Advancements in the field of energy are among priorities of modern-day research. Most of the modern studies concern particularly on renewable energy resources especially that of Solar Energy to meet the energy demand of the future energy markets. Solar energy is one of the richest sources of nature, but nvolvement of environmental effects readily affects the overall performance of the Photovoltaic Panel. This paper highlights the importance of the solar energy, techniques and comparison of mono-crystalline and poly-crystalline and their particular energy profile. A Matlab/Simulink model is constructed to analyze the behavior of solar cell on effect of irradiance and temperature. Experimental results show the adverse effect of humidity, shading, direction and climate changes on the performance of the solar cell.