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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 31, 2016 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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libya's new unity government promises to rebuild and reconcile the war-torn country. you're watching al jazeera live from our headquarters here in doha. colombia moves closer to ending 50 years of political violence. france's 35-hour working week is up for debate as the government looks to ways to boost the economy.
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argentina resolves to better the economy the leader of libya's new unity government says he wants to work towards national reconciliation. prime minister and his u.n. backed government defy threats of violence to return to the capital. libya has been unstable since the 2011 overthrow of the president. >> reporter: defying threats by rival factions the head of libya's u.n. backed government of national aaccord arrived by sea to take up his position. >> translation: we were eager that there was no bloodshed in the process. we are committed to the terms of the political agreement that the lib i can't answer agreed on and-- libyans agreed on. >> reporter: he wasn't welcomed by everyone. gunfire was heard shortly after unity government members arrived. >> translation: the government
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and national salvation calls on those illegitimate infiltrators to hand over themselves and to be in safe hands or to go back to where they came from. the salvation government is working with the entities, all state institutions and ngos as well as community leaders to take the necessary steps to save the country from the threat of chaos and foreign intervention. >> reporter: he had previously been based in neighboring tunisia. whether he will be able to establish any kind of authority within libya remains unclear. >> the problem is that the government in tripoli, the government of the national salvation is not unified. it is divide. there is another government too and that is divided as well. >> reporter: the unity government formed under april u.n. peace deal late last year aimed to end the political chaos that has existed in libya since the uprising that toppled gadafi
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five years ago. it has the backing of a key militia, but there are more obstacles in its way. the islamic state in iraq and the levant have taken advantage of the political vacuum that has existed for years and have managed to find a foot hold in the oil rich region. aside from i.s.i.l., libya is also home to thousands of fighters belonging to several powerful armed groups which adds to the challenges the unity government would have to address to bring order to the conflict ravaged country had colombia the government and the second biggest rebel group have announced the beginning of formal peace talks. the eln will follow on from the farc and take part in separate negotiations with the government. the aim is to end 50 years of civil conflict it was the missing piece in colombia's quest to end this
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fifty-year old civil conflict. finally the eln, the second billest rebel group in the country, agreed to start peace negotiations with the government. >> translation: they have agreed to open a public negotiating table to address the points on the agenda in order to reach a final agreement to end the armed conflict and agree to transformations in search of a peaceful and equitable colombia. >> reporter: the announcement was made in the capital where the sides have been meeting in explore tea talks since 2014. under the deal, the public negotiations will take place in ecuador, but some sessions will be held in brazil, chile, cuba and venezuela. >> translation: the action plan will involve mechanisms of control monitoring and verification. they will include the participation of society and international community the government and the national liberation army. >> reporter: the two sides agreed to a broad six point agenda that will deal with deal
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with peace construction and the right of victims. the focus will be on public participation to define the most reforms affected by the conflict. some points will converge with the peace talks in the government and the biggest rebel group the farc that have been underway for four yeergs and are in the final stretch. founded by a radical catholic priest in 1964 the eln is a smaller group than the farc but it has proved resilient and able to inflict damage. in a speech the president said that they're bringing the eln to the negotiating table was paramount. >> translation: it will be the end of the groups and we can all concentrate on making the country the free normal modern
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and inclusive place it can and should be >> reporter: at this point it is still unclear when the negotiations will begin in earnest. the government wants the eln to release any hostage they're still holding before agreeing to a date. what's clear, though, is that this announcement means the country took another important step to a definitive and sustainable peace thousands of people are expected to demonstrate in france against plans to end the 35-hour working week. supporters say it will make the country more competitive while critics belief workers will end up having fewer rights. >> reporter: they're known for being ideal for getting out of tight corners and for being economical and in a squeezed market tens of thousands of these smart cars are being produced at this factory in france every year. when the workforce arrive on shift, they know they will
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finish slightly later than they used to. the 35-hour working week at the factory has come to an end to try to increase productivity. some extra hours are now being paid at a reduced rate. in return, the company has promised to secure workers' jobs until 2020. >> translation: right now this is a preventastive move. we are the last small car instructor in europe. it is highly competitive in terms of costs. labor costs is a high. >> reporter: with 1800 jobs on the site, this is one of the biggest employers in the area. 15 minutes drive and you're in germany, and you're here in the power house. some big french employers say that the 35 hour working week hinders competitiveness and france need to start acting like
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its european neighbours. the 35 hour week has been enshrined in law p since the year 2000 brought in by a socialist government. it is now a socialist president who wants to amend it, believing it will boost the economy. the proposals, though, have alarmed the unions who wield significant power in france. the changes at the factory divided union leaders but in the end most employees accepted them. >> translation: it is true it is a step backwards for workers' rights, a sacrifice for four years, but we didn't want to pocker of our jobs and have a sword of damocles hanging over our head and so we signed. in the end we got job security >> reporter: the government wants to try to press ahead with reform. a gear change which is likely to be testing for all sides involved amnesty international says
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migrant workers in qatar are facing systematic abuse. that's based on interviews with more than 100 workers building a sports stadium. every worker reported poor wages, conditions and forced labor. it goes on to blame f.i.f.a. and the government for not enforcing regulations. the government of qatar responded to the amnesty report saying it remains committed to reforming labor laws. it says new procedures allow workers to apply directly for exit permits at the minimum sympathy of interior-- ministry of interior. new wage protection rules are intended to make sure people get paid on time. the government says other measures aimed to improve recruitment practices and working hours. world leaders arriving in the u.s. for a summit on nuclear security are arriving.
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russia is not attending with the u.s. saying it is a missed opportunity. >> reporter: the president of the russian federation flew to washington in 2010 to take part in the first ever nuclear security summit. he and his host president obama agreed the time was now to keep nuclear materials away from the bad guys. >> translation: this is not about the economy. this is not global crisis discussion. this is the topic crucial for every state and it is a real threat, a real challenge for all of us. >> reporter: but thinks successor, vladimir putin, wasn't be joining obama at the final submit at the end of march. it is a decision the president made at the end of 2014. >> we hope that russia still holds the view, in combatting the theft of terrorism remains
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the attention of world leaders >> reporter: after the cold war russia and the u.s. worked to secure nuclear material in the former soviet nations as well as within russia, but russian security services long suspected the security program was a spying initiative in disdays and putin suspected the obama administration was more interested in undercutting him. >> we have seen a lot of cooperation between russia and the u.s. over the last few years. in particular if we're talking about the iran they have been central to the deem and the process there. i think they have this broader scepticism of uchlt s led international initial tichs and particularly institutions that might lead them to take a step back. >> reporter: also at issue the u.s. sanctions in response to russia's annexation of crimea. moscow is making a short sighted calculation to skip the summit some say
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>> if an act of nuclear terrorism were to take place anywhere in the world, the entire international community would be affected by the environmental fallout, by the financial consequences and certainly by the catastrophic loss of life. >> reporter: the russians are sticking by their decision saying the nuclear security summit has come to the end of its usefulness a south african court is due to decide whether the president has to repay public funds he used to renovate his home. he is accused of spending 60 million dollars to repushish his house in the countryside. he ignored the recommendation to pay back the money. more to cover here including the u.s. sends troops and tanks to eastern europe. two contrais years after a massive landslide in nepal, people with still waiting for
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welcome back. a reminder of the top stories. the leader of libya's new unity government says he wants to work towards national reconciliation. he and his u.n. backed government defied threats of violence to return to the capital city tripoli. in colombia the government and the second biggest rebel group are to start formal peace talks. the eln will negotiate separately from the larger rebel group the farc which is already in direct negotiations. the south african court is to
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decide whether the president has to repay funds he used to repushish his house the u.s. is sending more troops and more tanks to eastern europe. the senior u.s. commander described it as a necessary response to an aggressive russian. germany is likely to host the bulk of the contingent with the u.s. establishing a presence across six former soviet block countries. our correspondent has been following the story out of the states. >> reporter: what it constitutes is basically the first constant deployment, permanent deployment of american ground forces along or near the russian frontier since the end of the cold war. the russian ambassador to nato have responded immediately. he said that this - russia would not be a passive observer to this. russia has contended that this kind of a deployment is a violation of the 1997 treaty between russia and nato when it
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expanded its membership, but he said that russia would choose to respond asymmetrically. it's not clear what that means. at the same time he said that any attempt by nato to add ukraine and georgia to its membership would be met with very severe consequences from russia an israeli military court is set to decide whether to release a soldier accused of killing a palestinian who had been injured. he was shot in the head and killed. he had been wounded after attacking an israeli. get us right up to speed here. what's the back story to this? >> reporter: the back story you have probably seen that video a few times now. in the occupied west bank two men approached an army check point with a knife. they stabbed one israeli soldier. he was lightly injured.
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one of the men were shot dead. the other was shot and lying injured on the ground incapacitated. you see him moving around somewhat and then this video that was taken by a resident of hebron shows the soldier in question. he speaks to a settlor in the back of a video, he then casually walks up to another soldier has a conversation. that soldier picks up a hat out of his hand. he then cocks a weapon and it takes around five seconds to then shoot the man in the head as he is lying on the ground. we saw video taken that was not published by the man in hebron that shows that the bullet actually went through his head, exit wound, and then blood streaming out so very clear that he was shot dead. this is huging huge controversy. they quickly detained him. he was being investigated for murder. what happened on court on tuesday, that murder charge is now being worked back. the prosecution says it is looking into varying other options and we also had a
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surprising statement from the judge saying that the mounting evidence to date was ininclusive. so his detention had been extended two days. the prosecution wanted nine days. we will have to see what happens in court today one u.n. official in the run up to the events today using the phrase i see, an apparent executi execution. some very strong language circulating around this as well. >> reporter: absolutely. that's the head of the special coordinator for the middle east police process. he tweeted that on the day very, very soon after the event. it is shocking video. from the international community there is condemnation and from the left wing israeli society. but you have to represent what the army here. the majority of israeli's very much supportive of the army. their children, 18 year olds, go to the army. parents would have served in the army. it is an untouchable thing to criticise the army here in
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israel also because of the contest of the occupation. they see the army as their protectors, et cetera. it's very complicated. a lot of the debate and we will have to see how it is playing out. courts starts around four hours from now the hague war crimes tribunal is delivering a verdict in one of its longest trials every. the man will not be in the court to hear the judgment. he returned to beg grade for cancer treatment. argentina has taken a big step towards reentering the global financial system. the senate has passed a deal to repay american creditors putting an end to a very long dispute over the country's debt. >> reporter: once p one significant step towards leading financial defaults behind. on thursday argentina senate passed a law that will allow argentina to pay back its
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creditors. >> translation: we have to set the time and pay book soon because bee are building interest. we have been in default for years and we need to put an end to that. >> reporter: the senate vote paves the way for the government to pay billions of dollars to so-called creditors, a small handful of very healthy speculators who have rejected argentina's efforts to restructured a debt it defaulted on 15 years ago. they have billions of dollars worth of debt. in the early 2000 when the country's economy was on its knees. since then, argentina has managed to renegotiate with around 93% of its creditors, but a handful have sued the country for full payment in the u.s., plus interest and penalties. >> reporter: this vote is considered a victory for argentina's new president who is trying to pay off argentina's debts so that this country can go back to the world's financial
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markets. doing this the president says it will allow argentina to borrow money once again and get the economy moving >> reporter: stagnation and inflation have been the main problems in the last four years. >> argentina needs some time to digest those macro imbalances it has and the best way to gain that time was maybe devaluing the currency or make a very hash adjustment. >> reporter: many hero possess paying the obviously tour funds back. people close to former president kirchner and left wing groups say argentina shouldn't be taking on any more debt. >> translation: argentina should be crying today and not celebrating. we are paying off a debt that has not helped the country at all. every time we have taken debt, it has not been used to build roads, schools or hospitals. >> reporter: for now argentina has until april 14 to pay its
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debts. it's not the best deal most people say here but it is the only one available that will allow this country to leave the past behind security officials in china have released the family members of two dissidents living abroad. they were detained in an apparent hunt for the anonymous authors of a report calling for president xi jinping to resign. >> reporter: for nearly a week a blog and government critic was worried about what he had put his family through. he lives in the u.s. out of reach of security officials in china. his relatives back home were not. >> translation: i didn't expect the officials to pressure me this way. i was shocked when i heard the police had taken three of my family members. >> reporter: authorities held his parents and brother for nine days because necessity suspected him of having something to do with an anonymous letter calling
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for the president xi jinping to step down. the letter published on line in early may criticized his authoritarian style of leadership and accused him of cut valuating personalities. for them there has been a hunt for those suspected of writing or circulating the letter. the numbers are difficult to verify, but it is thought that 11 people were arrested in relation to the letter. some have been released and some are still missing. in recent years the crackdown of dissidents and critics has intensified. in one of the more high profile cases five people linked to a publishing house in hong kong disappeared. there were protests over fierce they were abducted. they later reand on television in china. -- re-and on television in china some make iing.
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>> translation: there were so many activists and they're sentenced for up to 19 years and nobody knows. >> reporter: back in the u.s. he says he feels safer living abroad. >> translation: my criticism of the government and its policies led to my family members' disappearance but i will not give up my work >> reporter: hoe he knows that his-- he knows that his family could be targeted again and that worries him in august 2014 a massive landslide in nepal killed more than 140 people. hundreds of thousands of dollars were raised to help the survivors, but people haven't received the money yet and many wonder if they ever will. >> reporter: this was 2 august 2014, a landslide had wiped out the village here. >> translation: up there was
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where my house and peace were >> reporter: he lost everyone in his family. none of the bodies were recovered. >> translation: i try not to come back. when i come here, i start thinking about everything. i miss my parents, my wife and kids. there is no point in staying around here. >> reporter: he now rents a room in a nearby town. 147 people lost their lives here. so far the cause of the landslide is not known, but all the survivors have lost their home and land. generous donations came straight after the land slides. more than $200,000 raised by well wishers was handed over to the district authorities, enough to distribute at least $10,000 to each family. but that money is still sitting in the vaults of the home ministry. home ministry officials say the money will be made available
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once other ministries begin reconstruction. >> translation: the home ministry prepared an action plan. we have 12 clusters. the ministries have to take the lead and start rebuilding, develop possessing settlements and resettling the families. when they've started the work, they can ask for the money. >> reporter: we asked officials from the minimum streer of urban development who say they are still waiting for the money. this district was badly affected by the earthquake that struck the following year in april 2015. killing more than 4,000 people in this district. as government priority shifted, the subject land slide survivors felt abandoned. these people say people from here have been doubly victimized. >> translation: landslide survivors from other areas got identity cards, around 30 households from our bill vaej didn't get those identity cards and they used to come here and
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promise to help build houses. nobody comes here any are more >> reporter: he says he now has no source of income. his small business that used to be dried up after last year's quake. the border crossing was closed as the quake had made the road unsafe. for him and other landslide survivors there is nothing but painful memories and often governmentally silence the antarctic ice may be melting faster than everyone was thinking. sea levels could double near the end of the century. the results challenge the results that antarctic melting is lower. one of the first video cassettes ever developed is about to disappear into history. sony will no longer produce
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betam ax. >> reporter: now you see it. one of technology's greatest losers. 40 years ago when video cassette recorders were new and the industry was looking for a standard tape size this made all the early running, produced by sony and supported by the japanese government. then along comes the up starred vhs produced by all of sony's rivals. that catches on and the rest is history. at least to most young people the vhs is still recognizable. they would have seen it on the shelves of their parents or even grandparents, but the beta what? >> translation: what? >> translation: ah? >> translation: huh? >> reporter: sony made the last betam ax machine in 2002. in 2013 it stopped producing these tapes. now with the shipping out of the tape stock, it marks the death
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of a format that held the promise of a golden video age. now relegated to the museum and to the memory of people old enough to remember such a thing ever existed lots more news, of course, on our website, , genetic modification, incredible science in the lab usually means this. it can be controversial, it can also be extremely beneficial. >> just like that, i'm genetically modified the mosquitos that carry two