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tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  April 26, 2021 8:30pm-9:00pm +03

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in glenn close to the rope shaking dance in a spark dress. the movie industry is going through sweeping changes as streaming video rapidly overtakes cinematic releases of films but with all that the oscars remain hollywood and the film industry's most sought after prize and it's likely to stay that way for years to come robert oulds al jazeera los angeles . business al-jazeera these are your top stories take its president has responded to the u.s. decision to label the mass killings of armenians by the ottoman empire during world war one as genocide. says the move has upset turkey india has once again reports of the world's highest ever number of covert 19 infections in
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a single day with more than 350000 cases the u.s. u.k. european nations and even india's regional rival pakistan are sending emergency aid . the european union is suing the pharmaceutical company astra zeneca after delays in the delivery of coated 19 vaccines it's accuse the company of breaching its contract to supply enough jobs for the block which the company denies astra zeneca says the legal action is without merit and that it has complied with the agreement an iranian court has sentenced british iranian aid work and nazneen cigar iraq left to another year in jail on a charge of propaganda she was released in march after serving 5 years on charges of plotting against the government she and her family have always denied the allegations against paul brennan has more from outside the iranian embassy in london. it's an event at this location that has led to this latest conviction
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against nazanin who got a rock cliff rather extraordinarily an event back in 2009 a protest against the iranian government which is in 1000 inzaghi rockliffe attended which she gave an interview to the b.b.c. persians. that has now been resurrected by the prosecuting authorities in tehran and she has now been convicted on a propaganda charge of propaganda against the iranian republic. russia has suspended all activity offense anticorruption organization set up by alexina volley it comes ahead of a ruling that could see his knees men designated as extremist they saw headlines inside story coming up next.
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global military spending reached nearly 2 trillion dollars last year the u.s. is still by far the biggest spender a new report finds many countries have spent lavishly on their militaries despite the global pandemic so what's fuelling this spending spree this is inside story. hello and welcome to the program i'm peter davi one might think governments facing a global pandemic would be tempted to spend much on buying weapons one would be wrong so despite the economic impact of kuwait 19 military spending reached nearly 2 trillion dollars last year that's according to a report from the stockholm international peace research institute it's an increase
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of 2.6 percent from 2019 the researches of caution the trend might not be maintained for the 2nd year of the pandemic they say countries will likely take some time to adapt to the impact of this ongoing health emergency but some nations like chile and south korea have already reallocated parts of their defense budgets to fight the pandemic the stockholm international peace research institute says just 5 countries accounted for 62 percent of all global military spending last year they are the united states china india russia and the united kingdom the u.s. is the biggest spender at $778000000000.00 that's nearly 40 percent of the. total global budget china came in 2nd with 252000000000 beijing has been increasing its spending for 26 years now while russia's military budget rose last year it spent less than it had originally planned also 12 nato member states of hit their target
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are spending at least 2 percent of their respective g.d.p.'s on defense but that's more to do with being nagged into it by the former u.s. president donald trump. ok let's get going let's bring in our guests today in stockholm we have now antione senior researcher with the sipri arms and military expenditure program and one of today's report's authors in singapore we have graham on the web an adjunct research fellow at the rajaratnam school of international studies and in washington d.c. we're joined by david or rush an associate professor and senior military fellow at the national defense university gentlemen welcome to you all one t.n. in stockholm coming to you 1st you coauthored the report the u.s. is the biggest exporter saudi arabia is the biggest in puerto hardly a big surprise. the usa is the biggest military spender my
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report looks at the global military spending and of course usa spending $778000000000.00 it's indeed they're the largest spender by far in the world this is followed by china the 2nd largest spender in the world saudi arabia actually has seen its bush spending for the last year by 10 percent are only the 6th largest spent in the world do you think that trend will continue. we see that the general increase in global spending is something that possibly can continue in the years to come given that militia spending often is seen as having a strong inertia so many of these top spenders are implementing very long term and hugely expensive military modernization and procurement programs and of course this last all the way into the 2030s in china 2040 s. and in the u.s. from its nuclear program to 25 to 20 fifties so indeed if you look at these
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largest spending countries continue to increase it would be if we tried the global trend to continue to increase further into mid 2020 is grim on web in singapore there is however a trend kind of underpinning the trend that man is talking about how to stop them isn't there because deliveries for the 4 years 2016 to 2020 deliveries are flatlining and that's kind of counter-intuitive because if you are thinking oh they're spending more money therefore they must be either delivering or acquiring procuring more equipment one would be wrong. yeah i see what you're saying here but i concur with 9 i think we need to look at the the whole scheme micro-level where. all the it has been a flat line over the last few years but you have to look in terms of the overall cycle. by capital buys if you like for defense equipment had to be an
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ongoing process that comes with that and some of the acquisitions are only stuck to proven over the next few years so i concur with that we have to look beyond this not from the time you just mentioned to see what comes out of that were next years and foreseeable year in terms of the data that we have publicly we're going to see a fleet of new rather new acquisitions particularly among some of the more significant militaries in the asia pacific which is an area which i'm monitoring over the last year ok will come on to a specific region and oceania i'm sure a little later in the discussion david to rush in washington is the united states as a global the global military player in a completely unique situation here because the united states and its strategic interests you're the only country on the planet who strategic interests are outside your region because you are the region because it's such a big country geographically politically diplomatically everything else that ends
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in l y so therefore there's an in-built at the expense there because your taking the kit to other parts of the world or selling it to other parts of the world. that's exactly right you left off charismatically but yeah the united states is the only country whose plans routinely for warfare in another hemisphere and we plan to do it relatively quickly so we have to maintain a defense infrastructure that allows us to project power you know to airlift a brigade anywhere in the world within 72 hours no other country has that that's extremely expensive and it's not just the combat it's not just tanks and ships it's the lift and then it's also you know the network you know the global missile launch satellite network is over $20000000000.00 you know just just to monitor satellite launches in iran north korea russia china. then you add to that the fact that our
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personnel costs are x. you know amazingly expensive i mean there's a reason why a cheap plastic item comes from china not from the united states it's because the labor cost is so low now imagine trying to induce a soldier into joining the army in the united states that has to be a competitive career so all of these factors and many more are why our expense costs are through the roof but at the end of the day it's something that the united states is is content to do although there's always efficiencies to be made by can still come just explain one thing for me that i don't quite get looking at the report being the biggest spender and importing more than anyone else it's not necessarily the same thing year on year i mean saudi arabia is spend is up by 60 percent in your report katsav spend is up by 360 percent so i guess we've got to go for an equivalence or at least compared to countries in
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specific regions. absolutely if course there is a difficulty to explain that sometimes weapons are purchased and paid for before the deliveries are taken place sometimes the payment occurs during the delivery cycle which will last 510 years now the cases of payments occur and basically spending are repaying on loans which would occur over the years after deliberate take place so often we don't see a direct correlation between imports all the never or the belly of aunts important and the devil of spending that we might see in some countries and so it given there are either time lag we have taken into account or otherwise you would see that in some cases such as bulk area we saw that expanding a last year increased by over 100 percent because it essentially picked one in one go paid off or they fixed that it bought from the us and then this year spending
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dropped because it went back to normal levels so it's difficult work here grimmer we're back in singapore there seems to be a perception in your region that the driver he or the desire the driving desire to acquire weaponry to spend an awful lot of money to the defense budget is a perceived threat from china not from north korea that would feel country and shoot it i guess in some senses because north korea is clearly a risk factor in your region china is a known commodity in your reach. absolutely so it is counter-intuitive but ng there in we need to look at the larger picture here north korea is a risk to the region that's true but north korea doesn't pose a direct military or nuclear threat to or not to majority of the countries in the asia pacific i mean barring countries that have a strong strategic partnership with united states or the alliance with united
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states. north korea is a concern but it's a different kettle of fish if you like to compare to china with china what we're seeing is an expansion of its military on the political and claims over the south china sea which a graphical claims if you like expressed in military terms by the occupation and the construction of artificial island in the occupation off island with military assets and that's causing a direct concern to a lot of states within the asia pacific particularly countries in the around the south china sea south asian countries like vietnam in particular philippines and what's happening here is that they're trying to secure the few lines of communication for this is expressed in terms of the modernization and expansion of naval assets quite naturally so in order to secure these maritime waterways from
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scenarios in which they could be altercations with chinese national battle or naval and commercial in nature which could lead to an inadvertent escalation between partners so that that's really a significant concern and defense commitment and investment are our channel towards those kinds of scenarios david in washington is what graham is talking about whilst it's factually correct and of course we accept what he's saying it feels contemporary and quite old fashioned and in that regard does the arms industry have to anticipate trends and react to where they think. conflict is going because if you look at the figures here a lot of the figures are talking about new technology we're talking about armed drones so we're not talking about fighter pilots being killed and f. 15 fighter planes being done and we're talking about bio warfare we're talking about electromagnetic warfare as well and that's something that the industry is
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well aware of and it's at the leading edge of what it's doing. well i haven't seen any development on offensive bio weapons from any western country there's a suspicion that china's doing it but. yeah yeah graham's exactly right you know north korea is a disruptive power they can mess things up china is an acquisitive power and it's seeking to solidify you know its control over the south china sea to basically an excess huge area and then permanently commit prevent people from from sailing into it so the technology needed to do that are not drones which are relatively cheap you know if people were to shift from mandir planes to drones you'd see a decrease in overall defense expenditure because drones are cheap and expendable what we're looking at that i think will drive spending particular for the united states is the assets needed to defend and challenge china in china's near abroad which is primarily ship building long range air strikes the army's looking at long
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range artillery basically reinvigorating its missile forces these are going to be the big elements the other stuff electronic warfare is relatively inexpensive as i said i don't think there's anything other than a defensive effort with biological warfare from the west china is still suspect i think that drones are actually a cost efficient model that has not been sufficiently embraced the united states primarily because of resistance from people generals who rose as pilots and think that manned aircraft you know will are at risk of being replaced by drones those are all shipping efforts the expenses in ships and lift going to come and see if the next minute can we talk for a 2nd also about so much china's near interests but as far interest and do we have to change the optics here because if we talk about chinese arms sales say in africa that's significant enough but if we talk about chinese. sales and triangulate it
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with china's political influence and economic influence that is hugely significant surely because china literally has a footprint in $51.00 of $54.00 african countries it's almost like bits of africa becoming china light because that influence is underpinned by arms weapons and massively expensive infrastructure projects as well. yeah i think i think you hit it the nearly head when it comes to you know china geopolitical foreign policy and trip to natural region. quite a different story there where you know the chinese defense industry is part of the overall. strategic effort to buy well not just by friends in african region but also to you know or hold them down terms of the dirty laundry payment for the
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massive infrastructure he talked about and the defense procurement that african countries are trying to tackle in terms of cheap defense free sort of on the global market so i think are you are going to be the intent is quite different here of course that deflation to china's hand in terms of shoring up. you know a greater present in a part of the world which is still relatively being overlooked or ignored by the other powers manton in sauk i'm going back to the bones of your report for a 2nd one area that you've looked in into was oceania and there's a descending scale of india japan south korea and australia australia spent $30000000000.00 us dollars for the government in canberra who do we think they might feel threatened by i mean with all due respect to australia who would
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want to invade or start a war with australia i mean we're talking about strategic kangaroo purposes here i mean you know they're going to claim is rock are they going to say we've taken the sydney opera house lovely country don't get me wrong but unless you're talking about mineral rights why go to war with australia and why should australia feel threatened to the point of spending 30000000000. i mean australia we can feel it as along with many other countries within you know asian oceania that this rise in china chinese increases in its military spending over the last 26 consecutive years i see it as a threat to its national security and especially we see that you know china has been more expansionary in its neighbor operations and so australia charity abuse china as this. increasing reach of force and it might have a long term threat perceptions to what's time's expansion and i mean this also depends goes down to the underpinning of the current political debate going on
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within australia and china that this often a lot of political disagreement going on and it's just a situation where i think australia is looking to invest more in its equipment particularly as a way of modern life seeing its military in the event there possible further expansionary i guess a military strategic policy that china might implement over the last over the next 102030 years and it comes down to the fact that china is really there they made it pretty clear to them that by 2049 there are most of their mother's asian program aims to be. equal to the world's leading militarist and so other countries that just generally reacting to china the rise of china david in washington do reports like this expose a kind of a hypocrisy in a way because as well as these reports we also get you know claims from say human rights watch recently asking the french to stop selling so many arms to countries
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in the middle east because if you sell multibillion dollar contract to deals to countries in the middle east and you're the french president you're kind of green lighting attacking people you're green lighting having a go at minorities in your own country perhaps and you're also legitimizing the actions of questionable military departments within a government structure. yeah that's a that's a common criticism and it's not just limited to france it's not unknown for americans to have to respond to that as well look this is a valuable document when it comes out every year in my world it's a major event this is the release of this report is more important. in my world than the academy awards was last night but you know and nan's work is fantastic but it's very very hard to find 8 objective quantifier of military might so we use dollars this is misleading in some instances because you know you have say sales of
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thad missile which is purely defensive cost billions of dollars but that is not destabilizing that does not have a negative human rights effect at say $3000000.00 would make a $47.00 sold to an african government you know the government of sudan when it was pursuing the dark for conflict you know that's much smaller it shows up on a bar graph as almost minuscule but it has a much greater human to human rights effect the problem for many countries other than the united states is that the research and development goes into weapons this is very expensive and most countries do not have the buy to capitalize to recapture the research and development costs of weaponry so they're forced to export so countries like france and sweden can't have domestic fighter aircraft if they don't export them the united states is a rare country that can do it on its own so yet with a lot of european countries in particular there is this impetus to export and in
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many instances that leads to them cutting corners on some of their ideological and human rights commitments graeme in singapore i guess we all at war already were at war with the coronavirus were at war with covert 19 given that why and also another given given that we've been able to kill each other with nuclear weapons since hiroshima and nagasaki why. do we need to be able to kill each other so many more times in so many more inventive ways the brookings institute on his website today is saying one american nuclear warhead would cost you 8400000 dollars it costs $400000.00 u.s. dollars to get a nurse fully trained to go to war against cove it so if the united states has $6000.00 nuclear warheads the united states could have instead of that 130000 nurses and doctors to push back against coronavirus around the world. my mom if she
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was alive might say spend the money on nurses and doctors don't spend it on nuclear weapons. no i see we're going with this i mean i'm going to same page with the. incredulity of the whole thing where you just belies logic but i think the answer to this is a lot it is extremely complex right i mean 1st of all one could argue that this has been somehow wired into the human condition that all poised towards war and suspicion distrust and rivalry by the same time i think and it's also an economic argument to this i think we need to dislodge us of the military industrial complex i colonies that depend on the defense industry to keep chugging along. the 110 talked about this idea of inertia which applies not just a long cycle of defense spending and procurement it's a tradition disposal of the trend but also that the fact that you know that people
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are highly dependent on these industries because so much has been invested in these industries and the river tysabri revenue generator so i don't know i sometimes think like you that we are heading towards a brick wall i mean we're just this is. a calamity waiting to happen with all the nuclear warheads we're talking about god alone and all the conventional munitions and weapons that are being amassed by militaries across the i possibly concern about the south china sea i think this prospect of an inadvertent conflict because of all the naval activity going on there is something that keeps many of us in the region awake at night ok graham thank you for that nancy and install command we're heading towards the end of the program so super briefly is there another dynamic here and it's this the defense industry will always find customers there will always be sooner or later a military guy who takes off the uniform stages a coup says i'm the president i'm the prime minister therefore a got to go to somebody like a u.s. arms supplier and start buying stuff. yes absolutely if you look at it i think
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what underpins her decision making process is countries interest spending is very much but that's going to change things we need to have strong institutions democracy a consequence shushan that are able to hold these decision makers accountable for their actions and thoughts in that way we the people the citizens of the world will be able to vote in governments that are able to look into it it's making process ok now and thank you for the very last brief word to you david in washington i think it was a roman or a there is a general who said something like if you want peace get ready for war so we've got to be on the verge of being ready for world war 3 all the time and we just got to accept it well that was test it's it's more than that you know the modern world is complex my battalion was was sent to rwanda when genocide was going on in the u.n. mission failed at the end of the day particularly for the united states people look
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at us to solve big messy ugly problems and there just is evil out there in the world so you know the few countries that maintain a global ability to go out and stop things like genocide that should be welcome to people forgotten you know the lessons of srebrenica and rwanda but they're remembered here in washington so yeah there's still wisdom in the words of the ancient greeks ok gentlemen thank you so much thank you to our guests them and david to russia and graham on weapons thank you too for watching you can see the program again any time via the website al-jazeera dot com and for further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter at a.j. inside story for me peace it will be and the team here in doha thanks for watching we will see you very soon for the moment.
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so a 3 year investigation into the pro-gun lobby we've been employing it was moving to a lot of really kind of. reveal secrets he wanted messaging out there i mean people outraged you know. and connections some don't want to expose many in legacy media love mass shooting. documents like my al-jazeera investigations how to sell a massacre on al-jazeera. i care about how the u.s. engages with the rest of the world we're willing to fit in taking you into a place you might not visit otherwise and feel that you were there
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ready. this is al-jazeera. this is the news hour life coming up in the next 60 minutes the u.s. announces it will lease out to 60000000 doses of the astra zeneca vaccine off the criticism it's hoarding shots while other countries suffer. and is again reporting the world's highest number of infections on the record number.

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