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tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  May 7, 2021 3:30am-4:01am +03

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he is a unique bottle of a fantastic bordeaux so it's been tasted and assessed so it was a scientific research and so the reports from the tasting i wasn't lucky enough to be there because it was done in march in port au this year the reports are that a mature it's a fantastically well so so that said great news. this is all just over these are the top stories i'm going to markell has lent her support to the german pharmaceutical company that developed a covert 19 vaccine along with pfizer after its head out of a proposal to suspend intellectual property rights but on tag says easing patent restrictions wouldn't boost vaccine stocks around the world any time soon but in the maldives say the former president has been injured in an explosion near his
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home home in the she'd who's the current speaker of parliament is in hospital with shrapnel wounds from the blast in the capital mali at least 25 people including one security officer have been killed journal large police operation in rio de janeiro the neighborhoods believed to be controlled by the city's largest drug gang kitty on a free along as an independent journalist in brazil and she says police operations have been getting increasingly deadly in recent months these police operations in which by seeing people die are actually very common in mostly what happens is that we saw officers or the police and you know we just say there were all drug traffickers we well it's very rare that will we see names very rare that photos will be published of who actually passed away so you know the only difference in this situation happened today was that there were 25 people. qatar's
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foreign minister says no one is above the law following the arrest of the country's finance minister. monti the qatar news agency says it's due to suspected misuse of public money and abuse of power has been removed from his position pending further investigation egypt and turkey say they've held a frank and in-depth talks in cairo on bilateral and we general issues including the conflict in libya where the back competing factions is the 1st high level public discussions for years between the regional rivals french and british naval ships have left waters near the island of jersey after a dispute over fishing rights escalated rapidly and it's mostly due to bragg's it and issue a new licensing rules that the island imposed french fishermen say those regulations prevent them from operating in the area those are the headlines the news continues in al-jazeera after inside story goodbye.
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democratic republic of congo places 2 provinces on the military control groups have killed hundreds of people and displaced millions but will the intervention be enough to stop the violence this is inside story. hello welcome to the program. for you is armed groups of instilled faith in eastern democratic republic of congo the government has struggled to maintain order in north kivu and its hoary provinces so president said he has instructed the army to
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take charge of 2 regions for a month he's declared what's called a state of siege for the 1st time soldiers will take over local government functions and they'll have the right to conduct searches seize weapons and ban public meetings catherine soy is monitoring developments from kenya's capital nairobi. this law is effective for 30 days to be reviewed and it's a fast time it's being used since the post civil rule constitution was 1st passed in 2001 and president phillips she said katie during his address to the nation on sunday gave the military and police force immense power was in this 2 provinces they will now be running administrative duties already 2 generals have been appointed as governors they will have the power to arrest to go forcefully into people's homes without a warrant and arrest those suspected of collaborating and supporting armed groups
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that immunity of members of parliament as well as other elected officials has been lifted this means they can also be arrested on suspicion of supporting armed groups so people are quite worried about this development thing that perhaps the military okuda abuse some of these powers a lot of uncertainty other people have talked to say are saying that look the military has been in this region for many years this 2 regions are the most militarized regions in d.r. see tens of thousands of soldiers are currently there including the peacekeeping mission. fighting rebels with little success other congolese we've spoken to say that perhaps this is a radical solution that is needed the president seems eager to solve a problem that his predecessors failed to there are more than a 100 groups in is than d r c they have been carrying out
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a series of killings over the years thousands of civilians have been killed many more have been displaced. in neighboring countries like uganda in tonally displaced people in places like a tour a province so civilians think that they are fed up and they need a solution but when you talk to the other side civil society groups and so on. they say that there needs to be checks and balances to make sure that these forces the military and the police do not abuse their power. more than $300.00 people have been killed in the east of the democratic republic of congo since the start of the year now most of the attacks are blamed on the allied democratic forces the idea which was formed in neighboring uganda it's estimated last year the armed group killed 850 people now the violence has displaced more than 1600000 people in its hoary and more than 2200000 in north kivu province unicef says that almost
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$3000000.00 people in those areas need help but an appeal for nearly $390000000.00 in emergency funding hasn't even raised $80000000.00 less than a 5th of what i asked for. let's bring our guests in the north a key view province neve murnaghan democratic republic of congo country director for the norwegian refugee council in akra combat a moose of early research at the center for research on the congo concession and in cape town patrick how g.n.d. senior project leader at the institute for justice and reconciliation welcome to the program i'd like to bring in. in one of the things i don't really understand about this new move and will come to the state of siege in just a moment is who are the a.d.f. and what are they fighting for. only if this is
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a ugandan rebel group they've been in a day or see since the early ninety's have plans that is really around governance in uganda they believe that they are prosecuted they have a lot of plans where there or they are speaking from a perspective of bringing islam into space. look at actually the facts on the ground i will give it much power but i think that the state of siege is beyond the i.d.f. he's mentally around the will to pull rebel groups that's in the region beyond a.t.f. you have all the militia group that's there and the police president felt that this is the appropriate time to declare so which contradicts some of his beliefs 20 for 21st of june put the 17th before you was president he was against this position himself say 'd that a state of siege was unnecessary but as a president today is actually calling for that now. even c.c.
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do you think a state of siege is actually necessary. i think that certainly we are seeing a huge impact from the violence in eastern d.r. city so the numbers of people that are fleeing violence from their homes there are significant over a 1000000 people have fled their homes in eastern p.r.c. in the last 18 months so that means that you know those people are left without their homes without their livelihoods without access to the services that they need so clearly the status quo has had a very negative impact on the civilian population in the country and last year alone 3000 civilians were killed as a result of the the conflict and you know far more than that were injured so you know the certainly the situation in eastern dearest he is creating
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a huge humanitarian crisis in the country but a state of siege is that the best way of dealing with this i think that's probably a very political question i think that there are potential consequences from a humanitarian point of view air depending on how the the state of siege is is implemented we could cripple see further displacement of people are fleeing military action desire to to address the the not numerous armed groups in eastern eastern congo it may also become more difficult to provide assistance to those who are already in need as well as any new people that will be forced to flee because of violence it was a very very political question it was a deliberate political question as well i want to bring in come boller 'd in akra is this politics. when we need to put them in the framework right the state of
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teacher is the last resort i mean 4 of us probably don't understand what you may mean this is martial law we have to look at what other processes we've done before the did not work what is the problem it's a political problem better calm calmer a former u.n. commanders in 2008 sede that we can put military 'd pressure focal wars problem by ease in the end the political problem of what is the political process problem since 99 to 6 congo has been invented twice based neighbors rather uganda and the continued support proxy rebel militias remit talk about hundreds of rebel groups if we do not have call was neighbors s. to call that peace in the r.c. we continue to talk about rebel militias in the r.c. we continue to talk about a stability so the proper way to address it i don't think that is to them stage i.v. stem is necessary when he bring this challenges when you have a statistic which we bought security sector reform you will have us from the
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military you know you can go at the question let's bring in patrick and his and cape town for us patrick is this a political move by the president to declare a state of siege to show that he's actually doing something. yes. maybe hugh is that a the president of the air sea actually is working on one or he's made promises during the electoral campaign because a lot of the idea was to make sure that the eastern part of our c e secured so this is the promise that he made and i think he's trying really to to do something about that promise but in reality when you look at the whole thing is then. the problem of violence in that part of our sea is not
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only about security issues it's a much more give problem which is related to structural violence which means that they have been unfairly here institutional failure and they have been if they catch ohioans are developed in that particular our area and also even the armed groups which operate in that particular region have had a lot of incentive to continue operating saw in ways you will be decision will not yearn. much results. which means that there is no work to do in terms of conducting some deep reforms so that the big can be some sustainable solutions in that particular area but patrick our guest in akra has said already that this isn't an internal deal or same problem
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that there are regional players that need to be brought into this if there is to be a long term solution do you feel the same way or do you think that the d.l.c. can handle this internally. at this particular time i think of the year sees not in a position 200 the problem itself there is a need for help from neighboring countries and also the international community to tool have been very good if core which has been present in that area for the past 2 decades to show some results but unfortunately it has not been the case but. the problem is yes it cannot be solved by day the president and the congolese alone what we know is that there is a presence of groups as my colleague said already from the a.d.f. which is originally
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a gun and group. the remnant of groups from london and there also in the south in what we call the south kivu some groups also originated from whom ye which includes a red and f. man which is led by general as i am him. so all those groups are present and they are not congolese so if there is a solution to be in the socially to be sustainable it will include the liberal countries and the international community helping the congolese people and they can release the leadership to find a sustainable solution and i would really start with the iraq. plane which need to be read you it and if there is a need to give them more power to operate in that area they should be given that power and sort of the show some tangible result on the ground neither necessity the
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un the united nations peacekeeping force which just mention moscow has been there for 2 decades. and still we're at this position where there's a state of siege now is there any way that the united nations or any international organization without a political solution can help the humanitarian crisis that's unfolding or is a politics 1st then humanitarian i think when it is indicted me a chronic crisis that's been going on for more than 20 years i think that humanitarian response is very much addressed in the corridors and the result of the conflict but it doesn't the address the root of the conflict need a political solution and that is unlikely to be found within 30 days
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let me what do you what do you need in order to be able to provide a humanitarian solution what are your needs right now. obviously finance is one of the huge challenges in a context like congo which has been ongoing for so many years and we face a situation of donor fatigue so currently when we're already 4 months into the year the humanitarian response plan for the the annual appeal for congo is funded only 8 percent so that that this is really critical issue for all humanitarian actors here in a we're seeing an entry modern to alerts a week of new displacements the 2 sites of i.d.p.'s this morning that i visited have had more than 600 families arrive in the last month and almost milissa since arriving so all of the humanitarian actors are stretched very thin layer people are having to reduce staff reduce presence on the ground at the same time as we are
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saying that the needs are increasing currently it's estimated that 27000000 people across congo which is on that magical number but $27000000.00 people across the congo are in an at risk of being food insecurity each this year so you know the needs are enormous and the resources aren't there to meet them. patrick in cape town how much of that is being blamed on the congolese government how much of what needs just said people who are displaced they have food insecurity they can't eat how much of that is actually being blamed on the congolese government failings rather than the insurgency the armed groups that are operating. actually the 1st problem when you look at this situation cold war is that there is a very least connection between the central government and what is going on in the eastern part of yes so for example. when i'm working the
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boom the i see a lot of companies coming to join were out for banking for all the needs they have they should when they are looking for all the products into the bullion market so which means there is a really this connection and i don't think that the government in kinshasa know exactly what is going on in in in eastern congo so this is a well the 1st problem to be solved how can we can and the congolese government as to reduce disconnection establishment's working channels to be able to to support the population in the east of the r.c.c. so that the 1st question and the 2nd one is that because of the low time of war in that particular area the population has been in
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a situation where they are not able to to look for solution for a very long 10 and that's why you do not see them planting the the land they are not kitty bating they're not growing food and that it's a problem which is directly connected to the fund that their area has been in security for a very long time so the question is about how the government is going to implement some new policies which will help improve security and as i said in collaboration with the international community and with the area their region our countries and how also. all need always want to. line how. i'm going to feel safe and be encouraged to to do the daily work which will allow them to have to meet their needs like growing food like could do in business
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normally so that they have what they need so those i've through will be 15 which can be done at the present but it's a very long process and the the issue of security is paramount to be solved pressed and so that people feel now days at least a sense of peace and sizzle off security where they leave and we will do with them able to wear where the internet is for. and they've heard everything patrick has had to say in cape town it strikes me that a state of siege a state of emergency is the 1st step to providing security let us go the united nations peacekeeping force after 20 years hasn't been able to do that we have a massive humanitarian crisis as neve is just been talking to us about surely it's time to use the money that moleski we're spending for humanitarian needs get that
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done 1st disband the un peacekeeping force get a state of siege in and provide security security needs to come for sholay. there are many people to have responsibility of hola something in the r.c. the coalition government has regional partners have the 2 lot of us it's us such as the un and the african union they have a role to play i want to speak out by the united nation particularly the u.n. forces they have been operation that's been successful now look at the force that of us you know not peed the f. i mean the force of the force of the russian brigade starting 2012 and when you add african missions coming together tons anea send the troops of africans and the troops just up to and $23.00 rebels that were successful in doing so these forces came under the umbrella of the united nation and there are many things that it would have done more if that were not under that right now we see the nicholas
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president as an i dream and military agreement we can yet succumb and deal with the issue of the rebel forces we see also a call for africa all these military solutions are worrying the people of the east in beginning and with them but people have been massacred for decades 'd in that region in 2018 really the 'd it percent all while we are even talking about governance in the city in the election happened someone was declared the winner of the election felix just a k.t. he's now the president of the congo where we are discussing if this government can actually lead you remember that in 2018 the people of big of the temple and you'll be did not vote the reason why the government deny allowed them to vote is because their say there was their security in these cities and also they break iran been able to employ these people for decades have suffered tremendously they have not be
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consulted for solutions and they have a particular worry then number one war is we have this state of siege of in military in power when you have human rights. they are no they are in the military they are former rebels and yes the not the left free rein in the north kivu province indeed to any problems because now they are the one ruled what would be the checks and balances for that so we have to speak about one the voice of the congress is not her anytime there was a call this is not. we come up we've got more and more issues happening we only addressing the sometimes the fundamental problem for the police since 1006 that they have not been able to determine that when they try to do so dam force leaders we are coming sorry come out that we are we all running out of time to do you want to bring in the other guess is alarming thought leave manhattan in my c.c. if there is a state of siege and there are human rights abuses by the congolese army that's
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going to create a big humanitarian crisis are you worried about that i think we are all concerned about what could. be involved in a cathedral and yet there have been any intel but certainly you know we could envisage a situation where access may be difficult but where. displacement happens and where populations are left feeling more insecure that may currently do. in cape town patrick do you still believe that this state of siege is the only way forward for the in the current situation if there are no regional solutions if not a political solutions. no actually i don't think that or the decision by the president of the of dear c. . kenya solve any problem especially because it will be just one of 50 days so and
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as i say the problem is much deeper because it's a structural problem which leads to tadg with a situation to tadg how this so saved it in as a would function so it would not really bring in any solution and also we have to understand that that area that eastern those programs the north kivu the promises they have been under siege for a very long time so what the president is a is doing is not really new he has just made it official but in general those people have been under siege for a very long time so it's not a sustainable solution and i totally agree with that he there is a need to consult to the population on the ground so that. not all solutions understood because those people are living on
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a daily basis seeing the violence they have some understanding that need to be brought on a table so that they as humans are taken into account because they may suggest to some innovative super solution which the central government is not reflected in reflecting on. so that's why i want to thank all our guests need not a hand. andy and thank you for watching you can see this program and all a previous programs again any time visiting a website al-jazeera dot com and for further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story and you can also join the conversation on twitter at we are a.j. inside story from me imran khan and the whole team hit by fidel.
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seems a promising paul thought of the pandemic but implementing the greatest inoculation in history is testing the global community around the world already a clear gap is there between rich nations and poor ones when it comes to vaccinating their populations from the geopolitics to the pure economics the misinformation the latest developments what's going on here is very different 1st stop the boxing comes in the form of the nasal spray special coverage of the coronavirus pandemic on not just. from the north of africa they crossed the mediterranean and made huge their home. building their future in
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a 2nd line. in the line to france's 2021 contentious so-called separatism as we look back at the history of muslim immigration to the country into 3 parts. muslims are from episode 2. choosier. everything. that the tories terraces of the football ultras what club loyalty come a violent confrontation when i was young when there was a football match we were crying because the fans got to go crazy but in indonesia one group of revolutionary supporters has taken a stand against male aggression with a carnival mask a display of peace and unity defines who make football culture is an angels on
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al-jazeera. from the favelas of caracas so the battlefields around also i would job is to get to the truth and empower people through knowledge . and in doha the top stories on al-jazeera the german government's opposing a call from the u.s. to lift pay for covert $900.00 vaccines it says the protection is not hindering the production of jobs germany is home to the company biotech that developed a vaccine with pfizer the moldings former president's been injured in an explosion near his home mohamed nasheed was the current speaker of parliament is in hospital with shrapnel wounds from the blast in the capital mali.

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