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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  July 31, 2019 1:00pm-2:01pm +03

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mention are expected to be discussed today southeast asian regional summit underway in bangkok a gathering of foreign ministers from the bloc will be joined by the u.s. secretary of state along with his chinese and russian counterparts the region is facing many challenges including disputes over the south china sea and the trade war between the u.s. and china it's got high level points. as thailand hosts the foreign ministers of aussie and regional forums this week what's due to be discussed won't just be about southeast asia one issue of particular focus the tension on the korean peninsula possible discussions on the next summit between chairman kim jong un and president donald trump could take place after 3 meetings the leaders have made no progress on moving toward an agreement over north korea's nuclear program this after north korea last week tested what it said were new tactical guided weapons and released photos of a new submarine the meetings here in bangkok could be viewed as an opportunity for
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the 1st to try him at summits were held in member nations singapore and vietnam so aussie on the can attempt to provide a kick to mean role for the talks going forward the big players need to broker 3rd party mediator of some kind to provide an environment a setting for for talks building in the past 6 party talks didn't go anywhere so perhaps if they can be persuaded that you know a 3rd party platform. would be the key catalysts the key confidence builder. long an issue for several of the osteo nations china's claim of territory in the south china sea but there has been a lack of consensus about what should be done within discussions with china on a territorial code of conduct are due this week. some feel that part of the problem is the rapid expansion of chinese influence and reach region wide through infrastructure investments and commercial and military deals and that's not just
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undermining the block critics say but also enabling china in its push for greater control over the south china sea it must be the collective. means that the historic from the international law from the reality pie no view you have no. reasons no facts to support your claim to the whole of which i know but the meetings won't all be about politics as a group has the 5th largest economy in the world so trade agreements and the trade war between the us and china will no doubt be discussed on the sidelines it's not hard to al-jazeera bangkok now donald trump is accusing china of waiting until the 201020 u.s. presidential election to strike a trade deal he's threatening to be a lot tougher with beijing if he's reelected trade talks between the world's 2 biggest economies have resumed after stalling in may of attack. now
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saddam's former president omar al bashir to expected to appear in court for the 1st time on wednesday bashir has been charged with corruption possessing foreign currency and accepting bribes he was overthrown and arrested at a military coup in april after months of protests against his rule also donz ruling military judge to has ordered the indefinite closure of schools nationwide the announcement follows the killing of 5 high school students on monday and demonstrations against their deaths the head of the joint as blaming the protest organizers for the violence here morgan reports from neighboring ethiopia. voicing anger thousands of demonstrators mostly high school and university students came out on tuesday in sudan's capital sort of zoom and other cities there protesting the deaths of fellow protesters in north kordofan state on monday. when protesters came out decrying the lack of bread and heights in transportation prices
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security forces opened fire in response killing several and entering dozens others . had blood for blood we will never accept anything but justice civilian we salute everyone in the city for standing for the sake of the nation it is an epic moment in our country's history as i was moved. to the military council is that it's time to negotiate if i must stop killing our people the students in the streets this military council is nothing to ribbons of the old regime and they must step down thanks to this protesters were also met with tear gas and live ammunition with doctors reporting several injuries as a result the protesters are also demanding justice and accountability following an announcement from an investigation committee that the ruling military is not to blame for killing protesters on june 3rd when a month long pro-democracy sit in was attacked by the army the military council has
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been willing to. and since ousting the longtime president already bashir in april they've been in talks with the opposition coalition known as the forces of freedom in change to form a transitional government and initial agreement was signed earlier this month but a final deal is yet to be rehearsed talks for that final deal have been repeatedly postponed over the past few days with uncertainty on when talks would resume some analysts see what happens next depends on the military council you know the box right now of the gate or the transitional military council it is their responsibility for security forces therefore i think there is some trust the confidence on the part of the nation that in the event that this person doesn't who are holding to their demands that they have the right to go out and what those people do want some form of reckoning. in terms of some of the abuse of them violence and that have been perpetrated by the former regime but at the same time i
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think you do need some kind of discipline. to give these thugs forces a chance but anger amongst the demonstrators is high as is the demand for justice as some demand a halt to negotiations and this protest has continued to be met with violence and certainty over sudan's future continues and if it can steer itself to a stable transitional period people morgan al jazeera i disavow. u.s. civil rights lawyers are taking further action of the separation of migrant children from their families at the border with mexico the american civil liberties union says more than $900.00 children have been removed from their parents since last year that's despite a quarter warning in 2018 that the practice should be stopped rosalind jordan has more from washington d.c. . their american civil liberties union said that it decided to file this latest challenge in federal court because of information that it says the federal government presented to it starting late in 28. tiene basically that federal agents
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were once again separating children from their parents at the us mexico border perhaps for the most frivolous of reasons they c.l.u. said in a court complaint filed in california on tuesday that some of these reasons included a parent who did not want to awaken a sick child when she saw her diaper and then authorities taking his child away from him because they claimed he was a bad parent another person lost his child because he had been driving without a valid driver's license and yet other people were accused of being members of gangs even though in most cases they were not the a.c.l.u. said that the federal government is abusing what it says it has to have which is broad discretion to protect children in these circumstances and what the a.c.l.u. wants is an in court hearing with the judge that put in the original order stopping
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the forcible separation of families and it was the judge to spell out exactly which circumstances the federal government can remove children from their parents a stance of for the children safety. that u.n. humanitarian chief has pleaded to world latest to end what he calls a bloody onslaught in 7 years and left providence mock local wall and warn that the violence could create the worst humanitarian disaster of the 21st century and a diplomatic effort to james pace has more from the united nations and new york. the carraige this the 7th meeting of the security council since the intensification of the bombing of a glib started in april and still division among council members and growing frustration at the continued failure of the un security council to end impunity for these crimes is a blight on the credibility of this body to carry out its core mandate the
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un sue military and coordinator. addressed council members directly you in the security council have ignored all the previous pleas you have heard. you know what is happening and you have done nothing for 90 days as the carnage continues in front of your eyes immediately after the meeting though 2 thirds of the security council said they believed it was mr lowe cox boss the u.n. secretary general antonio good terrorists who should take action 10 ambassadors stage what's known as a demarche a diplomatic petition delivered in person they said they believe the u.n. chief had the power to set up an inquiry into who was bombing the hospitals in italy and you put the ball in the court of the security council but 10 members of that security council of now being to see the secretary general you were there at the meeting saying actually it's you that should take action you should set up an
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inquiry into these bombings are you now going to set up such an inquiry well yes members of the council have been to see the secretary general earlier today and raised issues with him in the secretary's thinking about the request that was made and he will into course decide how best to address the request and hannah and empty ordinary syrians are angry at what they see as passing the buck a doctor who ran a hospital in aleppo is now featured in a documentary about the war he's been in new york to express his outrage that the crimes he witnessed 3 years ago and now being repeated he has this message for the international community i think it is the last chance for them to do the right thing to stand with the people like in this situation that it's not like the bad guys and the good guys and who do we stand with just like there are children mothers. people are dying. this is the satellite imagery of one
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syrian town and what's happened to it in recent months but it's far from clear whether there's a way to stop yet further destruction and loss of life james out of the united nations. to france now where the demolition of a dam in the north as divided environmentalists some hoping its removal will revive the sell you but of that but the reports from normandy others want the dam restored to produce hydroelectric power. in normandy as lush countryside the verizon dam spans the cellular river built nearly a century ago to create hydroelectric power it was long considered a feat of engineering but in recent years the dams capacity to provide energy has diminished so the french government ordered its demolition to allow the valley to return to its natural state he'll play ray who's overseeing the project says the dismantling the 35 metre high structure is
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a huge challenge for him or for us to drain the water we had to destroy this building because it was in the way we made holes at the bottom of the down to prevent flooding then we started working on dismantling these pillars of the was the saloon river flows into the picturesque bay of the world famous small semi shell site some environmentalists say that fish including salmon and eels will return to the river for the 1st time in decades once the dam and a smaller one nearby are removed you see the xeon back on the environment of these 2 dams on the river was i and getting rid of them allows biodiversity to return to dams were expensive to maintain it produced many more electricity and they were out of step with european regulations not everyone believes that destroying the vez that dam is a good idea people have told us in this area that for them it's parts of the landscape it's part of their history and they worry that removing this barrier. will lead to
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a greater risk of flooding in the future the banks of the saloon are dotted with charming stone cottages the mayor of this local village campaigned for a decade for the dam to be saved he says restoring it would be more like a logical than destroying it. dams are part of a network of possible sustainable energy sources that we should be maintaining and developing it makes no sense to deprive ourselves of that when you ability that these dams have always provided even the quantities of small this expert says the removing the dam is controversial but people living in the area will benefit of out with the. people will rediscover a landscape that had disappeared for decades local people will have to get used to it but they will be able to enjoy the beauty of a living river bizarre is the biggest dam to be demolished in the european union to date it's part of why do european legislation to restore the bloke's rivers and biodiversity its removal highlights the challenges of environmental policy and
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while it will raise a chapter of history it will restore a link to the past natasha bottler al-jazeera moment to france. hello again alan is a prominent or however the headlines on al-jazeera i am a south korean government has held an emergency meeting after the north launch turbin the stigma silence leaders in seoul say the 2nd test and less than a week want to cross border tension rob mcbride has more from the south korean capital. this latest missile firing is being viewed with deep concern here in south korea it's the 2nd double launching of short range ballistic missiles in less than a week and the 3rd miss our launch to take place since may in direct contravention of the landmark military agreement signed between north and south korea last
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september during the period of improving relations that was meant to have put an end to test things like this one well events in korea are expected to be discussed in bangkok foreign ministers from the regional body of being joined by the u.s. secretary of state and his chinese and russian counterparts more than 40 protesters have appeared in court in hong kong on charges of rioting supporters gathered outside as the accused were granted bail the territory has seen more than 7 weeks of mass protests triggered by a controversial extradition bill at least 32 people have been killed in a roadside bomb attack on a bus than of ghana stansfield our province the bus was traveling on the road between kandahar and head up women and children are among the dead. now the ideological divide among democrats in the u.s. has been laid bare during the 2nd round of presidential debates in detroit michigan publicly funded health care was a key issue with some heated exchanges between the parties for quest of and more
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centrist candidates so dan's former president or muddled machine is expected to appear in court for the 1st time on wednesday bashir has been charged with corruption possessing foreign currency and accepting bribes he was overthrown and arrested in a military coup in april after months of protests against his rule. well those are the headlines on our jazzier do stay with us inside story is coming up next thank you very much for watching. after 25 years of importing the world's waste china through the global cycling industry into chaos. the growing pressure for greener skies eaves resulting in change we bring you the stories to the economic world we live in. counting the cost on al-jazeera. a leader in jail and in these moments are labeled as terrorists nigeria's
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government bans the country's main shia muslim organization critics are drawing parallels with how boko haram was treated before it evolved into an armed group called the crackdown provoke a new conflict this is inside story. hello and welcome to the program i'm a fiend dennis now it's been banned by nigeria's government labeled a terrorist organization the islamic movement of nigeria the main shia muslim group that has had achieved mulcher this past few days leader abraham zagg zacky has been in jail for the past 4 years ever since 350 of his followers were killed in confrontations with the security forces in protests demanding his release last week
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at least 20 people were killed supporters say zigzag his health is failing and he needs medical care abroad a court is due to decide next week whether to free him or not observers say the government is handling this shia group in a similar way to baku herat its leader died in police custody 10 years ago and a decade of killings kidnappings and bombings has followed. let's meet to abraham who is president of the media forum of the islamic movement in nigeria he's joining us now from kaduna in the northwest of the country thank you very much indeed for talking to us now your group has been branded as terrorists what do you propose to do. for now we are considering the situation and possibly we are going to court to challenge that bond order because we believe that
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order runs contrary to the course of the provisions of nigeria namely that of freedom of association freedom of religion and freedom of expression but the government claims that you are violent as a group and that your protests are often unruly we are not violent anybody who knows the excellent equipment and that the leadership of 66 that he knew that we have not been kind of in a city or order food and even in the last peaceful protest to our protest we did could you know in which a saudi would obey the will claim that we carried it to the smallest smallest the police and i mean it's very obvious to us when we can actually study and why do you think the the security forces generally are responding in this way to your movements protests. we believe probably they want to kill our leader ships execute
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them but secondly they also want to create an insurgency in the name of islamic movement by no way in this war is there any inside to see in the noble she. is she i don't subscribe to. terrorism to the act trying very hard it's usually the military to get in inside and see groups from what the country did in but in lebanon is to just. say what would be the point of the the justification then. for the government to try to create what you're describing as another insurgency you know infinitely inaccurate if it money goblin so to see the trick to the military you know the military is very corrupt even to be there was in djibouti what our. state after it came to meant that it
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1000000000 there are has been found in his position and that is why they are trying to create it and i think inside and see what happens i don't see how to go out billions of dollars and the actor not satisfied. plan to run it just went like i was to turn it into and if i disagree what do you say to those people who have accused your organization of being. set now being inspired by thing led by either by iran. no we're not be led back you know what i can quickly see is that we share the same islamic ideology that of shiite islam and it when in the moment is not fully she asked that i look like that arsonist in fact we have sympathizers almost across the divide in nigeria they are some of us in the south is so in the. hours with and most of them in the northern
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part of the country so we are not be led by iran posse we believe is just people just like this in this and. a leader who also has been sympathizers of the area. and there's them so just to clarify then your next move is to challenge this designation handed by the government through the courts that using the judicial process years will try to exclude because we believe we are not terrorists and we live by the terrorists. this is what it actually looks to us and we exploit it to the fullest but really it better he mussa thank you very much indeed for taking the time to talk to us. right let's introduce our panel now joining us from cambridge in england we have matthew paige an associate fellow with the africa program at the international
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affairs institute chatham house in nigeria's capital abou jo we have and yet a nigeria research with the international organization human rights watch and in the english city of york we have in the delhi a dead edgy a researcher at the university of york thank you very much indeed for joining us can i start with you please in a blue jersey you represent human rights watch and you are not at all impressed are you by the government's decision to ban the i.m.f. and this organization of nigeria. thank you very much for having me i think that there's been many reactions to the decision which came on july 20th and last to credit and the one thing that we're taking away from it is just the track that it causes to a group of people who have fundamentally guaranteed right to practice their
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religion to associate with one another and to express themselves freely now we understand that the authorities as the main government that is charged with protecting law and order in society was do its best within the confines of law to ensure that there is peace and security but we find that this move by the authorities this judgment this wide sweeping judgment by the courts goes beyond that it does not prevent legitimate this earth on which a group or religious movement of the island can be banned especially because many of your allegations and based on criminality by members of the group which you know their position in our laws there are provisions in our statutes for the authorities to take on if such allegations were found true and matthew in cambridge do you think that the government is circumventing if you like certain procedures
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which in a rules based and a legal environment should be observed before such an action is taken like banning a religious group. definitely but nigeria has has long taken this approach to elements in its society that that are troublesome for the government or that. that that cause unrest and use a heavy hand and often commit gross violations of human rights in trying to control them so in a way the mentality of the nigerian state in terms of its own internal security is very much a a mindset reminiscent of nigeria under military rule so before the 1999 return to democracy course we have a president now who who is a former military ruler and has that mindset absolutely and coming to you in new york i mean you've done extensive research haven't you own the. movement and the
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phases through which it went a you seeing these parallels in terms of the way at the bull hari government is handling the men compared with a book around in the early days we've already outlined the possibility of a movements leader being detained and possibly dying as happened with the her own thank you i think i think in terms of the extrajudicial measures being taken by the nigerian government and its security forces against movements that choose to express their. very right to dissent against the government yes i do see the comparisons with the compare the comparisons. can be made but then i also think that it's unfair to compare the iron man to the work around sect which i think is an easy an easy an easy an easy. position the time that many make when they when
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they think about i remember when they talk about the iron man the iron man i don't believe. it is a violent movement it's a troublesome movement for lack of better for lack of a white and it is one of the docks movement but i don't seem to be exactly like the book around sect right matthew if the. nuisance value is it just a matter of the fact that it represents a much smaller branch of islam against the most dominant sunday brunch which of course is is followed by a good 40 to 50 percent of nigerians countrywide. well it's an interesting question i mean i don't think this is just about islam i think that you know the this particular sect the i am man has a very strong presidents presence and could do an estate which is. run by a governor who's a key ally of the president and when he came in office in 2015. his
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followers were basically a thorn in the side of him and also many other what we would consider traditional northern power brokers people who in many ways a line behind hari and ensured his election in 2015 so to some extent this is about settling scores against someone who's been a political radical in nigeria for 3 decades and someone who is sort of the head had enjoyed thumbing his nose at a northern elite that very much feels that it has the right to. predominant in the north and also in the country at large right and yet a i mean is it is it is simple to suggest that a movement such as the i am men develops attraction if you like fundamentally as a consequence of failure of government to provide basic services to provide security to provide opportunities for the local community. well i think that for
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a group like the i am and that is. that they're they've come together based on some of their fundamental ideology and you see that when you talk to members of the group they're very still kinda believed and in their understanding of what their beliefs are i think that is more around their understanding and their strong beliefs as she had with them and taken it as far as saying it is as a result of our own lack of government services the government has been in many societies as is usually the case when discussing issues around the vehicle or on an insurgency i haven't seen that play out it is not the sense that i've gotten i think fundamentally people are allowed to come together in their belief and their and this 30th is to really push you know whatever understanding of the ideology that they have in this is what we've seen play out with the iran right and it isso
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is it a question then of. the government or the authorities all the all the elites if you like playing fast and loose with the judicial process as i understand it there is a court order in existence for the release of mr is that exactly which apparently is just being ignored which is obviously adding much more much more vin if you like to his supporters in the determination to come out in protest for his release absolutely and just accord what must he said we have a government that pretends to be one that performs the be in be. democratic but then when it comes down to be in those are the rules 100 done by the by the by the courts just using leaflets and and for about 4 years now in front of the. allowed. said this
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man. is suffering from from failing health and can be released and should be released on bail and yet the nigerian government has refused. to allow for the release of the key for without any any any rational or just of or justifiable ethical reason for. for doing this right on through i think yes. i mean what you're all saying matthew you're all agreeing that this is being mishandled in one way or another by the authorities matthew this could possibly come back to bite the government whoever happens to be in office could it couldn't it do you see that this could provoke perhaps another uprising a moment this uprising akin to what the country in the northeast is experiencing for the most part from book of. that's right and i think what nigeria's security
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leaders are failed to understand is that their approach their sort of for centric approach to resolving these types of internal security threats whether it be something very very serious and sinister like the precursor to book or her war whether it be more of a nuisance threat that has the potential to turn very very nasty if mishandled is is not productive and so intil until this or mindset changes in terms of how the state tackles the internal security threats whatever they may be in nigeria then they'll continue to sort of fester and escalate and spin out of control and so really how the state handles these security threats is incredibly important and the approach needs to be more nuanced it needs to involve you know socio economic development touching on the the challenges the poverty challenges that you mentioned earlier it needs and more policing it can't just involve soldiers going in periodically and killing everyone when
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a situation gets out of control right and i mean in terms of these security forces responses to these protests that have been pretty sustained have they for the most of the past 4 years would you say that they have been. overzealous would you say that they've been heavy handed and obviously resulting in deaths what should happen there for well. we've seen that they've certainly used excessive force in their clearly thing to professions and protest of members of the group you mentioned in 2015 that over 300 members of the group were killed and this have continued there's been a violent response to timothy of the group whether in kudu now or here in the capital city of dujail. just last year we saw at least $42.00 members of the group killed when the authorities opened gunfire against their process and now we've called for accountability for the deaths we hold for the security forces that carry
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out you know investigations and hauled all air all members of their forces who have been found who used. excessive force accountable but these calls have gone unheeded no been no indication that you authorities are going to respond in the way that they should but we rather think that you know the crackdown has continued and we continue to make the call and we continue to impress on the government order for them to understand that you know accountability is really one of the only things that will bring that this situation that they're trying so hard to bring under under control really under control and in the there are those suspicions even allegations the. conflict of whatever degree between a shia group and a sunni majority could have echoes far beyond the borders of nigeria far beyond the
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borders of west africa and even have resonance in the middle east suggestions that iran backing the shias and saudi arabia backing the sunni population could be actually actively stoking this up is that is either a theory that you would subscribe to. the most.

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