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tv   Sykes- Picot Lines In The Sand  Al Jazeera  April 29, 2021 11:00pm-12:01am +03

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the humanitarian. on al-jazeera. al-jazeera is newsnight on the biggest stories of the week delivered to your inbox . the analysis and opinions they have to. subscribe out of the conversation. the. hello i'm barbara starr in london these are the top stories on al-jazeera coronavirus cases and deaths across india have reached a new high as the country grapples with a devastating 2nd wave more than 3600 deaths and nearly 380000 cases were reported on thursday but millions of people turned out to vote for regional elections in west bengal sparking fears that the state may turn into
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a new epicenter elizabeth purana reports now from new delhi. sure the sun is inconsolable lotta hearing of her mother's death while waiting in line to get oxygen for her i want to go to my mother she cries repeatedly earlier she described just how difficult it is to get help in delhi was it a little bit when we have an out of the house is 2 in the morning there is no oxygen available and all of delhi and after a lot of running around we finally got here for initially there was a queue on the other side then we were told that we had to come to the fun side and queue here my mother is very ill and for the past 2 days we've been trying to get a bed in so many hospitals in delhi. sure these mother is just one of the 3645 people who died in india on wednesday delhi even maine's one of the worst affected states its leaders said despite trying their best every hospital in
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the capital is overburdened and treating people beyond their capacity. that's why this base in central new delhi where political rallies and religious festivals are usually held is being converted into a makeshift hospital this is where the government is constructing a 500 bed intensive care unit facility it hopes to have an extra 1200 i think you beds in the capital more than 28 but that still nowhere near enough to meet the numbers needed right now. dellys cases ago and up by more than 20000 each day and health experts say around 15 percent of people with the virus need to be in hospital the u.s. state department tweeted saying access to medical care is severely limited due to co the 19 cases and u.s. citizens who wish to depart india should use the available commercial flights now but despite the country going through its worst crisis and its modern history the
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last phase of regional elections went ahead in the state of west by. goal on thursday with 4 candidates have already died from the virus so in the context of a raging pandemic it's unconscionable that people should be called to vote today particularly in the city of. positivity rate of are currently at 50 percent. health experts say the devastating scenes witnessed in other states will be repeated in west bengal as a result of the launch of political gatherings elizabeth brannon al jazeera new delhi. palestine's 1st election in 15 years could be delayed president mahmoud abbas says israel hasn't yet confirmed if palestinians will be able to vote in occupied east jerusalem he says that's because israel has claimed it only has an interim government which doesn't have the mandate joe biden is
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marking $100.00 days in office as president of the united states on tuesday he addressed congress with what he called his blueprint to build america promising trillions of dollars in investment in jobs infrastructure and education. alexina valmy has appeared in court for the 1st time since ending a 3 week hunger strike the kremlin critic attended a hearing by video link to appeal against his conviction for defaming a war veteran a separate court case is the citing whether his opposition network should be labeled extremist the kurdistan government says at least 3 people including a child have been killed in fighting at its border with stan the violence broke out at a water reservoir that both sides claim as their own and both country's security agencies accuse the other of firing 1st sykes picasso lines in the send is that prague program coming up next and i'll have more news for you in half an hour see
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that. in late 19151 world war one was being fought in the trenches of mainland europe. britain france and russia were allied against the central powers of germany austria-hungary and the ottomans. the war in europe was tagged meeting but britain urgently needed a strategy as to how to divide the ottoman empire with france should the allies be victorious. the prime minister turned to a young british politician called sir mark sykes who had cast himself as the
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government's advisor on the middle east. the ottoman empire is assailed by misfortune crippled by mary advices and the prey of alien greed ambition and timidity. englishman may have ideas but they are unable to take any steps to overturn the regime and free the people's interests power. by the 3rd of january 19th 16. and the french lawyer turned diplomat hans was or speaker would have negotiated the terms of a secret agreement. in 2 words i foresee a protectorate. which uses a local traditions and customs to establish different cuisines in the 4 provinces of super. lebanon enlarged by an extension of beirut pully to becca and serving as
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a model of what is necessary to achieve using indigenous elements in palestinian groups and. these 2 men devise the plan that would not only divide the spoils of the declining autumn an empire. between the 2 european powers what would draw lines in the sand that would ultimately influence the shape of the middle east for the next century. istanbul capital of an ottoman empire that had stood for 6 centuries.
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it spanned 3 continents asia africa and europe. its peak had been in the 16th century. than the other so sasha if you cannot. adopt the euro see most quarter there was the how well. the better of me for my confusion was at the chicago could be of. interest many fee. on the some hotshot but that. does not i mean you. know i'm from the kind of time and. as he met they didn't with many.
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feet. assumed i can that there were. 2 jobs. and. he. hasn't done a proper war othella sadar year has to hear from his own poor who are living by the hour for his heart. of the earth many year well we've differ there are many if you're a little up up so on through. from about a very few miles of your home base of american have fathers monique american or so we're all bob or like him has an illusion and i can convey your could be a fuse or not or that i learned. that out there was a linear. dart i'm an empire began receding in the 19th century.
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in 830 at last algeria to france. while egypt gradually came under british rule which then expanded into the arabian peninsula. the arabs of mesopotamia greater syria and the hague. remains part of the ottoman empire which was undergoing its own changes. kind of person i shall bear that address or. what democrat or you measure loose at the very near future act up time is a well measureless well but as alex. measures a 3rd me when i'm a silly. morgan i live a lot of b. i lucked out a lot of the year mostly middle of no nor. in 1000 or 8 the committee of union and progress the young turks overthrew sloth on our
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dillingham meet the 2nd and restored to the 876 constitution. this reduced tension at the top of ottoman politics but also created in society among arab groups. in the empire and let her hear much more of a new dictatorial. the more. likely a kennel can build a home economy and a truck. can and who knows i'll call me to get can state. of god there really is that. if you can sure tell your therapy and so far. because the recent carefully embody. so far i think there will. be mind that
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you're but it does because it would have been really after the bar in the lead. toward the 3 key and no. more american law to be you. going to have to go out of your concern about homework have a who're. because by 1014 you could really say that for those arabs who are engaged in identity politics what they aspired to was a better deal for the arabs within the ottoman empire. this brand of politics is known as arab ism and arab ist were really thinking in terms of imitating the austria-hungary empire with a kind of arab turkish dual monarchy and the ottoman empire but were very concerned not to exit the autumn and umbrella for fear that where the arabs edited make a bid for independence they would be immediately at risk of european. the ottomans suffered a major defeat in 19 i dance
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a little here priests serbia and montenegro in the 1st balkan war. to be in territory but the defeat did initially ease the relationship between the arabs of the ottoman empire and the young turks governments. able to focus on the balloon affair as it would have been on well with many a year and a perhaps. i would have it. in with when to faff i'm also of the old enough that if how long ago it was that the what the really thought roger reckon thoughtless food for thought for the i mean what are you. i the thought that we should be. the 1st world war started at the end of july
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19th 14. britain france and russia the central scholars of germany austria-hungary unfold here. shortly after the autumn and opted to supports germany. the author of concrete. and homework. so thought it was kind of a funny. little sit when i came. home and there was stuff in them by about an f one how to see i did not thought of it with money so i will show you. that our little did the. national heart of. political. who are you starlet. i look at remove.
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my knee i mean. to be a highly. mean mean. very considered politically really thought that i will a good or i must be really really really brilliant or so you're going to talk doggy into luckily my mother took me at 30 because i mean there was also a little bottle of your thelma poets that they were all put. to ruth nolan had the head of a says he cannot afford it and we had definite well. well what he had there that you know let's get going and method a low ball get it to read woman who wore it get auburn and then you know for
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a while with jeff moved down the hall and we had. in february 1915 frustrated by the stock meeting war in europe the british open to an eastern front against the ottomans on the dardanelles streets they imagine the ottoman army as weak and easier to defeat as the way of taking on germany and ending the war. russia however was more concerned about its use of ottoman waterways so the russians asked britain and france to sign an agreement to guarantee their own share of the spoils after the war. the russians were keen to seize more as cultural capital as a sort of restoration of orthodox christianity after. 5 centuries of all of the rule and so with the outbreak of the 1st world war on the eve of the complete invasion. the russians wanted to secure their allies commitment to granting
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istanbul and the straits to the russian empire and this becomes an exchange of documents known as the constantinople agreement concluded between march and april 1900. 10 france and russia entered into the constantinople agreement which granted the russians certain ottoman territories and waterways. however this agreement peeved the way for another secret deal as london and paris started to plot exactly what they wanted from a region that's was gaining strategic significance in the coming age of only room. you could really see that britain after the war without any clear territorial ambitions in their territory they could not at the stage of the constantinople agreement identify one place that they wish to add to their empire but they reserve
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the right to do so as soon as they worked out what their priorities were and so in a sense the constantinople agreement really is the 1st of the wartime partition agreements that will begin to shape the way in which the arab provinces will be carved up primarily between britain and france since russia's interest lay mostly in turkish territories so very british fashion the british created a committee called the debunks and committee and its remit was to look into. the sort of the options for britain so that when the time for negotiations with the french came up the british would be well prepared know what they wanted and this is actually something that the british did throughout the war and right to the end of the war. so in april 1915 the british set up a committee headed by the diplomats morris' the bunsen to define their interests in the ottoman territories it's made certain assumptions about what its ally france
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would expect from any potential deal. russian i mean a few who. are there to say if you look we're going to walk and then if it is you you really do there and leave front levant around a sort of cobra in the front so you can we have call on it now i will suddenly be in the muscle i looked at him up the car and the thought that if you have a month of not up with you probably have your mom what have the amount of britain's interests are most likely to be in completing its imperium in the persian gulf by securing the territories of the province the bus route baghdad linked as they were to persian oil fields and island in the shot that are up. nicely completing dominion that stretched right around the earth coastline of the persian gulf which it would take since an $820.00 s. . good morning gentlemen are doing all that so if you want some time to set up.
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and it's the youngest raced to me. and most carefree man was mark sykes who was kitchener's military assistant kitchener was the secretary of state for war and he delegated the job of sitting on the committee to sykes mark sykes had been born into a wealthy family in yorkshire in the north of england in 879. he studied at cambridge university and was elected as a conservative member of parliament. in 1000 enough. he like to give the impression of being an expert on the middle east based on his travels in the region but he was not quite the authority as it was sometimes assumed. he presented the bunsen committee with his vision of a new near east region his riches and this will be our eyes use i've come up
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himself with a different plan which was something completely different a much more old fashioned that was to create a quarter of across the middle east so he was planning to divide the middle east between france and britain. and create a belt of english controlled country that stretched across from the mediterranean coast to the mountains on the iranian from and back to the century as a as a affront to britain could control and keep other people away from the red sea and the persian gulf. that was rejected by the bunch i wish the older wiser heads said you know that why work your. way into line 1915 the debunks in committee recommended dividing the ottoman empire into several provinces over which britain would seek influence rather than exercise direct control. but when sykes was sent to the middle east and india he began to revert to his original idea of
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a british cordon from the mediterranean to iraq. so mark from your knowledge of the other question. where would you say that a legion slot was between us and the french. practically all arabs approach. not exactly anti french but frightened of financial exploitation and they are frightened of french colonial methods. but there are many christians in syria in the limit and in particular how do they fit the christians or is afraid at the bottom of their hearts as the muslims and only in syria at pinning sarah's president everywhere because they know what the french do that feeling pretty well runs all through there is the french nationalist party which is sentimental still harking back to the crusades. so science returned and as the
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currents of the started to come together he was called into downing street at the end of the year on the 16th of december $950.00 and then. he must've gone with a map as well because he got into them the meeting with the cabinet the prime minister and his chief ministers sitting around the cabinet table in downing street i believe they fear an arab kind of that. which is an independent stage the common language the arabs of tunis algeria and morocco and reach of course they control entirely different nationalists believe that if the allies when they want syria and palestine and north mesopotamia the likes appeared to be someone who was very knowledgeable and in fact in that cabinet meeting that he went to in december 1915 . or the the result of the cabinet meeting was that one of the cabinet ministers he
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was there believed he could speak arabic and turkish but in fact he could speak neither language so he he dotted his speech with arabic phrases that sort of thing to give himself the appearance of being an expert when in fact he was more of a gifted amateur what do you think we should do some are. i think to counteract the french war aims. we require diplomacy. do you think diplomacy will achieve with the fridge i don't want to make any suggestions except on very general lines. but i feel we ought to settle with france as soon as possible and get a definite understanding about syria sort of arrangement would you like to have with the french would you say to them i'd like to see for ourselves. south of haifa apart from the active jewish. if you have even just to be very. good and the who.
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lisa. i mean there were 5 minute. men in the 1st episode i've gone through and though. i will remember was old enough to mop up a. few months of critical it's most important that we should have a bout of english controlled country between the sharif of mecca and the french in syria what would you do for president bush i should like to draw a line. in asia. to the last came good cook and this must all be settled before we can take military action against the turks in syria. we must find out what the french actually in system upon having they do multiple syria they can both be merely a military purposes we must make terms with props. which means we must make terms.
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about. right to. britain has identified the territories of the ottoman empire its wanted in order to protect its interests in the suez canal and the area provinces. but this clan was dependent on britain and france winning the war which at the start of $1015.00 was almost at a standstill on the western front in europe. the allies decided to open an eastern front against the ottomans. the ill fated gillet police campaign ran between april 19th 15 and january 19th 16th. when it's finally field the allies including australians and new zealanders
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suffered a major step. yeah. this monument commemorates the ottoman victory in which around 80000 allied troops were killed. his defeat at the police and later in the midst of the team caused the british to enter into more secret dealings over the middle east. coming up how the british conspired which should be 1st seen mcconnell to strike back at the ottomans through an arab revolt the british adopt the sharifs of mecca as the partners that were essential in the propaganda war with the ottomans to demonstrate that the muslim world was better off on the allied side that fight the odds let me explain why we must have and psychs. negotiate face to face to get what they both want from the middle east well if we cannot have palestinian my
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government was suddenly not allow britain to control my government would take the same view of french palestine would be an outrage but then we need to find another solution. we come to blows. and so. now we can draw. al-jazeera is here to report on the people often ignored but who must be heard how many other channels can you say will take the time and put extensive thought into reporting from under reported areas of course we cover major global offense but our passion lives in making sure that you're hearing the stories from people in places
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like palestine the young man the soccer legion and so many others we go to them to make the effort we care to stay. one 3rd of all the food produced is wasted with tens of thousands of put out that's our incest korea has been transformed from was the founder into global leader in food recycling the reporting on how new technology is making this possible. in kenya i mean the farm must and sundays. the livelihoods depend on the wall and. a phrase. from inside the walls of a west african prison comes home. a chance to create to express emotion and take the 1st steps towards rehabilitation. a renowned choreographer shares his
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passion for dogs inspiring prisoners to perform and to reach beyond the ill deeds of the past and the confines of their present the dance of the. documentary on al-jazeera. a showcase of the best documentary films from across the network on out 0. hello london these are the top stories on al-jazeera coronavirus cases and deaths across india have reached a new global record highs as the country grapples with a devastating 2nd wave more than 3600 deaths and nearly 380000 cases were reported on thursday but millions of people turned out to vote for regional elections in west bengal all sparking fears that the state may turn into
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a new epicenter. palestine's 1st election in 15 years could be delayed the president mahmoud abbas says israel has and yet confirmed if palestinians will be able to vote in the occupied east jerusalem need to either him has more from ramallah he says that he's received a message from israel the americans and through the arabs that there is no answer yet when it comes to holding elections in east jerusalem he said that he's received some oral must just from them saying that they're not going to be allowing those elections to be held and he said that this is ironic and this is nonsense since the israeli government although they had elections they have some sort of a transitional government now but these this is a government that has been able as far as his as he said. that has been able to to approve new illegal israeli settlements in the occupied west bank but couldn't deliver and allow the palestinians to hold elections and drusilla. alexina valmy
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has appeared in court for the 1st time since ending a 3 week hunger strike the kremlin critic attended a hearing by video link to appeal against his conviction for defaming a war veteran a separate court cases the siding with or his opposition network should be labeled extremist. joe biden is marking $100.00 days in office as president of the united states on tuesday he addressed congress for what he called his blueprint to build america promising trillions of dollars in investment in jobs infrastructure and education the kurdistan government says at least 3 people including a child have been killed in fighting at its border with pakistan the violence broke out at a water reservoir that both sides claim as their road the program sides peak all lines in the sand continues next and i'm going to have the al-jazeera news hour for you in just under half an hour join me that by.
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will be through. elites 915 expand early 1960 region both britain and france were exercised by how they might divide up the ailing autumn an empire between them so the allies ultimately win the 1st war. but when they suffered a serious defeat at belittling britain looked at alternative ways of attacking the ottomans and undermining their support for germany. technology all depends on the victory might be able to provoke uprisings in the indian and egyptian muslim populations that so far they've not been able to effect it's at that point different begins to really consider. how we might turn the tables on the ottomans and force them to fight in their own territory against an internal uprising so to
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address that challenge they turned to that sharif of mecca who had already made overtures to the british about concluding an alliance to secure their position now all of the sudden the british with all the sharif of mecca the partners that were essential. in the propaganda war with the ottomans to demonstrate that the muslim world was better off on the allied side than fighting with the author. in 19 or 8 the ottomans had appointed should each postin been highly as the wily the governor of his as the area towards the red sea. he was from the hashemite in his tea in mecca of which he was the emir. his son's face on and up the representatives and ottoman parliament but is relationship with istanbul deteriorated in recent years but i was going to show you that soon out of that i love me.
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and know. if you stumble so i moved to miami and some you decided to have a tree or to have the thought of going home at night and not have it with many heavy for. you i mean you're already home. there are no clear back at the community. show you live you yeah i mean. i lived there all if you could. jazz. what he thought i should offer. home and i saw him out of a jazz. club and then. fill it out to be that there were as many. really. as many yakkers. do more than off a year and it was many a how come this was what occurred while. they are there whether in their i'd have allowed that spirit and then her does are referred to as many if
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it bled out of the. story. in her. lee. at the ottoman ruler of great. her syria jamal pasha executed a group of arabs in damascus and beirut in 19151916 they were accused of being separatists and of supporting the british and french this hard determination of the arab nationalists to separate from ottoman rule and to create an independent arab states hussein didn't have any modern ideas of nationalism but he wanted more autonomy under the ottoman. empire but it's only gradually that he was drawn into what became an arab national movement
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a full scale revolt against the ottomans and this wasn't an easy decision for the sharif maker to make because the ottomans were fellow muslims. and he was siding with an infidel. against fellow sunni muslims. there had been conversations between the british and the hushed more it's before the war but in july 1915 sharif christine wrote to the british high commissioner sir henry mcmahon. he offered his support to against the ottomans in return for british support for an independent kingdom that would include the provinces in the arab peninsula and be ruled by the hashemites. service 7 either a. 3rd of the. muscle over here. but though doubt it
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could be a problem how about you see a fella. there with a limp as a lot of you believe. to clean it off and blow the roof of the whole upper limit as a seal mccoll when associated with a lot of media that it was all of that is that there were a lot to be absolutely. ill most earth early to come. but a source of his ability to team a lot of cloth and most but the man bit badia what the limits of the fish are that of the saudi you were a scary few. months of. the correspondence continued and mcmahon wrote to sharif posting on the 24th of october 1915 he said that britain would not guarantee support for an independent arab kingdom with all the provinces demanded by the hashemites nevertheless the hashemites went ahead with
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their revolt against the ottomans in july 1916. months many still consider mcmahon's lesser controversial today because of the air. as the british wanted to exclude from any future arab kingdom. and that you. should see. it as only really good to keep the. middle. will it would you meant going to. undo presidency and britain. while barack and assume walk off it going to be demolished homes hello. and you call on her to be wrapped up in that. doesn't mean it is clear then in this he became a few uneasy in districts very moment it clear and the fear does him
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a message you can believe these this is an evil mccarran can it get out of it and document it like that was careful not to promise anything the contravened preexisting treaty arrangements they wish to exclude territories to the west of hong damascus and aleppo and certain areas around the gulf of alexandretta and into the sea and britain was already an occupation of the province a bus ride much of the province of baghdad at this time and so britain was very keen to declare its interest and retaining some degree of control over those territories for the mutual benefit of the arabs of the british and the others boundaries that britain would be willing to accept the hash my claim to arab kingdom with british support hussein thought that the british promised to include palestine in his kingdom. and the british later denied that their promise team
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palestine they denied outright but. all the every does is that they have promised him palestine. is the one had. with any of us certainly mcmahon let's show you the same i don't mind the level. of all the thing these miles and so we. filmed the. men in the world in the living. i dida that mean. yeah you can lot of us are there when iraq while and we are normal friends so we. significantly in the same month that the british promised parts of greater syria to sharif just saying they told the french that any agreement relating to the borders of an arab kingdom would not be finalized without their consent. they knew how
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strong the french interest in syria was. on the 1st of october 915 the french ambassador to britain paul campbell wrote to his prime minister really beyond me to tell him that london had requested a french representative to draw the borders of an arab kingdom with syria. in this document the french ambassador suggested hans want george be called would manage the general consulate in beirut for over a year and knew the syrian issue better than anyone else. aloft also just because a diplomat sit down diplomat diplomat kamel is a. 100 years in the game circular the big event sam bacile national. get off so. long some of the stuff i mean you do close up don't miss them. the diplomatic class
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said. he saw the kid don't so much he couldn't yet as yet it is something that's kind of and as you know he called the diplomat less he said the difference so deep as the bus don't bust you so close good. we have something to talk about. with you because he was almost sure your very nice to see you again place yourself in the dorm the french representative pico had his 1st meeting with the british in london on the 23rd of november 1915 be here tonight fool to see you again i mean you know everybody you know they started their negotiations about their respective shares of the ottoman empire once the war was over. the british come along with an array of people from all the different ministries to take an interest the war ministry the foreign office the colonial office. and they all sitting on one side of the table and peter was on the other
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side of the table have us we would define for the 1st the boundaries you want government desire we must of course have the whole of syria and north of it of course down to the egyptian border but a few because you must remember is there are other players in this area we should pass up perhaps the best to him and you could form a kind of enclave but certainly no way to deal with it and despite the numerical advantage p.k. just sits there with his arms crossed and says i'm not interested in you or your plan it doesn't we we call possibly accept something along the lines that you're talking about moving further east we must have the learn and not of this line and across here including most a motion. the tar not all the video yet the whole area around 20 years ago the
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belayer took most of included the baghdad ambassador district or you should just think they should be separated now it's impossible to consider the situation of 20 years ago affecting the situation now so monsieur pico if you have palestine and syria and half iraq in mosul will you be satisfied i think i can persuade my government then we have reached an impasse. the uncompromising positions of both sides adult 1st meeting caused the british army intelligence officer in cairo to write which is obviously hopeless to attempt to arrive at any reasonable agreement with the french so long as pico is their representative. because they reek of it. says mean the settle commuter policy lesson and see if
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a key basque offered some to host so popular shows are really good you know if that drove on the ghosts he. plays on. the nikkei it leaders of a 3rd of what they were both on the bend the big. news like our face because typically also on the bed they do guess that idea of the 12 so mark at the 12 while arkham also potentially 32 are in this you know 13 caster that is he talking exists a part it's about that mono kid. does him all these ethics is going to belize into our nano he won't deceive me off at least wait till d.p. do. so mark your government has been adopting extreme positions over a territory which you must recognize france has special claims to but in the
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meetings i attended no one seemed to give a centimeter and yet concessions i feel the. decisions have to be made so that we both know where we stand when turkey is conquered as inevitably it will be. to speak up i feel sure that within these walls we can find a way through the issues and my government has given me the power to make the necessary decisions i too have been given the freedom by my government to make the necessary decisions and you must realize that we have very definite needs in a territory which some of my countrymen consider to be french by rights ever since the crusades do you remember who won the crusades yes but today the ira few said i didn't although these talks were secret the russians had already made their demands what we must do now that we have agreed the russians can have the northern areas of turkey including the straits is to discuss the southern and eastern areas so that
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the interests of both great nations can be established for the decades that will follows and of a little start then with the provinces of syria that center around damascus and aleppo. in their own. nearly brought. a dessert i thought. to food for and see then all of the authority you couldn't before. well you know roofs. with money you had. no food. for. your review and. you see it's indispensable for the arabs of in syria to have some direct access to the mediterranean somewhere along the syrian lebanon and the way to total french
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control that would be impossible but that would mean french positions would be split into between an often a south of syria that simply cannot be allowed to happen political and military a bit strange would be impossible in such a divided territory. i'm not convinced but. it is nevertheless try to make that object. my dividing line. is here. from acre ticket could. be. in either party a big deal. or no one had. no from stuff you have know how to get heavy. but you know. a. bit of fun you and it's also a miniature should be sent out some you are. sure it was your store configured for a walk. or funny. enough.
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well a woman of our respect although enough mother started to batter you but i mean it will not be possible to persuade my colleagues to accept a line as far north as that that would exclude coats of all regions like the whole run from a sphere i see but for france to control territory that far south make it very difficult for our plans for a railway line from the coast to baghdad i must insist on this point. and co cook. we could not possibly let you have cooked for my own travels in the air i know that this province contains the only elements of the population which will make it possible to colonize ation direct my dear sykes this is hardly in a spirit of conciliation let me explain why we must have the territory we requested in northern misfitting. badly on plug mark sides people don't believe i suppose it's still a president but he's doing something he lifts also esteemed kosik though do
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continue it when he put it down the collector though you know who continually the most feels he has and then it don't come so awesome that at the least doesn't apply he still he can go to his own let alone do. his own little problems to the petition who throw in the law you cannot destroy his well if we cannot have palestina my government was certainly not allowed britain to control my government would take the same view french press time would be an outrage but then we need to find another solution before we come to blows. and so. now we can draw him out.
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so when sykes left the cabinet meeting. on 16th of december 915 to go and meet pico he had a problem because he had to reconcile 2 conflicting sets of demands the set of demands that pico was making for syria and lebanon and the other set of demands that sheriff of st had already made and which the british had already effectively accepted for both covering the same territory so he in pico came up with a map that made a distinction between 2 types of land in the middle east land that britain and france would absolutely control which was colored blue for france and red for britain and a hinterland the in a region which was called area a an area b. where the arabs would have. somewhat ptolemy but in which each of the big
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powers the great powers would have the right to advise or influence with the further complication that the territory of what was to become palestine was designated for an international zone where basically russia britain and france are able to agree who could lay greater claim to the holy lands just to further that decision down the road by painting it all proud. in january 1916 the french and british agreed to ignore the borders of any future arab kingdom. their new borders were enshrined in the deal we now know as the psychs pekoe agreements. sikes to his line from acre to could cook so the south of anatolia eastern turkey the syrian coast and the roots were put under direct french control. and
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but dad were put under direct british control. and damascus were put under french protection and were called area a. the rest of mr petain mia and the south of greater syria were put under british protection and called area b. . but palestine including jerusalem was designated as an international zone in brown. all those like speaker was never implemented it formed the basis of future negotiations and the post autumn in middle east resembled the areas of influence it created so the map has different colors different letters but ultimately what really matters is the line in the sand that runs from the coast to the persian from here. it is yes. the national.
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fates x. people. while they're not quite hashmi and. don't really need. men. called for most of the. mining b.s. . done. shall be from the who let it. be funny in a funny way the british felt that the system that the arabs so viewed as a betrayal. was in keeping with the terms of what they've agreed with the hashemites because they were still considering the territories if of the informal british and french influence as kingdoms to be ruled by arabs and there was even one mention of the sharifs of mecca and their sites because grima to round things out but ultimately for the arabs 6 fico was double dealing and it
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seemed to be giving territory that had just been conceded to the hushabye it's by the same man correspondence to the french. here in st petersburg in the russian foreign ministry the secret psychs pekoe agreements between britain and france was approved by russia. to deal was finalized in correspondence dated the 16th of may 1960 influencing diffused church of millions of people in the middle east's.
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the latest news as it breaks prime minister with a shift for i feel the laughter for the action because he's promising people just jump started economy with details coverage anything going to the right thing by politicians allowed to hold large value of all thing on turned out to an unnerving from around the world this is about a demand for fundamental change to the way the police operate in the united states .
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hello there a noticeable difference in temperatures in western australia let me show you friday 20 degrees in perth just a few days ago we were in this thirty's and ahead of this frontal system we still have warm air but as it makes its way into australia we will see those temperatures come down in time we're dealing with some outbreaks of showers for coastal queensland also coastal sections of new south wales this is forecast on saturday sydney $24.00 degrees we've seen some drenching rains across areas of japan but the bulk of that system has now moved out to the pacific but still some lingering heavy showers for sapporo 6 degrees so a chilly rain there and heavy outbreaks of rain for shanghai but watch let's track this one out together moves across the east china sea into japan so once again a surge of moisture tokyo $25.00 degrees will see increasingly unsettled conditions
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and more rain to come also unsettled as we head toward the korean peninsula and this is all because of that system that we saw in shanghai that moved across the east china sea that is now play again both japan and the korean peninsula. port moresby the capital of papua new guinea is ranked one of the most dangerous cities in the world 101 east investigate the violent against easterling feel on the streets on al jazeera. young women with a passion for space i used to dream about working an f.b.i. school company like nasa and after that a small step for science a giant leap for womankind in kurdistan you don't place it inside and at the scheduled time the south like to be sent into space women make science kurdistan
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space school on al-jazeera. be the hero the world needs right now no. washington. this is al-jazeera. hello i'm barbara sara this is the al-jazeera news hour live from london thank you for joining us coming up in the next 60 minutes hospitals in delhi overflow with coronavirus patients are struggling to breathe as concerns grow that the infections
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could spread across india's borders really got to them for a long period.


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