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tv   Sykes- Picot Lines In The Sand  Al Jazeera  May 2, 2021 9:00am-10:01am +03

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race based programs that open your eyes to an alternative view of the wild today we are about to feed townsend's and thousands of hungry magots see the world from a different perspective on al-jazeera 'd. hello i'm adrian fenty going to end the top stories on al-jazeera india has recorded its highest number of daily deaths from the corona virus 3700 people died in the past 24 hours according to indian media and there were 392000 new cases on saturday the government expanded its vaccination program but is struggling to meet demand people are turning up to get the job only to find that there are no doses left elizabeth for autumn reports now from new delhi. india is seeing not just
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a shortage of vaccines but everything from health care workers to oxygen equipment and medicines international aid continues to arrive the next from france and belgium on sunday and promising that in the more he is holding a review me saying on sunday morning. about these shortages and as he's doing that i mean that follows what happened on saturday more than 10 days after the delhi government 1st raised the alarm about the critical shortage of oxygen and tens of people that we know all dying when their oxygen ran out last week tens of coronavirus patients who were on oxygen support again on saturday we had another hospital in new delhi saying they lost 12 of their patients for that reason including one of the senior doctors the w.h.o. the world health organization said the large events one of the reasons for the surge in cases and also said another reason was the multiple variants that have
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been circulating in india and we have a group of scientists who've been appointed by the government who have come out and said that they want the government about these variances early as march of the start of march and yet the government went ahead with all of these large gatherings may 1st was the day that u.s. troops were supposed to be out of afghanistan in a deal the trumpet ministration reached with the taliban instead it became the day that the u.s. formally began its with drool on the president by the co-author of foreign forces in afghanistan as well that it would be a mistake for all groups to attack the troops who are still. a return to violence would be one senseless and tragic but make no mistake we have the military means to respond forcefully. to any type of attacks against the coalition and the military means sport the afghan security forces that would be a mistake taliban spokesman said he'll shaheen us told al jazeera that all foreign troops must leave immediately we have not. step indeed
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the 2nd person that believes that you are going and the city so that's 3 things here and that is the law is not only for the food you eat it is what if you are so they are needy and make it the best it getting there and absolutely in fact that which is good that you could miss that's very very good not good for you what they have made the commitment about who says now the decision to bring a lot of the leadership what is sad and creature half back to would be implemented we are awaiting here to say that the latest round of talks revive the 2015 iran nuclear deal and bring the u.s. back to the table appear to have made some progress in vienna but iran's chief
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negotiator says that sanctions on tehran zoila banking sanctus need to be lifted. the international organization of migration is concerned that more people will try to cross the mediterranean from libya as weather conditions improve on saturday the libyan coast guard rescued 334 migrants they were found on spot for small boats heading towards europe another rescue ship sea watch for says that it witness the coast guard violently pulling the migrants back to libya against their will. and more than $200.00 migrants from 15 countries of arrived on the italian island of sicily they were picked up by the rescue ship ocean viking in colombia may day marches coincided with protests against the government tax reform plans anger that continues even the president. has backed down and ordered the proposal to be rewritten others the headlines monty's few sikes pekoe lines in the sand.
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in late 19151 world war one was being fought in the trenches of mainland europe. britain france and russia were allied against the central powers of germany austria-hungary and the ottomans. the war in europe was tagged meeting but britain urgently needed a strategy as to how to divide the ottoman empire with france should the allies be victorious. the prime minister turned to a young british politician called sir mark sykes who had cast himself as the government's advisor on the middle east. the ottoman empire is assailed by
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misfortune crippled by mary advices and the prey of alien greed ambition and timidity. englishman may have ideas but they are unable to take any steps to overturn the regime and free the people's interests power. by the 3rd of january 19th 16. and the french lawyer turned diplomat. would have negotiated the terms of a secret agreement. in 2 words i foresee a protectorate. which uses the local traditions and customs to establish different cuisines in the 4 provinces of super. lebanon and an extension of beirut fully to becca and serving as a model. what is necessary to achieve using indigenous elements in. school and.
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these 2 men devised a plan that would not only divide the spoils of the declining autumn an empire between the 2 european powers but would draw lines in the sand that would ultimately influence the shape of the middle east for the next century. was. istanbul capital of an ottoman empire that had stood for 6 centuries. it spanned 3
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continents of asia africa and europe. its peak had been in the 16th century. that the other says i felt that if you knock at. the dock a year will see more score that there was. a well. known barack and me from. a look. at his eminence many fee. and then a fine young. son of some hotshot but at the side have you ever thought that but i let me feel. as he met they've been to many. sanaa there are no there are many year learn to call a double or
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a scene i can that there were 0 a year job. and. the. war othella sadar you have the view from his own who are living. for his heart. of the earth maybe you will forgive the for those with money if you are a little not up so on through. from about a very few. of those american have fathers monique america. has an illusion and i can convey your could be a fuse or not or that i learned. that out there was a with many of the. dots i'm an empire began receding in the 19th century. in $830.00 at last algeria to france while egypt gradually came under british
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rule which then expanded into the arabian peninsula. the arabs of mesopotamia greater syria and the haitian. remains part of the ottoman empire which was undergoing its own changes. whether that had us or but that. year. or you mention loose a lot of money if you are a well michalis well but as a little. measures 3rd me when i'm a silly. moderate middle i live a lot of b. i lucked out a lot of the year mostly middle of no nor. in 1000 or 8 the committee of union and progress the young turn. overthrew. the
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2nd and restored the 876 constitution. this reduced tension at the top of ottoman politics but also created in fighting among arab groups in the empire and let her the young much more a new dictatorial. more in the your ugly i can or can bear home call me a rock. can and who knows i'll call me a turkey who had good can state the machine have it of god there really is that what i did a few short. and so far a. recent carefree. and remember the. safe i think that would have. been my me but it does because it would have.
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been. told that 3 key and no more american but i don't. know what i do what have the who. because by 1914 you could really say that for those arabs who were engaged in identity politics what they aspired to was a better deal for the arabs within the ottoman empire. this brand of politics is known as arab ism and arab ist were really thinking in terms of imitating the austria-hungary empire with a kind of arab turkish dual monarchy and the ottoman empire but were very concerned not to exit the ottoman umbrella for fear that where the arabs edited make a bid for independence they would be immediately at risk of european. the ottomans suffered a major defeat in 1000 advance of the period priests serbia and montenegro in the 1st balkan war. lost the. territory
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but the defeat did initially ease the relationship between the arabs of the ottoman empire and the young turks governments. able to focus. on the. well many years and. i like what it. meant. when. i'm asked. how it was that the what the really thought roger. for it i mean what are you. i the thought that we should be. the 1st world war started at the end of july 19th 14. britain france and russia the central scholars the germany austria-hungary and bulgaria.
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shortly after the autumn and opted to supports germany. and who were. still thought it was kind of a funny. little city when i came. home and there was suffering from a lie about enough on how to see eye to eye on lot of good with money so i will show you. that our little did the. national heart of. political. who are the starlet i look at remove as.
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many i mean. to be a highly. political really thought that i thought were legit. i must be really really really brilliant or so you're going to doggy into luckily my mother took me at 30 because i mean they're little behind a little bit i'm a poet so they were all poor. ruth no woman had the head of a says he cannot afford it and we had definite well. well what he had there that you know let's get going and method a low ball get it to read woman who wore it get auburn the most for almost half moved down the hall and we had
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a death. in february 1915 frustrated by the stagnating war in europe the british open to an eastern front against the ottomans on the dardanelles streets they imagine the ottoman army as weak and easier to defeat as the way of taking on germany and ending the war. russia however was more concerned about its use of ottoman waterways so the russians asked britain and france he signed an agreement to guarantee their own share of the spoils after the war. the russians were keen to seize more as cultural capital as a sort of restoration of orthodox christianity after. 5 centuries of all of the rule and so with the outbreak of the 1st world war on the eve of the complete invasion the russians wanted to secure their allies commitment to granting istanbul and the straits to the russian empire and this becomes an exchange of
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documents known as the constantinople agreement concluded between march and april 1918. france and russia entered into the constantinople agreement which granted the russians certain ottoman territories and waterways. however this agreement peeved the way for another secret deal as london and paris started to plot exactly what they wanted from a region that's was gaining strategic significance in the coming age of only room. you could really see the britain after the war without any clear territorial ambitions in their territory they could not at the stage of the constantinople agreement identify one place that they wish to add to their empire but they reserve the right to do so as soon as they worked out what their priorities were and so in
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a sense the constantinople agreement really is the 1st of the wartime partition agreements that will begin to shape the way in which the arab provinces will be carved up primarily between britain and france since russia's interest lay mostly in turkish territories so very british fashion the british created a committee called the debunks and committee and its remit was to look into. the sort of the options for britain so that when the time for negotiations with the french came up the british would be well prepared know what they wanted and this is actually something that the british did throughout the war and right to the end of the war. so in april 1915 the british set up a committee headed by the diplomats morris' the bunsen to define their interests in the ottoman territories it's made certain assumptions about what its ally france would expect from any potential deal. russian i mean
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a few who. are there to see if you are a very good walk and if it is you you really do there and live front live on the ground a sort of you know france you kind of you have called on it now i will suddenly be in the muscle i look at their mom and the daughter if you have a month of not with you probably have your mom what have your month britain's interests are most likely to be in completing its in period of the persian gulf by securing the territories of the province the bus route baghdad linked as they were to persian oil fields and other down island in the shot that are up. nicely completing dominion that stretched right around the earth coastline of the persian gulf which it would take since 1980 s. . a good morning general are doing all that so if you want some time to settle. and it's the youngest race the mayor. and most carefree man was mark
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sykes who was kitchener's military assistant kitchener was the secretary of state for war and he delegated the job of sitting on the committee to sykes mark sykes had been born into a wealthy family in yorkshire in the north of england in 879. he studied at cambridge university and was elected as a conservative member of parliament. in 1011. he like to give the impression of being an expert on the middle east based on his travels in the region but he was not quite the authority as it was sometimes assumed. he presented the bunsen committee with his vision of a new near east region as riches and this will be our use i come up himself with a different plan which is something completely different a much more old fashioned. was to create
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a quarter of across the middle east so he was planning to divide the middle east between france and britain. and create a belt of english controlled country that stretched across from the mediterranean coast to the mountains on the iranian from and back to the century as a as a affront to britain could control and keep other people away from the red sea and the persian gulf. that was rejected by the defense i wish the older wiser heads said you know that why work your. way into line 1915 the debunks in committee recommended dividing the ottoman empire into several provinces over which britain would seek influence rather than exercise direct control. but when sykes was sent to the middle east and india he began to revert to his original idea of a british cordon from the mediterranean to iraq.
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so so mark from your knowledge of the air out of the question. where would you say that a legion slot between us and the french. practically all arabs approach . not exactly empty french but. frightened of financial exploitation and they are frightened of french colonial methods. but there are many christians in syria in the lead and in particular how do they feel that christians are as afraid at the bottom of their hearts as the muslims and only in syria and feeling sorry is prevalent everywhere because they know what the french do that feeling pretty well runs all through. there is the french nationalist party which is sentimental still harking back to the crusades. so science returned and as the current sort of started to come together he was called into downing street at the
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end of the year on the 16th of december 1958 and then. he must've gone with a map as well because he got into them the meeting with the cabinet the prime minister and his chief ministers sitting around the cabinet table in downing street i believe they fear an arab kind of that. which is an independent stage the common language the arabs of tunis algeria and morocco you know your course they control entirely the french nationalists believe that if the allies when they want syria and palestine and north mesopotamia the likes appeared to be someone who was very knowledgeable and in fact in that cabinet meeting that he went to in december 1915 . or the the result of the cabinet meeting was that one of the cabinet ministers he was there believed he could speak arabic and turkish but in fact he could speak neither language so he he dotted his speech with arabic phrases that sort of thing
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to give himself the appearance of being an expert when in fact he was more of a gifted amateur what do you think we should do smart. i think to counteract the french war aims. we require diplomacy. do you think diplomacy will achieve with the fridge i don't want to make any suggestions except on very general lines. that i feel we ought to settle with france as soon as possible and get a definite understanding about syria sort of arrangement would you like to have with the french what would you say to them i would like to see for ourselves. south of haifa apart from the active tourist. if you have it just to be very. good and the who. you offered i think. lisa fuck off. i mean there were 5 minute.
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men and with. guns and no. idea of how old the men would love to mop up a. few months of chemical it's most important that we should have a balance of english controlled country between the sharif of mecca and the french in syria what would you do for president bush i should like to draw a line. in even asia. to the last came good cook and this must all be settled before we can take military action against the turks in syria. we must find out what the french actually in system on having they do multiple syria they cannot be merely a military purposes we must make terms with props. which means we must make terms.
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of the matter. right to. britain has identified the territories of the ottoman empire its wanted in order to protect its interests in the suez canal and the area provinces. but this plan was dependent on britain and france winning the war which at the start of $1015.00 was almost at a standstill on the western front in europe. the allies decided to open an eastern front against the ottomans. the ill fated gillet police campaign around between april 19th 15 and january 19th 16. when it's finally field the allies including australians and new zealanders suffered a major step. yeah. this monument commemorates the
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ottoman victory in which around 80000 allied troops were killed. his defeats and politically and later in the midst of the team caused the british to enter into more secret dealings over the middle east. coming up how the british conspired with should be for the same mechanics to strike back at the ottomans through an arab revolt. the british adopt the sharifs of mecca as the partners that were essential in the propaganda war with the ottomans to demonstrate that the muslim world was better off on the allied side that fight with the ottomans let me explain why we must have and sikes. negotiate face to face to get what they both want from the middle east well if we cannot have palestinian my government was suddenly not allow britain to control my government would take the
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same view of french palestine would be an outrage but then we need to find another solution. we come to the. land. and so. now we can draw. young women with a passion for the space i used to dream about working at their school company like nasa and us and they're a small stuff a science a giant leap for womankind in kurdistan you don't place it inside and at the scheduled time the south like to be sent into space women make science cut
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a stunt space school on al-jazeera. port moresby the capital of poppy new guinea is ranked one of the most dangerous cities in the room one o one east investigates the violent against each killing field on the streets on al-jazeera the u.s. is always of interest to people all right the world this is being gay and for a number of them with your gas bill you have to report only through an international perspective to try could play their global audience how this could impact feel like this is an important part of the world and other leaders very good to bring the news to the world from here. when the news breaks here in windsor with to see if maybe this is the main breach completely underwater when people who need to be heard 1000 people staying in these tents just a stone's throw from the us mexico border and the story needs to be told i felt
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like the whole sky is full of them with exclusive interviews and in-depth reports al-jazeera has teams on the ground the house of abraham to bring you more award winning documentaries and life. hello again adrian fenty going to here in doha the headlines on al-jazeera india has recorded its highest number of daily deaths from the coronavirus 3700 people died in the past 24 hours according to indian media and there were 392000 new cases on saturday the government expanded its vaccination program but is struggling to meet demand people are turning up to get the job only to find that there are no doses left elizabeth purana reports now from new delhi india seeing not just
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a shortage of vaccines but everything from health care workers to oxygen equipment and medicines international aid continues to arrive the natives from france from belgium on sunday and prime minister many of them already is holding every viewer me saying on sunday morning. about these shortages and as he's doing that i mean that follows what happened on saturday more than 10 days after the delhi government 1st raised the alarm about the critical shortage of oxygen the united states has begun pulling its troops out of afghanistan the taliban says that under an agreement reached with the trumpet ministration they should all be gone by now the commander of foreign forces in afghanistan has warned it would be a mistake for armed groups to attack the troops were still. the latest round of talks to revive the 2015 iran nuclear deal and bring the u.s. back to the table appears to have made some progress in vienna but iran's chief negotiator says that sanctions on tehran is oil 'd and banking sectors need to be
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lifted in colombia may day march has coincided with protests against government tax reform plans anger is continuing that even though president yvonne duke a has backed down and ordered the proposal to be rewritten. 4 astronauts are on their way back to earth from the international space station the group is currently descending through the atmosphere the capsule due to splashed out of the gulf of mexico off the class coast of florida within a half hour an hour from now the the 1st crew to be brought back from the station by space x. as part of its partnership with nasa once the space craft splashes down the company hopes to refurbish the capsule so that it can be used again on future missions are those the headlines let's get you back to sikes pekoe lines in the sand.
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and count 50 only gets children. up. to. 6.
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we must retain full control. in the late 19156 early 1960 metres both britain and france were exercised by how they might divide up the ailing autumn an empire between them so the allies ultimately win the 1st world war. but when they suffered a serious defeat at belittling britain looked at alternative ways of attacking the ottomans and undermining their support for germany. that now the ottomans on a victory might be able to provoke uprisings in the india and egyptian muslim populations that so far they've not been able to effect it's at that point that britain begins to really consider how it might turn the tables on the ottomans and force them to fight in their own territory against an internal uprising so to address that challenge they turned to that sharif of mecca who had already made overtures to the
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british about concluding an alliance to secure their position now all of a sudden the british adopt the sharifs of mecca as the partners that were essential in the propaganda war with the ottomans to demonstrate that the muslim world was better off on the allied side that fighting with the ottomans. in $1008.00 the ottomans had appointed should eat within been highly as the wily the governor of the shah's the area towards the red sea. he was from the hashemite in esteem in mecca of which he was the emir. his son's face and up don't know repentance and ottoman parliament but is really ship with istanbul had deteriorated in recent years but that office was going to show you that seem completely out of either me or i was over there and no. poor sod the fee if you stumble all of the time you can many of some you just are here to have
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a fucking what the other thought going on. with many a heavy thing. yeah i mean you have a home. there on the pier got a committee. shareef. yeah me. i love you they're all fickle it. was. what he thought i should offer. home yeah i saw him out of a jazz canot. and then. feel less out of me that there were as many. li. as many yeah kiss. did more than half a year and it was many a how come yeah i guess we should add up what a crowd what they are all about are they have their water in there and help lead the spirit and then her does are referred to as many if it will be. an open general
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pasha facility. in her. li. at the ottoman ruler of greater syria jamal pasha executed a group of arabs in damascus and beirut in 19151916 they were accused of being separatists and are supporting the british and french this hard to the determination of the arab nationalists to separate from autumn rule and to create an independent arab states hussein didn't have any modern ideas of nationalism but he wanted more autonomy under the ottoman. empire but it's only gradually that he was drawn into what became an arab national movement a full scale revolt against the ottomans and this wasn't an easy decision for the
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sharif or make to make because the ottomans were fellow muslims. and he was siding with an infidel power against fellow sunni muslims. there had been conversations between the british and the harsh words before the war but in july 915 sharif christine wrote to the british high commissioner in cairo sir henry mcmahon. he offered his support to against the ottomans in return for british support for an independent kingdom that would include the provinces in the arab peninsula and be ruled by the hashemites. service of an idea like. that of the. muscle over here that did but there was a lot of could be a problem how about you see a fella. there with
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a limb as it ought to be. to clean it off and blow that one for the whole upper limit as a seal mccoll when associated with the labia tell me that it was all of that is that there were a lot of be absolutely a comment below most earth early the. more a source of his ability to the team a la la plata most but the bit badia what the limits of the fish are that of the saudi you were a scary few. months of. the correspondence continued and mcmahon wrote to sharif listing on the 24th of october 1915 he said that britain would not guarantee support for an independent arab kingdom with all the provinces demanded by the hashemites nevertheless the hashemites went ahead with their revolt against the ottomans in july 1916. but many still consider
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mcmahon's lesser controversial today because of the air. as the british wanted to exclude from any future arab kingdom. and that we're going to. shoot. it doesn't mean it is a good occasion to go to a mental feeling that he will it wouldn't going to undo residency in britain. while barack and sirius walk off is going to be demolished homes will have no house. and you can learn how to be wrapped up in the next year and it. doesn't mean it is likely then getting money in d.c. became a futile uneasy in districts very moment it clear and the fear doesn't or hasn't you can believe these this isn't even mccarran can it get
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a bit warm and documents. like that was careful not to promise anything the contravened preexisting treaty arrangements they wish to exclude territories to the west of homes damascus and aleppo and certain areas around the gulf of alexandretta and into the sea and britain was already an occupation of the province a bus ride much of the province of baghdad at this time and so britain was very keen to declare its interest and retaining some degree of control over those territories for the mutual benefit of the arabs of the british and the others boundaries of britain would be willing to accept the hash like claim to arab kingdom with british support hussein thought that the british promised to include palestine in his kingdom. and the british later denied that their promise team palestine they denied outright but. all the average is
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is that they have probably seen palestine. there one had beer. with only certainly mcmahon let's show you for saying i don't mind the level. of all the thing these miles and so we. filmed the. men in the world in the living. i dida feet that mean. yeah you can look also there when you're up i don't believe you are northern france or. significantly in the 3 months that the british promised parts of greater syria to sharif christine they told the french that any agreement relating to the borders of an arab kingdom would not be finalized without their consent. they knew how strong the french interest in syria was. on the 1st of october 915 the french
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ambassador to britain paul campbell wrote to his prime minister really beyond me to tell him that london had requested a french representative to draw the borders of an arab kingdom with syria. in this document the french ambassador suggested hans want george p. coke would manage the general consulate in beirut for over a year and knew the syrian issue better than anyone else. aloft also just because diplomat sit down diplomat here diplomat kamel is a. 100 years of insecurity but eventually. his all clear will get off so. long some of the stuff i mean the dishes. don't miss them. the diplomatic class said it says on the young happy kid also plays a colonial as yet t.k.
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it is something that's kind of as you know you know we are back with a diplomat less he said that if it's a d. plus the bus the bus stop even so close good. evening. when the sun cut off. a few weeks ago or so mr gore i'm not sure you were here in place your enjoy warm the french representative pico had his 1st meeting with the british in london on the 23rd of november 1915 here to buy food to see you again i believe you know everybody you know they started their negotiations about their respective shares of the ottoman empire once the war was over. british come along with another right of people from all the different ministries to take an interest the war ministry the foreign office the colonial office. they are sitting on one side of the table and pico is on the other side of the table have us who would define 1st valerie's your government just
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as we must of course have the whole of syria and palestinian all of it of course down to the egyptian border but pico you must realize that there are other claims in this area. perhaps perhaps. bethlehem and you could form a kind of enclave but certainly no way. to do it because. despite the numerical advantage p.k. just sits there with his arms crossed and says i'm not interested in you or your plan it doesn't we we call possibly accept something along the lines that you are talking about moving further east we must have the land north of this line and across here including most of most of the time not all the video yet the whole area around 20 years ago the belayer took most of included the baghdad ambassador
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districts are you suggesting they should be separated now it's impossible to consider the situation of 20 years ago affecting the situation now so mature pekoe if you have palestine and syria and a half iraq all will be satisfied i think i can persuade my government then we have reached an impasse. the uncompromising positions of both sides at that 1st meeting because the british army intelligence officer in cairo to write it is obviously hopeless to attempt to arrive at any reasonable agreement with the french so long this pekoe is their representative. says never settle committee. in a key basket offered to do something has a population as our bus clearly could top you know it be us over toward advani goes
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here. or here left. here a pleasant look be cool and united with the nikkei it leaders of offered what was shouted the lable this one that penned the big. he lives like our states because typically also on the bed the big do get it idea of the veto are so markedly to our well outcome also potentially thereto are in this you know if it can look after them get it talking exist they part it's about that mono get them around because the more these ethics is gone their bellies into our nano e.q. dissing the off at least wait till d.p. do. so mark your government has been adopting extreme positions over a territory which you must recognize france has special claims to but in the meetings i attended no one seemed to give a centimeter and yet the concessions i feel are censured decisions have to be
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made so that we both know where we stand when turkey is conquered as inevitably it will be. mr speaker i feel sure that within these walls we can find a way through the issues and my government has given me the power to make the necessary decisions i too have been given the freedom by my government to make the necessary decisions and you must realize that we have very definite needs in the territory which some of my countrymen consider to be french by rights ever since the crusades do you remember who won the crusades yes but today the ira observes you said i didn't. although these talks were secret the russian had already made their demand what we must do now that we have agreed the russians can have the northern areas of turkey including the straits is to discuss the southern and eastern areas so that the interests of both nations can be established for the decades that will follow
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the end of civil or the start then with the provinces of syria that center on damascus and the living. room in their own in a month for the. month of nearly syria could draw. a desert should they have. to food for one city then or other authority you couldn't before sukkot no foster home where you know roofs are given for health or how is it was an adult with money you had. no food. so you see it's indispensable for the arabs have been in syria to have some direct access to the mediterranean somewhere along the syrian lebanon and the way to total french control that would be impossible but that would mean french positions would be split into between an often
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a self of syria that simply cannot be allowed to happen the political and military a bit strange would be impossible in such a divided territory. i'm not convinced but. it is nevertheless try to meet that object. and my dividing line. is here. from. a bit of funny you should be. in either party a big deal. or no one had. no from stuff you have no hasa could have a. brain a. little funny noone else a miniature should be sent out. if it was your. configure walk. or funny. enough. well a well mandala respect although enough of their starting back to you both i mean it
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will not be possible to persuade my colleagues to accept a line as far north as that that would exclude coats of all regions like the whole run from a sphere i see but for france to control territory that far south make it very difficult for our plans for a railway line from the coast to baghdad i must insist on this point. and co cook. we could not possibly let you have cook from my own travels in the air i know that this province contains the only elements of the population which will make it possible to colonize ation of iraq my idea sykes this is hardly in a spirit of conciliation let me explain why we must have the territory we requested in nov and mr putting your. family on play a mock signs off people don't believe i suppose this president but he's something he esteemed kosik though do continue it when he put it down the cliff because who
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continually double up and i must feel she has and then it don't come so awesome that at the distant cousin who he still he can't go to his own let alone do mulla descriptive for his own little problems of the put there you have thrown the ball you cannot destroy it well if we cannot have palestina my government was suddenly not allowed britain to control my government would take the same view french press time would be an outrage but then we need to find another solution before we come to blows. and so. now we can draw him out. so when sykes left the cabinet meeting. on 16th of december 950 to go and meet pico
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he had a problem because he had to reconcile 2 conflicting sets of demands the set of demands that pico was making for syria and lebanon and the other set of demands that sheriff was saying had already made and which the british had already affectively accepted for both covering the same territory so he in pico came up with a map that made a distinction between 2 types of land in the middle east land that britain and france would absolutely control which was colored blue for france and red for britain and a hinterland the in a region which was called area a an area b. where the arabs would have. some war ptolemy but in which each of the big powers the great powers would have the right to advise or influence with the
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further complication that the territory of what was to become palestine was designated for an international zone where basically russia britain and france are able to agree who could lay greater claim to the holy lands just to further that decision down the road by painting it all proud. in january 1916 the french and british agreed to ignore the borders of any future arab kingdom. their new borders were enshrined in the deal we now know as the psychs pekoe agreements. sikes to his line from acre to could cook so the south of anatolia eastern turkey the syrian coast and the roots were put under direct french control. basra and baghdad were put under direct british control. and damascus were put under
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french protection and were called area aid. the rest of mr petain mia and the south of greater syria were put under british protection and called area b. . but palestine including jerusalem was designated as an international zone in brown. all those like speaker was never implemented it formed the basis of future negotiations and the post autumn in middle east resembled the areas of influence it created so the map has different colors different letters but ultimately what really matters is the line in the sand that runs from the coast to the persian from there. it is yes. national. faith 6 people. while they're not quite mean.
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in their mind on the need you know the arab men. called for most of it. mining is. done. shall be from the who let it. be funny in a funny way the british felt that the system that the arabs so viewed as a betrayal. was in keeping with the terms of what they'd agreed with the hashemites because they were still considering the territories if of the informal british infection floyds as kingdoms to be ruled by arabs and there was even one mention of the sharif of mecca and the sites because agreement to route things out but ultimately for the arabs 6 fico was double dealing and it seemed to be giving
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territory that had just been conceded to the hashemites by the same man correspondence to the french. here in st petersburg in the russian foreign ministry the secret psychs pekoe agreements between britain and france was approved by russia. to deal was finalized in correspondence dated the 16th of may 1968 influencing diffused church of millions of people in the middle east's. 100 years ago britain and france made
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a secret deal to divide the middle east between them now we can draw him. but what was the last thing affects of this agreement there is a regional set to 6 because it's at those borders were drawn without consulting the people who have to live with the. psychs pick up lines in the sand on al-jazeera. or unusual whether it's for widespread but rather arabia there are 2 areas to watch for it all is still quite warm in the levant as well about where they should be and is rather more rain in particular in yemen than you might expect in clades spreads up through amman as well so large that to humans 30 degrees little bit too early to see much change in the weather there but we might get some thunderstorms for how the sort sets in which is the edge effect of the indian monsoon got that yet but
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this is again he's a little bit early but thunderstorms seem likely sunday monday or tuesday and into the most likely insulin you see the cloud spreading through oman eventually i think we'll find thunderstorms popping off in the mountains here as well with a rather hot 40 in dubai staying in the sunshine elsewhere reprints or it's generally find the showers becoming a bit more extensive through iran that's not a big surprise that's rather more normal this rather not so bad if nothing really changes except the drying process and tuesday further south we're watching the wind turn essentially quite strong southerly coming out through madagascar close to mozambique and tanzania that's not widespread heavy showers but it's rather continuous damp weather an indication the monsoon is setting up it's about to go north. talking to al jazeera. can you tell me what the government you represent is now
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illegitimate and we listen we do not sell the fence material any country the conflict in yemen we meet with the global news makers and talk about the stories that matter is syria. india suffers another record rise in cold with 19 deaths as more medical aid to rives from abroad. over there i'm having my head seen and this is al jazeera live from doha also coming up. workers rights marches to send in survival and send colombia for this fury about tax reforms u.s. .


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