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tv   [untitled]    July 30, 2021 11:30pm-12:00am AST

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the power and fragility of hope borne free witness on al jazeera. there is no channel that covers world news like we do, we revisit places, mistake. i'll just really invest in that. and that's a privilege. as a journalist, the i, marianna manzona, and with a look at the main stories. now, the united states has condemned an attack on the un compound in western afghanistan . at least one person was killed in the attack in the western city of herat, us ambassador to the un describe the actors deplorable and said the perpetrators must be held to account, has been intense fighting between government forces and the taliban in that region . diplomatic as a james base has more coding to local report. is this fighting on the road between
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harass city and herat airport? we believe the airport is currently closed because of that fighting. we're also hearing the un compound, which is all that road from the city to the airport has come on the attack. i'm hearing from local sources that no un stuff had been killed or injured. but there were guards working for the african government around that compound. and there are reports that some may have been taken injured, the reports been taken hostage. there also reports that some have been injured and i've got one report that at least one has been killed. meanwhile, president joe biden is welcome. the 1st play note of africans who worked alongside american forces into the us. 221 people were on board that flight they would taken on buses to 40 military base in the state of virginia. $20000.00 others have applied for special immigrant visas. what's been a long and complicated process? any of them are in tough, which is considered a major target for the taliban. and in our other headlines, unicef has worn,
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but more than a 100000 children, integra could suffer a life threatening acute malnutrition. in the next 12 months, unless aid is allowed into the ethiopian region, the children found says cloth, of or pregnant and breast feeding women into grier que email nourish, leaving them and their babies crying to sickness, fighting between ethiopian government and the 2 great people's liberation, one is intensified in the past month, the monsoon reigns of triggered more land slides in northern india. at least 7 people died in a landslide in him. a child pradesh state more than 200, a missing and a bridge and roads have caved in bridges. collapsing roads have caved in in the indian minister territories of general and kashmir. 160 people have died overall in the past week. all hail lockdown is the program coming up next day with us. i
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at almost every stage of this pandemic technology has played a major role in keeping us going. can't go to the office because we don't work with colleagues over slack. need henson ties our base mask all of the next day delivery on amazon school university, closed more classes. and now happening from the mundane, everyday aspects of life, grocery shopping, entertainment, chatting with friends and family to the much more difficult task of trying to track and control. this virus big tick has been front and center. but in a world where technology has already been developing to foster regulations and even academic expertise to keep up, it seems the pen demik has left a scarily exposed to the pitfalls of a sometimes excessively automated and computerized 12
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the algorithms, big data, artificial intelligence these days the tech industry seems to have a 6, almost every problem we face. and while many of these tools made our lives and miserably easier, more efficient, even more fun, we've also come up against something called technological solution is a concept as the technology playing to suit the hero and savior in almost every situation. kicklider and intellectual of getting more results has been writing about it. so it's something that i saw as dominant trends in how we think about the financial of technology. and the way in which we think is defined by enlarge by the garage clapper. so silicon valley and digital culture,
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so invalid has data and by and large, this is an imagination, that's very constraint. it imagines problems data very narrowly defined. so we're being told, or example, the climate change as the product of us. not turning off the light, we're being told that, you know, it's the consequence of us not reciting properly. and since the problems are defined in, that's about an hour away, it's very easy to think of a solution that will solve them. and that solution would normally come into form of an app, and that app will essentially try to address something that's relatively low hanging fruit at small tweak in how users. so citizens behave. it does not facto any of the more structural, more fundamental, more difficult parts of the political process and get something that also earns the company behind the solutions, quite a lot of money. so with this my fast,
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it's of course not surprising that the car in crisis related to call the 19 has generated an abundance of solution is ecology. one of the most urgent problems in the early days of the pen demik was how to track and trace the spread of the corona virus. think about the she is the size of that problem. for every infected person, city or country, information would need to be gathered about where they'd been recently or whom they'd been in contact with. if there were people who had been in close contact with the clothes patient, well the lead me to be found in advice to so far so late, or to take any other health precautions. and let's say if one of those people have found to have developed symptoms, well then the process would have to start afresh. clearly contact casing is cumbersome and when you have to do it at scale and with speed, it can seem a near impossible task. this makes it appear like the perfect problem for technology to take on. conduct tracing is an extraordinarily old and very sensible
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way of going about tracking and tracing. i spoke with sean mcdonald who spent more than 10 years building, deploying and critiquing mobile technologies and humanitarian disasters. busters infectious disease control, when the patient has positive interview a person to know where they've been during that period. and then we use that information to try and track down other people that might have had contact with in terms of the big change in contact tracing apps from, from analog to digital is that we're moving from a process that connects people to treatment through a process that communicates risk and communicating risk in the absence and treatment capacity has a very different effect on a population. it can cause fear, it can cause people to go see more treatment and otherwise my and so i think that there's a lot to be examined about the fundamental sort of assumptions that go into the digital transformation that has stopped governments and health authorities from
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jumping on board from italy to india, more than 150 calling up enabled systems have been developed to track the spread of curve at 19 summary, such as claim that in places like south career in taiwan, they've helped identify code that what's and the close contacts of patients but it's sean points out from his own experience monitoring e bowler in 2014 know technologies. perfect. certainly not tech that is rushed out at the heart of a pen demick under the pressure of politics and the threat of bad publicity in the border response. i think it was very early days in understanding a lot of the, the algorithms modeling to play. and i think that just lever seeing the coven response, with good intentions, are everywhere. the good intentions are not good science. rolling out a series of there may provide a coherent overview of something as complex as the transmission of the disease is no small order in the best of circumstances. and so not only do we not have the
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sort of facility to evaluate the technology itself, but we very rarely have the ability to understand in the context in which during this pandemic, rapid access to data has been crucial. and helping to understand this new string of corona bars. how contagious today's what his behaviors encourage spread, and how effective physical distances can be. but the listening of privacy regulations, and in some cases the outright neglect of privacy requirements to enable quick access to all this data has brought on a storm of criticism. now if a tough day is a digital rights researcher based in billing, so i would say the number one major concern about deploying such jobs is the privacy concern. what data is being collected? whereas it being stored, which authorities have access to this data for how long are they keeping the data and collecting that data? and is it going to be used beyond its purpose? in no way the governance contact tracing app called smith stop,
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went from being aggressively pushed by the state in april, being hastily and very publicly rolled back in june when the wage and data protection authority cited numerous serious privacy violations. among them was the needless collection of precise location information. sometimes in real time, other apps in places like cutoffs, singapore, india, have all so far failed the data privacy test to give people the choice between right and health and right to privacy is it pulls the, caught me and trying to establish a hierarchy of human rights we shouldn't be making choices, you know, should i saved my life and be in good health, or should i that are 5 my privacy or just feel that we are being monitored and the government knows about our movements, which people we are interacting with. where are we going to create such chilling effect? location data is often some of the most re i done a fiber data that we create when added to other types of data, it can be used to target some very specific way. so we don't allow just anybody to
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get access to the technology problems that we're seeing trying to be are imperfect . and that's a very sympathetic problem. i think most of us would agree that we don't want to infect other people. and that if we can help you identify people more effectively and that's a good use of our data. the challenge, of course, is that the transmission behavior because we don't know it is very difficult to know how to model it in data in ways that would effectively roll out in technology . i think that we have a little frank up for, for talking about the harms of technology. and so a lot of times that we're talking about are, is the tribe that, or is it secure the data architecture? centralized, refused to enjoy. the broader questions are, are we meaningfully impacting the response or we helping, you know, reduce mortality, increasing the capacity of responders to be effective. and we're not doing those
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things, then is the technology worth letting out of back in march at a time when pandemic panic was relatively new and felt particularly anxiety in juicing israel deployed a contact tracing system that cuts straight past privacy regulations in a move that was unique in the world contact tracing in the country was not handled solely by the ministry of health or crisis committee. the government got the bit. israel's internal security service involved. every time in israeli tested positive for clover 19. the patients details, name, id number and mobile phone number would be passed onto the bed. and that's when something called the tool came into play. it's a classified and previously undisclosed intelligence database that's been collecting information on citizens for nearly 2 decades originally designed for national security efforts. the tool works like a dragon gathering metadata from telecom providers, voice calls, text messages,
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internet browsing, history, and crucially for digital contact tracing. location data via gps tracking or mobile phone networks. while the content of the conversations and messages are exempt from collection, the abundance of personally identifying information is still clearly too much too detailed and unnecessary for the task at hand. citizens also didn't sign up for the tracking system, and crucially was able to opt out. i spoke with human rights lawyer, sharon abraham, the executive director of the association of civil rights in israel, in the original version of the regulations, the ministry of how best to try the locations in routes of those who are big and everyone that was in their context we dabbing the past 2 weeks back that investigated and transferred to the ministry with the names and numbers of those persons and the ministry would draw in the proximity message. you know,
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they must start warranty for 14 days. it's really strange. i imagine my neighbor or maybe we're getting less than 2 meters from each other. maybe many hours a day, although we haven't seen each other. we didn't speak with each other. i might get a message saying or, and one of the things that's important about the israeli case is and they are a very sophisticated technology culture already. and they have very advanced intelligence tools. and so one of the main risks here is that we're starting something that seems like it's aimed in public health and design and measuring the spread of disease very quickly and comes about measuring people the bit. i mean, the government body itself is very opaque. there's very little transparency, there's very little oversight. there is also when you are deploying technologies or taking measures that could infringer people, human rights, they need to be
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a certain condition. i mean, one of them is having that closet which basically mean and date to the technology has been use and transparent and clear understanding of which government agencies have access to this data. and how is it being used? civil society groups including the association for civil rights and israel sounded the alarm in mid march petitioning the supreme court that the country had ventured into dangerous privacy infringing territory. israeli doctors also voice their objection in a joint letter to parliament. these rel, association of public health physicians, and these really medical association said the lack of input from epidemiologists and public health specialists raised the likelihood of their by late april, the supreme court ruled that the government which had sidestepped parliament when it brought bishan bit into the contact tracing setup, needed to get this signed off by lawmakers. the ruling also stated that suitable alternatives compatible with the principles of privacy must be found. it was
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a victory, but it was temporary. amid a resurgence of corona virus infections in july, israel's parliament authorize the continued use of the shin bet program into january 2021. your study president, you're saying okay, we can track people, would you be able the next day to restore it? right. as a default to your security our you said we are and what we're seeing want to check . i mean, i think this is the key issue. the greatest concern is that there is not have to be greater pressure to increase the capability for non related needs in the future justification saving lives. however, it isn't just the government in surveillance. so the drive, the pin demick has opened up opportunities for a number of private cyber intelligence and spyware companies, most of which are run by foreman and is of the israeli army. many of them have
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worked with some of the latest tracking and surveillance technology that tested on palestinians in the occupied territories. one of the most notorious israeli cyber intelligence companies is the innocent group which claims to work with governments around the world to quote, prevent and investigate terrorism and crime to save thousands of lives. in fact, often than not, n s o has been in the headlines because it's high in surveillance to have been deployed by states against political activists dissidents, human rights campaign of journalists. even amazon senior j as in march and a so started developing its 1st quote civilian product called fleming and analytics, to marketed to government agencies for tracking people's movements. powerful and algorithm examined patients and their historical meeting points with others generating a list of those potentially victims. there are many,
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many cases of activists and civil society organizations and journals as being tardy didn't harassed and arrested using the n s o by where and so give him that record it's, it's absolutely concerning to have them come around this time and the pandemic offering help with their technologies, perhaps this is for them and opportunity to whitewash their image to say where are there to help. we have a health and demick, it's a global one. we have solution of what i would like to caution us against speaking the marketing brochures prepared by this survey company and treating us some kind of ultimate work. when the leader of this i've been observing for example, patient or condition technology for a long time. and there, if you will set that field 10 or 15 years ago, you would see about the marketing brochures and the statements made by the industry
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. where completely out of touch was one dose acknowledges actually capable of deliver face recognition in the news in the wifi. makes your face feel password because the marketing hype it's there and on the battery there are a short period to find the completely ineffective tools essentially become effective because so much money is being channeled towards is privacy rights got trampled in the stand peach creat contact tracing apps to the heem, it's of the tech world, came together in april engineer the apple and google have been working together to make public health technology that protects individual privacy. so the people never have to choose between their privacy and the health and safety of their community. the 2 companies said they would offer contact tracing software to public health institutions and governments to build their own apps around. at the heart of the system is bluetooth technology. when 2 phones recognized that they are close enough for a long enough period of time, they will trade an anonymous string of code with each other called a key. should one of the phone owners later in put
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a covert positive status into the app. the information would get ping to all the phones that have been in its proximity. for the previous 2 weeks. the keys are encrypted and constantly changing. but the most important point is that they never leave your phone. so there isn't a centralized list of who is interactive with. the partnership is arguably created one of the most privacy protecting technologies to help track the spread of the current of ours. a smart move in both business and publicity terms. when i spoke with guinea, he brought the solution is critique to the issue. now i would say that it's more as terrifying to me as many other solutions we have to try to reduce our dependence on solution is what we have to do it in food. our conditional, the fact dot, the public democratic power that can fuel dr. vacuum currently does not exist in the strong form that it would have in order to kind of be doing some survives and even that cost solution. if vacuum is northfield, then by democratic forces,
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it will be filled in by the secret space. and the same in space, which in its kind of democratic implications, is as bad as the solution is, perhaps more or less dangerous. for a little back to the pandemic has provided a jewel for the tech industry. at one level, it's presented governments and regulators with the destruction of global proportion . the kind that's thrown recent investigations into tech practices and disciplinary hearings of schedule and lower down the list of priorities. second, it's been a huge business boost. despite the many drawbacks in the way that tech is being designed and works in our lives, coven 19 has help submit the ticket industry within the private sector. and increasingly looks like main way. impossible to think about technology, for example. it's something that would not be provided, but technology because we think, well, what else could be if you're caught in this now,
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you would think that there is nothing outside of google a facebook and the only other alternative would be from kind of central plan. the economy like this, and this is where the solution is and steps and to basically say ok, we have accepted this cost. well, we're finding the world according to the liberal template. and here is a now to help us to reach gates and alleviate the pain and the costs so much there is a real absence or real back for the most part of people actually saying to technology. and what we've seen is that there are a lot of folks who feel as though there is an inevitably to this concern. is that when you have really brilliant academics, or very large companies deciding that these things are inevitable, what they do is they give political cover to institutions. sure. and then going to rule it out. if i could, demick were saying this doesn't accomplish anything. instead of this is how jesus
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entry was ation works, the public dialogue about contractors and would be very different. so i'm guessing showing you wouldn't put a contract trading up on your thing. no, i wouldn't put it on my phone because i don't want to receive hundreds of notifications. loosely the approximate to someone who's tested for me and privacy is important protection. but what we haven't seen as a proven value proposition. and so i wouldn't download it, not because i'm concerned about my privacy, but i wouldn't download it because i don't know what it would do during this pandemic as both the public and lawmakers had growing ever more reliant on the technologies of silicon valley. the tech industry knows that this is its moment which lot for nothing and leaders and this and you like eric smith, the former chairman of google has now been saying she hopes of this crisis has the avail just how essential and fundamental defend the state gifts. imagine the pandemic with out amazon without google, without apple, without faced book,
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you'd have to go back to the 1918. you'd be operating on great fear. ultimately, this and the city will use the aftermath of the treasures in order to shape a much more favorable regulatory themselves. i think all of us should be grateful that these companies are working really hard to help right now. unfortunately, i think they will actually find quite a lot of reception among general public and that it shows the consequences of this . we could have made different decisions 10 years ago, a few years ago where we were producer, official intelligence for logistics, for cloud computing as a public which would not meet us. so depending from the likes of amazon or google or microsoft, and we will be living in a very different world. and that's one of the far more than a fabric. because right now, there is no way for us to have any non market democratic say in how this infrastructure is effort, because they don't want to the large number of unknown surrounding the current of
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ours pandemic can make it feel like a problem too big for us to grapple with but what we do know however, is that one of the best determinants of mortality is health care system capacity. and we also already know a number of ways to meaningfully invest resources into it. we don't need an app for that. the most important things that are improving their value. now we're not saying that we invented research, we see good government communication. we see strong patient investment in the capacity and for workers we see strong social safety nets and care networks. bill at the community level of the institutional level and wide range context. and of course technology plays important part and supporting those in supporting those infrastructures. but the rush to invent something that is sort of pushed to the miracle cure or solution or whatever else is often very distracting from i think
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the things that we know to be most important. i don't want to downplay the role of technology here. technology enables people to share information and to access information like never before. it enables us to have the interview though it allows us to continue our lives with as little destruction as possible. but we don't want to live in a world that enable masturbate and, and therefore it is our responsibility to understand that we're not just, i don't watch shirts. the pandemic is not permanent. what it will be permanent is how much are we allowing to go unnoticed? and the question we have billed the world in the past few decades on the assumption that competition should be in the center of social coordination. and we have seen that the consequences are far from being positive, all of us. so bracing solely berry as a way to organize it as something very tangible that serve as
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a guide. and not just as an abstract idea who they are. good more news news, news, news, news. hello there. let's have a look at the weather across australia and it's a very divided picture. we've got fine and dry conditions persisting in the north, but down in the south it is remaining rather wet and windy. we've got weather systems working no way in across the south west, extending all the way to the south east and with the strong winds. showers and
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storms be rain on schedule for much of the weekend for adelaide and melbourne as well as for perth. and with this system we are seeing some very strong winds. we've had a severe wind warning out for parts of victoria for damaging winds and a coastal wind warning for areas of tasmania as the winds kick in this weekend. but to the north of this, it is looking very fine and dry and settled a lot of heat building across sensual areas. and we could see all time high record for july hit for alice springs. as we go into saturday, the temperature edging up to the early thirty's before dipping down again next week and we hope across the tasman see to new zealand. it's looking fine and dry for the north island. lots of sunshine coming through before the south island. we've got a weather system sweeping in with a heavy rain warning for southern areas of the south island. as we go into sunday, a does clear, and there will be some sunshine breaking through. the
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