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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  April 5, 2021 6:00pm-7:01pm +03

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roughly what time mr floyd's. would have arrived at in the in the emergency room approximately 55 pm. and when he arrived then. was had c.p.r. been started yes. any mechanical devices or other things being used to help to stabilize. yes there is a lucas c.p.r. device which is. basically a mechanical device that sits across the body with something that almost looks like a plunger and pushes against the chest to provide c.p.r. chest compressions. so the so this look is the vice then was on mr floyd when he arrived going to the hospital correct did you ever observe at any point in time that is heart was beating on its own. not to a degree sufficient to sustain life. do you recall who
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brought mr floyd into the emergency department i do i do recall 2 paramedics. and possibly one or 2 other people but i don't remember exactly do you recall whether there were any police officers there also i don't personally recall that. did the paramedics who arrived at the bridge of the department give you a report they did. do you recall what they said for purposes of treating this to floyd and you. the reporter gave us is that they were called to the scene of someone who was suffering from a. medical emergency as i recall and this this is what i was told at the time they were initially called for a. a lower take but a cutie event of facial trauma and then that was upgraded to an individual under
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stress. they reported that on their arrival the individual did not have a pulse and c.p.r. started. they placed a nigel which is a super ghatak airway device it's basically a super what zoom out of the logic airway device it's just a sort of a tube that goes down into the throat and can benefit the ones. and then they gave medications including epinephrine and sodium bicarbonate. to try to resuscitate mr floyd as c.p.r. was ongoing. did they tell you that mr floyd was in police custody they did mention that he was being detained at the time. now did you recognize either one of the paramedics who came in i did
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a i did recognize both of them. and i'd worked with. one of them several times before. their did you know at their expense i believe so yes. and do you recall having worked with the various meth before i do. several times throughout the course of my training. when the paramedics bring a patient in to the emergency department it is a standard protocol for them to tell you why they are bringing the patient in what's the emergency yes. in what the paramedics told you when they brought in this to floyd did they also then give you have permission when they brought this to florida. the idea of the essentially good report that i just saw that i just told yes they say to you for purposes of curing
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or given treatment to mr floyd that they felt he had. suffered a drug overdose. not in the information they gave no. they tell you information they gave that they felt that mr floyd had had a heart attack no. did you receive any information or indication from the paramedics when they brought mr floyd in that anyone that had attempted c.p.r. on mr floyd at the scene on may 25th 2020 or will. i did not receive a report that mr floyd had received bystander c.p.r. no. did you receive a report that he had received c.p.r.
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from any of the officers who may have been on the scene on may 25th 2020 no. it is the administration of c.p.r. . right away important for you to know when you're dealing with a patient who has suffered cardiac arrest it is important for you to know about that. it is in a sense that it informs the likelihood of survival and what do you mean by that dr wang felt it's well known that any amount of time that a patient spends in korea caressed without immediate c.p.r. . markedly decreases the chance of a good outcome. approximately. 10 to 15 percent decrease in survival for every minute that c.p.r. is not administered. the
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paramedics didn't tell you anything about the care that they had administered to mr floyd yes can you tell us what the doctor. that they had started c.p.r. in. place that airway device and started begging the patient as in providing breaths. and then administering those drugs yes and so when you talk about bagging the patient could you describe what that is it's called the b.v.m. or a big valve mask essentially a device that's hooked up to oxygen and full to. simulate getting a breath or mouth to mouth as it might be more better understood but you know did the parrot paramedic start something less referred to as the a c l s. yes would you tell the ladies and gentlemen of the jury
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what is the a c l s algorithm so a c l a stands for advanced cardiac life support. it's basically a standardized way of taking care of patients in cardiac arrest. and so these are protocols are sort of a checklist process you go through when somebody shows up in cardiac arrest. correct it's a little broader than that but a big part of it is for folks in cardiac arrest yes is that they help you to determine why the person might be in cardiac arrest so you know how to treat them yes. have the paramedics tried to resuscitate mr floyd yes do you recall how long. the report received was we received was that for approximately 30 minutes. now you've mentioned to us
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just a moment ago that they had administered epinephrine and sodium bicarbonate would you tell the ladies and gentlemen of the jury one of those administered for epinephrine is colloquially known as adrenaline. it's a drug that has been studied extensively and is part of a standard protocol for a c.l.s. . the evidence on it is. somewhat controversial but it is part of a standard protocol sodium bicarbonate. is a medication that. may provide some buffering of the acidic environment in the blood that occurs during cardiac arrest and that is. perhaps a more controversial medication epinephrine. did the paramedics tell you whether they had checked mr floyd's heart function yes.
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well let me ask that a different way. i want to talk to you about 2 different kind of heart functions and see if you can describe what they are to the jury and how or if they relate to mr floyd. the 1st one we refer to as p. e. a. do you know what he refers to. yes so he a refers to a possible us electrical activity it's basically. a situation where someone is in cardiac arrest they do not have a pulse as we previously discussed and they do have some electrical activity on the monitor. and that suggests certain underlying causes that are known to be more common the most common cause of someone being in p a rest. the most common causes are what we mean either from typically bleeding
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or from my poxy or low oxygen. so we'll talk about those in more detail but was missed the floyd m.p.e. a status pulse a pulseless electrical activity when you saw him on may 25th he was in. and there is another term like to talk about and have you explain to the jury a system i think is called. m.r. pronouncing that right by the way a system with him would you spell that for lay's and jumping up with your a s y s t o l e and what is that factor like info. it's probably best known as flat lining. where there's no cardiac activity on the cardiac monitor and the patient is in cardiac arrest and so was mr floyd in a system that is also when the what is body was brought in the head of the county emergency department on may 25th. at some point yes there was
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a report that at some point he was felt to be in a system prior to arrival. and was he as that's the way meaning flatline was there any point in time during your treatment or cure on may 25th this is the floyd with anything other than flat line during your cure a treatment of. there were times for the majority of his time in our emergency department he wasn't a arrest. ultimately that did devolve into a system. is possible is possible is electrical activity p e a arrest a system lay on those conditions of the heart where you can simply apply a shock and potentially bring the patient back you know. what are what we refer to as shock couple rhythms is there such a thing as
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a shock of a rhythm so typically these are thought of as either ventricular tachycardia of an trickle effect relation which are basically abnormal rhythms of the heart that are more commonly associated with cardiac arrest specifically from our heart attack. and they are rhythms that you can administer electricity to shock a patient back into a normal rhythm but mr boyd didn't have been tricky about regulation or been tricky of attack or cardio occurred because his heart wasn't pumping. speakers he didn't yes in in both situations. it's a little more complicated than that but yes he was not in v.t. as we have commonly call them. do you recall were there still handcuffs on
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mr floyd when he was brought into the burgesses department. i don't specifically recall if they were on when he immediately arrived but it would be unlikely because he had the lucas c.p.r. to base on and i i recall his hands being at his sides. do you recall with his hands and had the sides whether they were in the invasions or marks on his wrist. at the end of the. case yes after he was declared dead what did you observe in that regard what was i'm sorry in terms of any indications on his wrist or markings on i of i inferred that it was from handcuffs. so much talk about them the the the cure you then provided once the paramedics are brought mr floyd to the emergency department. what did you do. so immediately on arrival we took report from the paramedics mr floyd as we
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knew him at the time on is an under an identified individual was transferred over to the bed in the emergency department. as i recall it multiple things typically will happen simultaneously in this in these cases but we achieved additional access. i placed. in trust he has line in his bone in his leg with go and jump out of the jury what interests us it's basically a. type of i.v. that goes in in through the bone and inject fluid or medications directly into the bone marrow essentially. it's a type of access that's easier to achieve than someone who's in korea caressed. and did you also go through the advanced cardiac life support protocol years or
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simultaneous to there at taney in. blood dry and continuing chest compressions etc. it went through various different things that could be causing this. commonly in e.c.s. protocol these are fought of as the each is an tes specifically with regard to the p.a. system the algorithm well let's see if we could take a look at the ages and the p's so bright if we can pull up 100. i'm sure he was marked as exhibit the 904 for illustrative purposes over. well you've been listening there to dr brad feld he's the doctor who is responsible
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for direct patient care for george foiled when he was taken to hospital in may last year and he was also the man who pronounced him dead or he's been testifying that when mr ford arrived in the critical care at the emergency room mr ford was in cardiac arrest his heart stopped but he also said that he wasn't told that mr ford had actually suffered a drug overdose now if you're just joining us here on out of there let's remind you this is the trial of former minneapolis police officer derek show than he's accused of killing an unarmed black man george freud last year mr show than is currently facing charges including 2nd degree murder after handcuffing foid face down and then kneeling on his neck for nearly 9 and a half minutes in may last year and this is the 1st day of the 2nd week of the trial and dr logon felt is the 1st witness that we are hearing from today well let's speak now to mark he's a law professor at the university of central miss he joins us now from minneapolis
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professor i'm curious we've been hearing some medical details there from dr lagerfeld as anything in particular stood out to you from his testimony so far it is just across that you should watch the time we heard from the people. from the paramedics you know we're hearing from doctor to the hospital so basically he was dead when. one of the only asked if he actually. you were once a federal prosecutor yourself professor what do you make of the focus of the prosecution so far this week i understand there are a number of other medical experts who could potentially be called in the coming hours and days. that's right and worst of all we have yet to hear from the people who will talk about what's going to be the key issue in this case which is causation to direct show cause that was it something else such as the drug use of
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george point and so you know we've heard a lot of emotional testimony but that doesn't necessarily go directly to the element that the jury's going to be to cite you know which is going to be because. well if the defense is focusing on the actual cause of death and there's potentially a slew of prosecution witnesses who might be called around that i understand including the medical examiner who actually carried out the autopsy there were some differing opinions around that amongst experts to the extent that we saw the ford family actually hire their own independent experts how is all of that likely to be tackled by the prosecution well the prosecution is indicating we'll see if this is what they actually do that they're going to try to make the case that the constant death wasn't a cardiac arrest but this. and that what pain 1st now they don't have to do that to get a conviction if the if that cardiac arrest was at least substantially caused by the knee on the neck that that caused the heart attack down and down would be
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adequate to show cause and under minnesota law. we'll see how they played out once they get their medical experts in but the medical examiner for hennepin county his conclusion was that the cause of death was not to succeed and but it was a cardiac arrest and so they may end up are against the person who represents their county so it will doctor logon file that the emergency room doctor he was also saying that he wasn't told when george floyd has brought him that there was a drug overdose and evolved is that significant here because that's all we say and something that the defense has raised a number of times. i don't think in the end it makes a huge difference because it's jets not going they probably want to done anything differently at that point say to save his life but they know in the kreutzmann ball you know he was flat or no but i don't signs. so i'm not sure if that in itself is
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going to matter as much as a lot of other things that you have yet to hear and a professor at right now watching and some video of the courtroom where they are watching some video as you see a judge cahill there and in the corner of your screen now before the jury came in today judge granted a motion by a chevrons defense to allow the jury to see the in the entirety of the offices but do you want to camera footage how significant could that be well i guess it's pretty typical. if someone asked for the whole version of something that has been given and read to be viewed by the jury that that's going to be i'm not surprised by the ruling we'll see how that's presenting within the defense's case and what it makes of the rest of them i mean obviously what they want to show is is context not just the moment of death and things that lead directly to doubt but the struggle for the more of the struggle to get george flying into
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a police car and he's leading up to a. professor i'm going to take us all back to the courtroom now it doesn't look like witness testimony is going to continue with the prosecution continuing to get some questions of dr long unfelt who was the emergency room doctor on call at the time and was the 1st doctor to treat george foid upon his arrival at a hospital explained to the jurors what their ages and t.'s are. so these are. common reversible causes of cardiac arrest in individuals typically in peary sisterly cardiac arrest. a lot of these etiologies are perhaps best if you elevated through an alter a sound based approach but i can go through all of these all hope of a way mia typically hemorrhage or bleeding so we would think of them more in a traumatic cardiac arrest hypoxia low oxygen. again those in the 2 most common
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causes of p.a. system to rest hydrogen ions. acidosis can be from any number of causes but essentially where the ph in the blood gets so low that the heart cannot function i pull hyperkalemia is low or high potassium. being a very important electrolyte for proper cardiac function and disturbances on the extreme can lead to cardiac arrest hypothermia very cold. toxins and there's a lot of different toxins that can cause cardiac arrest and that's from poisons to potentially drugs growth. and specifically refers to fluid around the heart they can prevent the heart from filling. and then lead to the heart stopping. tension pneumothorax as air around the long between the lung in the
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chest wall. sensually expands to the point where it prevents blood flow from returning to the heart. and therefore lead into cardiac arrest korea trumbo says specifically can refer to our heart attack or a ruptured plaque in one of the coronary arteries of the heart. and commentary from bosis or mary embolism as a blood clot in the palm area arteries. that prevents blood from flowing from one side to the other of the heart and therefore it into are no longer functioning you can imagine ultrasound what is the role of ultrasound and studying or trying to assess the cause of cardiac arrest ultrasound can be used to evaluate many of these
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different causes. i think people would be most familiar with alter sound from you know movies where they look at the baby using an ultrasound a base or a small probe on the abdomen but it's the same technology. so we can look at the heart directly and see if there's fluid around the heart for example. we can evaluate for. a large right ventricle that might be suggestive of a momentary thrombosis. due to increased strain on that side of the heart. we can look for evidence of hemorrhage type of what we mean by looking in the abdomen to see if there's any bleeding or bleeding elsewhere. we can look for evidence of tension pneumothorax for example we can evaluate for what's called sliding signs. on both sides of the chest that would suggest that the lungs are up and are there's no air between the long in the chest wall so we can use it to that
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the lungs are properly inflated exactly so we can use it to evaluate for. a large number of these etiologies so you you went through the protocols of the ages and the pieces. did you have any kind of leading theories for treatment purposes as to what the most likely causes were for mr ford's cardiac arrest. i felt that i was able to determine that some etiologies or causes were less likely based on the information that i had both from the paramedics and also the information i was able to obtain from my exam and ultrasound etc. at the time based on all the information i had a thought it was a less likely that the patient had suffered from for example cardiac tampa not there was no fluid around the heart tension pneumothorax. we can discuss that
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briefly at one point in the case i was concerned that he may have developed a tension among thorax but i felt it was unlikely we did in fact perform bilateral finger through a cost to meis where we entered the chest. the last of economic questions you are explaining to the jury that you thought it was not likely a cardiac tap and i had been you're explaining why you thought that tension knew more thorax was not likely and there could be in plain english help the jurors to understand how you might have lemonade that we. used to scalp or to cut into the chest. and create a hole between the chest and potential space around the lungs we did not appreciate any large gush of air that might suggest that there was air in that potential space
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. was it was there anything that you looked at to determine. whether or not the cardiac arrest was likely or unlikely to be related to this to floyd having had a heart attack. a lot of that is based on the history that we received from paramedics there was no report that for example the patient complained of chest pain or was clutching his chest at any point. or having any other symptoms to suggest a heart attack that information was absent. also the fact that he was in p.e.'s sisterly as i as i was told on the initial written check. further decreases the likelihood of that possibility at the time it was not completely possible to rule that out but i felt that it was less likely based on the information that
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was available to us did the ultrasound play any role in the question of whether or not he did or did not or was likely not to have had a heart attack no not especially in this case no. did you consider the possibility of toxins for example being responsible for mr ford's cardiac arrest including potentially drugs. in the sense that it might have been formed or care yes. i didn't there was again no report that this mission had for example overdosed on a specific medication such as calcium channel blocker or any other medication for which there might be a very specific antidote for him and so in that sense i didn't feel that there was
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a specific toxin that we could give a medication for that would readily reverse. his arrest. and what about then hypoxia. so hypoxia been. again one of the most common causes of p.a. system lead just in general. i did then as i mentioned use the ultrasound to look in the abdomen and did not see any evidence of hemorrhage there was no. obvious significant external trauma that would have suggested that he suffered. anything that could produce bleeding sufficient to lead to a cardiac arrest and soul based on the history that was available to me i thought that hypoxia was one of the more likely possibilities and hypoxia as an
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explanation for his cardiac arrest the accidents the oxygen insufficiency credit. did you have any other leading theories as to why the savoy his heart may have stopped other than oxygen deficient. yes i also considered. an acidosis. in particular. excited delirium which is a. controversial diagnosis but it was in the differential in this case. there were you able to make any assessments about so-called excited delirium based on your examination of must or. again the patient had been in cardiac arrest for 30 minutes. it can be difficult based on the examination. certainly there was no report that the patient was ever very sweaty which is often
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the case. when thinking about excited delirium there was no report that the patient had ever been mr foy had ever been extremely agitated. in my experience seen a lot of cases of mental health crises or. drug use leading to severe agitated states. that is almost always reported by paramedics. and so the absence of that information was telling in that i didn't have any reason to believe that that was the case here. so when you how long was mr floyd in your care and the emergency department approximately 30 minutes and at the end of the 30 minutes did you pronounce him formally bed yes. at the time you pronounce him dead was he still
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in some degree. p.a.a. or a sister way in terms of describing his heart. i think it's probably best to think of these as sort of a spectrum. where p. a is some degree of electrical activity still running through the heart but the heart's not pumping. and then eventually that will devolve into a system where. both the heart is not pumping and then the electrical activity stops as well and so at the end of the case. mr ford was still in p a but there was virtually no cardiac activity. and and at that point in in the absence of any apparent reversible cause and because
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mr foote had been in arrest for by this time 60 minutes. determine that the likelihood of any meaningful outcome was far below one percent and that we would not be able to resuscitate mr ford and so i then pronounced him dead. and dr. was your leading theory then for the cause of floyd's cardiac arrest oxygen oxygen the. that was one of the more likely possibilities i thought that at the time based on the information i had it was more likely than the other possibilities and doctors there another name for death by oxygen deficiency. is commonly understood term thank you dr length of course. because of. that appears to have been the end of the initial questions from the prosecution
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you've been listening there to test me from dr brad langan felt he was the doctor responsible for direct patient care george boyd when he was initially taken to the emergency room in may last year we do understand that there will be a number of discussions now there will be a break in court proceedings of about 20 minutes if you're just joining us now this is the trial of former minneapolis police officer derek show than who's accused of killing an unarmed black man george foid last year mr chauvinists facing charges including 2nd degree murder $100.00 cuffing floyd faced down and kneeling on his neck for nearly 9 and a half minutes in may last year we'll be bringing you more on that as we get it here live on al-jazeera for now let's go to mark he's an all professor at university of cent thomas he's joining us again from minneapolis professor as we were discussing earlier this is the prosecution really walking the jury through the timeline so far but that comment there about hypoxia really goes to the heart of
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their case it seems yes and it seems like they're dirty indicating what their theory which is that. this fixation are actually caused the cardiac arrest that it's not one or the other it's it's both you know that. you know he's doing is a cardiac arrest that doesn't cause of death was something other than the need and that's going to be significant that's something that experts who are yet to come based their testimony on our own let me ask you ben do you professor expect that this doctor is just the 1st of a number of medical expense that we'll be hearing from probably in in succession this week what is the prosecution trying to do here with those witnesses. what they're going to end up doing is arguing that it was the needed the throat that
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caused george floyd to be a 6 seed and then that was the cause and therefore direct show him was a substantial cause of the into which is an element they have to they have to. well we know already well a sorry keep going professor oh just there there will be additional witnesses that expect prosecution. and they're using this witness dr langer well as a fact witness more than as an expert but there will be others yet to come who will base their testimony on what this doctor is. and further conclusions based on now on professor says as he was saying that the defense is likely to focus on the actual cause of death for mr frewen and there has been talk of his drug can you talk us through how the prosecution is trying to address that with what we're saying today. yes i mean i think that they haven't gotten to the heart of their
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argument there and that will come out more through the experts but what they're getting to is this that it was a failure to appreciate this not going to be related to 2 drug use that was the direct cause of death this week as we've heard from this witness already. if you know if it was a toxin that caused the cardiac arrest which includes drugs such as not then obviously that's going to push against her causation in the can expect the defense to you know there's one other thing was mentioned here that i think this is worth noting that west. brought out this theory of excited delirium which is something that's very controversial in the united states and something that is often brought up during the shootings that the police had to address when he was in that state of excited delirium or in other words posed but as uncontrolled and. angry
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and. you could see the way that this doctor are addressed that it is something that he didn't really believe was europeans and it is something that is quite controversial. all said and law professor at the university of st thomas who is helping us analyze what we're saying today in that minneapolis courthouse thanks so much professor will be spent here shortly but let's now speak to our correspondent allan fessler who joins us from outside that courthouse in minneapolis allan when i don't want to you after hearing some pretty compelling emotional testimony last week and even though this was a little more factual some pretty significant comments there from dr that confounds . i think there were 3. parts to his evidence 1st of all he said that when george floyd had been brought in there was no indication that he had suffered a heart attack there's been a drug use the weather where he'd been in police custody but nothing more than that they also said that they had not been c.p.r.
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administered at the scene and he said that for every minute c.p.r. isn't. given then the chances of survival go down by 10 to 15 percent every single minute it was important to that he talked about this idea of hypoxia that the heart attack me well are being caused by the fact that there was insufficient oxygen going to his heart which of course goes directly to the point that the prosecution is trying to make and it was interesting too that he said in a very detailed explanation of what they did to try and revive george floyd that they were getting some what they call electrical readings so there was some something there but he wasn't able to produce enough of a heartbeat to live on his own so 30 minutes after being brought into the emergency room the doctor had no option but to decide that there was no way they were going to resuscitate george floyd and to declare him dead. alan this is just the fast
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witness of the 2nd point can you talk us through what to expect in the coming allison day as i understand what potentially several said to hear from the minneapolis police chief as well. what we know is the witnesses are called and we find out about it the same time as everyone else when those names are actually called percent we were expecting to hear some point from the minneapolis police chief you know you remember he fired the children within 24 hours of the death of george floyd he said that this was a turning point for the city expecting him to give evidence to say that although children. according to the defense was doing what was best practice in restraining someone. he will argue that that simply wasn't the case that was not in the training materials what we got from the legal arguments that we could hear is perhaps an insight into what the defense is going to argue that sometimes things were not a on the courses but the where in the training materials that were handed out and
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so derek shearer knew well i've been there on a training course where what he is arguing was never taught but when they handed out power point presentations afterwards it was an indication that yes maybe he was doing something that was actually endorsed by the police so that will be a very interesting moment but it's interesting is well culturally that the head of the police service here in minneapolis will give evidence because for so often we've had been cases like this that there is perceived to be a blue wall that the police will not give evidence against one another that no one will speak out against the police so for this senior police officer the chief of the police here in the city to give evidence it might be an important moment in the trial but it could also be a significant cultural moment when we see other cases of this kind as we inevitably will in the future alan fresh outside that minneapolis courthouse for us when we bring you all the proceedings from that courthouse live here on out is there for
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now thank you very much kyra. well meantime let's bring you some of the day's other news heavy rains and strong winds are making such efforts in indonesia and east timor very difficult for landslides of cut off several communities at least 95 people have now been killed and dozens more still missing just to washington reports from the indonesian capital jakarta. indonesia east nusa tenggara rescue efforts are underway after flash floods and landslides in this village police and soldiers trying to pull people to safety i just got in my village the water is higher than my head it has not yet subsided many say they loved ones are still missing. at an hour in east flores was the worst hit a tropical low system is causing heavy rain strong winds and choppy seas in the area adding to the challenge of getting rescuers and essential to the island in
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west timor hundreds are in evacuation centers where the figure out the game operad moved from awful bondy my house is by the sea the water rose up and entered our house everything is ruined everything flooded so we took refuge here. authorities say many houses were damaged because of not going to what was he was an evil country knew that question the fact that people security forces are working together with volunteers after the identify victims even evoke what the hell they didn't see it took on but few 100. president joko widodo has urged people to be on a god. that moneyball but. i ask people to follow the instructions of field offices stay alert for floods and landslides because of the high intensity of extreme rains indonesia's neighbor east timor was also badly hit and the disaster could have an impact on its efforts to fight cope with 19 like you said china disliked as arrived in delhi at 1 o'clock delhi time today with the 1st 24000
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covered 19 vaccines just the now the challenge now will be how to roll out the vaccination with the damage to infrastructure as authorities in both countries work to get a sense of the scale of the destruction there feel is the environmental disaster will deepen an ongoing health crisis just to washington al-jazeera jakarta. santos is a pacific policy fellow at the asia pacific security college it has damaged infrastructure could have an effect is team was covered $1000.00 vaccination campaign. the unicef china disliked as a arrived in delhi at 1 o'clock delhi time today with the 1st 240071000 vaccines just the at the challenge now will be how to roll out the vaccination with the damage to infrastructure up until the the floods. there's a containment of kind of it in. there was was quite
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understood it was part of the control unfortunately pushed through the floods the look down around dili the capital and the other 2 major cities book i'm going to. have the place of becoming official so what we see these people from the capital specially moving out to was the districts. and i'm not knowing we care which people have been affected it'll make a hot food to move to miss the government tries to contact trace these people which up until now they've been going to be quite successful an investigation is underway in bangladesh off to a ferry and a cargo ship collided at least $27.00 bodies have been recovered so far several more hostile believed to be missing pay say the ferry was packed with people travelling ahead of new coronavirus restrictions that brian reports. on the banks said that she did luck sherida desperate families waited for news of their want to
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get out they would but as the hours passed their anger. like the last one got their bed like the little ferry capsized last night but see it to be retrieved was such a delay. the small ferry had been carrying about 50 people when it collided with a cargo vessel on sunday night police say it was dreadful most kilometers before it sank and the cargo vessel fled the scene the ferry was finally pulled from the water on monday 18 hours later rescuers say they were delayed by bad weather as an effort that was imo my appeal to the prime minister is please let us get the bodies of my father and mother. in the hours that followed body after body was brought ashore including children. were found still inside the ferry said to be packed with people rushing to get back to their hometowns.
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the government had announced a week long lockdown to counter a spike in corona virus cases there were more than 7000 new infections reported on sunday the highest in a single day under the restrictions which are now in force all domestic travel services are suspended that seen a rush on buses ferries trains and flights hundreds die in ferry accidents every year in bangladesh blamed on badly maintained vessels poor safety standards and overcrowding witnesses report the capsized ferry was carrying too many people well thorazine though believe the cargo vessels crew was negligent and say they're looking into what happened but maybe here hold out little hope for answers. critics argue investigations are often promised but rarely followed through. brian al-jazeera. now jordan's former crown prince hamza says he'll disobeyed the army's
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orders not to communicate with the outside world after he was pushed under house arrest he made those comments in a newly released voice recording on sunday the jordanian government said to throw it at what it calls a mischievous prop to destabilize the country king abdullah's half brother says he is being punished for speaking out against corruption. the situation is a little bit difficult all the guards have left in the chief of staff to threaten me on behalf of top agencies officials were recorded his words and send them to my family and those outside the country just in case something happened and now waiting for their action i'm not going to escalate but i will not abide myself by their orders to stay at home not to use to eat or not to be in contact with people and not to see my family but i've been told by the chief of staff is not acceptable under any circumstances so i'm still waiting for this matter to be sorted out natasha going to aim has more now for us from amman. what you hear in that phone
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call is defiance a little bit of fear and anger bear in mind that prince has been echoing the frustrations of the opposition here talking about alleged widespread corruption within the government talking about malfeasance and what he called incompetence by the government in terms of implementing what he's believes are failed economic policies what you're hearing from the government is that prince homs and his associates conspired with foreign entities to destabilize jordan but we don't know what foreign entities the government is talking about as far as we know prince hamza has not been charged with anything and the government as of sunday was maintaining that he has not been placed under house arrest so again this recording at least on the part of prince hum's a is a way to control the narrative share his side of the story and if there was any doubt already prince homs i was extremely popular in jordan viewed as pious modest
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forging tight relations with the tribes and really echoing the sentiments of the opposition here these recordings are only serving to make him even more popular among the segment of the population. now takesh president. says former officials who spoke out against a government plan to build the canal has the implications of a coup 10 retired navy admirals were arrested after writing a letter morning to the istanbul project could jeopardize an international treaty they said $9000000000.00 cannot on the edge of istanbul can undermine that treaty governing the use of techies wash away as the government argues that it won't ease shipping traffic on the busy bus for strange reza sayah has more now from istanbul . the crux of the story is the declaration of this former admirals origen the government to preserve preserve the montreaux $330.00 but the government should reject that there is no such a palantir to somehow walk the the convention so simply the
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government's reaction what's making it so much disruptive for the government is the long history of the coups in the country coupled with the military's meddling into the politics just remember that turkey has witnessed and experienced 4 coups and the recent one was in 2016 that cost more than 250 lives so the government is very much sensitive about it the nation has a bitter memories of the coups in this country an army taking over the civilian the civilian politics just one day before the liberation of the former admirals more than $100.00 foreign ambassadors also declared a declaration and the government preferred to ignore this now the government is tying this declaration of the former admirals as a another coup desire of the former admirals and trying to influence over the country and threaten the security and the constitutional order of the country but the main opposition party c.h.p.
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in turkey says that the government's reaction is a cooper mayor and actually c.h.p. his deputy chair has just congratulated the former soldiers and for their part your take statement. army commanders and mozambique say a significant number of fighters have been killed during an operation an operation to retake palma stormed that more than town last month killing dozens of people thousands who escaped the violence and fled to the city of pemba but aid agencies and many more are still in hiding in forests with little access to food or water. now israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu is legal and political troubles are both playing out simultaneously his corruption trial has resumed with the prosecutors accusing him of trading favors while in office netanyahu denies the allegations of bribery breach of trust and fraud and as his trial was going on israeli president rivlin was consulting with political parties about who he should
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choose to form a government after last month's inconclusive election netanyahu his trial was a major issue that voters will form of that malaysian prime minister najib razak is asking a court to overturn his conviction on corruption charges he was sentenced to 12 years in prison last year and fined $15000000.00 in a case involving the state investment fund one m.t.b. and that was found guilty of a criminal breach of trust abuse of power and money laundering fronts reports now from parnell. form a malaysian prime minister najib razak arrives in court for his appeal hearing last july he was found guilty of illegally receiving about $10000000.00 from s.r.c. international which was linked to the state owned investment fund one. the amount in this appeal is small compared to the $1000000000.00 prosecutors say he's received from the funds nudge if he's been convicted on 7 charges and still faces
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$35.00 more has denied all wrongdoings taking his lawyers will argue that number one he did not end up on that those money coming in and number 2 they were coming in. the amounts of money would be political contributions last year not just said under oath just before he was sentenced he wasn't aware the money in his accounts had come from s. r. c. international his lawyers argued during the trial he had been misled by a fugitive financier low take it to believing the money was part of a donation from the saudi royal family the trial judge had dismissed the defense argument describing it as far fetched the one m.t.b. financial scandal played a major role in bringing down the jobs party and its coalition in a general election in 2018 investigators say more than 4 and a half $1000000000.00 was stolen from one mt if he loses this appeal not just still has a final chance to challenge the conviction at malaysia's top court florence al-jazeera
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a little boy. hundreds of protest as a man. against the military coup. has been a major crackdown on dissent since the janitor seized power back in february more than $560.00 protestors have now been killed and thousands more have been detained activists also banned chinese flags to protest against beijing support for the janitor so far china has refused to condemn the coup that overthrew mia last civilian government and also opposed stronger action by the u.n. security council. now ensued on a local medical group says tribal clashes in west often have killed at least 18 people and injured 54 others the fighting between the members of the muslim it's an arab tribes began on saturday and escalated over the next 2 days and violence has increased in the region in recent months last december un peacekeepers withdrew
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from that area after a peace deal between the government and 2 armed groups well egypt says a new round of talks with ethiopia and sudan over a disputed dam on the nile is their last chance for an agreement the african union is mediation 3 days of negotiations in the democratic republic of congo if european says the grand renee's swansdown is crucial to its development but egypt answered on worry that the project will cause water shortages. have so far failed to reach an agreement. let's now take you back to the courthouse in minneapolis where we are rejoining the murder trial of former police officer derek show then testimony is continuing from the doctor who dealt with george boyd when he arrived in the emergency room let's listen in. for a 6 year right chris hypoxia is the lack of oxygen to the brain correct
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critters. and there are many things that cause a pox year it would still be considered a fixation a great group drug use certain drugs can cause a pox you are very specific we found no script how about methamphetamine. became a combination of the 2 years are now you testified about certain. things that happened during your career of mr floyd you're running all sorts of different tests you were used. sorry the. giving you use the ultrasound it took some blood samples as well correct and you took some blood gas samples as well correct correct from this from the blood samples yes so can you explain what the blood gas samples are. so the blood gas
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samples are analyzing in different parts of the blood specifically looking at the ph or how acidic or basic the blood is. looking at. the amount of oxygen in the blood. the amount of carbon dioxide in mount of bicarbonate. and carbon dioxide levels in this case were pretty high were 3 correct do you recall what the blood the carbon dioxide level was in the blood gas and for you and nationally took. i believe the initial blood guess sample it took was a venus blood guess sample. which is less preferred as opposed to an arterial blood guess sample. at the time i believed it was a venus sample and i believe the the. that sample was around $100.00. a little over $100.00 perhaps and that indicates an exceptionally high carbon
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dioxide level yes what would the average if for a healthy person and you did a blood gas sample or would you expect the c o 2 or carbon dioxide level to be healthy individual without any sort of lung disease you would expect somewhere between $35.45. and so mr floyd's carbon dioxide level was more than 2 times what you would normally expect correct. now when you the reason that you're doing these blood samples is in part to help you analyze and figure out courses of care grade yes. and that. that's the carbon dioxide number that we're talking about is essentially that would be indicative of
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a person who is not eliminating the carbon dioxide. for to go direct for it to be high in the blood that means that they are therefore not eliminating it through ventilation or breathing. and that's a part that points to a possible respiratory. it can yes and that that increase in a carbon dioxide from a 35 to 45 to over 100 that takes some period of time in order to climb that heart. yes it it can happen relatively quickly depending on how severe the ventilation problem is but what it generally it could take 30 to 40 even an hour to climb not are it could take that long it could take much less time . the use of fentanyl do you know that to attribute to high carbon dioxide levels.


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