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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  April 7, 2021 6:00pm-7:01pm +03

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it's almost 1500 hours g.m.t. coming up 10 am in minneapolis in the united states we have been watching live coverage of day 8 of the derrick chauvin murder trial we've been hearing from sergeant jody steger from the los angeles police department on minneapolis but he has been there testifying as an expert there is on the use of force and the role it played in brings the death of george floyd's. top of the hour right now hello i'm kemal santa maria thanks for being with us for this news hour on al-jazeera we will return to minneapolis shortly but the other developing news in the past hour has been the reports on the oxford astra zeneca coded 19 vaccine delivered by both british and european medical authorities will start with europe 1st of all where they have found a court possible link between the astra zeneca vaccine and a rare blood clotting disorder however the regulators insist the benefits of the shot far outweigh the risks
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a handful of people out of tens of millions who've been given the job developed the life threatening thrombosis there is poor 2 cases of unusual blood clotting following vaccination with the astra zeneca vaccine should be listed as possible side effects of the vaccine based on the current available evidence specific risk factors such as age gender or previous medical history of catching disorders have not been able to be confirmed as the rarest and bends are seen in all ages and in men and women. so that's the european medicines agency which still says all age groups can use the vaccine in the u.k. though the health regulator is taking a different stance it says under thirty's we'll be offered an alternative to astra zeneca if it's available if an alternative is available i should say experts
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emphasize the side effects were extremely rare and the people who have received the 1st dose should take the 2nd on 20000000 i think given out already to the british public you. know effective medicine or vaccine is without risk and with vaccines more complex than usual because the benefits can be to people other than the individual taking the vaccine well the clinical trials of vaccines allow us to assess relatively common effects very rare effects only detected when a vaccine is used at scale on a large enough number of people and that is why the u.k. has a careful monitoring systems in place and these monitoring systems are now detecting a potential side effect of the covert 900 facts in astra zeneca in an extremely small number of people so here's the team on the story jonah hall in london be with you shortly journey to talk about the u.k. reaction starting with and. in paris different approaches there as you often see
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between. the e.u. and the u.k. take us through the europeans and exactly what are they suggesting should be done going forward. well the message from the european medical agency is that the benefits of the astra zeneca vaccine far outweigh the risks and what they mean by that is that the risks of covert 19 to most people are far greater than the risks by having an astra zeneca vaccine now what the may said was that yes they did find some links between the astra zeneca vaccine and certain very unusual blood clots but these blood counts were extremely rare we were given some figures where we were told that more than 30000000 people had had the astra zeneca vaccine in the european union and in the u.k. and out of that many people only 160 people had actually experienced forms of these
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very rare blood clots so the n.e.m.a. is saying look this vaccine needs to continue to be used however people should be aware of this stream really rare risk it should be listed as a side effect both health workers and the public should know about it when they go to get the vaccine so that in the 2 weeks that followed their their dose their 1st or 2nd dose they can look out for any alarming symptoms nevertheless the big message is continue to use this vaccine because we are in a phase where so many countries in the european union are battling a 3rd way is there a question and answer over repeat ational damage already being done i'm trying to imagine someone in europe going to get their back seen saying it's an astronomical one and thinking oh i don't really want that. you know it's an enormous problem so much damage has been done by the negative publicity all
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the conflicting information about the astra zeneca vaccine over the past few weeks and months last year we saw last month i should say we saw several european union countries including france germany amongst them suspending their use of the astra zeneca vaccine whilst the european medical agency looked into it further yemen at that time again also giving it a green light saying look these but clouds are extremely rare but the damage really has been done because we see the public opinion opinion poll suggesting that many people across the european union all worried about the astra zeneca vaccine here in france about 60 percent opinion polls suggest of people don't want it in fact even as recently as just a few days ago the weekend several vaccine centers in the north of france had to close for a few days because they had doses of astra zeneca and nobody wanted to take them and that really is the problem and that's going to be the real battle for
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governments and that is how to try and convince the public that this vaccine is safe that is those those benefits do outweigh the risks it's a huge challenge thank you natasha but in paris and now over to london john a whole. similar language extremely rare very rare is what everyone is saying both the british and the europeans but the british seem to be taking that further step and saying we will take some action on this. yeah i mean i think in that sense the 2 approaches are not really dissimilar these agencies both in the u.k. and the european union are as you say saying very broadly similar things but if anything the u.k. regulated is taking a rather more cautious approach as it moves ahead with the vaccine rollout so the quote here was that the balance of risk is still very favorable for the vast majority of the population and you heard june right in the head of the mh ira in the introduction there making the point that no effective medicine or vaccine is
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entirely risk free and these very rare side effects may only come to light when a product is used a brand new product is used at scale effects that may not be detectable at the clinical trial stage and they certainly are being used at scale here the astra zeneca jet 20000000 doses have been done in the u.k. so far 79 cases of this particular rare blood clot have been detected and 19 people have died those a new number substantially higher than the numbers we had before those are deaths across all age groups 3 of the 19 under 30 which is flagged up at under 30 group as of being as being at some particular risk of 4 per 1000000 people it's an infinitely small percentage chance rigorous review undertaken they said while there is a strong possibility of a causal link more work is required and that note of caution going one step further than the a.m.a. the regulator is saying that people under 30 should now they are in line for the
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jab they haven't had their jab yet should now be offered an alternative if one is available and if that individual is healthy and not subject to the adverse effects of covina because of other preexisting conditions so you know the benefits outweigh the risks they're saying here but proceeding with caution particularly with regard to groups that made me feel increased risk of this particular. credibly. i think i'm right in saying journal that turner started its rollout in the u.k. today coincidentally. does that mean now more pressure on that company and alternatives because the astra zeneca vaccine really was i think i heard hala saying this earlier but backbone of the whole european vaccine rollout. well more pressure as as much as pressure under the circumstances can be applied the issue of supply has always be the the one thing that dependence that the
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success of the road that depends on and this country now has a shorter much shorter supply that's present a good coming up in fact that had to delay jobs to the under 50 year old group through april they may only get their jobs now in may yes a 3rd vaccine has now come online load ernet but there are a finite quantities of that far fewer coming into the country or expected than had previously been the case with astra zeneca so that the road that may well slow down for a variety of reasons may be that there is some increased hedges hesitancy towards the astra zeneca vaccine it may be that the other vaccines may have to do a bit more heavy lifting in the end supply was determined the overall effect. jonah hill reporting from london there on the news of the astra zeneca vaccine in the news conference ongoing in london right now that's jonathan ventana the deputy
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chief medical officer explaining how the u.k. is reacting to concerns over that vaccine it's looking at your interests. we go to minneapolis the murder trial of former police officer derek sherman now into its 8th day prosecutors of course argue in that show been murdered george floyd by kneeling on his neck on more than his 9 minutes in the past hour the court has been hearing from a police officer an expert in the use of force by police right now we are on cross-examination and from the defense attorney eric nelson who's speaking to jodi steger the l.a.p.d. police sergeant who's giving his expert opinion on the use of force is where. we have to take into account security yes we have to take into account the safety and security of our police are all. nurse yes we have to take into account the public's safety yes we have to take into account the location generally speaking is this
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a high crime moderate term or a low crime or right yet a 3rd into account. we have to take into account the specific location meaning and i in a middle of a busy intersection where buses and cars are driving by or my in someone's yard backyard yes. we have to take into account deescalation possibility yes so you've seen and you discussed a little bit yesterday the minneapolis police department i'm sorry we can take this to. the minneapolis police department's critical decision making not. you believe we discussed this but you reviewed that yes and you understand what an officer is supposed to do is kind of go through this cycle process taking information. assessing the risk the 3rd deciding is it lawful for
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me to do this how do i react ultimately with the goal of keeping everybody safe right yet is a pretty standard thing to react continually reassess as you're using force reassessment is. a specific tool yes and that's common to police officers yes sir. you have to take into account that sometimes. incidents or interactions with a citizen are benign at best they're not not not risky in any sense. but the bat not risky situation can very quickly become a very risky situation or it. and there are certain circumstances that officers they walk into knowing that this could be
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a higher risk situation. yes depending on the nature of the call that so for example domestic assault calls have a high risk to an officer. like a robbery or just like a robbery being a shooting lots of situations that officers are expected to go into they go into with a heightened sense of aware. and sometimes an officer will walk into a situation have no sense of rest or no sense of concern but they have to prepare for the unexpected agreed i would agree with that based on my training and experience most officers once who put the uniform on only respond to a call we all know that there's a risk factor we just don't know what level depending on the very. very of the call so every single time an officer responds to
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a call there is an inherent risk correct that's the nature of police residence and an officer has a reasonable officer has to be prepared for that risk level to change. that's what we use tactics. now again one of the things that officers have to take into consideration is their department's policy is and you would agree would you not that every single use of force policy that many up us has has some form of what's called a qualifier meaning if it's reasonable or if it's safe or if it's tactically proper right yes so all of the analysis has to depend upon the safety of practicality and in some certain in certain circumstances tactics. in certain circumstances or. in most cases the objective reasonable this of actual
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force. and when we look at the use of force we don't look at the use of force in a vacuum do we know we do not we should not. seen some agencies that's all they focus on is that actually use of force but when i do my analysis i look at the totality of circumstances meaning i look at the tactics as well as the subject actions during the whole entire incident. and because it's a totality of the circumstances analysis we need to and it's objective we reasonable based on the facts of this particular case correct correct and so we need to look very closely at all of the facts indicate in assessing whether or not the use of force was reasonable or great. so let's talk about the facts of this case you understand that officer shriven was the initial officer dispatched of this
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. yes' and that that dispatch ultimately. what's called the sector car took over the call and officer chauvin was no longer. respond great he was known to the primary and it's reasonable for a police officer to rely upon. information here she receives from dispatch correct and so you understand that in this particular case dispatch advised the officers that the suspect was still on scene correct correct that it was a priority one response call correct that means get there quick write code 3 get there with lights and sirens right i don't know the exact code for minneapolis p.d. but believe believed then. and that the suspect was $6.00 to $6.00 and a half feet tall. and that he was possibly under the influence correct right so it's reasonable for an officer to rely upon that information in response to
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a call yes and then they can confirm that they can confirm it but it also sets the stage right we're talking about the inherent risks yes so it's much different how a police officer or a reasonable police officer would respond to an intoxicated large person versus the smaller person who's just a little crappy friday. in some cases yes of seen small people put up bigger fives than bigger people so it's reasonable for a police officer to be in a heightened sense of awareness based upon the information they receive from dispatch agreed agree now alternately you understand that under the facts of this case. officer chauvin was dispatched a 2nd time cracked. and that's because the dispatcher heard that officers were taking someone out of the car. yes and so let's just kind of stop there for
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a 2nd when you. consider the fact that this was a forgery or a counterfeiting car and you don't expect to use force in that type of a situation wouldn't normally expect but now you hear dispatch. send you on an emergency basis to the wrist to the scene because officers are using force they took somebody out of the car taken one of the cars on the surveys force the you would have you listen to the dispatch of this the audio of the dispatch of this case of leaves of a need and the testimony of the 911 operator was that she heard screaming in scuffling or some sort of a noise that prompted her to dispatch a 2nd car. i didn't hear her testimony. but officers they do
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hear they get the radio traffic right this they do hear all of the communication amongst all of the officers right and it's reasonable for an officer to rely on that information. and if you are an officer and you hear a scuffle on the radio you hear we're taking one now and you get dispatched code 3 or in an emergency situation it's reasonable for an officer to come in with a heightened sense of alertness and where absolutely and you would expect that right yes you've responded to these calls i'm sure thousands of time yes. so now you have an ex an officer reasonable officer would have a heightened sense of concern about this. correct.
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so an officer showed an arrived at 817 and 23 seconds. knew that some degree of force was being used because of what he heard on the dispatch presumably correct correct. he knew that other officers were there yes he knew that he was being dispatched to back up a situation as he knew that the individual suspect was possibly impaired. yes based on the dispatch and he knew that he was 6 to 6 feet tall $6.00 to $6.00 and a half feet yes. and so when an officer showed an arrived on scene he had a certain amount of information that a reasonable police officer can rely on in forming his or her next steps yes
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and when he arrived he observed mr ford and 2 officers tracked trip at the backseat of the squad car correct correct and what you described as mr ford actively resisting their attempts to put him into the back seat yes at that point according to the model they use of force continuum officer show and feel radically based on what he saw active resistance he could have come up and dry stun them or taste i would be within the active resistance struggling use of force. yes. you didn't do that right no it did not because sometimes an officer has to back down in their use force right in certain situations that a reasonable officer who comes on scene based with all of the information that he has at that particular time. comes into the scene sees to all their police officers
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struggling with an actively resisting person. it's reasonable for that officer to assist his fellow officers in their efforts. and you observed the squad or to the body camera footage of the struck right yes i did. and you would agree that from the time officer show then gets on scene into the time that mr floyd is preowned on the ground mr ford was actively resisting efforts to go into the backseat of the squad yes or and the officers were reasonable in their use of force in their attempt to get him into the back of the squad car or grid a greater. now
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in this context mr ford was saying certain things as he was being attempted to be put into the back of the squad yes you recall him at that point saying things like i'm not a bad guy yes do you remember him saying i have covert yes or i just got over the years you remember him saying at that point i can't breathe yes. he was saying to the police officers at that point i can't breathe yes as he was actively resisting their efforts to put him into the squad car because now again in the course of your career and in the course of your. training experience and all of the contacts that you've done have you ever had somebody safe to you to attempt to bargain with you to avoid being harassed or arrested yet as sort of like hey man i'll do what you want as long as i don't have to go to jail. yes or
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somebody may be fighting and they may agree to stop fighting with you through a bargaining process right saying if i get to sit on the curb i will stop fighting yes sir. have you ever had a person feign a physical ailment as you attempted to arrest them. yes sometimes people will say i'm having a heart attack or i think i'm having a heart attack don't take me to jail take me to that. yes. and it's fair to say that the vast majority were i should say the vast majority it's fair to say that one of the things that an officer has to do in the assessment of the reasonableness of his use of force is take into consideration what the suspect is saying and how he's acting yes 100 percent so if somebody is saying i can't breathe and they're passing out and they're not resisting that's one form
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of analysis yes because the actions of the suspect are consistent with the verbal otter and says he's making right because other times in this particular case when mr ford was initially saying that he couldn't breathe he was actively resisting arrest and initially when he was in the backseat of the vehicle yes and in fact he was using his legs to push back and to use his body weight to against the officers right yes and at 1.3 minneapolis police officers were attempting to get him into the back seat of the squad car from the passenger side of the car correct credit they were not able to do so. and in your report you described it as when the futility of their efforts became clear i think was the term. i can recall
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is a network maybe idea or if you disagree with it refresh your recollection to review your report yes absolutely. earlier this year. with that. yes it does. what you wrote was when the futility of the 3 officers continuing their efforts
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forcibly to see floyd in the squad backseat became clear. as it put him on the ground in the prone position. that is. so again just in this context of. assessing what someone is saying a subject an arrestee a saying in comparison to their actions you're also making assessments of their physical characteristics officer should be observing what physical characteristics a person is to agreed yes so and you're analyzing that against what you a person sets how they're acting so somebody if you ask are you consuming. what did you take what drugs are you on and they deny that they're on drugs but there is physical evidence to suggest to the contrary it's
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a consideration an officer asked me right as and in this case officers asked mr white repeatedly what kind of drugs he was using yes you've had an opportunity to review the body worn cameras and you've seen sort of a white substance forming around mr ford's mouth yes and be consistent in your experience with someone who's possibly using controlled substances. is it common in your experience for people who have been using drugs or alcohol to deny if they have used drugs or alcohol yes it's on it's. kind of the proverbial drunk driver i haven't had anything officer and. i've had 2 beers people have a tendency to minimize what they have conceal is. now
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you have testified as i understand your testimony that once that the officers putting mr floyd into the prone position was initially a reasonable use of force yes and you're familiar with the swarm technique. where multiple officers are on top of a resisting saas suspect trying to control the extremities right yes typically that was done prior jean coffee but that once you're putting someone into one someone is hand cost right there in the ground a person who is in handcuffs can continue to be a 1st agree yes they can kick you credit they could bite you they could thrash and get free and start running. in this is yes and in certain instances
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they can even get your weapon yes they could get your gun from you even though they're handcuffed yes so the notion that an handcuffed suspect no longer presents a threat to an officer is not correct it depends on the circumstance. i handcuff suspect can continue to present arrest based on a person's actions yes and so once you're in a have a suspect in the problem possession and they continue to kick it may require more force than if they were complying yes that's what we have devices like the hollow. now initially during this. instant you would agree that mr ford
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continued to make certain protestations about this inability to brief right yes and he was saying lots of other things like that he was in pain and that he was hurting cracked. and an officer a reasonable officer they need to communicate with each other right as a reasonable officer is going to rely on information that his fellow officer tells him yes a reasonable officer again is going to take into consideration what the suspect is saying right yes and compare that against the actual yes.
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and a point during the. exchange initially. rio officers are going to kind of talk in figure out what's going to happen next right they say yes what has just happened right why are we involved here what's going to happen next and you can sometimes take time to formulate options and decision yes. in the scene of an arrest. even even just in the immediate kind of our wingspan that can be very chaotic right because people can be talking to each other people can be talking over each other right yes. the suspect may be saying
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something's right because bystanders may be saying some things. in the chaos it's easy to miss some facts right. depending on the severity of what's going on. i'd like to publish part of the body worn camera it's officer king's body worn camera starting at. 202101. 0 yes if you. like you to see if you can tell me what mr floyd says in this instance. he was just. here where he said i can make you know. does it sound like he says too many drugs
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listening or. do you. know. so in the chaos of a situation things can be messed right yes. you would agree that mr at one point during the exchange mr floyd was advised that he was under arrest right. in fact that happened a couple of times yet is now at the point they have. mr floyd on the ground you would agree and you're aware that officers called for e.m.'s yes it's reasonable for an officer to call us yet as depend if there is an injury or some money or complaint of injury or some discomfort.
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and you understand that in this particular instance very shortly after mr floyd was on the ground officers called for us yet as they called 30 or is. it to his face or mouth injury and they call that in the called in a non emergent situation. and that it happened at 1049 seconds code 2 e.m.'s for him for a mouth injury. and this occurred at the point when officers were discussing whether or not to use the hobble restraint on mr ford yes and ultimately officers did not use the hobble restraint correct. a hobble restraint would generally require officers to consider calling him us.
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according to minneapolis police policy at least for the may be different in other jurisdictions. so as officers are discussing and ultimately they decide you agree that they decide not to use the hobble device. and we talked a little bit earlier about the deescalation component of things. a decision to use or to not use a higher form of force that you may have been authorized to use can actually be a deescalation technique. certain this is. so officers making a decision not to increase the level of force can be viewed as a deescalation fact yes.
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now again we talked a lot about the need for reassessment of things as they come along and. reassessment. and officers need to continue to take in information process it figure things out right yes. they have to as a part of that process continue to attempt to deescalate right yes would you agree that an officer saying things like relax take the take a deep breath you know that's a way of trying to calm somebody. yes if it's not going with other actions i mean you can say relax calm down if but if you punch in somebody's death i'm going to let someone i think own them right but if you have someone restrained and
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they're complaining i can't breathe but they're speaking they're still moving they're still talking. you may say hey man relax calm down take a deep breath we're going to be right as a way of reassuring that person we've we've got. yes that you're listening you're. you can understand what they're trying to communicate. and ultimately again officers in this reassessment process in this case reassessed the need for him for a quicker e.m.'s response right. after i believe their initial. call for the injury then they. they asked for a quicker response and it's stepping it up i guess is the question is the quote right they increased the priority of the call from a code 2 to a code 3 which in minneapolis means get here with your lights and start this as
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a part of your analysis again at any level did you consider. did you consider what the average 911 or e.m.'s response time is yes' do you have that information not for minneapolis no but you know just on average typically. between like 5 to 7 minutes and that's not specific to minneapolis right and it obviously depends upon the. circumstance where if there's a fire house 3 blocks away it may be 90 seconds or a minute right there and sometimes if all of the ambulances are busy right now all the fire trucks are busy could be much longer. looking or they go to the wrong location that happens to be. so part of the analysis not
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a reasonable police officer is making is i got d.m.'s coming right how long should i expect them to be here. how long they're considering that they're taking that into their analysis. now at the point that. they stepped up the analysis stepped up to code 3 would you agree that that's about the time that people began to congregate. i would have to look at the video yes probably around the same time so if the a mass was stepped up at 20212135 seconds it's about 90 seconds after the initial call and mr frazier is seen coming into the area at 2021 and roughly 17 seconds it's about the same period of time since frazier
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a bystander with a video ok she's the bystander who started recording ok. so she started recording at about this same time yes and she was concerned about what she saw agreed yes and again based on your review of all of the body cameras miss frazier she wasn't saying anything and right. she was simply there record. she was not in any way interfering with what the police were doing right. but more people started coming together. and there was another gentleman that was there before actually as they were attempting to put him into the car right the original owner joe. and. i believe i'm correct me if i'm wrong do you participate in a training or present to training or have anything to do with
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a training called awful but lawful or unlawful but often there is and so you would agree the general concept is sometimes the use of force it looks really bad right yes and sometimes it may be so it may be caught on video and it looks bad. but it's still lawful. yes based on the department's policies are based on that state's law. i did a presentation for at a conference for that. the. police use of force has a tendency at times to attract observers right yes and in the course of your career i'm assuming at the very beginning of your career there not every single person was walking around with a video camera 24 hours
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a day 7 days a week with it in their hands i don't know but in los angeles it was right after running king so you have people walking around with video cameras as i say one gentleman that actually was truly right and so it because it's become in the more recent history as the smartphone has become as prevalent as it is and more common experience it's not just one guy driving around looking for cops arresting one for any single person could be. any single person could be a potential videographer of police interaction right yes it's become pretty dumb in private and in fact officers themselves now where cameras right yes and in the city of minneapolis every uniformed police officer wears a body worn camera or they're supposed with and those cameras are supposed to be running when they have interactions with citizens peaceful or not these aren't is
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there is a limitation to cameras right yes there is the camera only sees what the camera see and service is yes meaning anything outside of its field of view is not observable to the camp correct and certainly the officer certainly cameras can't they don't have a feeling or a sensation. you can't. determine what someone tension in their body right based on a camera specifically if someone has if someone is struggling and you've got them handcuffed they can still be tense but not really look very tense. would disagree with that ok. so the camera would be able to pick out whether someone who's having a particular sensory experience is. sober
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. or 20 minute break. at the level of they. they go 20 minutes break now in minneapolis on day 8 of the derek show in trial and we have been hearing from sergeant jodi state who is from the los angeles police department brought in by the prosecution as an expert witness in the use of force what we've most recently been watching is the cross-examination from defense attorney eric nelson introducing us and we'll talk to our correspondents and guests about this later the idea of something being quote awful but lawful interesting phrase to use. i think
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we've got alan fischer with us now in minneapolis oh no alan sorry of my to come to you just a little bit early if you can hear me. yeah ok so let's go for it then let's take us let's go through prosecution 1st of all the. bringing in an expert on the use of force who simply said no force should be used once the person is handcuffed and prone on the ground again it's that sort of powerful testimony that we've heard the idea that this simply isn't in the handbook and shouldn't happen. exactly and simply saying that he believed they were doing show the news was deadly force that he'd gone too far that george floyd was compliant he was under control and there was no need for children to remain with his neck press on the body of george floyd for at least 6
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minutes and we nor that george floyd was in that position with derek children on is there for 9 minutes and 29 seconds that has become a very important time we know that as an expert he also suggested that the crowd did not distract derek short when he said they were simply taking pictures yes there were a few comments yes there are a few swear words but he said that there was no one moving towards the officer there's no one attacking the officer there was no one throwing bottles or or throwing rocks they were under that level of pressure and of course the defense is trying to make the point that derrick sherman was saw distracted by the crowd but he couldn't give his full attention to george floyd which is why he didn't realize that he had become unconscious and didn't start trying to revive him he said that's nonsense because at one point when he's talking to george george floyd said he couldn't breathe derek shogun responded well it takes
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a lot of oxygen to talk and so did the prosecution have a lead the case through the eyes of this expert witness saying that what derek short when did. it was very clearly beyond what is in the training manuals very clearly beyond what would be expected circumstances and by putting his body weight on him led to positional asphyxia which we have had a lot of but over the last couple of days which is essentially putting someone in the position in a prone position with a lot of body weight on top of it means that he can't move makes it much more difficult to breathe of course because he couldn't breathe we believe that george floyd then had a heart attack and that led to the health problems that he eventually died from just a short time later and then we have the cross-examination from the defense of course their job to flip it all around starting by sort of almost questioning his credentials and in saying that well you're from l.a. and things can be different in l.a. the thing i thought which was probably smart on the defense's part was to take us
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away from the video initially and go back and say george what was resisting arrest in the back of the place van and that's why force had to be used. exactly and there was a big concession from mr steiger when he was could the police have used the teaser here because he was resisting arrest and he agreed that he could have. i but of course the whole question is. not whether or not george ford was resisting arrest i think that has been established i think that would be accepted by the prosecution but it's what happened once it was under control and that is where the prosecution case lies but of course the prosecution have to prove that derek should win acted on more fully the defense only have to create an element of doubt it was certainly trying to establish that george floyd was and his behavior was a problem by playing not little bit of tape seeing do you hear him see i eat too
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much drugs and certainly mr steiger couldn't hear that he didn't hear that in the t.v. i thought you. could hear that but i may be mistaken and mr steiger is there with a much better so did not have and he is much more experienced than the situations but clearly the defense is trying to see a look what the police did was because they felt that george floyd was a threat that there was a real difficulty there at the police try to get him out of the car they put him in the prone position and then they were waiting for an ambulance to arrive to take him away and they were what he did but what was going on in detroit. as a seed it's all about establishing not a little bit of dope to meet someone in new jersey they will hold on a 2nd the prosecution to be the case but the defense did say this and that is that it is that element of doubt that could lead to the children being cleared big clue
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the prosecution believes their case is strong and we still have a number of witnesses to call but remember that is a long way to go isn't there great stuff from alan fischer in minneapolis today reporting on the direction of a trial. the other main story today is on corona virus the e.u. and u.k. decisions over the astra zeneca vaccine both health regulators exploring a possible but they really did emphasize this point a very rare link to blood clots we've got. with us now from newcastle in the u.k. a molecular virologist at northumbria university we often speak to you about these things what if you take away from these 2 news conferences today the thing i kept hearing was very rare very rare so it is an acknowledgement but still saying what was it the risks the benefits outweigh the risks. yes i think you think it's good
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on thickly clear the heat the risks from the core of the horrors. not trivial by any means we've been focusing on deaths. what was really good in this press release especially from the u.k. side of things all 'd those incidents of pretty significant conditions as a consequence of acquiring courage if we just focus on well close you have a 2 percent chance that it gets 1.6 not a country swap aside but generally speaking i want to buy some channels of getting a clause if you get corrupt if you get the coded pox in your chance of getting these kinds of close is 0 point 000653 percent well and 10 so who really pales in comparison if we move beyond the us some people you know so well but if you get those floats you have a good roughly 2025 percent chance of maybe dying you know capons it but you still
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have a very low chance of getting those all the boxes on the brink of obese both said that there is no presently a sense of preexisting condition that clearly associates with these floats some common safe subset of if you go as of the other if this age of up and you should get the bucks in life we did for example with the n.f.l. access but we saw a reality based box measured who pays us here. with one of the m.r.i. me boxes so this is really important take home message a 2nd take home message chain if you cave record later saying that it's actually the respond if it affects in the very young. note simple. or we don't have a much from spanish and there's only one hump full of the crystal light but we don't have that much special most of the countries are still. germany france for use they have translation plates on it so those cases that 'd need.
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to take the boxes so much china only really got worse the various bills so we've experienced side of. course i appreciate your time and appreciate you staying with us i'm fortunate to have other news to get to as well so we appreciate you staying with us thank you. a little. here we need to look at brazil which has recorded more than 4000 coronavirus deaths in a single day only the us improve ever reach that threshold and the 337000 people have died there since the start of the pandemic in our kids our correspondent in rio de janeiro these are all full numbers monica all full what precautions are being taken is the government the state or federal saying let's change our approach let's do something different. no not at all
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on the contrary president tried both yesterday and again today. he ignored the numbers and he said basically that walk down there should be no lockdowns this is happening while many states and cities have taken restrictive measures like revision narrow where i am right now because of the hospitals are overwhelmed and there 2 are no bad at some point there was no medicine to incubate patients and but he is he insists that people that there should be no lock downs that people should be out and about because he said staying at home you could have depression you could gain weight this is while there are about 10000000 brazilians that are going hungry the government has just approved a new mayor emergency aid package which is smaller than the previous one but so no
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no we're dishing old measures have been taken by the president. monica this seems an awful thing to have to but we've been watching pictures whilst you've been talking of burials going on how i mean are people even able to keep up with this number of deaths. you know and what doctors say that they're very worried is what the way to diseases is encroaching very fast like they say a person will arrive at the hospital early in the morning will be so so towards the middle of the day not so so and by the end of the night till they die so it's like it's a new younger people are being affected by it so no there's no keeping up with this they've been burials that night. so it's been like people are rushing against. time to vaccinate vaccinations have been slow they have picked up
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a little bit and here in brazil basically you have to vaccine. and corona from china so. they picked up there right now like in rio they're vaccinating people over 7 to. extraordinary situation unfolding in brazil our correspondent in rio so at this stage it's 2 story day we've been hearing about coronavirus they're also the astra zeneca vaccine which monaco was talking about new guidance from the european union and u.k. all thora he's on it's safety they talk about a very rare chance of developing blood clots the u.k. has taken the decision however to stop offering. the astra zeneca to under thirty's they will receive an alternative if it's available and then of course the direction of an trial is in recess just at the moment in minneapolis a 20 minute break so they will probably be back in about 10 minutes time we'll take
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you live to the courthouse then back with more news in just a few moments here on al-jazeera. from the london bridge. to people in thoughtful conversation i got my braces when i was at the university of oxford it was really scared me because i was like these people are going to be in positions of power with no host and no limitations empire is the reason that we live in a multicultural society to pfizer's shaheen and adam rather fit studio
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unscripted. for dram meters and lena families to pain is unbearable 4 of their relatives were killed last week during a military operation ordered by the venezuelan government security forces accused them of being part of a colombian rebel group and said they didn't come but the neighbors and family members insist they were innocent taken from their homes and executed under pressure venezuela's the defense minister vladimir by the green said the armed forces were to defend their country from the regular groups but added that human rights needed to be respected and that the events at the border would be investigated. xenophobia violent and beating the drum for an ethnic civil war in the heart of europe. generation identity was at one time the fastest growing far right organization on the
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continent now watch the investigation that led to the french government banning the group. generation hate. to have a special 2 part investigation on a. regulator is in the u.k. warn against the use of the astra zeneca jab for anyone under. this agreement the benefits of the shot still outweigh the risks in the fight against corona. but i don't come all santa maria here in doha with the world news from al-jazeera it is day 8 of the terror shove and murder trial but defense and prosecution police training and.


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