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tv   [untitled]    July 31, 2021 3:30pm-4:01pm AST

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because we were fighting a war concise, so i'll just do a world troubles to the libby and just to see how futon or we can be a unifying pull water on the country. video a rally for home on al jazeera. ah, again, i'm can all centenary with a look at the headlines on al jazeera emergency cruise in turkey. still trying to control the biggest fire in the region which had now killed at least 6 people have been burning for a 3rd straight day while dozens of villages and hotels have been evacuated. there are at least 14 wildfires burning vessel, so that has more from man of us in until your province. it feels far away from being under the control because the reports regarding the new fires erupt in, in the different places or just come in just a little bit ago. we got
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a report that in the board room, the at the tone of both room in the more progress or so there is another fire just erupted there, which is one of the most popular touristic destination in the country. and also, man, i've got know where we are, is also alongside arctic in on target div police. the districts are the worst he is places. but on the other hand, the most popular touristic destinations as well as headlines and i've got stones west and city of her aunt is coming under intense pressure from the taliban. the you and compound all that. come on to fire on friday, killing an afghan policeman. the town took control of the airport on wednesday, their approaches in the french capital from french capital, paris, and our life pictured here against plans to implement the local virus passes. the proposal would mean people have to prove their coven 19 or vaccination status before they can enter the restaurant. the cultural venues upon them is expected to vote on the bill this weekend. and hundreds of people rallied against malaysians
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prime minister for his hand. thing of the pandemic they want machine, you're seen to resign infections. a search despite emergency measures in place since january in the 9000 people have died in malaysia. and china is working to contain its most widespread coven 19 outbreak in month. early this month, a cluster of infections was detected in non ging since then it spread to 6 other provinces including beijing, millions of people who are being tested and hundreds of thousands are under locked down and support us gymnastics. awesome and bothers, pull out of 2 more finals at the tokyo olympics as she focuses on mental health. the 24 year old joined some of her teammates on a shopping trip in the city on saturday. bows has now withdrawn from 4 of her 6 events, an update on the olympics, of course, coming up in our sports bulletin in the news hour and 25 minutes time. i'll see you for that. next, all hail the locked down. when tech tools go viral. at almost every stage of
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this, pandemic technology has played a major role in keeping us going can't go to the office because we don't work with colleagues over slack. need hanson ties our mask all of the next day delivery on amazon school university closed classes. and now happening from the mundane, everyday aspects of life, grocery shopping, entertainment, chatting with friends and family to the much more difficult task of trying to track and control. this virus big tech has been front and center. but in a world where technology has already been developing to foster regulations and even academic expertise to keep up, it seems the pen demik has left a scarily exposed to the pitfalls of a sometimes excessively automated and computerized 12 ah,
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the algorithms, big data, artificial intelligence, these days the tech industry seems to have a 6 for most, every problem we face. and while many of these tools made our lives miserably easier, more efficient, even more fun was also come up against something called technological solution is a concept as the technology playing to suit the hero and savior. in almost every situation. kick rider and intellectual of getting more results has been riding about it. so it's something that i saw as a dominant trend in how we think about the financial of technology. and the way in which we think is defined by enlarge by the garage clapper. so silicon valley and digital culture, so invalid has data and by and large, this is an imagination, that's very great. it imagines problems. data very narrowly defined. so where being
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fall or example, the climate change is the product of us not turning off the light. we're being told that, you know, it's the consequence of us not reciting properly since the problem said, define in that's about an hour away. it's very easy to think of a solution that will solve them. and that solution would normally come into form of an app. and that app will essentially try to address something that's relatively low hanging fruit at a small tweak in how users. so citizens behave, it does not tackle any of the more structural more fundamental, more difficult parts of the political process. and it's something that also earned the company behind the solutions quite a lot of money. so with this my fast, it's of course not surprising that the car in crisis related to call it 19 has generated an abundance of solution. is ecology. one of the most urgent problems in
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the early days of the pen demik was how to track and trace the spread of the corona virus. think about the she is size of that problem. for every infected person, the city or country information would need to be gathered about where they'd been recently or whom they'd been in contact with. if there were people who had been in close contact with the clover patient, well the lead me to be found in advice to self oscillate, or to take any other health precautions. and let's say if one of those people have found to have developed symptoms, well then the process would have to start afresh. clearly contact casing is cumbersome and when you have to do it at scale and with speed, it can seem a near impossible task. this makes it appear like the perfect problem for technology to take on. conduct tracing is an extraordinarily old and very sensible way of going about tracking and tracing. i spoke with sean mcdonald, who spent more than 10 years building, deploying and critiquing,
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mobile technology and humanitarian disasters. busters, infectious disease control, when the patient has positive interview a person to know where they've been during that period. and then we use that information to try and track down other people that might have had contact in terms of the big change in contact tracing apps from, from analog to digital is that we're moving from and a process that connects people to treatment to a process that communicates rest and communicate and rest in the absence and treatment capacity has a very different effect on a population. it can cause fear, it can cause people to go see more treatment and they otherwise might. and so i think that there's a lot to be examined about the fundamental sort of assumptions that go into the digital transformation that has stopped governments and health authorities from jumping on board from italy to india. more than $155.00 app enabled systems have been developed to track the spread of covered 19. some researchers claim that in
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places like south career and taiwan, they've helped identify code that what's and the close contacts of patients. but it should points out from his own experience, monitoring the bowler in 2014 know technologies. perfect. certainly not tech. that is rushed out at the heart of a pen demick under the pressure of politics and the threat of bad publicity in the bullet response. i think it was very early days in understanding a lot of the, the algorithms modeling to play. and i think that just labor, seeing the coven response, with good intentions, are everywhere. the good intentions are not good science, rolling out a series of their make their vital, coherent overview of something as complex as the transmission of the disease is no small order in the best of circumstances. and so not only do we not have the sort of facility to evaluate the technology itself, but we very rarely have the ability to understand in the context in which during this pandemic,
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rapid access to data has been crucial. and helping to understand this new strain of corona bars, how contagious today's what his behaviors encourage spread, and how effective physical distancing can be. but the listening of privacy regulations, and in some cases the outright neglect of privacy requirements to enable quick access to all this data has brought on a storm of criticism. now if a tough day is a digital rights researcher based in billing. so i would say the number one major concern about deploying chaps is the privacy concern. what data being collected? where is it being stored? which authorities have access to this data for? how long are they keeping that data and collecting that data? and is it going to be used beyond its purpose? in no way the government's contact tracing app called smith stop went from being aggressively pushed by the state in april, being hastily and very publicly rolled back in june when the wage and data protection authority cited numerous series privacy violations. among them was the
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needless collection of precise location information. sometimes in real time, other apps in places like cutoffs, singapore, india, have all so far failed the data privacy test to give people the choice between right and health and rights of privacy is it both caught me and trying to establish a hierarchy of human rights. we shouldn't be making choices, you know, should i save my life and be in good health, or should i sacrifice my privacy or just to feel that we are being monitored and the government knows about our movements, which people we are interacting with, where we going to create a chilling effect. location data is often some of the most re, i don't the fiber data that we create when added to other types of data. it can be used to target some very specific way. so we don't allow just anybody to get access to the technology problems that we're seeing trying to be are imperfect. and that's
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a very sympathetic problem. i think most of us would agree that we don't want to, in fact other people. and if you can help me identify people more effectively and that's a good use of our data. the challenge, of course, is that the transmission behavior because we don't know it is very difficult to know how to model it in data in ways that would effectively roll out in technology . i think that we have a label frank up for, for talking about the harms of technology. and so a lot of times what we're talking about are, is the try that or is it secure in the data architecture? centralized, refused to enjoy. the broader questions are, are we meaningfully impacting the response? are we helping, you know, reduce mortality or you can increasing the capacity of responders to be effective? and we're not doing those things, then is the technology worth letting out of back in march at
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a time when pandemic panic was relatively new and felt particularly anxiety and juicing israel deployed a contact tracing system that cut straight past privacy regulations in a move that was unique in the world contact tracing in the country was not handled solely by the ministry of health or crisis committee. the government got the shin bit. israel's internal security service involved every time in israeli tested positive cove at 19 the patient's details, name, id number and mobile phone number would be passed on to the sion bit. and that's when something called the tool came into play. it's a classified and previously undisclosed intelligence database that's been collecting information on citizens nearly 2 decades originally designed for national security efforts. the tool works like a dragnet gathering metadata from telecom providers, voice calls, text messages, internet browsing, history, and crucially for digital contact tracing. location data via gps tracking or mobile phone networks. while the content of the conversations and messages are exempt from
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collection, the abundance of personally identifying information is still clearly too much too detailed and unnecessary for the task at hand. citizens also didn't sign up for the tracking system. and crucially what table to opt out. i spoke with human rights lawyer, sharon abraham, the executive director of the association, the civil rights in israel, in the original version of the regulations, the ministry of how could she best to track your location in route. those who are and everyone that was in their contact with them in the past 2 weeks that investigated and transferred to the ministry with the names and numbers of those persons and the ministry would draw in the proximity message and they must warranty for 14 days. it's really strange, i imagine my neighbor or maybe we're less than 2
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meters from each other. maybe many hours a day, although we haven't been each other, we didn't speak with each other. i might get a message saying important scene. one of the things that's important about the israeli case is and they are a very sophisticated technology culture already, and they have very advanced intelligence tools. and so one of the main risks here is that we're starting something that seems like it's aimed in public health and design and measuring the spread of disease. and very quickly comes about measuring people bit, i mean, the government body itself is very opaque. there's very little transparency, there's very little oversight. there is also when you are deploying technologies or taking measures that could infringe your people's human rights, they need to be a certain condition. i mean, one of them is having that closet which basically mean and date to the technology is being used and transparent and clear understanding of which government agencies
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have access to this data. and how is it being used? civil society groups, including the association for civil rights in israel, sounded the alarm in mid march petitioning the supreme court that the country had ventured into dangerous privacy infringing territory. israeli doctors also for their objection in a joint letter to parliament, these rel association of public health physicians. and these really medical association said the lack of input from epidemiologists and public health specialists raised the likelihood of their by late april, the supreme court ruled that the government which had sidestepped parliament when it brought pushing that into the contact tracing set up, needed to get this signed off by lawmakers. the ruling also stated that suitable alternatives compatible with the principles of privacy must be found. it was a victory, but it was temporary. a middle resurgence of corona virus infections in july. israel's parliament authorize the continued use of the shin bet program into
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january 2021. you were study president. you were saying ok, we can track people. would you be able the next day to keep up on this restore? is it right as a default to your security? our you say we're what we're seeing. want to check. i mean, i think this is the key issue, the greatest concern it would not have to be greater pressure to take the good for terror related needs in the future justification saving lives. however, it isn't just the government in surveillance. so the drive, the pin demick has opened up opportunities for a number of private cyber intelligence and spyware companies, most of which are run by former members of the israeli army. many of them have worked with some of the latest tracking and surveillance technology that tested on palestinians in the occupied territories. one of the most notorious israeli cyber
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intelligence companies is the, in a so group which claims to work with governments around the world to quote, prevent and investigate terrorism and crime to save thousands of lives. in fact, often than not, and it's always been in the headlines because it's high in surveillance tools have been deployed by states against political activists, dissidents, human rights campaign of journalists. even amazon ceo jeff bezos in march and a so started developing its 1st quote civilian product called fleming and analytics to marketed to government agencies for tracking people's movements. powerful and algorithm examined patients and their historical meeting points that generated a list of those potentially. i think there are many, many cases of activists and civil society organizations and journals as being tardy didn't harass, been arrested using the n s o fi where. and so give him that record it's,
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it's absolutely concerning to have them come around this time and the pandemic offering help with their technologies. perhaps this is for them and opportunity to whitewash their image to say, you know, we are there to help. we have a health and demick, it's a global one. we have solution of what i would like to caution us against speaking the marketing brochures prepared by this survey and treating us some kind of ultimate work on the later of this i've been observing for example, patient or commission technology for a long time. and there, if you will, that, that field 10 or 15 years ago, you will see that the marketing brochures and the statements made by the industry where completely out of touch was one dose acknowledges actually capable of deliver, say, certification in the new wifi. makes your face feel password because the marketing
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hype there and the pressure is there, and after a short period to find the completely ineffective tools essentially become attractive. because so much money is being channelled towards its privacy rights, got trampled in the stan peach. creat contact tracing apps to the heem, it's of the tech world came together in april engineer the apple and google have been working together to make public health technology that protects individual privacy. so the people never have to choose between their privacy and the health and safety of their community. the 2 companies said they would offer contact tracing software to public health institutions and governments to build their own apps around. at the heart of the system is bluetooth technology. when 2 phones recognized that they are close enough for a long enough period of time, they will trade an anonymous string of code with each other called a key. should one of the phone owners later in put a covert positive status into the app? the information would get pink, all the phone could have been in its proximity. for the previous 2 weeks,
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the keys are encrypted and constantly changing. but the most important point is that they never leave your phone. so there isn't a centralized list of who is interactive with. the partnership is arguably created one of the most privacy protecting technologies to help track the spread of the current of ours. a smart move in both business and publicity terms. when i spoke with guinea, he brought the solution is critique to the issue. now i would say that it's more as terrifying to me as many other solutions we have to try to reduce our dependence on solution is what we have to do it in full that are conditional. the fact that the public democratic power that can feel about vacuum currently does not exist in the strong form that it would have in order to kind of be doing survives and even that cost solution. if vacuum is northfield, then by democratic forces, it will be filled in by the security space and the sub in space, which in its kind of democratic implications,
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is as bad as the solution is perhaps more or less dangerous for a lot of access to the pending because provided a job for the tech industry at one level, it's presented governments and regulators with the destruction of global proportions. the kind that's thrown recent investigations into tech practices and disciplinary hearings of schedule and lower down the list of priorities. second, it's been a huge business boost despite the many drawbacks. and the way that tech is being designed and works in our lives, coven 19 has help submit the tech industry within the private sector. and it increasingly looks like main way. it's impossible to think about technology, for example. it's something that would not be provided by the knowledge. because we think, well, what else could be if you're caught in this little paradigm, you would think that there is nothing outside of google a facebook and the only other alternative would be from kind of centrally planned
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economy like the soviet union. and this is where the solution is in steps and to basically say, okay, we have accept that that's cost. well, we're finding the world according to the liberal templates. and here is a now to help us to reach gates and alleviate the pain and the costs. so if there is a real absence or real back for the most part of people actually saying to technology, what we've seen is there a lot of folks who feel as though there is an inevitably to the concern is that when you have really brilliant academics or very large companies deciding that these things are and what they do is they give political cover to institutions. sure. and then going to rule that out. if i could demo x were saying this doesn't accomplish anything. instead of this is how generalisation works. the public dialogue about contractors and would be very different. so i'm guessing showing you wouldn't put a contact rating up on your thing. no,
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i wouldn't put it on my phone because i don't want to receive hundreds of notification that i'm loosely the proximate test. for me, privacy is important protection, but what we haven't seen as a proven value proposition. and so i wouldn't download it. not because i'm concerned about my privacy, but i wouldn't download it because i don't know what it would do during the pandemic as both the public and lawmakers had grown ever more reliant on the technologies of silicon valley, the tech industry knows that this is its moment it's not for nothing. the leader is henderson. you like eric smith. the former chairman of google has not been saying to hopes of this crisis has the avail. just how essential and fundamental defend the state gifts. imagine the pandemic with out amazon without google, without apple, without faced book, you'd have go back to the 1918. you'd be operating on great fear. ultimately,
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this and the city will use the aftermath of the treasures in order to shape a much more favorable regulatory themselves. i think all of us should be grateful that these companies are working really hard to help right now. unfortunately, i think they will actually find quite a lot of reception among general public and that it shows the consequences of this is we could have made different decisions. 10 years lawsuit and years ago where we were producing official intelligence for logistics for cloud computing as a public court, which would not meet us. so depending from the likes of amazon or google or microsoft, and we would be living in a very different world. and i would like that, that's one of the far more than the fat it. because right now, there is no way for us to have any non market democratic say in how this infrastructure is effort, because they want to the large number of unknowns surrounding the current of ours pandemic can make it feel like a problem too big for us to grapple with but what we do know however,
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is that one of the best determinants of mortality is health care system capacity. and we also already know a number of ways to meaningfully invest resources into it. we don't need an app for that. the most important things that are improving their value now are not things that we invented. we see good government communication. you see strong patient investment in the capacity of workers. we see strong social safety nets and care networks bill at the community level of the institutional level, wide range context. and of course, technology plays important part and supporting those in supporting those infrastructures. but the rush to invent something that sort of pushed to the miracle cure or solution or whatever else is often very distracting from i think the things that we know to be most important. i don't want to downplay the role of technology here. technology enables people to share information and to access
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information like never before. it enables us to have an interview, so it allows us to continue or live with as little disruption as possible. but we don't want to live in a world that enable master valence. and therefore, it is our responsibility to understand that we're not just idle watchers. the pandemic is not permanent. what it will be permanent is how much are we allowing to go unnoticed? and the question we have billed the world in the past few decades on the assumption that competition should be in the center of social coordination. and we have seen that the consequences are far from being positive all of us. so bracing so many barriers you as a way to organize it as something very tangible aren't bad. it could serve as a guide and not just as an abstract idea, who are good move. the
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virus is indiscriminate, yet those living in poverty are far more vulnerable to the dangers of coven 19 ollie re examined the reasons for this disparity. the social and economic inequality that surround us much deeper and much more problematic than we thought as us whether lessons learned from the global pandemic could lead to positive change because of the can all hail the locked down, expose the privilege and poverty during a crisis on a jazz ah, ah ah, it's too late for the journey to winter sponsored by kettle airways.
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hello, good to see you. the canadian province of british columbia as desperately longing for some rain, look at vancouver dry, a stretch of 35 years historically dry period right now hasn't seen a drop of rain in 46 days. now there may be some coming. moving up from the pacific northwest, but it is just a slight chance, not good news when you consider there are more than 250 wildfires burning across b. c. meantime, for the desert south, west flash flood warnings in play. this is arizona and it's certainly delivered. this is all associated with the north american bond soon. so what happens is we see these rains intensify and then we get bursts of heavy rain explode. we could see one as we head toward the oklahoma panhandle on sunday. after the eastern seaboard and we've got some storms there, we need to talk about the impact in washington d. c. unsettled as we head toward the great lakes on sunday. central america looks like this. we've got some bursts of rain across areas of mexico, guatemala,
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not as heavy rain, 400 in the garage, but still keeping showers. and thunderstorms in the forecasts for costa rica and panama temperatures are bouncing back across south america. after that cold snap was don't see on 20 degrees, but that's still below average sponsored power cut on airways after a one year delay the tokyo olympics finally hid. despite growing opposition and spiraling costs. thousands of athletes are completing an empty stadium amid the corona virus and demick algae. here it will be inside the olympic bubble. bringing you the latest from again, right? no other in 2001 and friends around. well, arab australians accused of being enemies within and attacking the way of life. treated like we were all suspects. we were all struggling to adapt to the new found
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home out there explored the history of the lebanese community and australia once upon a time and punched on our era. ah, this is al jazeera. ah, it's just gone $1300.00, gmc hello on, come all santa maria. welcome to the news hour from out to 0. at least 6 people have been killed in the wildfires burning in southern turkey where entire villages and coastal resorts have had to be evacuated. major confrontation between africa and forces and the taliban. this is in the western region of head.

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