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tv   [untitled]    August 15, 2021 6:30am-7:01am AST

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of indigenous mexicans died off the spanish invasion in the 1500s, the conquest still being debated the present set look as though as cold as an unmitigated fain. yeah. so much more few online at our 0 dot com at the top in the menu there, you will see a dentist on war. if you click on that at aggregate all our coverage and there is a loss of what is happening and coming out of afghanistan, right? now al jazeera dot com at g english on twitters. ah. these are the latest developments from afghanistan. taliban font is a captured juliana bat. the collapse of the eastern city means the group controls all major cities except for cobble. the capitol group is swiftly been taking control since the u. s. began withdrawing its troops. i was earlier taliban fighters seized. it seized a hugely important commercial hub and approach government bastion this is mother sharif,
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gave the group control of the north of the country. cobbled itself is now dangerously within reach of the town about more from charlotte bellis in cobble. we can say that gyla by the provincial capital of manga ha, has fallen to the taliban. there was some conversation last night that the taliban and the governor of manga ha, when negotiating essentially, for its hand, are befitting to be very little fight pitches just coming through now, showing the governor and the taliban sitting together, having tea, and the governor's house this morning. so we can say that that, that city and province has fallen to the taliban. it is the 5th, the biggest city in afghanistan. it lies just to the east of cobble. and it is very bad news for the government. while the african forces crumble in the fights of this taliban search, the u. s. is now sending thousands of its troops back to afghanistan. this is tony to support the ongoing withdrawl and to help evacuate american diplomats and stuff
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. president joe bud says he will support a political settlement, but insists any assault on the u. s. military would be met with a swift, strong response, and such and rescue team to try to find survivors offer magnitude $7.00 earthquake in haiti. while the 300 people have been chilled. eighty's prime ministers declared a state of emergency and says, there is enormous damage. a red cross is at least 20 people have been killed in an explosion in northern lebanon, so that a fuel storage facility in our region. thousands have been injured, have been taken to tripoli for treatment because of a lack of medical facilities in the area. and flooding in northern turkeys, killed more than 44 people, volunteers, and emergency work as a rushing to supply, aid to people affected dozens of bridges and roads have also been destroyed. that's a look at the headlines here on al jazeera sammy. as along next with counting the cost, teach, you know, you can watch out for english streaming live and i do 2 channels. plus thousands of
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our programs. award winning documentaries and get new support the subscribe to you choose dot com forward slash al jazeera english. ah, hello, i'm sammy's aid and this is counting the cost on al jazeera and look at the world of business and economics. this week, the multi 1000000000 dollar europe in p fun. europe says it's the fine terrorism in africa, countered china and russia activist save, provide arms and training to dictate when central buying finance government spending. all they still independent. tell you how much central banks that they own
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and where to blame for the climate emergency stream weather events will continue to worse than costing billions and the place in millions the your opinion. as long used its economic palaces spread influence around the world efforts to create a european defense full of launch the been a failure. brussels has traditionally relied on nato for minute reaction, but the united states has been increasing pressure on the european union to do more for its own security. in comparison with world powers, europe's defense spending has been far behind. although europe biggest and 2nd biggest economy, germany and france rank 7 and 8 out of the top 10 spenders. so 14 european countries this year proposed a rapid response force to help democratic foreign governments needing urgent help
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in 2007 the you set up battle groups of 1500 personnel to respond to crises, but they've never actually been used. it also established a 7900000000 euro european defense fund to finance the next generation of war planes, tanks and ships. the money will only be available to your p and defense companies and washington has already raised competition concerns. however, there is a little known fund that has gone under the radar, the 5000000000 euro european piece facility. it'll provide training and equipment, including for the 1st time weapons to non european military forces around the world . of the prospect of europe giving alms to dictators or on democratic forces, especially in the south hell in north west africa is raising concerns. france is in the process of withdrawing its troops from the region after 8 years fighting
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a father and isis aligned forces. frances intervention hasn't reduced the violence and it's only been able to continue operating in the somehow with the support of us satellites, and drone intelligence, strategic, lift, and add to a refueling. the sir hale is seen as an important battle ground for the european union, primarily to stop migration across the mediterranean, but also account of the presence of china and russia on the continent. my, let's get some analysis now with volker how his head of the security and resilience program at the european center for development. policy management joins us now via skype from ma, strict in the netherlands. good to have you with us. so the european piece facility, it isn't entirely new. is it why is it a try? think a lot of attention now. well, it is, it is a new instrument, but it is not entirely new because there are certain elements of the instrument which have been implemented before. it is instrument that built on the former
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african piece facility, which provided supports on peace and security via the african union since 2007 ended and this year. now the new thing about the european piece facility is that it is a global facility. also underlying the wider ambitions of the you do engage globally on peace and security matters. second, it is, and this is really the big change and it is a paradigm shift for the you that it is there to provide also lethal weapons to countries. the ego is partnering with now the 3rd element is that the you can directly into act with individual states before under the african piece facility for african states. everything had to be clearly communicated, negotiated also agreed upon with the african union. now this consultation is not
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excluded. currently, but the final decision on the use of the european beast facility funds is with brussels or with the right ones. however, put this into perspective. if i just may add to this, it is a, it is, it is a fund that has 5000000000 euros in total over a period of 7 years. now if you break this down on and if you see what commitments there already, some 2 to 2500000000 will go into the african union support of amazon for so my, the african union p support operation. now this remains, this, this leave some 302400 1000000000 euro to support globally beeson security. just to give you a figure nigeria spent between 20172019 annually.
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1.7000000000. so here you have the proportions, but it is money to buy material military material. ok, and we pick up on the 2nd point you mentioned there in the 3, you are listing using public money to basically supply weapons to fall in the trees . you think that's the best way to promote peace in the world? well, you, you're right to put a question mark there, but it reflects in a way, also a changing thinking within european member states and the you because there is a feeling that the issue needs to find its position also internationally that they have been experiences certainly as to the i was in the 2000 and tense with the syria, with libya that the in y m and of the us more me getting one
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more insecure. and the is you, this is the irrational wants to become more of a international actor. the theory behind this is fairly simple. there is and there is no idea of supply and weapons to military actors so that they can take care of the security. and that this will help to stabilize a context. but if i could jump in here, that theory and kind of, i guess you could argue, has been tested in some areas despite foreign forces. despite the un peacekeeping mission. in molly, in new jeron became fasfa. we've seen some kind of ball string, even of local military forces, and yet over the past year has gone up not down. i mean, is this theory really working on funding mental challenge is really being addressed?
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well, it is, it is a fairly simple theory of change though the issue has, has never said we will supply military material and then peace and security will happen. the concept is to work through an integrated or comprehensive approach that weapons one part of the corporation. the other part is related to base building related to many darian assistance development, political support for electoral processes, etc. and their race, the expectation that all the time this will result in stability and peace. now, if can is done shows that the theory of change is really very simplistic and does not work. however, one also need to recognize that in certain context, like liberia, also sierra leone, the broach has helped to stabilize. now, this must not, through the you, there were the u. k. was very pressing in this re dot, provided,
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also military support to, to do forces. but the example of i've done is done now clearly shows that this, this theory is, is unlikely to work for a big country like my li with huge areas that can not be controlled. busy where also non state actors extremist groups have enough space to hide. ready so when you, i'm glad you made that comparison. so when you look at some areas where this theory we can call it has worked somewhat to other places like have kind of stand, as you mentioned, where hasn't, what has been the key difference? how will this facility succeed where foreign forces have failed in other areas like africa? well, there is an argument that the e u has provided each member states as well as your missions have
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provided a training support to military actress to soldiers, arm they soldiers have then no little material to also operate. so the situation has occurred that these actors were drained, but were unable to act upon what they had been trained with. now this then means that the countries tried to take over more ownership of their security situation and all. and now also the you to withdraw with the troops. so this is, this is part of the concept. and as i said, it has not worked. in the case of dennis done. molly? nice air and book, you know, so with very different contexts are unlikely to
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get stabilized similar to what has happened in the right light beer library or theory alone, for example, because the last of the area as mentioned, allows these data, right? i got off this question we're going to look at from this effect of how much of it has to do as well with countering china and russia. there is a geopolitical dimension to it, that's right on. and as mentioned earlier the you try to find its place tries also. busy to become more of a global actor. but the instrument as such, has no potential to counter whatever influences from china or russia ought to fill in the us, which has basically had no policy for africa under the trend administration.
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so it's also a little bit about maybe making up for the perception that america is no longer a reliable partner for europe. is that part of this? well, yeah, this, this place, this place into it clearly and that the e u is also and where the u. member states, one needs to. ready underline here are aware that more needs to be done by europe, and that more responsibility needs to be taken. so this, this clearly plays into this. but as i said, the amount of resources which have been allocated to the european based facility or rather minimal. however, it opens a door for potentially more support in the future after the current 7 year budget cycle of the u is over. and thereby also opening more potential for more military support in the future. so as
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mentioned at the very beginning, it's a paradigm shift. and this, and this is, this is really in relation also to a changing world order. and also the you trying to be fun to become more vocal to be more active internationally trying to find its place. all right, vocal thanks very much for analyzing the paradigm shift in good talking to you. ok . thank you. bye bye. the. the un says there is no longer any doubt human activity is warming, the planet, and some of that impact is irreversible greece, turkey, much of the western us all experience, some of their worst wildfires in history. extreme weather events will continue to worse and costing billions and displacing millions. our environment editor nick clark has more from me and i've got in turkey while wildfires have caused widespread destruction. it is an apocalyptic scene. skeletal trees with
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a fruit chard, as they hang. no one has ever seen fires like these before. they came with little warning. leaving people stunned with everything lost. even the dead went sped from the flames. home and half fit now only for demolition. these are the consequences of an overheated world. the children's playground melted by the intense heat. those who played here may well wonder what the future holds in this changing world. this will be the future, say the scientists, unless something is done. and this, they say is just a hint of what could be to come humanity, his lit the fuse and humanity was put it out before it's too late. i talked to 65 year old farmer below couldn't. he tells me the only clothes he has left are the
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ones he standing in has had the area. we lost everything, there is nothing left of our house. if the same folly neighbors 0, the tractor, the whole, the shovel, every tool we had is gone. everything we built up in 70 to 80 years is gone. high of all of it disappeared in 20 minutes. it came and went like a c wave. from turkey to grease its been a furious fight against the fires. extraordinary temperatures sparking the tragedy in all these regions. wildfires happen every year, but never on this scale. it's the same in northern california where fires blazing over hundreds of square kilometers, destroying communities across the world, extreme weather is building and ferocity just last month. unprecedented floods in germany, in belgian devastated towns and swept away roads. more than 200 were killed, with many, still missing. and the science shows its fossil fuel emissions that have made these
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events worse. manmade climate change. the truth is, this is a story that people that really want to hear the reality perhaps too much for people to deal with to take in. but what's becoming increasingly clear, is it the consequences of doing nothing at all? is infinitely worse for everybody whose john dugan has been helping with the rescue effort. here in southern turkey, he says the fires response after months of drought followed by an intense heat wave on tale is famous for its long lasting rain. and the last few there is no, is in this here in mos in opera on the may. there was clearly no sign of rain and this is the result. and then just like that, as we're heading back from filming this happens. and the sky opens. a deluge of rain cascades down, dancing apart, land the rain,
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just as unpredictable as the 5 and 2 weeks too late. central bank, so spend trillions of dollars buying up bonds in a process called quantitative easing. but trying to make sure the financial system and economy won't completely collapse due to the pandemic. it's borne out of the experience and lessons learned from the north atlantic financial crisis of 2008. well now central banks acknowledge they getting close to the point of having to withdraw emergency funding. the last time they attempted to do that, markets went through what came to be known as a taper tantrum that was back in 2013. many critics said vest is become hooked on cheap money. and most of the i've gone into inflating stock markets in house prices. well that process also increases inequality. of right now there are concerns that a central banks don't withdraw funding. it could drive up inflation,
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despite central banks claiming to be independent. some like the bank of england have been accused of funding government deficits by the end of 2021. the bank will own 875000000000 pounds of government bonds of 40 percent of national debt. now for all the dat, central banks own and for printing currency, they earn money. the bank of england handed almost $700000000.00 to the government each year. as nothing compared to the bank of japan, though it made a profit of $11000000000.00 on its holding of government debt and stocks. it owns 45 percent of the government's 13 trillion that mountain. the federal reserve cent, $88500000000.00 in profits to the us treasury in 2020 the feds balance sheets which includes government that doubled since 2019 to $8.00 trillion dollars. switzerland central bank made more than $47000000000.00 in the 1st 6
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months of the year. a soaring u. s. equity prices pushed its reserves to more than one trillion swiss francs. while those oversized profits are all due to the unconventional practices central banks of adopted since the financial crisis. so let's dive into this with financial markets analyst kaya pav, joins us now live from london via skype. good. have you with us? kyra. so the bank of england would deny it was financing britain deficit. does that really matter? thank you for having me. first and foremost. so monitoring, fiscal policies have indeed become joined that the hip and looking at the numbers. we can see that the b o, e has absorbed most of that issue and by the government, does this matter? i think, yes, because the central banks by nature are indiscriminate buyers, they don't really look at the credit for the next of the sure. not at the yields, and i think it will become even more important once the central banks start winding
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down the reason policies because there's just not enough buyers on the market. well, sandra banks have been printing money without fee. you could say of a fear of inflation for a while once changing. now, i think the biggest change with this crisis is really the supply side distortions that we have not seen before. we've seen dislocations in economy and as mentioned, distortion, the supply chains, especially in asia and in se, asia, what has changed now is that the supply chain disruptions are very hard to control . moreover, we are seeing an emergence of, of area of frequent locked down in the manufacturing hope of southeast asia. and i think this is something central banks really have no control over to where, where do you think that's going to lead the world in central banks? it's hard to say, i think the central banks perhaps have base themselves in the corner. they are, seems to me just playing by day or seeing what's going to happen. and this is also then from the face policy of photo being behind that curve when it comes to
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inflation management. my fear is however, that perhaps being behind the curve isn't the best policy because once inflation expectations are hyphens, it's very hard to say change consumer behaviors because consumers always adjust that for havior tends to be quite sticky for a long time. i'm glad you mentioned the fact that the fed chair is saying, hey, inflation is transitory. do you agree with them? it's the transitory at 1st, especially with the supply chain disruptions because the seem to be short lived. but now when we see se asia and a lot of other asian countries such as china, look down again, i think the disruptions good last a bit longer. and moreover, the more sticky inflation coming from the rentals is also a big, murky, especially with the more toward him of eviction. now being hotly debated and sort of extend that in a way. so it's hard to say if it's going to be transitory, i think we are yet to see what's certain is that with any additional look down, consumer behavior is definitely going to change. and we are seeing this,
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for instance, with the savings rate that's still above the present levels. oh, could it be the inflation is more nuanced the effects of spending being shifted away from services during the pandemic locked down to now buying computers and home offices, etc. for show, during lockdown we saw a lot of pent up demand when he came to do or bows with people had a lot of time and money and had attendance. but i think that's now in the rear view . mean though we are seeing now increased demand for services with the reopening and sort of being in the summer season. but what's important to note is that the services industry, especially those cyclical and reopening related services are tiny compared to that your goals. we're already seeing interest rates rise from turkey to brazil. when do you think that it's going to catch on to the big for and we're looking at market rates. 2023 seems to be the likely year. however, i've mentioned before, we are seeing a new variance emerging across the globe size is now the adverse strain across
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major economy. so it's really hard to say where we, where we're going to end up like in the 2nd half of 20212022. perhaps related to that. we've seen chinese export growth unexpectedly slow in july, haven't we? while impulse also losing a bit of momentum, do you think that points to a slow down for the global economy in the scene? so we're seeing look downs in asia, and we are seeing the economy slowing down in europe in the u. s. i think the 2nd half of the are definitely going to be more, more volatile. and i think the investor should be prepared for perhaps a correction in the markets. stronger us, the likely lower you and with china's regulatory crackdown companies, do you think that's going to send money towards western stocks? you would hope so. so chinese government is taking very aggressive steps towards regulating different industries, whatever is from anti corruption to data privacy profit perspective. the timing is
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very interesting because it seems to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the ccp . what i think the chinese government is willing to take short term bay pain for the long term game. what the investors really need to be mindful of this increased regulatory risk. rodder, i should say, the regulatory res, casting brought to the foregrounds, and it just has to be factored in. but i think in general, china as well as emerging asia has become less investable. now with the u. s. infrastructure bill slowly becoming a reality, it seems, washington is moving back to its regular sort of debt ceiling fight. our investors prepared for this really doesn't seem so, but it doesn't look doesn't seem like investors are looking at the death stealing at all at this point. and then press are also taking quite bold that we're not adding this very sensitive topic into the reconciliation process. i think there are hoping that perhaps there will be some sort of bipartisan solution. but with the
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democrats trying to pass 3.5 trillion worth of anti poverty bill, using part the son lines, i don't think the republicans have much incentives to sort of play along. so again, i think it's going to be september, especially the 30th of september deadline, and investors ought to be prepared, perhaps putting some dry powder on the site or perhaps decreasing their exposure to us equities. all right, wonderful. thanks so much talking to us. thank you. so much and i saw show for this week, but there's more for you online that al jazeera dot com slash ctc. that'll take you straight to the page, which has hire a few to catch up on it for this edition of counting. because some time is a, than on the whole team here. thanks for joining us. news and al jazeera is next ah, north korea. isolated and heavily sanction yet earning billions around the globe
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bureau, 39 is involved in everything that makes money for, for you to carry a different passport. take on the money this year. and it goes straight into the conferences. leadership a to park, people empower investigation, bureau, 39 cache for kim park. 2 on a, jesse. if you are looking at this from the outside, you would really wonder what was going on, what, what is this growth is a religion that they have an in depth exploration of global capitalism on our obsession with economic growth. this is still the center of capitalism. there is no limits. i view myself as a capital artist we are trying to bake, as well as smaller and smaller. we don't want to be so realistic in the world, we would rather have a fantasy growing pains on al jazeera. we understand the differences
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and similarities of cultures across the world. so no matter what i'll just bring you the news and current affairs that matter to you. i'll dizzy around the. ready taliban fighters capture july about almost without a fight, leaving the capital. cobble is the only major cities still under government control . ah, everyone on come off santa maria. world news from al jazeera, a powerful magnitude, 7.2 earthquake strike ac. killing more than 300 people after the wildfires, turkey not grappled with flood triggered.

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