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tv   Women Make Science From The Lab To The Field  Al Jazeera  April 16, 2021 2:30am-3:01am +03

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that where because the show is one of the countries that it's been mostly affected by this crisis very much due to the president also not who's been one to let's end it from the very beginning so those images are important however i also think these images that is bring a bit more hope and maybe it's you know it's kind of showing the other side of it or maybe showing a way out of it i think with an image that comes to compassion hope solo darity chip reid shows a way out of this crisis it at least it's it's it might be a path and that's also what i want to tell with this image that yes we are and to mend as a crisis but there's also a way out of it and that is by. protecting one another protecting the people we love protecting other people and standing together.
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results there are these the top stories u.s. president joe biden has called on russia to deescalate tensions after him post sanctions against moscow for alleged election interference in cyber attacks biden insists there's still room for the 2 countries to work together i was clear with president putin that we could have gone further but i chose not to do so to be i chose to be proportionate united states is not looking to kick off a cycle of school nation in conflict with russia we want a stable predictable relationship russia continues interfere with our democracy i'm prepared to take further actions to respond it is my responsibility as pretty united states to do so the former policeman accused of murdering george floyd has decided not to testify at his trial there are children invoked the 5th amendment the right to remain silent as the defense rested its case closing arguments and jury deliberation are expected on monday. officials have released body cam footage
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of a chicago police officer facially shooting a 13 year old boy last month shows an under unidentified officer running after adam to an alleyway in the early hours of the morning a teenager appeared to raise his hands right before a shot was fired. brazil's supreme court has confirmed its decision to a no criminal convictions against former president over last month the court ruled that luke was not treated fairly in a series of corruption investigations is now eligible to run in next year's election against the current president. francis coronavirus death toll has surpassed 100000 making it the 8th country to reach that number it's been struggling to contain and you are break 1st with localized lock downs and now with a national one. of the headlines i'll have more news for you here on al-jazeera right after women make science. it's a very bleak picture for
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a lot of americans out there white supremacy in fact all of our youth if you're putting more money into the hands of someone 1st taking money out of the hands of other workers their own goes to their camp it becomes us versus them this is the deal about constraining your nuclear program the bottom line the big questions on out is the era. when i was working in oxford which ends in my career it was really a pinnacle moment my mother was very proud. but you know. what do you think. you can do it in 1020 is how is it going to help
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anybody to improve the lives of the people that live in our village. of. is a wonderful. time for me because i have seen the other side of what i didn't imagine much in the oratory and what is even more exciting is that i've seen you apply i researched on in africa. something i couldn't imagine you when i was 25. some by. my name is sheila. i was born in nigeria i studied medical biochemistry and then went on to do a ph d. in plant biochemistry. i did some stock troll work in oxford at the institute of viral ajeet and environmental microbiology. and i specialized on
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a system called the bacula virus expression system which is a methodology that used to genetically modify viruses. about time i went to university i sell really prepared for the world and then i realized perhaps i was i wasn't quite as. gender dynamics i didn't understand it i'm 18 years old i mean the university the idea that people had that women couldn't do things was shown to me because i'd never been in an environment where people just thought as a woman you're less than me just didn't make any sense to me. after i married and had children. i really wasn't interested in going back to
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science because it was just too difficult. i was fortunate that my ex-husband actually had studied women in development and he said you know the statistics number one of women who get to do ph d. like any women in the u.k. is like 1st of all at that times that it's 6 percent they do ph d. male or female of the population and over how many of them are women it's less than half it's probably like 10 percent over that how many of them african you actually have to go back i realise that i wanted to do more in community work so right now i'm working a lot with the un environment and an environment to work with different agencies. the big sign to fix. our time is climate change climate change
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and hard effects us in so many ways. in africa the discourse the conversation is around adapting to climate change. african countries and developing countries basically not because of climate change per se but they're the ones suffering the most from the impact so how the conversation in climate changes is developed countries must mitigate reduce their emissions and african countries must adapt. so with climate change a number of scientific lines of inquiry but i would say in terms of what we are interested in some of the creatures that we've worked with it's to do with climate
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change and health. climate changes cause malaria epidemics to be more prevalent malaria cholera all of these things that have to do with the ecosystem changing so now you're looking at how climate change is affecting the disease. disease outbreaks and how now the system can adapt better. to syria strategically important in the western region of kenya because it borders lake victoria and the lake is very important because it borders uganda tanzania kenya i'm all of those communities living around there are living off the resources of the lake and the lake is being rapidly degraded. so getting communities to understand how they're all impacting each other is an important part of the work we're doing in getting people to
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understand what ecosystems are and also what they can do to restore their lives. this is the smaller now. that the other one is bigger and if you please like they just fry how much they kill we particularly decided to work with women because we understand how women very quickly see the big picture of their work and their position in community. but in the bigger frame how do we get women who are farming in different parts of the lake to understand. how pesticides can run off into the lake and affect the livelihoods of women on the other side who are fishing how do we connect these groups to begin to understand the impact. and how do we then connect the factories that are. polluting the lake to understand what a devastating impact it is to the community that they are living in so everybody
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that's working around there. has an impact and has a responsibility. to . kisumu is a county that adopted me when i came back to. kenya in 20142015 so it's a county that i feel very close john very personally invested in the future soon.
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so one of the projects that we're involved in working on and going to increasingly put our resources and energy is the water hyacinth project in kissimmee. it's important that communities understand the science that affects them and so when we look at communities like kisumu. which is very much impacted by a pest on the lake. when communities are not empowered to help to understand that system they can't make decisions or you know come on. ya want one when you don't need you more to me and. madge you are very. you know come on i know you go into our you know view on that. you can. you live on a. higher one and one was a world of money management
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a lot of the you know you know i work with. a man i was born in a place like this in nigeria. i study science because when i was growing up as a child i was very interested in sex and i would play by the river so i was curious about the natural world scientists are studying science and i became a scientist then one day i came back to my mother and i said to her old look i'm in a magazine see me this is my work they're talking about the work that i'm doing and she said it is good my daughter it is good but how is this work that you are doing here going to relate to the people back home so when she asked me that question i didn't have an answer. what is it that we can do to transform the lives of women and we were looking at everything the city health agriculture
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all the different sectors what kind of science can we bring to make a difference to the lives of everyone in the city. we have to bring anything we have learned from anywhere and planted where we can have effect and with people that we love so as we move we must all move to get it to a better future because that is what we want for ourselves and our children and by god's grace i have the time we reach 2030 those see a different piece in this canyon after. this really touches my heart working with women across the lake who harvest the water hyacinth because the work that i was doing from ph d. on was looking at past we are looking at how to help people manage
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pests better so that they can enhance their livelihoods. there was a lot of what i asked in but because. the moment you start seeing long grass. coming out of it that you know it's the life cycles coming to and so that is a time it is a yes it sinks to the bottom of the water within no time again it's the water body . what the women were able to do is to understand that although it's a pass they can harvest it in the same way as they harvest some of the pirates and all the other resources there and that they can use it to make products and over time they've begun to make more more sophisticated products and they've begun to open up markets for high end goods. and.
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i can see this growing as the machinery to mold bigger products comes but it starts with the women going out on to the late getting the water hyacinth relieving it into threads and very manually developing the road gets made into the product. so when i got involved with the water hyacinth project and began to see what they were doing. it came to me was like wow just moving from west to profit really it's just a very simple trajectory. when we went into the community to talk to the women they had formed into a collective which had a name in the world which was we're fighting away poverty that was the name of the group but now this time when we went in asked them the name of the group they said
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you know where now the women who live under the shade and honestly i nearly cried because that really shows the transformation of our community they renamed themselves they were like you no longer chasing poverty we have a livelihood we're living under the shade we're no longer suffering from the harshness the wind vironment we figured out how to make this and this is who we now are and that was the most mission and. so on the 8th of march international women's day we formally launched now a the network of africa women environmentalist to showcase african women environmentalist of all different levels and how they can be brought to help the ecosystems restoration agenda. from.
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the. word over yeah the other ladies are waiting sure we're going meet them yes let me just put this here and then we'll get a brilliant brilliant let's let's just grab it and then let's get you all the big ok. so you know welcome back yes this is exciting i need to introduce you saw this is the head of our africa office here at u.n. environment and this is leading our energy work on the african continent and janet who is the head over our gender program here and i don't have to have a moment yes yes yes she was at the launch of mao indeed it just happened that on the 1st of march the united nations through the government will salvador put together
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a resolution which was passed on the 1st of march for the year when decade on eco system restoration and we know how much land on this continent is degraded you know how many women are suffering so this decade is now 2021 through 2030 the last 10 years of the sustainable development goals one of the things we found and rabbit of governance is that women are not at the decision making we might see that women are the ones who are in touch with their environment because of the work they do a daily basis but in terms of disease should be king they are not there because they feel the brunt of the decision by very. down upon disadvantage one of the areas of focus and not was a waste of climate change this is a story everywhere i think interface between all these fundamental point this is a sea and this is that but it's a zillion words and it. looked exactly and i think for us part of our thinking around the network on african women environmentalists was what we've just discussed
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looking at the political element. which i think was so important and also looking at the realities what is the reality in in women who live it's going to take off doing more and it have to reach the connection have to go all the way to the ground we have to feel the impact and so but she has been able to mediate the steps of bringing you wonderful ladies on board because she's been a champion for it and to get women that are truly committed to it because it's different for every women that just have positions with women that have heart in it and i have good news for now is in a score told me in that they're whining for. a couple more women scientists were ours is her. thing this will not our last meeting this is just this is. very. very. very soon i think really having
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a. society comes together in the governance system and then the science is one aspect of it you see the beautiful in climate change because you look at the climate change agreements or not and how countries agreed to reduce emissions hopefully the science tells you that this is impacting our vironment and negative ways it is causing is exacerbated climate change hopefully that makes the political decision makers say therefore we will close these factories therefore we will do this differently but the trigger the initiated the propeller is the political will of the top so. the best science in the world most of it a lot of it is left on the shelf because there's not the political will and even in something like climate change as we have seen the last of political will could mean we lose this battle. i want to
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become a transformative scientist so that everything that i apply myself to brings about a transformational impact that is visible and in my lifetime. by bringing women in around particular landscapes and ecosystems together how do we improve that landscape and restoring a lot of the. farms and. rural africa i've left because young people who want to buy life they don't want to farm they it's no longer cool the profits are low they want to go to the city and they've better lives so you're finding a lot of degraded land because nobody's tending to it we are looking at what kinds of farming opportunities are there for young people that are attractive
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that are the profit margins are high that can be done somewhat remotely in that you know this is not high intensive farming doesn't need machinery and is organics. so one of the crops that is doing very well this chair wow this is incredible yeah this is where it happened is that the magic happens you know what i think is festival what i'm really excited about is that you have restored this landscape that was just going to seed and that this not only restored the landscape that it is productive notching the soil and starting a whole new incredible i think for centuries business yeah it's amazing so you just pull the whole thing and then you i don't know what the young people who left went to the city and the struggling because they're not as many opportunities as they
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had seen and now remembering that their fathers and mothers have land not far away in the rule areas so a number of them makes increasingly women are beginning to hire local farmers to plant years seeds. all of the world and interestingly enough in kenya the profit margins are really high so just cut it. and yeah that's right. wow how unfun they're actually examine that actually are really good this time every time i have i think we need to bring a group of women to harvest and make something of it so perhaps like a demonstration farm bring them they harvest receipts we talk about what we can do restoring landscapes and this is our now we can begin to grow with young and i was talking about the hair on a good story yeah. we
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are in the 1st generation that our children have west opportunities it has. and now even with climate change they say you came here he enjoyed yourselves you live in the planet you left us nothing. each generation has gotten it's a gift and we have this generation. passionate about the environment. so that's why i'm saying we are going to have like a forest island where you had the plate so you can follow me and then you place dead trees. in the home that we can for planting of them i mean what does it
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take to make a transformation we can mount measuring if we could work hard to make sure many of those goals that empower women empower children come to be the picture that people have when they heads of africa will transform it can't it's an easy thing it cads other countries have done it ok. within a generation you can transform outcomes to take certain things and i pray that i will be part of that and that my children who were born in the u.k. and come back will be able to say well you know i might just move to africa because it's really great you know has many opportunities and it's got great weather great people great opportunities to build a life. there
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and as mine is old and i went to london and i went to primary school i remember i was playing in the playground i was being bullied because i looked so different. and they would laugh at me and be like ok from africa live on treason. and i remember how shocked i was that they would they would speak about the place that i loved and that i missed so much they gave me all of my identity in such derogatory terms that they could not understand the beauty the power the opportunities that i got from those 9 years and that moment i said to myself in my head when will be the day that i won't have to make so many explanations because it will be obvious how his child beautiful how
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glorious we are all of us on this planet not just africa. we are just one species on this planet just one. we happen to be the most destructive hold a species let's be clear this particle survived with or without us we can destroy ourselves and have an end to show that many planets out there that are uninhabited. so that's how little humanity asked to a significant you become extraordinary are a given in thinking that you're not just one species in fact insects will still be
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here where that's all going. let's be humble let's begin to. be better stewards of the gifts that we've been given. to. al-jazeera who is beneath the waves with a team of women determined to save the job friends we all share the same with my severely limited means something during a project that made me using a variety of scientific techniques to study their behavior we can monitor them for their vocal photos and behavior were able to how they're adapting to their new environment women make science dolphin sanctuary on al-jazeera.
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thank you when the covert 19 undemocratic iran. a filmmaker cut the drift from his crew began documenting life under lockdown a move on growing international sanctions. and intimate portrayal of isolation in one of the world's least understood countries coronavirus locked down iran people in power on a. ready for another perspective listen to the take al-jazeera is flagship news podcast with malaysia bailout or discover hindsight and original docu drama podcast a new writing by charles dons the famous i'm game for most of politics and culture
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