a chain chain of factors. and we can notice that keeps on november the fall and a policy toward the you should consider the background information and that's what the government and i think they have them to the their, davidson. i mean,
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it is obviously a very clear and key allied to the united states. this is a way of putting pressure on all parties, not just the government, the are trying government or the t l. f. but all parties to try and come to as william davidson says, a c sation of hostilities. that's really the beginning point of any negotiation. do you think the u. s. david is going about this the right way? i think it's going about it. the only way, realistically, not one can at the moment, i don't think united states alone can determine the outcome of what happens. it's going to require the effort so many outside layers plus a certain willingness by all the parties, any compromise which comes very hard for so i think tonight is stage is doing what is often not always,
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but often does in an effort to try to encourage a negotiated solution to the problem. in addition to dealing with these managerial prices, and i can't under state the concern that the u. s. has about the military and prices. the u. s. is the largest donor of humanitarian assistance today, and it has traditionally been the largest donor for many decades. this is important to the united states and it does not like to see this effort basically result in a worse situation than it has been dealing with for decades. on the issue, i want to say one comment on the issue of context. i agree that united states needs to put all of this in context, but i would disagree that it is picking it up from november for last year. we know what happened then since 991. and even before that, it's also part of the context that the t p l f was the leading layer in ethiopia,
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and people's revolutionary democratic front, 991 to 2018. and that's a fact. and we had to deal with government for all of those years. so that's context to william davidson. one of the things, i guess the resa is saying is that this isn't a unpopular policy almost across the board with if you open the, you hearing the you finding the this executive order, this threat of sanctions is actually an unpopular policy. and i think that's probably some sort of reasonable assessment. we tell them public opinion, but it is very hard to tell. i'm in any opinion polls, for example, in the matter that very few and far between in many hope. yeah. and what we should note is just how polarized ethiopian political scene is, and of course, like many other countries. but suffice to say, there are those who support this war and those who don't. and the support to the
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sanctions will break down roughly along those lines. i think, you know, for the people in grey who, i mean the church, the sanctions is going to be different for the different parties of the war for different reasons, but they will oppose it. so there's the potential for them all to be sanctioned. but across europe in political landscape, there are those constituencies which are more inclined to support the war. i think in a horror region we see quite strong support. busy the war, very strong opposition to the t p l f. that's sort of positioning, and har region is matched in urban areas such as i did saba, also amongst waves of the tspra, i think as we go into or mia and whether it's fairly large opposition support. we believe the have concerns about the war. they already have their own concerns and reasons for opposing comments. government that does not mean they support a t p,
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but they may be but they may be less supportive of the war. and therefore, you're less concerned about this sort of us potential action including against federal officials. so i think it's clear why a lot and would take that stance. it's also clear that there is plenty of very strong opposition. this type of us action as the would be anywhere this type of us action, but each year is polarized. that means that there are lots of different opinions across the country as well. i'm going to come to you and just one second by when i go to davidson 1st in washington, d. c. when we talk about sanctions, when we talk about sanctions, this doesn't happen in a vacuum. this will be part of the state department overall strategy in ethiopia. the conversations going on with as many parties as the u. s. can try and reach out to do you think that's actually happening, happening in tandem with this executive order? is the us speaking to as many people as possible?
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i believe they are it's. it's also a process, the very much involves the treasury department because these are targeted sanctions against largely against individuals. or at least that seems to be the basis for the executive order. they're also sanctions that involve series of economic issues such as trade blanks, bank accounts, in united states by any of the individuals in ethiopia who are deemed to be violating the sanctions. some of it concern his visa policy, which persons will be allowed to enter the united states if they are deemed to be violating sanction. so it's, it involves a lot of activity in both the treasury department and the state department where you can be assured there's an ongoing conversation. ready there, but i suspect there's a great deal conversation involving the intelligence agencies and any other element
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of the u. ready s government on the ground and that has an understanding of the situation. there was a lot of them you think of us doesn't have an understanding of the situation on the ground in ethiopia that it's actually thinking short term. is that right? yes. are going to be in my view, i think the web does not meet my it's my understanding actually, but does not fully understand contacted and affected big and it has be freaking wish it was like sometime they went up again. it's violation. right. which is okay. but on any way they happening right. or where they are way when went down about how can i get a degree? so me, thing. they with what finally, when monica beneath, eddie, they have been even like 2 weeks they go, pondered,
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people were killed in the village. none of them. but nobody said the book. i gave the fire and dr. denied when they went. i've invaded. reason matter. and it's all those they inventing for reason. so they thing to be done doesn't really understand what's going on. if it's no longer a graduation, it is then if you're not going to cry, but also other people, i'm how to conduct for who so i see i really think that as they was increasing the situation, very many people who might disagree because less and but sometimes even if you have the fact that when we asked them maybe different and we might have a different outcome. so i truly believe that there is
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a problem there. they went to try to get this done. why, for example, just that after they keep order that you can live? well, we are going to william davidson in nairobi. william, one of the things you said earlier was about the sensation of hostilities. that's the priority. get everybody to stop fighting, having heard other to guess. do you think that's going to happen in the short term? well, we hope so, but it does need a significant rethink from the key actors here. and i think if you look at the, the offensive from the take great forces into, i'm on a far and they say this is to, to break the seeds that they say the federal government has inflicted upon them. they also say they are trying to retake territory in west integrate that i'm har, region is now administering, backed up by ethiopian an era trained troops. and so these are the objectives of
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the brand leadership and that is needing that it's very strong mobilization that you know, a lot of has referred to. so i think what we need to happen here alternately, if there was some action on the monitoring situation. so the federal government allowing unhindered access, restoring some vital services to to grey telecoms and electricity. banking could take great forces, then agree to pause the offensive and to begin to withdraw that forces into great itself. that could be the sort of bargain that we need to kick off the beginnings of the peace process, get a sensation of possibilities and allow the monitoring situation to be privatized. that would still leave very difficult political security issues such as wes, than pig right. where there was no easy resolution, but i think if the federal government find the ability to prioritize
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that you might have turned situation into great, give up on the concerns that humanitarian actors and supplies may be boosting the rebellion. the prototype 1000000000 lies that could we get a positive response from the pay grade leadership needing to association of possibilities and then a more sustained piece process. i want to thank all, i guess, zillow, m, morgan and russia, william davidson in nairobi. and in washington, d. c. david shan, and i want to thank you to for watching. you can see the program again anytime by this thing website, is there a dot com and for further discussion, go to our facebook page at facebook dot com forward slash ha inside story. and you can also join the conversation on twitter. we are at a j inside story for me, iran con, and the entire team hit the ah, ah,
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ah, on counting the whole is this the end of time is experiments with capitalism. presidents using ping launches, reaping socialist reform to address inequality in the world's 2nd biggest economy. cost was sick and had watches a selling fall. counting the cost on an astonishing fil, documenting decade in one of the most embattled corners of the globe. a child that can stand 20 years of war, follow me from boyhood to manhood. a life that has no no p shaped by hardship, resilience and adventure. the unique film that captures the conflict in
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a way it has never been seen before. whitney on out there. ah, bold and unholy stories from asia and the pacific on his era the. ready i am, how am i in a condo? how with the headlines on al jazeera that did some, i think dispute between france astray, they are the u. k. and the u. s. continues to escalate. frances, accuse the strayer, of a breach of trust. after scrap the submarine contract in favor of a deal with the united states, you muscle there have been lies. there has been duplicity. there has been a major rupture of trust.

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