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tv   Al Jazeera Investigations How To Sell A Massacre P1  Al Jazeera  April 20, 2021 3:00pm-4:01pm +03

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it's. breaking news. and when you leave with a smile we now. welcome to. chad's army says president debi has died of injuries suffered while leading soldiers on the front line. watching al-jazeera life from a headquarters in doha. it was one of the region's longest serving leaders the army says one of his sons will take over but many questions linger over chad and the region. also ahead western nations tell russia to stop threatening ukraine and
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warn against moscow's plans to close parts of the black sea to foreign ships the jury's out a number trial of terry chosen the former minneapolis police officer is accused of killing george for. the world thanks for joining us we begin with breaking news out of child where the army has announced president idriss deby has been killed the army says he was leading soldiers fighting rebels on the frontline debbie had just won re-election and was one of africa's longest serving leaders his son is expected to replace him . the national assembly and government all dissolved a transitional charter will be put in place by the president of the military transitional council a curfew from 6 pm to 5 in the morning will be in place in all national territory external borders. close just until the new orders are in place
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a transitional government will be put in place new republican institutions who we put in place to facilitate the transition and by the organization of free democratic and transparent elections following the spirit of sacrifice that the marshal of chatted for for all his life up until his last suffering let's bring in have a morgan she's joining us from charles kaplan germany so head 1st explain to us what we just heard from the military and the establishment of this military council now to be headed in their interim period by the president's son. well daryn 1st of all it's worth noting that in case anything happens to the president which is what happened here in chad today it's not a military council that should be leading the country in fact the speaker of the legislative assembly should be leading for 40 days until a transitional elections are held now the 1st thing the military did after announcing that president debbie has died from walls he sustained in the battles
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between the government forces and the rebel group known as the fund for change in concord is that the military and nouns that that legislative assembly has been dissolved and that the constitution also has been dissolved so what they're doing is they replace the constitution with their own set of rules now which we do know is that the military said that they will be in power for 18 months and that there will be institutions set up to lead this country during those 18 months so that elections are held following the end of the military council transition whether people will accept that or not is something that remains to be seen this is all something that is unfolding as time goes by and as the day progresses what we do know is that. in his injuries over the weekend in the battles between the hunt for change and concord they have launched attacks on the military and government military positions at the border region of the back seat on april 11th that is the day of the election itself where debbie was seeking
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a 6th term battles have been going between the government and the rebel forces which were able to reach cannon region which is about 300 kilometers away from the capital in fact they had issued a statement saying that they were progressing towards the capital and the army had issued statements to counter that saying that the situation is very much under control and that there was no need for concern. any more clarity on what exactly happened in the cause of death of the president and exactly where is this front line that he was fighting on. what the military is being very careful with the narrative that is coming out there controlling every bits of information that is coming out at the moment they did not announce the fact that the president said he himself had was at the frontlines over the weekend that is something that was just reveals with a deft with announcement of his death they said that it was due to injuries sustained in the battles between the front for change in concord group and the government forces but then again what kind of injuries they were how severe they
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were we don't know exactly where debbie was head how long he stayed. in basically suffering from his injuries before he passed away whether he passed away this morning or yesterday or the day before these are information that the military is currently being very careful not to release to the public they're controlling them some nation that is coming out and there are narrative that is coming up some the military and some chaps government at the moment what we do know is that the rebel group was formed in trying to 16 saying that they're aiming to oust a president who's been in power for 34 border 30 years and was set to lead the country for another 5 years after the national election commission announced that he has won another 5 year term with nearly 80 percent of the court so this all comes out of the back of an announcement that he was set to leave the country for another 5 years now we know that he is not going to be doing that in fact one of his son agrees that he will be the one leading the military council and thereby
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leading the transitional period for the next 1818 months we also know that the government announced a curfew from 6 pm local time which is around 15 g.m.t. to 5 am local time they also announced that they're shutting all borders land naval and air space until further notice so they are obviously very concerned about how the situation with a will unfold they are soldiers that have been patrolling the streets monitoring the situation to try to make sure that things don't get out of control thanks happened very tense in the capital and demand over the past. especially with the announcement from the rebel group that they are advancing towards the capital we've seen the day before yesterday and yesterday people panicking many people opting to stay and those are not opening their stores and not going to market places because they were concerned about how the situation what i'm told is also seen diplomatic missions such as the united states the united kingdom and germany calling on their nonessential staff and and nationals to leave the country in preparation for
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a possible and a possible attack by the rebel group and in preparation of the 2 reiteration of the security situation so things are quite tense as that installed minute by minute in the capital and jim and in the country ok about thank you so much from for that update from germany and that is the capital of chardon you heard him talking about the security situation in the country let's broaden this out with he'll join us from a lot to talk about the impact this this could have on the security situation in the region because of course we know that charge to force a child and forces that has had an instrumental role to play when it comes to fighting groups like boko haram in nigeria and the nigeria region as a whole. exactly terrain this is we talking about a but to the force but is very critical in the fight against. critical if critical in the fight against boko haram in nigeria and the rest of the next
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region talking about nigeria is contributing hundreds of forces under the multinational joint task force working with regional forces like that of nigeria like that of cameroon amnesia as well as been in which is also contributing a small force to the fight against al gore on an islamic state in west africa province now it also occasionally from time to time assists nigeria in dealing with . with boko haram and i swap a base to an agreement reached between this country and china especially close to the region now nigeria is going to feel very very strongly because if they insist tunnel security situation in charge watch since it could mean the withdrawal of such a number of forces from the fight against book i mean i slept in nigeria to reinforce the local security in jenin and so that will create a vacuum in keys book quite up in case
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a child leaves the. fight in inside nigeria for the avoidance of doubt child last year has succeeded in up routine but what i'm from most of its territory and is helping regional countries to deal with the problem so it has deployed a lot of forces to help with the situation in nigeria and the other machad region countries and the u.n. force of chorus also depends on china and forces to fight groups like al qaida and ice a ling groups in an area you know quite well that is the north of mali. exactly only this year in february of this year chad contributed and i was the contribution of 1200 forces or soldiers to help me use my deal with the situation in india and in fact it has a lot of soldiers based in mali to deal with the rising crisis in mali and they have successfully help in dealing with some of these but you know some of these
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fires now the question now is whether or not charged whoever takes out a takes over from the president in this case his son whether he's going to allow that to continue because in china it's all he will be facing a lot of internal problems with the rebellion in the north and of course this is a country with a history of military coups who knows maybe he may decide to withdraw such a number of forces to reinforce his base to ensure that he stay in power is secure and of course to the 18 months he's talking about so there are question marks as to whether or not i know the international community will try to pressure chad to keep its forces i'd like in mali and nigeria and other we just that it is deployed its force it's not only nigerian money but also in the central african republic remember the role played instead realizing or other removing such in leaderships and in central african republic over the last 10 years so china is an indispensable
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force for many countries in the region to do with fires that are burning all over the place either in the say hell in the next that region in money or 'd in the operations it's coming out in several other countries of the world thank you so much for that update from a. marine is the president of africa international media group and she says for a long address debbie enjoyed protection from france but his death will not be a severe blow to the french government. first of all it's a shock you know just afternoon action where he decided it was one election overwhelmingly and he seemed to be a not removeable because of his last insurance which seemed to be the french the french a sports and our french troops in in chat. and this thoughts have. seared him in the past and you know
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he has grown very repressive. the electoral campaign was very violent and just i think some people will in this mall and remember that idriss deby is true and least so rounded the home of an opponent and killed his mother so something which was when we got it as doom as a. sign for david that you will not get away with it in a way 'd that was something presidential and what happens now is what i think of is that a fact back to this. these really a group. was very clever to see immediately 2 days ago why struggling and fighting in the front of an in
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a that big wheel not. withdraw from. the. politics of the work that's in there will not redraw with from the tree border area which minute they will continue to back. to work with the french who are. inside and to just to show that the jews there be. it is not the only possible and that would friends this was make and so this was the french watch is and will not be the death of a just living will not be a base of year it goes on that and as a matter of fact he was very weak in his country. the. people where posing him who would leap even if he says he won election but he knows and the
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people of serbia knew that he has lost part of his grip over the country. so that we will find out exactly how he died because this is. isn't a sweat strange. it it doesn't look like an accident so we will find out later by i think the 1st. their 1st reaction yet is in france. but of on the part of those who work with chad is is not very poor they are not very much for the they have it contact already with the rebels. when we come back right after the break we'll look at some of the day's other top stories including this thousands of migrant workers rushed to leave the indian capital ahead of
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a weeklong curfew as a surge in coronavirus cases threatens to overwhelm parts of the country and we take a closer look at the man who's hoping to become germany's next chancellor in september's election. it's time for the perfect gentleman the weather sponsored point qatar airways that is getting stormy now in south america particularly patagonia it's not a big surprise the rain is moving up the coast of chile is producing a significant line here where warm beats cold but to temperature wise we're not doing badly and there ought to be significant showers around the river place anymore all the on shore breeze up through star powers was rio will be in the edge of it is quite cold and often wet but if you're inland you're enjoying the sunshine that's true throughout a good part of south america the seasonal rains are
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a long way noll snow so although you get daily showers in amazonia it's from french gaaner cross towards panama where the line should exist but those showers are particularly heavy having given flooding recently in panama at the moment the trade winds are picking up again so that standard weather a few light showers and small islands and significant rain is potentially there in costa rica but and panama but not much however look back towards guatemalans different story and that sort of linked to this system that goes out through panama on old front and the u.s. it sits where it is for a day or so getting significant rain mostly over the water on the yucatan in the u.s. it's still remarkably cold and that cold air coming south for the plains where even produce some snow as far south as texas. al coverage of africa is what i'm most proud of every time i travel whether it's east to west or people stop me to tell me how much the country and our focus is not
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just on the suffering but also on the more uplifting and inspiring stories people try to tell them what's happening in their communities here and i'm biased and that's an african i couldn't be more proud to be part of. the. color again this is al jazeera here is a reminder of the top stories this hour the army in charge has announced president idriss deby has been killed while visiting soldiers on the front lines had just won reelection and was one of africa's longest serving leaders the army says democratic
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elections will take place following a transition period. more than 20 russian warships have taken part in military exercises in the black sea that's according to russian media the move comes as the u.s. pushes back against moscow's plan to block foreign ships from parts of the black sea for 6 months washington says the move is an unprovoked skill ation and it fears that russia will restrict access to ukrainian ports in the sea of as of that it marks another attempt by moscow to destabilize the country conflict between forces and russia backed separatists in eastern ukraine has been escalating the top diplomat says russia has the port 100000 troops along the border bernard smith is a moscow and has more on russia's military moves. russia says these are military exercises but as the e.u. has pointed out russia has more than 100000 troops on its border with ukraine and is now having these naval and air exercises russia has closed part of the airspace
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over crimea in the black sea until the 244 days from now and from the $24.00 onwards to the end of october it's closing part of the access to the black sea and this includes the carriage straight now this separates eastern you eastern crimea from western russia and there is a treaty between ukraine and russia that gives equal access to the waters through the strait to allow vessels to access ukrainian and russian ports russia is saying that until the end of october the only be access for maritime merchant vessels not the naval vessels a very considerable move taken by russia russia says it's normal to restrict access during. naval exercises but is suggesting that this is closer exercises right until the end of october russia says it's can conduct an exercises but it's clearly an indication and a show of strength yes joe biden has offered lot of mere putin
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a summit that seems to take the threat of an invasion off that's certainly the view here in moscow but russia is still showing saying it's in control of the waters around crimea and is essentially daring ukraine to now or foreign boats to now try and access through that strait that russia says it's going to block from the 24th of this month. bus and train stations in new delhi have been overwhelmed by thousands of migrant workers fleeing the city as a weeklong. goes into effect it's a reminder of a similar exodus during a nationwide lockdown last year reported more than 200000 new cases for a 6th consecutive day and on tuesday reported a record number of deaths from the virus more than a $1700.00 elizabeth purana is a new delhi and she says the government is being urged to provide welfare for migrant workers. government announced on monday that from monday night for one week
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that it was imposing what it called a curfew but one of the restrictions of the same as doing the knock down the nationwide lockdown even last year with people on their homes unless they were what are considered essential services and they're not allowed to leave their homes on this it's to get essential supplies in just hours after those restrictions were announced we have seen thousands of migrant workers people who were who live rather in different states to where they work crowding the streets of the capital crowding and train terminals because they have many of them who are dating and those who once again as they did last year they've lost their jobs they come to afford to pay rent and they want to return home now tenant has pleaded with migrant workers. and tried to assure them that they will be looked after course has asked both the central and state government why we are seeing the
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kinds of pictures we did last year and why they haven't learnt anything in the past year it's also asking the local government to spend $400000000.00 to make sure that a lot of these people these modern flu because the fed now that they have no way to feed themselves as well as the scenes that we're seeing at bus and train terminals we're also seeing migrant workers on the leaving by foot on the border with. station. again because they feel that they have no option. the democratic republic of congo has launched its vaccination campaign after a month long delay health care workers and people above the age of 50 will be among the 1st to receive a job the country's secured one and a half 1000000 astra zeneca doses under the kovacs scheme its rollout was postponed last month because of concerns about rare blood clots reported in other countries armin last curt's has won the support of germany's conservatives in his bid to
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succeed angela merkel as chancellor in september last cats will be the joint candidate for the governing christian democrats party of the christian social union in federal elections later this year angela merkel is stepping down after more than 15 years in power marcus soder had also been vying to lead the center right block but has now conceded the race stephanie decker will join us from berlin to tell us more about this stephanie and more we know about kids. well he's just been speaking now and he came out with a smile on his face it was an uneasy apos to get here debates into the night and certainly senator who you mentioned there had more public support but when it came to the executive of the parties he's now one that it's down to have a vote still time to get official confirmation that he will be the candidate of the c.d.u. and the c.s.u. but briefly to get back to your point who is he while he is the premier of
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germany's biggest state he's been a staunch ally of angola markel throughout his political career he is pro europe he's pro immigration he stood by her certainly when merkel open the borders here in 2015 to hundreds of thousands of refugees that called her a lot of grief he was very much her ally on that but he comes at a time when there are challenges challenges also to him his style is on coronavirus he wanted to open restrictions already last year at a time when it was see this all at the controversial so he's been seen as being a little bit back and forth on that and also at a time when the parts of the alliance is polling very low around 27 percent and this is because of the handling of the coronavirus also because there's been some political fortunes scandals when it comes to some politicians having made money in deals and when it comes to acquiring mosques for the virus they've stood down but certainly it has damaged the alliance really an alliance that's that's that's been at the at the center of german politics since $198091.00 contender is the green
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party they announced their candidate yesterday 40 year old woman and alina bear bought a lot of support there and they're nipping at the heels of this alliance so he's going to have to do some damage control but certainly now that they seem to have agreed on who the man will be that could potentially be germany's next challenge where they can at least focus on the election campaign and try and convince voters that they should remain in power ok thank you so much stephanie tucker. he. the jury in the murder trial of former minneapolis police officer derek chauvin begins its 1st full day of deliberations in a few hours time he's accused of killing george floyd after kneeling on his neck for more of the 9 and a half minutes john hendren has been following the trial in minneapolis. otherwise we are in recess until we hear from the jury in their final words on the most highly charged us civil rights case in decades prosecutors told jurors to trust
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their eyes but for the defendant's actions pushing him down. george later died that day. drugs he just recklessly drive die a drug overdose in that time. maybe it was the tail pipe maybe it was in large part maybe not use your common sense. use your common sense believe your eyes what you saw you saw what the jury saw it was the same 9 and a half minutes the world saw of them minneapolis police officer derrick show been kneeling on george floyd's neck until paramedics carried off his lifeless body in a case that started with an allegedly fake $20.00 bill and ended with protests and riots across the united states prosecutors said the evidence proved children used excessive force choke the life out of floyd and refused to render medical care even
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after he showed no pulse or want to write. and at the time of causing the death the defendant committed or was attempting an assault in the 3rd degree. and that's been proved beyond a reasonable doubt with those being proved in the venue a 2nd degree felony murder the defendant is guilty. the defense argued that show been held floyd face down just as he was trained to. put it mr floyd eminently dangerous. the prone position. consider just the basic proposition people sleep in the prone position people. position. the position the problem position and is not inherently dangerous. proposition during restraint is not an inherently dangerous and. it is routinely trained in the use by the
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minneapolis police the park defense lawyer eric nelson blamed bystanders for chauvinist failure to administer lifesaving c.p.r. saying he felt unsafe and hoping to give jurors enough reasonable doubt for an acquittal he offered a broad array of alternative theories for floyd's death heart trouble drugs even car exhaust we have to analyze this case from the perspective of a reasonable police officer at the precise moment with the talent of the circumstances when it comes to the use of force. in the hands of the jury which is in isolation until they can render a unanimous verdict one reason for sequestering them is to make sure they don't hear news of protesters demanding show vns conviction but with demonstrations across the country it's not clear they won't be able to hear protests from where they're deliberating. deliberations can range dramatically in length in 1902 it
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took 7 days for jurors in the police beating of rodney king to find 4 officers not guilty 3 years later jurors took less than 4 hours to declare o.j. simpson not guilty of murder for show of an end for residents of minneapolis and cities across the u.s. that wait will be filled with anxiety and fear for what comes next john hendren al jazeera minneapolis. have been outside the courthouse demanding conviction be peaceful demonstrations have been taking place as minnesota governor and the mayor of minneapolis call for calm. acknowledged to troops. we cannot allow civil unrest to descend into chaos we must protect life and property but we also must either stand very clearly if we don't listen to those communities in pain and those people on the streets many of whom were arrested are speaking a fundamental truth that we must change we will be right back here again
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the former u.s. vice president walter mondale has died at the age of 93 he served alongside president jimmy carter in the late 1970 s. and 1904 he ran against ronald reagan for the white house becoming the 1st nominee from a major party to pick a woman as his running mates but he lost by a landslide after the clearing he would raise taxes if he won. here's a check of the headlines on al-jazeera the army and child has announced president idriss deby has been killed while visiting soldiers on the front lines that he had just won reelection and was one of africa's longest serving leaders his son general expected to be interim head of state the army has now implemented a curfew and shut borders it says democratic elections will take place following a transition period of
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a morgan has more from chad's capital. president himself went to the frontlines along with top army officials to lead the battle against the group announced later that at least $300.00 were killed and more than $140.00 were captured while the rest fled and were being pursued by the government military now we hadn't heard from. all over the weekend we didn't hear from him yesterday as well on the day that the national electoral commission announced that he had won the election by nearly 80 percent we were expecting to hear a statement from him. to assure his supporters and to basically welcome the results of the national electoral commission that's now will not be happening we know that we just learned from the army that he had sustained injuries during the battles over the weekend and those were the reasons and the bat that the injuries were the reasons why keep us the way the u.s. has described russia's plans to block parts of the black sea to foreign ships for 6
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months as an unprovoked escalation washington says it would be another attempt by moscow to destabilize ukraine bus and train stations in new delhi have been overwhelmed by thousands of workers leaving the city after a week long lockdown went into effect and he has reported more than 200000 new cases for a 6th day the democratic republic of congo has launched its vaccination campaign after a month long delay health care workers and people above the age of 50 will be among the 1st to receive a job the country secured one and a half 1000000 astra zeneca doses under kovacs scheme and after 3 weeks of testimony the jury in the trial of the former minneapolis police officer derrick chauvin has begun its deliberations he's accused of killing george floyd and he faces 2 murder and manslaughter charges. the news hour is at the top of the hour on al-jazeera after the listening post by. revealing
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windy city since to combat threats to our own. is bracing for what could be. some more says exclusive that's right. that's. what keeps. the lower richard burton you're at the listening post where we don't cover the news we cover the way the news is covered here are the media stories we're examining this week brazil covert 19 and the misinformation too much of it comes from the president's office and a consortium of news organizations is out to change the narrative putting a happy face on a genocide a case of colorizing cambodian history gone wrong it was the unlikeliest experiment
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in harnessing the power of online collaboration and it's just turned 20 years old how does wicked pedia do it plus americans aren't just getting vaccinated they're making a big song and dance about this. over 19 deaths in brazil are now at record highs intensive care units are beyond their breaking points hospitals have been overwhelmed but that is not the story that the country's president share your boss or not o. has been telling he remains a stubborn coronavirus skeptic continues to downplay the scale of this pandemic question the science and push misinformation on face masks and now vaccines. faced with a government whose official data they cannot trust some of brazil's largest media organizations have set aside their competitive differences they formed a consortium to counter the president's covert messaging to ensure that brazilians
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get the facts that they need to protect themselves against the virus the president however is undeterred some major media players remain in his corner and he has online platforms at his disposal facebook twitter and whatsapp and quoted where he can continue to spread his covert misinformation our starting point this week is a latin america's biggest media market in brazil. when brazilians turn to the most watched news program in the country plus an aussie go to the news site of choice. or just try to catch up on their favorite football team they get injected with a simple potentially life saving message but. yes to the vaccine. global as a company as did other media companies decided to include in. news. campaign yes. to be against the government itself but to show that we are 4
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sides for all education brokeback saying it is completely specious. t.v. presenters celebrities and the in the very diverse contents of aids received in their. yard to try to people to get next to me to news stream where their conspiracy theories and even some of the government we can receive messages. at least and beat you about the vaccination so that's why every more than 4050000000 residents can see. this campaign going on along with the official figures with numbers. in the country. the pro-vaccine campaign is part of a collective cooperative effort from brazilian media outlets that are usually too
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busy competing with each other to work together last june faced with presidential year both sinatras skepticism of the virus his refusal to face the facts over the dangers of the pandemic those outlets formed a consortium the country's biggest newspaper fully disarm power combined forces with 7 other major news outlets to provide brazilians with the information they were not getting from the federal authorities. job one to get around the ball so not all governments manipulation of the data cases hospitalizations death threats to get to the real numbers the main media outlets. we hope. to get that they don't hear from.
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people who are registering in hospitals or sites. that. the consortium bed was to contact governors and their health secretary in different states and brazil and get the data from them to bear with a database that could be news at any time by any media outlet not depending on the government's desire to talk to the press just grabbed the data from cd and instead of waiting for president also to speak about it. the government's fudging of the numbers it's selective use of the data and timing official news. releases to minimize potentially critical news coverage all contribute to brazil's misinformation. on covert 19 president bolsa not only has made donald trump look like a realist. but i also thought much. of
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it i think what you are he and his supporters on social media have long doubted the dangers of the fight he infamously called it a little flu and has resisted calls for a national lockdown to limit the spread and also not all has taken a similar attack on vaccine once again questioning the expertise of scientists in his own way the fact. that big lot of other country are not now nor has been cited as a member of both can't get a federal law that out to most of you know. or should know. about us that. of course it said jock like you know he spanking that out. states. he works with the facts all the time i. ask all i would say to the chinese facts because these are change in our genes and things like
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but the fact is very clear and the vaccines are safe there is also strong to school was against and sentient distances usually strengths in the false dichotomy between saving the economy or saving her and and social media plays a big guardsman mainly white rich presidents claiming they are protecting you and me go motorcades inside a big mass to protest against social isolation and walk down. the road social media to the president's office he spent more time during his. 2018 election campaign on facebook and whatsapp communicating directly with voters then he devoted to powerhouse broadcasters like globe which is now part of the covert consortium the president does have his backers on the airwaves on channels like
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record and s b t record and. they are the 2nd or 3rd most watched t.v. channels in the periphery and they talk to lower income population after careful to point. out there. is a pretty good record it is mainly a. t.v. channel what they have will be seen a lot so with money from the government for a long time now they are just fulfilling the duty to to make funders happy they are only fine the federal government claiming local parts or. some degree are. really fair of the how much of that gov't. but you know. after the top oxford. and because we had 1st nations
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next year this is very serious because well sinatra answered for his deeds and i wonder how long it's going to take 'd for t.v. channels to notice that you shouldn't be supporting anything that is taking people towards. including some of their own like the s b t news anchor in belo horizonte who had this to say in december when urged by his local mayor to stay home for christmas. i was struck by not knowing now what. he died in january killed by covert. it is far easier to sell doubts about a pandemic and related vaccines than it is to properly informed and that initially gave him some not all and his supporters a leg up on life things have since changed on the social media side of the cause to see. scientists have moved into that space a chill a young body in my got
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a cold and the telly a pastime not have all become household names in brazil finding huge audiences racking up millions of the us what has not changed is the reluctance of social media platforms like facebook and twitter to intervene against misinformation both in our has been a great influencer and social media and when i say a great and i mean a bad actor right he has been using facebook lights the best one every thursday one hour long millions and millions of people watching this. we have researched all his facebook lives and between generally and february he could have been harnessed by facebook at least 29 times for spreading mis and this information regarding coping right once in a while. one of those boards. but
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most of them. he has really free space to say whatever you want they should be a large war there are lots of. them on a daily basis by the president is. a government that refuses to play it straight social media giants that have chosen to shirk their responsibilities and mainstream news outlets that go well beyond holding power to account there are effectively doing the balsa narrow governments job telling brazilians what they need to know journalism doesn't get any bigger than saving lives in a country that has lost far too many. this past week has seen a lot of discussion around the practice of photo colorize ation that's taking black and white still images from the past and restoring them digitally adding color nick
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muirhead has been following a story about a news outlet that's published those kinds of images and landed in hot water that's right say colorizing images has become popular because you can take a photograph that's 100 years old and make it look like it was taken yesterday so it's a powerful tool in terms of bringing history to life last week u.s. news awkward vice published a series by an irish artist named max dockery who specializes in this kind of thing he colorized and restored photos of prisoners from the chemical rouge regime in cambodia that's the brutal dictatorship made by poll parts between 19751979 which killed an estimated 1700000 people but it soon image that rockery had not any kind of eyes the images but it also made it look like the prisoners who are essentially sitting in a death camp he made it look like they were smiling and happy what makes matters worse is that at the time of publication feist didn't disclose that the images had
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been doctored how did cambodians catch on to this was his work just unconvincing well as you can see they are convincing they look realistic but it's not as though the original images were obscure in fact they are on display in a genocide museum in numb pen so combatants figured it out very quickly and they went on social media and they posted the originals alongside the doctored images to show the difference so vasa since taken that article down and they've also taken down a series from last month which also featured lock rhes work this time he categorized and added artificial smiles to a group of female prisoners in australia from the 1920 s. . but cambodia we're talking about a genocide how has laugher re defended his work we haven't seen anything since this is that at the time of publication he gave an interview and he said that that's how you found the images even try to offer up some explanations for why the prisoners
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might be smiling he said that they could be nervous they could be trying to appease their captors but i think what really summed up the feeling in cambodia came from the director of the documentation center of cambodia he called lotteries work a grave injustice to a piece of living history and aust how can you change how to happiness i guess you can try to do it digitally but it won't always work thanks to 20 years ago a website emerged in a quiet corner of the world wide web very few people would have noticed it fewer would have predicted it would ever prove useful to them in the 2 decades since pedia has grown into one of the internet's top destinations the english language site alone averages about 10900000000 visits per day our information universe has grown marred by alternative facts poisoned by conspiracy theories distant from ation so how has a free online encyclopedia built through crowd sourcing open editing and volunteers
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managed to maintain its relevance and preserve its credibility the listening posts monocular ravi now on the inner workings of what could be. generally 5th 2020. a new article 290-2020 china pneumonia outbreak. it's just one new entry in an online encyclopedia that averages 602 new articles every day on its english language site alone that article would grow and its title would change today thousands of edits later buttressed by references to nearly 750 external articles from medical journals to news outlets we could be discovered 1000 page has been viewed 88000000 times it's a perfect illustration of how we keep pedia works someone somewhere starts an
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article and then many minds in multiple countries jump on it adding deleting debating and ultimately defining what we know about a subject. those editors most of whom are anonymous are called. their brand survey. about who these editors are and it turns out it varies quite a bit from a tire in these students to experts to somebody who just had a hobby or someone who came across an article in just the grammar of the sentence a common theme that emerges is their willingness to contribute to something bigger than themselves we compete it has nearly $300000.00 contributors who add to its articles on a monthly basis and we're very invested in this idea of knowledge integrity that information should be accurate and well cited and that can change over time as an example of this our knowledge about this pandemic changed on a daily weekly monthly basis and make a p.d.s.
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open model allowed for us to continue to integrate information updated as it changed in sort of this living record of the world we could p.d.s. english language site is by far the biggest and best known but there are we in 300 other languages there's also we can 80 a multi lingual dictionary data a storehouse of i'm elizabeth databases and we can media commons a library. images videos and music that are free to use all of these are managed by the wiki media foundation a san francisco based nonprofit that has 2 primary sources of funding sizable grants and then down from philanthropy corgan isolations and thousands of small contributions from the public the foundation has around $450.00 paid employees the thousands of other we comedians are all unpaid volunteers. all of that information can be found on we keep media itself but what of the information is inaccurate on
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this page or on any other what if somebody edited the page incorrectly someone who was misinformed or a person with an agenda how do we keep p.b.s. volunteer editors know when something needs their attention we asked one of them has done quite well i'm going to force all features that allow us to track and keep our eye on things we have a recent changes that when you visit in real time you see all the edits that are happening we have people who look at those things and by passing things to fix we also have watched lists where ever there is a particular page you care about and you are interested in keeping our eye on you put it on a watch list so any change that is made to that page you are informed. and there are some specific pages on we could be the year that are particularly prone to being changed the ones on contentious topics like the 2003 iraq war the american
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president who started that war george w. bush scientology i don't fritter abortion and many others but these issues have in common is a huge amount of public interest many conflicting perspectives and they can often trigger furious edit wars with people in different parts of the world adding deleting contesting and reinstating elements in the articles all within the span of just a few hours. what we see on any topic whether we're talking about kashmir or the west bank is really a conversation that pulls people across different perspectives and brings them into negotiation about what are the facts of the case and how do we even describe what is considered controversy l. there are a number of principles that all the editors and contributors are asked to sign on to for example all points of view should be expressed in a reliable and neutral way and they should be honestly represented there should be
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multiple sources of facts and there should be facts about opinions but no opinions expressed themselves as a problem gratian to get some of these things sorted out it's not just left for one person to come like a judge and you know declare was guilty always right and what not usually this fact in point is the policy has someone edited in a way that departs from the guidelines then those conversations thoughts but there is tremendous power in the community of wikipedia editors they have the power to make decisions around what's in and what's out and so what this means in practice is that you don't just get the right to sort of walk into a pedia and write whatever you want on the site you have to learn how the policies of quirky you have to make contributions that are high quality and if someone comes along as a troll who is introducing bad information to the site or what we call vandalism
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the community has the right to just kick you out. vandalism would be completely arranges from the petty such as college kids writing frivolous articles about themselves to more serious misdemeanors like writing lies into biographies uploading shocking images and pages or the rare instances when someone manages to delete an entire article it isn't easy to do but it happened in july 2015 when someone wiped out the entry on donald trump who was then a presidential candidate and left a single line let's be fair nobody cares about him. or strives to reflect the people who use it which is not the same as reflecting society at large so it faces an under presentation problem on its english language site only one out of 5 biographies are about women and just 2 percent of articles about africa a continent that is home to close to 20 percent of the world's population that in large part comes down to the make up of its volunteer editors in 2011
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a survey was conducted across the wikipedia as in various languages 91 percent of the respondents were me ill. the you know it takes someone from a 7 community and 7 country s. and culture of a certain sexual orientation and set in gender back to realize that there is a gap in the knowledge that he or she is going to sue me so if we can pedia does then bring everybody on board those gaps remain in the contents that we have out so it has been important that women are brought on what is more just women in where people from emerging communities all got on board. we make them comfortable enough to end it and yeah basically that problem gets solved why didn't the volunteers is a critical 1st step so we keep an eye on the world a range themed edyta fans meet ups where people interested in specific subjects or
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representing specific groups can come together to understand what and how they can contribute to the p.d.f. we're just trying to make it known that there should be more women who are involved in editing with a p.d.f. but also the content should reflect a larger population which includes. the remarkable thing about wikipedia is how much of it is not controversial how much of it is just basic history that everybody agrees upon that used to be difficult and burdensome to go find answers to some simple questions but this is pretty easy think about it billions of people have access to information now that amazing that wasn't possible. 2 decades ago. when you came along at the right time in the early days of the internet and this idea of free knowledge for all proved to be something that was really compelling and access to factual information presented without bias that can be
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critical of power is something quite radical and so we compete is both a tool in our pockets and we don't necessarily think much of and it's also something that is truly powerful radical act in defense of free information and in defense of this idea that we should all be able to access what we need in order to understand the world around us. and finally humankind is about one week away from a vaccination milestone 1000000000 coronavirus vaccine doses administered worldwide mind you that only represents full vaccination for about 6 percent of the global population and even that is concentrated in a handful of rich countries large parts of asia and africa still have no access to the vaccine the u.s. is moving fast at the start of 2021 just one percent of americans have been vaccinated today that figure stands at 58 percent and president biden aims to get
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all americans at least one dose by the beginning of may he has a lot of skeptics on his hands though who will need convincing for some americans like singer and satirist randy rainbow herd immunity cannot come quickly enough with the next time you're at the listening posts. you now say we'll have enough supply for every adult to be vaccinated by me does this mean i can go to cancun for spring break with ted cruz to get out well are you saying that. mr. down. to. 0. volts.
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we know what's happening in our region we know how to get the plague is that others
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and i was just i don't. buy the put it on purpose that fires there's no more normative. the way they tell the story isn't what can make a difference. this is 0. you're watching the news hour live from headquarters in doha i'm doubting you know coming up in the next 60 minutes childs army says president idriss deby has died of injuries suffered while visiting soldiers on the front line and his son an army general will be interim leader. western nations tell russia to stop threatening ukraine and warning against moscow's plan.

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