tv [untitled] July 9, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm +03
of the u. s. national spelling bee for the 1st time. and the competition history, n u r r a y. that is the 14 year old zeiler of on god from the read dana one the event of the correctly spelling mariah. a sub category of ton of on gods who was also an accomplished basketball player holds 3 again as well. record football dribbling. ah, this is, these are the top stories, the telephone times that now controls 85 percent of have gone. a song delegation is in moscow and says it's discussing a sci fi would be africa and government. russia says it's received assurances that there'll be no cross border aggression. didn't have it in the machine, but as we see a steep escalation of pensions and they have gone project border. the taliban has quickly taken many, board the district and now has control of 2 thirds of the board with tajikistan,
a russian military base. and tajikistan is equipped with everything necessary to help the public in controlling the border situation. if needed, additional measures will be undertaken in the spirit of the russian public alliance to prevent aggression or territorial provocation. of 5 per fire have killed more than 50 people in bangladesh. if they had many more still trapped inside the building and an industrial town, some 25 kilometers east of the capital, darker several people were injured when they jumped from the 2nd and 3rd floor to escape the place. south africa high court has dismissed an application by former president jacob boomer to suspend his prison sentence. soon began serving a 15 month turn to contempt of court on thursday. sounds suit owns president has promised not to return his country to war. during a ceremony mocking a decade since independence. the well youngest country has struggled with conflict
and famine since it's quit from saddam un security council has discussed the controversial make a damn that ethiopia is building on the nile. egypt into don. have raised economic and security concerns about the project. if your says the matter should be discussed at the african union, south korea will raise covert 19 restrictions to the highest level and the capital from monday as it faces what appears to be its worst wave of the virus. the measures will also apply to some neighboring regions of sol. thailand's announce tougher restrictions in the capital and 9 provinces. hancock has struggled to contain a surgeon code 19 cases in the past month. the new measures will limit people's movement, including traveling between regions. part of the cities airport has also been converted into a makeshift hospital that lines and use will continue here on al jazeera right after the latest installment of inside stored. i'll see next time, bye bye. for me.
fears of more turmoil after haiti the president is assassinated, the country was already struggling with political infighting, violence and natural disaster. so what could happen next? and were you in need to intervene again? this is inside story. ah, ah, ah. hello and welcome to the program. i'm hammered. jim jones, the assassination of haiti's president, is the latest upheaval for the poorest country in the americas. unknown gunman
rated jovan l. marie says home in the capital port a prompts killing him and wounding his wife. police say they've killed 4 suspects and arrested 2 others. prime minister called joseph, announced a state of siege lasting 2 weeks, but it's unclear who is now in charge. as moines had named another man to replace joseph people, we've spoken to in haiti say they fear more chaos lies ahead. rosalind jordan reports the family of haitian president shows no moiz will not be able to hold an open casket. funeral assassins shot him several times in the head in front of his wife and daughter. early on, one day, later that night, police arrested these 2 men in the patriot vill neighborhood of photo plants. they killed 4 other suspects. 3 officers were briefly held hostage during the raid voices killing, upset local resident, voice. if you've got with somebody,
imagine we live in this area close to the precedent, even when we have problem through the precedent, we can't imagine they will kill him like this. then i heard something go, boom, like an earthquake. i thought something under the soil had been turning. the interim prime minister urged patients to remain call it was that if you should, if we, i have already spoken about this date of the seas declared, the president's body has already been transported into the mog in the capital. the fester lady is out of danger and has been seated in florida as paid the latest information. his date is stable. he voices job came as he was in the middle of a political crisis. parliament had been suspended for the past 2 year. and opponents accused moiz of trying to undermine the constitution you the u. s. back boys is decision to stay in power for one more year. just as long as elections took place on time. a lot more information,
but it's very worse. even as the investigation begins into our prime minister close, joseph and the man boys had picked to succeed him are fighting over who's in charge? voices. widow marcia was flown to the us to recover from her injuries. but haiti's border with the dominican republic is now closed. authorities have shut down the airport until further notice raising questions about how haiti will recover from this attack on the body politic was alone. jordan al jazeera washington. haiti has been in political and financial turmoil for years. gang violence and kidnappings are common, particularly in the capital port prompts. inflation is high, food and fuel scarce and almost 60 percent of the population makes less than $2.00 a day. haiti has also suffered a series of disasters including an earthquake in 2010 the destroyed major infrastructure a hurricane in 2016. and obviously, most recently,
the corona virus pandemic. political instability had led to thousands of protesters taken to the streets recently to demand presidential ven, elmo east, his resignation. the alright, from warn all this i'm joined by our guests in washington, dc is jenna benya who the president and ceo of the trauma national security project and former 80 analyst for the u. s. department of state in new york sandwich. our ski a reporter for the haitian times and also in washington d. c. jake johnston, senior research associate at the center for economic policy research, and lead author of the organizations blog on haiti relief and reconstruction a warm welcome to you. all, sam, let me start with you today. who exactly is in charge in a haiti right now? is it intra prime minister, clod, joseph, and i asked that because a new prime minister ariel henry had been appointed a few days back. but he hadn't yet been sworn in. correct?
that's correct, and i believe he was. he was expected to be sworn in later this week after after louise was fascinated, but, but clod, joseph. the interim prime minister is currently running the country at the moment. yes. and do you believe that? quite joseph has the political legitimacy to be able to run the country or will there be you know, more political scuffles about who exactly is going to take charge going forward. i would, i would definitely expect to see more conflict over over who's in charge. i know ariel henry, who was the man who was nominated to become prime minister by marquiz. he's also claimed that he's the rightful prime minister and that it's his government. so i yes, i might definitely expect more. more conflict going forward. gina, there are growing calls for the international community and especially the united
states to step in and do more to put it into the violence in haiti and the political crisis in haiti. what are international actors and more specifically the us in a position to do at this point? well, thank you, mohammed and good morning. the situation on the ground is highly unstable. the un here to council need this afternoon and an emergency meeting. there are a couple of possibilities for what might happen. it's important that we recognize this really as haiti, 2nd earthquake, the 1st being geographical dating back into 2010. and the 2nd being political. this really is that devastating. i think it's possible we might be something akin to what we saw in the aftermath of president work of an air receipts, departure in 2004, which was the issuance of a re month interim stabilization force that became the predecessor for what ultimately was the peacekeeping operation, it was on the ground for 13 years. that's
a possibility until we see something like that. i think we can expect more calls to com. you mentioned the peacekeepers who had withdrawn. do you expect that they will actually make a return? and if that does happen, who needs to make the request? how does this happen going forward? so minister on ground for 13 years, they laughed about 4 years ago. it wasn't a perfect situation. it brought some modicum of stability, but will recall that of the $13000000000.00 the foreign assistance that was provided by the international community from the earthquake. and that extended beyond that, i have very little to show for that. and the peacekeeping operation was certainly deeply flawed with widespread accusations, critical accusations of sexual assault, a colorado demick from not believe peacekeepers on ground. i think there is a reluctance to return to a full fledged peacekeeping operations. there is some haiti fatigue that can't be
understated or overstated, rather by the international community. there's been sustain presence on ground for the better part of 2 decades in some way, shape or form. so i do think there is a call, the certainly the, the dynamics are so urgent that will be some forcible call for a presence of some sort on the ground to bring a modicum of stability. we need to be some they know from the haitian government, but again, as my colleague here knows, there is real question as to who is in charge. so we're in a bit of uncharted territory here. jake, you had written a piece in which you discussed how the u. s. would be better suited to change its policies toward haiti. what do you think from your purch needs to happen? how does the u. s. need to change its policies toward haiti? yeah, i think in the most immediate read it to me, it's clear another intervention from the international community or from the us would be a disaster, right? i mean, you look at have a history and this has been
a history of for an intervention, overturning election, supporting to, to todd's putting military troops in the ground. when you look at the situation today. and then the crisis that you described in the deteriorating economic situation, security situation, etc. this is much a product of international interventions and international policy as anything else rights or to look to them for a solution. think, you know, is really misguided. i think, you know, again, yes, haiti as you know, in a situation of political uncertainty today, right. but he was in a position of political uncertainty before the assassination of president police. his own mandate was contested. there have been calls for his resignation and for a transitional government for some time. and i think the most important part today, and the important thing moving forward is to listen to those voices and hated civil society organizations, especially who have been unanimous and quite clear about what they want to see going forward. right. and that doesn't involve for an intervention, but involves putting together a credible and non partisan transitional government to oversee return to democracy . because again, this democracy did not disappear with the assassination of president luis. it has
been undermined for many, many years, including by these 4 actors. jake, if you're talking about the undermining of democracy that's been going on for a long time. and haiti, of course have been growing calls for elections to be held. elections were supposed to happen in september. do you see that timeline being adhered to at this stage? no, i don't. and i mean, i don't think even those who are saying they support the elections truly believe that they are able to do this right. this has been, you know, there's been an ongoing debate and discussion for some time this push forward to elections and we talk about a change in us policy. i think this is specifically what i was referring to, the national actors over the last 6 months had been insistent that despite the lack of conditions, are free and fair elections on the ground in haiti that elections must go forward. right. i think this help contribute to the crisis and really ratchet up tensions and push the, the nation to this, to this point we're in today. right. and so to then come out the day after this and just act as if this hasn't changed the situation or hasn't changed dynamic. again, i think this is, this is moving towards
a very dangerous situation. if they continue to call for elections in the near future. sam, you know, there's been so much reporting about how gang violence and, and kidnappings have surged under the tenure of president luis. i want to ask 1st, why was that the case? and secondly, i want to ask you just how bad is the situation for haitian citizens? i mean, how fearful are they right now from the gangs were out on the streets claiming more territory? how fearful are they that they could get kidnapped at any time? well yeah, i mean the situation is definitely worse. and over the past, over the past year, i think people are, are much more reticent about about going outside there. they're hanging, staying in their homes more. and i was definitely the case mediately after the assassination, where the streets were pretty quiet in many areas. so yes, definitely. i'm a climate of fear. but you know,
this issue with the gangs. like i'm, it's definitely been getting worse. i'm over the past several years as the economic conditions in the country have, have deteriorated. and what are you hearing right now from sources on the ground about the instability, about the fear. you know that, that is there right now because of this house nation. i mean, what kind of stuff you're hearing from people on the ground in different parts of haiti. what i've heard is that people, you know, people want a national dialogue. right now, people want all the different actors in the country to come together and create and create a stable environment for, for elections. they're fearful about. i'm about what's to come about the situation right now. and you know, i don't, i don't think people trust, you know, the current force is in charge to organize a credible. i'm a credible process for elections right now. jen. i saw you nodding along to some of
what sam was saying there. did you want to jump in? yeah, i think it sounds right on the money there. haiti needs to ultimately all this political crisis on its own and come to an electoral outcome that is supported by the haitian people. absolutely. but i would differ with, with jake on this point, i think it's virtually impossible to guarantee a process that would be widely viewed as credible absence, some sort of external internationally supported process. before we even get to election though, we really should be talking about some kind of stabilization mechanism to keep the peace on the ground. i think there is a very high propensity for widespread political violence against our armed to the teeth. the police have been over run in recent months by games. there have
been a number of gruesome killings of police officers. we just can't really capture the full extent of the political crisis. that as j greatly knows, have been ongoing for some time. so before we can get to talk of haiti solving a political future, which of course, it must in order for it to be tenable and sustainable in the long term. we need as stabilisation aspect to calm elements on the ground so that kids can go to school for the business. this can reopen the airport, the border remain closed and we need to investigate into who was behind the mercenary attack. well, that brings me to a follow up question. jenna. mean, you're talking about the need for investigation who conducts the investigation. and quite frankly, at this point with so much political instability and haiti is the government there . you know, in any type of position to conduct some kind of a thorough credible investigation. while as of yesterday,
the person that christ had said us was ready to offer support but had not yet received an official request. i suspect some sort of request may be forthcoming in everybody's interest, including both sides, your claim rightful heir to the throne, if you well, to have an independent external investigation the credibility brought by and they in dependent 3rd party elements to conduct that investigation i think will be very important putting aside what i think is the reality that there is not an indigenous capability to conduct the kind of sophisticated investigation that is required in this political dynamics on the ground. jake, you know, there are those who say that president luis was a target because he was cleaning to power because he was acting as an autocrat would. and trying to expand his power. there are others who say that he was a target because of the reforms that he wanted to implement. which of those
scenarios is more likely? yeah, like, i mean, i think it's important to know what i mean. anything about motivations or responsibility here is pure speculation, right? and i think, you know, we really need to take to take some time and to get more information. right. and not sort of feed into that, that rush to judgment. you know, i think going back to this issue of security, right. and i think it's really impossible to separate the security situation, the situation with the gangs, from the political situation itself, right? it has been political conflicts that are feeling that insecurity situation that have led to the politicization of the police. where there are open factions, warring with one another within the police again with, with politicians and elite groups funding both sides of gang conflict and game warfare imported prints. right. so, to try and address the security situation without addressing the political situation. you know, again, i think would be a misguided effort. again, creating the space for a patient lead dialogue for that process to take place. i think will have a dramatic impact on the security side of things. you know, even absent any international intervention. jacob,
we talk about the political dimension, the security dimension, we have to also talk about the humanitarian landscape there in haiti. i mean, just how dire is it right now, and how much has all of this instability and this power vacuum and the constitutional crisis and everything else is going on there, contributed to the suffering of patient people. no doubt the situation is extremely tough. you've got over 4000000 people food insecure right now. but i think, you know, this is not just a product of recent political instability. this is the product of decades and even centuries of political power and economic power being concentrated, import, prince, and greatly excluding and ignoring the rest of the country and the needs of the rest of the country. and i think also a product of the focus on international action when you look at the fights for power in puerto prince, asian politicians are competing for the interest of washington. if auto of paris, they're not competing for the interest of asian people, right? because they've seen who controls power and who gets to choose asian leaders. right . and it hasn't been the haitian people throughout history. it's been these
international actors. and if we want to see, you know, a representative government, something that can actually address the interest of the majority of the population, that's what's going to have to change. sam, how much anger had president always been facing from the public over his attempt to hold on to power? well, i think its been building ever since ever since. pretty much the start of his term on november 7th. on november 2017, when a senate probe implicated him and others around him in corruption with the petro caribbean money, which was granted to the haiti i'm. it was alone from venezuela to to purchase oil . so that's part of your protest in 2018. and then again, i'm in 2019 so that you know, that popular anger has definitely been building over the years of his and ministration. does it look to you like right now?
there will be more anger directed toward the government will protest continue? is it going to be a wait and see, i mean, from your vantage point, what do you think are some possibilities there? well, i touched on earlier, i don't think. i don't think there's going to be a lot of trust in this process. as it's, you know, as being organized by, by the current government. so, you know, we're just trying to organize. i'm a constitutional referendum later this year. it's currently scheduled for september 26th. and that was also that also drew protests earlier this year. so i could definitely see i see more on rest on that process goes forward. jeanette, how much concern is there right now among regional leaders and how might this impact the region the americas? well, we saw that the, the dominican republic was very quick to close that border, which admittedly is like locking your front door with
a screen door. it's pretty porous. border some setbacks remain at large. there is some question as to whether they are there might be some possibility that the suspect had fled to the dominican republic. so that was the 1st reaction that we saw in the early hours following the attack. we've seen expressions of sympathy and concern from throughout the region, but again, as my colleagues have noted, the real capacity for support is going to confirmation like the united states and from canada. in addition to europe and partners that have been long standing, we saw them initial expressions of concerns from the organization of american states or sub regional body that addresses the america. that the capacity of regional actors to respond in this environment is going to be very, very limited. and that's why i think all lives are on the un security council emergency session. is there any concern among those regional leaders about this state of emergency or state of siege that's been declared,
whether or not it has the potential to make things worse? well, we've got 15 days, right, and it has an effect of li martial law. and the interim government, whoever that may be and will continue to assert themselves in that capacity, gives them 15 days to create an environment in which they have widespread authority to conduct investigations, shut down protests that will be looking for additional displays. the force on the ground and the dynamics surrounding that. the question i think really becomes, what happens after the 15 day period. haiti has a history as do other nations in the region, in particular, and central america, or extending these kinds of emergency decrees for extended periods of time. so looking together for that day mark, what happens after that and what comes out of the security council session later this afternoon? i think both will be tele and pay the path forward. so look for that 2 week mark,
jake, is there any chance at this point that mr. joseph would go to the opposition? would try to work out some kind of a deal going forward. or is there a possibility that some type of transitional government could be put in place in a climate where things are so politically divided? you know, look, i mean, and again, i think it's important to note that this didn't begin with the assassination of president luis, right? again, there have been these ongoing discussions that was why there was a new prime minister nominated, right, was to try and, you know, get, get some things, moving to appeal to certain actors within the opposition. right. so i think, you know, we have to look at a few things. one is, you know, this conflict between quad joseph in real angry. right. but also, i think in the, in the bigger sense of things, the underlying political dynamics are still there. right. and was still drive drive, what comes next? so we're talking about, you know, a certain actors push for elections and other actors calling for
a transitional government. right. i think at this point it's really unseasonable to expect elections later this year. and that makes you know, the negotiations over transitional government inevitable jane, and we don't have a whole lot of time left. but i saw you reacting somewhat, jake was saying there. so i want to give you the last word here. i think it's going to be virtually impossible to imagine a dynamic in which suddenly a transitional government is possible without additional support externally. as jake knows, there has been a deep political crisis ongoing for years. so the heinous and an expected assassination of the sitting president is not going to bring about a kind of political piece, if you will. if anything, it's going to flame tension and make what was already near. impossible, all the more challenging. i think we really need to manage expectations here and what we can hope for in the near term is a modicum of com. all right, well we have run out of time, so we're going to have to leave the conversation there. thank you so much to all of
our guess gentlemen. you who to sandwich our ski and jake johnston and thank you to for watching. you can see this and all of our previous programs. again, anytime by visiting our website, al jazeera dot com. and for further discussion, go to our facebook page at facebook dot com, forward slash ha, inside story. you can also join the conversation on twitter. our handle is at a j inside story for me from a jim drum and the whole team here, bye for now. the me news news, news, news, news. the story is bub way in her words.
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80 president elect in his hometown of mesh at the image of the shrine, crowd had gathered to hear what their newly elected leader, abraham, right? you see, have to say on the issues that affect the job shuttle in domestic politics, domestic policy, and foreign policy. the focus should be on the dignity of this nation. and the focus should be on the facts that in any negotiation, the dignity of this nation should not be hers is already made large weeping promises including fighting corruption, improving the country's economy and maintaining your own best interest in negotiations. but it's not clear yet if you will be able to deliver on his promises . the latest news as it breaks the level of intimidation over the media over the last couple of days has been met. the most journalists have been beaten with detailed coverage. the ongoing covered 19 health emergency means the border remains close, disrupting the traditional us asylum profit from around the world. miami dade county officials will be inspecting it and other older high rise buildings,
hoping to avoid another catastrophe on this sinking sands of miami beach. we understand the differences and similarities of cultures across the world and might have when you call home will be used in current affairs. that matter to you. i hello, i'm fully back. bowen, doha, with a look at our main stories on al jazeera tommy bon claims, it now controls 85 percent of afghan is found. a delegation is in moscow and says it's open to a cease fire with the afghan government for hierarchy has details. signs of times, changing the taller bonds routes lie in the resistance to the $979.00. silvia invasion of afghanistan now sending his senior delegation to moscow to discuss the future of its country. the group says it's in can.